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A NARBATIVE AND A REVIEW.
unfolding itself :" and, “the likeness of four | bring them.” “ I the Lord have spoken it," living creatures :"
and “I will do it." The exposition of these four texts-and My engagements prevent me from writing the substance of these four sermons—are to more now. Next month. (D.v.) I will rebe given in the next paper--as time doth sume,
C. W. B. not now permit me to transcribe them : only 2, Eldon Place, London, S.E. the framework of the discourse can now be July, 1858. furnished,
Secondly--then, the great blessings Jeho- ROBERT FLOCKHART. vah promised : Ezekiel's prophecy is nearly full of them: but let us simply look at the Seven fold Triumph of Grace, as it stands in immediate connection with these most There are two Scriptures which I have precious words : " I the Lord have spoken looked at with wonder and astonishment. it ; and I will do it."
The first is Paul's words to the Philippians, Grace triumphant, as it rolls, like a mighty
“For me to live is Christ !" and the second river, from beneath the throne of God, un- is that to the Corinthians, “They which live folding the depths and beauties of our 'Hea- should not henceforth live unto themselves, venly Father's love, toward his people, brings but unto him which died for them, and rosé to them the following perfection of promises, again." therein are contained every essential mercy,
Perhaps there have never been many who for time and for eternity, so that the Psal. could say honestly," For me to live is Christ.” mist might well say—“ no good thing will he When, then, we do really find a man whose withhold from them that walk uprightly."
life and labours declared such was the case
with him, we certainly ought to hold up such First—there is grace triumphing in the a man ; first, as a confirmation of the truth of absolute gathering and bringing of the whole the Bible ; secondly, as a monument of the election of grace, the whole house of Israel, power of sovereign grace; and, thirdly, to enfrom among the heathen, gathering them courage all who profess to love, and desire to from all countries, and bringing them into live, for our blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus their own land. This I consider to be the Christ. first manifested blessing: an effectual Call by ROBERT FLOCKHART was such a man. Dr. grace divine. I find some of the best of men Guthrie, of Edinburgh, has edited, and sent in the olden times, and almost all the free- into the world, a book which is most interwill and duty-faith men in this and in other esting and pleasing, as a proof of the exceedkingdoms, are everlastingly talking about ing riches of the mercy and power of God in “offered grace" and offering Christ: reject- saving sinners, and in making some of the ing Christ, and rejecting the Spirit. Can any worst of men, the brightest and most useful such sentiment, or feature in the ministry, be Christians. justified from the Scriptures ? did Christ, or did The work to which I refer is called “THE the Apostles, thus authorise preachers, to talk STREET PREACHER.” It is published in to men? It is high time this lifeless idol, this Edinburgh, by Messrs. Adam and Black; unmeaning branch of the gospel ministry, be and for 2s. 6d. can be bad, post free, in any examined, exposed, and banished from the part of the United Kingdom. earth. Preach the gospel to men with all For forty years, or more, Robert Flockthe powers you have. Persuade men by hart was a street preacher of Christ's gospel all the arguments you can use. Warn them in the suburbs, and slums of that intelligent of their danger; and point them to the great | Scotch metropolis, the city of Edinburgh. and glorious Refuge set before them in the , Robert Flockhart was not a wild, inexpePerson and work of the Lord Jesus Christ : rienced ranter : he was not a maniac or a but until he comes and alters the parable, i madman: he was not an erroneous dissemiand makes the true virgins to say, that they nator of unboly principles; he was not an have oil to give, grace to give, Christ to offer upstart, nor an ambitious seeker after popu. and salvation to bestow, never let puny proudlarity: he sought not to make fortunes, nor mortals stand in their pulpits ; and talk of to found estates in the shape of chapels, or offering Christ, or, of God's offering grace ; chapel properties : but he was a thorough, “weeping," as some dare to say, because sound-hearted, practical, self-denying, Christmen will not embrace and receive his offered exalting, and soul-seeking servant of Christ, mercy. All such preachers must be like Altogether, I think, for untiring devotion, I Miriam, when the 'leprosy was upon her, never read, or heard of his equal. "half-dead” at the least: and I think, like We are to consider that great man's hisMoses, we should try and pray unto the tory under four distinct headings. First Lord to heal such poor half-dead, if not his natural life. Secondly–His true converwholly dead-priests, and set them right: for sion to God. Thirdly-His career as an the Lord says in ten thousand places," I will untiring itinerant Missionary, and Street
Preacher. And lastly – his quiet departure four years. I would be ashamed if the world for a glorious home.
knew my conduct during this period. How 1.-His natural life-Robert Flockhart much more ought I to be ashamed before was born at Dalnottar, near Glasgow, in bim who is of purer eyes than to behold inScotland, Feb 4th, 1778. The place of Flock- iquity, and who cannot look on sin but with hart's nativity was a factory for nailers and
abhorrence!' smiths. He describes it as a wicked place. Bible I have not been actually guilty of, ex
“I believe that there is not a sin in the His parents were poor, ignorant, careless, and knew not the value of the gospel ;
and in this way his early days passed away.
In the midst of many sorowful details of Soon after Robert Flockhart had served a sin, misery, and awful death, there is one seven years' apprenticeship to the nailing ray of light-just the breaking in of a little trade, he enlisted for a soldier ; and for gospel light. This, in the black night of many years he suffered much ; sinned much; wickedness, where the soldiers were saying, and witnessed much, tending to make the seems very delightful. He says : hardest heart to melt.
“But before I leave Fort-William, I have Above fifty pages of this book are filled the best news to tell. The Lord sent his with details of a soldier's and a sinner's life, servants from Calcutta to preach the gospel There is one great fact illustrated and con- to their countrymen in the 22nd regiment, firmed through the whole. It is this, “ there is during the time we lay there. Some of the a special providence over the vessels of mercy Baptist missionaries, accompanied by a schoolduring the period wherein they lay in sin master, came privately, and without being and in Satan's kingdom.
sent for. The officers gave orders against it;
but this only made them the more desirous One paragraph will shew by what terrors to come, and the soldiers the more desirous to he was often surrounded, from what awful hear. Before the missionaries came, I do not deaths be was preserved-and, yet, how un think that there was a spark of grace, in any moved his impenitent heart remained. On man's heart in all the regiment. There was page 7, he says:
not so much as a mere professor; and I heard “During our passage from England to the one of the soldiers say, long after (for I would Cape of Good Hope, out of about one hun not go amongst them then I was so busy with dred men, thirty died. They died very sud- the devil's servants in the devil's work), 'that denly. Some would be well in the morning,
the Lord honoured that humble schoolmaster and be dead before night. When dead, the was kindling a fire in the 22nd regiment, that sailors would sew them up in a hammock,
all the gates of hell would not put out.'. with a bag of sand at their feet, and throw and he and a few inore formed themselves
“That man, I trust, was converted himself, them overboard immediately, because they into a church, assembling together, and exthought the disease of which they died was the plague. Whenever a storm came on
horting one another from the Word of God, us we expected to go to the bottom, and if we the praises of God. They used to meet for
praying with and for one another, and singing had, many, if not all of us, would have gone worship
every day. This
is the way that the to the bottomless bit, and I amongst the rest. I think the fear of God was not in all the fire was kept in which the Lord kindled by ship. O the amazing patience and longsuf- who volunteered his labour of love among
the instrumentality of a humble schoolmaster, fering of God! Yet, notwithstanding his righteous judgments executed upon others,
soldiers, and bad no earthly reward.” it never moved me, nor any that I saw; for to my shame I acknowledge it, I still waxed I come to those of his conversion. A real
Passing over the days of his unregeneracy, worse and worse. Though the Lord's hand change of heart; a soul quickened, and judgments were abroad, I never learned right- truly raised from spiritual death, by the Spirit eousness, till he began the work of grace in of God, is an amazing mystery - and a my heart by his word and spirit.”
mighty miracle! Nothing short of a divine Again he says :
power can effect this. I take a few sen
tences from Flockhart's own account of his “Numbers of our men died soon after we conversion. I think it is one which all God's arrived, and many more during the time we children will read with this persuasion," that remained; for, although the climate is healthy, man was indeed a brand plucked from the and the water good in Cape Town, yet the fire." immoderate use of cheap wine and cheap Practical sin brought down upon Flockfruit, together with immoral conduct, sbor: hart disgrace, and deep humiliation. This tened men's days. The wicked, as the word made him consider. Then, he was afflicted. of God says, 'shall not live out half his days.' Here are a few of his own words, descripI wonder 'many a time that the Lord did not cut me off as well as the rest. It was not be- tive of this great change. cause I was better than they. I ran greedily "In India it is no uncommon thing for in the practice and commission of every streams of fire to descend from the clouds, sin that my wicked heart could devise, all owing, I suppose to the great heat. On one the time I was there, and that was nearly occasion, I saw a stream of fire in the form of
& sword, and soon after, the Lord laid his rod otherwise. I fell asleep, and when I awoke upon me for my sins. I fell sick, reported a dark horror was upon my mind; 'the hor. myself, and was sent to the hospital. This rors of death compassed me, the pains of hell was the second step the Lord took to bring gat hold upon me; I found trouble and sorme to my right mind.
row.' The messenger of Satan was sent to “ In speaking to the patients in the hospi- buffet me. I was led into the wilderness to tal, I used to swear whenever I spoke. The be tempted of the devil.' Awful thoughts Lord is not at a loss for instruments to accom came into my mind. I thought I had com. plish his puposes. He employed an Irish lad mitted the unpardonable sin, and had sold my to reprove me. On one occasion, when I was birthright. Conscience awoke, and set my blaspheming, he said to me, what a swearer past sins in order before me. God seemed to
I replied, ' Did I swear?'. 'Yes, frown upon me. I did not krow what to say you did,' was the answer. Well, I thought or do. All hope of being saved was gone. to myself, if I swear, and do not know when the tempter said to me, that all I had exper. I do so, it is certainly high time to give up ienced was only a delusion. He even tempted the practice, and especially when such as you me to take away my own life. When reprore me. Henceforth I was upon my walking on the top of the hospital. be temp. guard when I spoke, lest an oath should in- ted me to throw myself over the bat:lements, voluntarily escape my lips. Conscience flew and I really thought I should have been in my face and made me so afraid, that for a overcome. However, he was thwarted in fortnight I was engaged in learning to speak that, as I did not go there agaia There fluently without swearing. I was then en. was a well at the back of the hospital, and he abled to break off swearing, and determined urged me strongly to throw myself in to it. I not to do so any more.
said to the serjeant of the hospital, . Tie me “Knowing that the serjeant of the hospital to the bed at night, and keep me sure, in case was a religious man, I asked him for the loan he should overcome me.' The serjeant could of a religious book, which he gave me. not enter into the nature of my temptations
* The serjeant had a private room for him. and of course did not do as I desired him. I self, and he told me that there was a person cannot enter into a detail of all the temptawho came and united with him in family wor- tions I was subjected to; the two I have men. ship, and if I chose to join them, he would tioned will serve as specimens.. I consider make me welcome. I was very glad of the the language of the apostle, in Romans vii. 9, offer, and went regularly, and the Lord blessed not inapplicable to my situation at that time, the means of grace to my soul. Sometimes when the commandment came, sin revized, the serjeant read a sermon of Flavel's, or spoke and I died.' Sin, that had been asleep before from the Word of God, and my mind would came like a giant upon me. I saw myself in be deeply impressed with the belief that be the mirror of God's law. That law was spiknew everything I did. At another time, the ritual, and extended to the thoughts and in. thought came into my mind that the Lord tents of my heart. Dreadful and blasphemous was whispering into his ear everything about thoughts, like sparks out of a chimney, now me. I can see now that it was the Spirit of came out of my heart. I was afraid to open Christ telling me everything I did, as in the my Bible, or even to look up, for fear the Lord case of the woman. I was gradually melted would send a thunderbolt out of heaven to down. I said to him that I would like to be crush me. I heard, as it were, a voice from a Christian. He said that the life of the heaven, saying "confess your sins, confess Christian was a continual warfare. I replied your sins.' This went like a dagger to my that, warfare or no warfare, I was willing to heart, and I could get no rest. For nearly : engage in it. What the serjeant said to me month I could get no sleep. I was afraid, if in 1807 has been fully verified in my experi- I fell asleep, I should open my eyes in hell ence ever since, and will be till I give up the This had the effect of making me look over ghost.
my past sins, what I had done, where I had "I began now to go to an empty ward to been, what company I had kept, and what confess my sins alone before God, and to re- sins í had been guilty of. view my past life. At such times, when the
“After my sins had been thus set before patients saw me, they all burst into such fits me, the Lord scourged me for them, and made of laughter as almost cracked their jaws. I them bitter to me. I was led by the Spirit, knew the patients that laughed at me, and with a broken spirit and a bleeding soul, to remarked that not one of them came out of the fountain opened,'. pleading for mercy, the hospital alive.
through the blood of the Lamb, to get my “ I still attended the meetings held by the wounded spirit healed, my troubled conscience serjeant, and at times my heart would be so calmed, and my burdened soul freed from its overcome with the love of Christ that I would load of guilt. Thus I continued for months. return home quite happy. I thought all the I took my Bible, and went to the most seques. angels of God surrounded me rejoicing(see tered spot I could find. Being ignorant of Luke xv.), and that the Spirit was applying the Bible, and my mind in darsness, I did the blood of Christ to wash away my sins, not know where I should begin, or what part putting these sins at the same time upon my of the Word of God I should first read. I head, and I felt such a weight upon me that cannot describe the distressed state of my I was hardly able to look up. Even in this mind. I was in the horrible pit of Lature, state, I would have been glad to depart, but and in the miry clay of original and actual sio. • God's thoughts are not as our thoughts, nor bis ways as our ways.' The Lord ordered it
(To be Continued.)
WHAT DO WE WANT IN THE PULPIT? At a conference of Ministers holden in the and improved morals, and took a permament Vestry of the Surrey Tabernacle, on Tuesday, stand among the beneficient institutions of July 20th, Mr. James Wells' gave a tell- Christendom. ing Address on the essential power of the “How much England owes to the power
of pulpit. Since then, we have received for re- the pulpit may be learned from the fact, view the second number“ Meliora : a Quarthat all the monarchs, from Henry VIII. to terly Review of Social Science.” In this ably Charles II, were exceedingly jealous of the conducted Review, there is one paper on influence of popular preachers, and did much the Power of the Pulpit, which contains some to restrain their public instruction and to defew things worthy of great consideration. Prive them of their livings. Many of the sermons preached, and the style The eighteenth century commenced in Enin which they are preached, in our day, are gland with a frigid theology and a powerless more injurious than advantageous. We think pulpit. It was winter in the Church when all there is a four-fold power essential to success signs of life seemed to have died away. in pulpit work; but which is not generally Preachers glorified in addressing their dis. realized in our times. There is needed-I. courses to the educated, and the pulpit lost its the power of Light from heaven shining hold upon the masses of the people. But through the inspired word into the regenerate when Whitefield and others arose, and, as men mind of the preacher. Ministers pray for in earnest, addressed their fellow-men, the this! 2ndly, there is the power of heavenly pulpit reached the people and regained its Love, melting and moving all the noblest and healthful influence. The greatest social fact finest passions of the heart, and setting the in the eighteenth century was, what was whole of the inner man on fire. Ministers called Methodism, and that was a result of pray for this !! Your best prepared discourses popular preaching. It purified morals, diffused are dry and useless without this. 3rdly, intelligence among the common people, sugthere is the power of Liberty in the soul, and gested philanthropy, and aided to call forth conscience, through faith's effectual dealing those noble characters who have been identi. with the Person and precious blood of the fied with the great schemes of benevolence at Great High Priest. Ministers pray for this !!! home and abroad, which have engaged the for theological arguments—without a sense of practical energy of British Christians for the sin forgiven, and peace enjoyed with heaven, last hundred years. are only skeletons which tumble into dust as The pulpit in our time is in different circum. fast as you form them. Lastly: there is the stances from those it has ever before ex. power of Largeness of utterance in the pro- perienced. The printing press has taken up clamation of the gospel. Ministers pray for much of its ground, and made society less de this !!!! For if people have to wait for your pendent upon its teaching. words, and to stare at you while you are People complain that most of the preachers staring after something to say to them--there whom they hear are simply good men, who are not many will hear you. But I must do not command the attention of the thoughtquote from the article referred to. The wri. ful, and do not excite thoughtfulness. ter in “ Meliora,” reviewing the history of the “In an age like the present, when business, pulpit, in one section of his article, says, politics, and refinement are so earnestly cul.
"Preaching may be said to have been be- tivated, and when there are so many tempgun with Christianity. The herald of the tations arising from these pursuits, to disturb Šaviour was a preacher. The great Teacher the equilibrium of a good conscience, it is of wrote no books, but preached to the common the greatest consequence, that those who people. Apart from holy places, he taught in occupy the pulpit should endeavour with solid fields, on the mountain-side, by the sea-shore, thought, fresh and striking illustration, and in the private dwelling. And thus acted gracefulness; and, above all, earnestness of bis Apostles. Their literary works were few; address, to arrest and interest their congrebut these remarkable men, who bave left their gations, to give a right direction to their pur. impression on all succeeding time, exercised suits and tastes, and to exhort them 'to adorn their mightiest influence by the preaching of the doctrine of God their Saviour in all the Word. Christianity owes its greatest things.' We believe religion to be the wholesocial power to the pulpit.
some leaven of life, liberty, and business, and “Christianity overthrew the religions of the want of it, to be the worst preparation for the empire, and in less than three hundred the excitements of politics and of trade, and years from its promulgation in Judea became for all social duties. The influence of the the faith of the Roman world. The preacher pulpit cannot fail to be great, when the doc. was henceforth the teacher of the people, and trines of the gospel are faithfully and earnestly the pulpit the lever of social amelioration. preached; but, in order that the present age By means of the righteousness and truth, the may be rightly and profitably taught, there mercy and love, which characterised the in. must be in the preacher, thought, as solid struction imparted from the pulpit to the and suggestive; eloquence, as burning, and people, great changes were wrought on the attractive, as are found among politicians ; morals of men, and on the aspect of society: point as precise—sagacity as keen-labour as
“ The influence of the pulpit in the six-untiring, as are evinced by men in business; teenth century was great and extensive. It along with a solemnity and an earnestness, awakened, instructed, and developed thought. which will awaken tó thoughtfulness, and It subdued and purified the people. It awed bring under the power of religious decision, the might of the despot and promoted the the busy men, who throng our exchanges liberty of the subject. . It extended religion and our shops, our factories and our fields."
EPISTLES TO THEOPHILUS. accountability to God is, they would be very
different Christians from what they now are; wbat they now sneeringly call hyperism and
dangerous doctrine, they would with all their Allow me now, my good Theophilus, to have souls embrace, and would cleave to the truth a word or two with you upon the subject of as to their life. Oh, how would they bless accountability to God. Now as to your legal that dear Surety who took all the law acaccountability to God, that has been entirely countability into his own hands, set them met by the Surety of the new covenant; and free, and became just as much a Surety for God, not of necessity, but sovereignly, gave a the safety of their persons as for the atonelaw, and as sovereignly determined that not ment of their sins; he is accountable to God one jot or tittle of that law should fail, but as much for their ultimate presentation that its majesty should stand, and remain for before the eyes of his glory without fault, as ever, and is a law, therefore, to a sinner he was for the redemption of their souls by fearful, terrific, and damning. Now Jesus his blood. It is as much his work to gather Christ the Lord was made under this law, in his sheep as it was his work to lay his life substitutionally, and became obedient unto down for them. The two are joined together, death, even the death of the cross, and he bore and never can be put asunder ; and whatour sins in his own body on the tree. What ever men may say about the non-importance must he be in dignity and power to bear the of doctrine, if they cannot be saved by truth, sins of millions? Your knowing something of I am sure they cannot by falsehood; and as this your legal accountability,makes you prize to what carnal carping philosophers and supremely the blest Surety of the new cove- pharisees may indulge in as to the moral tennant. Had you one sin to answer for, or dency of such doctrines, every saved sinner one jot or tittle of the law to meet, how would well knows that however important and exyou appear? whence could you find a ransom? cellent, good works before men may be, ard for remember, that he that offendeth in one are, yet the truths of the gospel bare ends point, is guilty of the whole! Where, then, in view infinitely higher and beyond even the I say, could you find a ransom? for this one noblest purposes of this life. The truths of sin would constitute you a sinner, a law- the gospel bring us a kingdom which is not condemned sinner, a lost sinner, an outcast of this world, and it is an everlasting kingand helpless sinner. If men did but see this, dom which shall not pass away; and this their legal accountability, and in their con- kingdom comes, and the people come to the sciences feel the force of this, how welcome kingdom, the one, with as much certainty as then, truly welcome, would be every testi: the other, by the Suretyship of Christ. mony concerning the efficacy, perfection, and “ His kingdom cannot fail, certainty of the atonement of Christ! How He rules o'er earth and heaven ; clearly would they see that unless the blood The keys of death and hell of Christ cleansed with eternal certainty from
Are to our Jesus given." all sin, that not one soul could be saved. As Unto you, therefore, my good Theophilus, for saying, that some are in hell for whom he is the end of the law for righteousness. Christ died, you might as well say that You are free, and you live, and walk, and Christ himself is in hell; that Christ himself pray, and love, and praise, and abide firm is lost: yea, he was in infinitely the greater and unmoveable, by faith in the Surety, danger of the two, for he was the Surety, Christ Jesus, Here the Father is well and all law charges fell upon him. The pleased, here the Holy Spirit glorifies Christ, Shepherd smitten, but the sheep free, and and here by hope you are saved. free for ever. What the Saviour has done Now having said thus much, let me get for them, is eternal, and he himself also is you to notice carefully this one truth, that in eternal, “ the same yesterday, to-day, and the final account you will have to give to God, for ever."
it must be ALL GOOD, or else ALL BAD. Freewill, therefore, is a liar and a deceiver, There can be no mixture. No weighing the and the twaddle of half-way Calvinism is good against the bad, or the bad against the little better than freewill. Yea, in some good, to see which is the heavier of the two. respects worse, because more deceptive. Let, No! it must be all one way or ALL the I say, your real law accountability to God be other; and so, in the judgment, the Saviour seen, known, and felt, and you will see that will say nothing good to the one, por anyit is something which you cannot touch ; thing evil to the other. But mind, I am yea, something that you can no more touch here speaking of our final account, and of than an Israelite could touch Mount Sinai, final judgment; there is an intermediate and yet escape with his life. Saul of Tarsus judgment, where things are different, but did not become a true lover of Christ until you shall have a word upon that in my next his law accountability to God was opened to epistle to you. him, and the faith of Christ implanted in his Now, then, your final account must, I say, soul. Were every one who pameth the name be all good, or all bad; all for you, or ali of Christ made to feel what their real law against you; there is no medium or mixed