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troy you, but that the dayspring from on high CHARGES AGAINST may break in upon your soul.” : We have exceeded our limits. In closing 'LETTERS TO THEOPHILUS! this imperfect notice, we wish to announce that J. Ford, of Red Lion Square, Stamford, is now publishing several of Mr. Philpot's
To The EDITOR. sermons; of him they can be had through the DEAR MR. EDITOR, --I have been for some post. Among those already published by Mr. time past desirous to call the
attention of yourFord, there is one entitled, "The Loss of all self, and the readers of the EABTIEN VESSEL, Things for Christ's sake.' In this sermon Mr. to the unscriptural character of the lengthened Philpot drew forth his own soul, in some series of Letters to Theophilus' that conthings very sweetly. The following extracts tinue to appear in your Magazine,
The bespeak some of those exercises of which he question that is left open to correspondents, in has been, and is still the subject :
your October number, gives me the opportu. “ I admire and love the grace of God; and pity not only to answer the query of James,' the longer 1 live, the more do I love and ad. but also to bear my testimony against the mire it. My sins, my corruptions, my infir- huge body of divinity which
• A Little One mities make me feel my deep and daily need is rearing in your pages; and which I fear is of it: and as its freeness, fulness, suitability, but another Babel, built upon sand and daubed and inexpressible blessedness are more and with untempered mortar; and which, while more opened up to my conscience, so do i professing to raise its top to heaven, and more and more cleave to and delight in it." penetrate the plans and purposes of the Most
“It is laid with weight and power upon our High, will but bring confusion and perplexity conscience that if we would be Christians in- into the minds of writer and readers. And, wardly, as well as outwardly, have the power in the first place, I would exhort "James' of godliness and not merely the form, we must (and all your readers,) to approach such part with many things which we have loved as questions with a right appreciation of the inour very life-blood. This is the grand test finite perfection and the glorious majesty and which distinguishes the real from the nominal power of that God whose dealings with man Christian--the possessor from the professor. he will scrutinize. We surely sin much in I speak from experience. I was myself called the glib business-like way in which we discuss upon to make such sacrifices. It may not be those matters in which the Eternal God is your part, nor may the same necessity be laid concerned : let us remember, that we are but upon you; but when I was a minister of the of yesterday; that we carry about with us a Church of England rather more than 23 body of sin and death, as a clog upon the years ago, I was called upon to sacrifice all action of our renewed spirits; and seo but in my earthly prospects, and with Moses count part; and that we can know nothing of God the reproach of Christ greater riches than the but what he is pleased to reveal to us; and treasures of Egypt. I repeat it—this may that much of the heavenly mysteries,' if we not be your case, for I am not laying down saw them, would be 'impossible for man to myself as an example ; but I felt I could not utter. In the spirit therefore of meekness, hold my position and office as a minister of as disciple to be taught, as a child at his that church, because that position called father's knee, I would advise James' to apupon me to say and do things which I could proach that written Word of God, in which not say and do, without standing before the he has taught us all we are to know in this God of heaven with what I believed to be a dispensation of the works and ways of God. lie in my mouth and in my right hand. I do
James' will there learn that God made man not judge other men's consciences, but I felt upright, but he sought out many inventions. I must either retain my position with a He will read the address to the church of old, weight continually resting upon my mind, and 'O, Israel thou hast destroyed thyself, but in thus mock, as I believed, å holy, heart-search- me is thy help. He will find that man is ing God, or make the sacrifice. I chose the altogether become unprofitable; that there is latter; nor have I ever repented the choice, no whole place in him ;' but that Christ is as I can now serve the Lord and preach his able to save to the uttermost them that come truth with a good conscience.
unto God by him : and from Genesis to Revela
tion, he will see all good ascribed to the Creator, Look into your heart, man, and you will and all evil to the creature. I do not think he find it what some people term, “a cage of un
can take a safer guide through all the mazy clean birds.' And do you suppose that with walks of modern theology, than to give God such a heart you could ever enter those holy the glory for every good thought, desire, or regions of heaven, where nought but unsullied action in himself and others, and to take to purity can ever enter? Think, friends, could himself confusion of face for every thing of we enter into heaven while in our natural sin and unrighteousness. In heaven the saint state, what happiness should we experience shall praise God for all the mercy that brought Just none at all. To see those bright seraphic them there; while the bitterest portion in the beings clothed in white, and we, like poor cup of the lost, shall be that it was their fault, Joshua, there with our filthy garments on, their own grievous wilful fault, that they are would only make hell of heaven. And re- in that place of torment. member, it is written the unclean shall Look at the gospel in this light: man not walk there.'-ButterfieldSermon on sinned, and merited eternal death. God sent : What is Man ?
his Son, that whosoever believeth in him should have everlasting life.' The sin of sin and hate Christ, and will not come to him man was entirely his own; the gift of God that they might have life : and so would all was of his own free grace and mercy. But have done and we sit, and wonder, and sing, further, the Saviour must be loved, received,
• Why was I made to hear thy voice, and trusted, that the benefits of his passion
And enter while there's room, may be secured ; in order to this, he must be
While thousands make a wretched choice, made known: How can he hear without a
And rather starve than come?' preacher P' Provision is made for this ; Christ preached himself, “Come unto me;' For our choice would have been their's; we and he appointed his apostles and servants in feel it; we know it; but all ages to proclaim his gospel through the ''Twas the same love that spread the feast wide world, and Whosoever believeth and is
That sweetly forced us in ; baptized shall be saved ;' but, Whosoever Else we had still refused to taste, believeth not, shall be damned ;', justly con- And perished in our sin.' demned for his wilful unbelief, because that and the question 'why me · Lord ? why me?" * light having come into the world, men love must be left until faith is swallowed up in darkness rather than light, because their deeds are evil;' because he will not come unto sight, and we shall know as also we are
known. Christ that he might be saved.' Now that all men without distinction are to James," or rather, the Word of God has done,
Thus, I think I have answered the query of have the gospel proclaimed to them is clear ; it; and will explain to him this and many not only from the text James? quotes, more things too, if the Spirit shall help him but from numerous others. Christ and his apostles in their sermons preached the gospel him to that humble dependance on the will of
to study it: and the same Spirit will lead to all, and commanded all men everywhere to Christ that shall make him not desire to be repent. And what is the gospel? Is it not wise above that is written. If man's responsithe good tidings of salvation through the blood bility and God's sovereignty seem to bim of Christ? * The Spirit and the bride say irreconcilable; if there be depths he cannot come; and let him that beareth say come; fathom, and heights he cannot scale, let him and whosoever will, let him take the water of
wait. life freely.' The New Testament is as express upon this point as upon any, that the gospel 'For, Oh! my soul, if truths so bright was preached, and was intended, and com- Should dazzle and confound thy sight, manded by Christ to be preached to all men; Yet still the written Word obey, that all men were to be called upon to repent, And wait the great decisive day.' believe and obey him, whom God hath set forth for a propitiation for sin;' and that if they with yourself, with
your readers, and with
But, now, dear Mr. Editor, a word or two despised the message, and refused to submit to
• A Little One.' We are all Baptists-as the authority of the Saviour, it was their own fault,
for which they receive and shall endure baptized into the name of the Father, of the the everlasting wrath of God.
Son, and of the Holy Ghost; we have pledged But, can men receive the gospel ?
ourselves to be governed, controlled and di. themselves, no. They cannot repent; but
rected entirely by God; we have renounced Christ is exalted to give repentance, and all ther is to be our alone Father; the Son our
self-will and creature dependance. The Fa. else that is needed, they cannot even pray, but he will give his Holy Spirit to them that only Lord and Master; and the Spirit our ask him; and is himself not only the bearer, tized, not unto Paul nor Appolos, but into
only Teacher and Guide. We have been bapbut the inspirer of prayer:
Christ. And it is because of this submission of *All the fitness he requireth
action, will and judgment entirely to Christ, Is to feel your need of him;
that we take our stand as Baptists, in oppoThis he gives you.'
sition to all who retain rites and ceremonies,
doctrines or traditions from men, good or bad, Then, it is clear that there is nothing 'tanta- whether Papists, Reformers or Puritans. lizing' in the proclamation of the gospel to The authority of Calvin, or Luther, or Knox, every man; he is told, “Jesus is set forth by is nought to us : this Word of God is our sole God' as a propitiation through faith in his authority in faith and practice. Therefore, Dame.' Believe and be saved.' • Repent brethren, is it that I claim to be heard in my and live.' But I cannot, I am weak and sin- protest against systems of theology, human ful: "he will give his Holy Spirit to those systems, learnt by tradition from the fathers, who ask him ;' all that is wanting he will supor fabricated in the most 'free-will'corner of ply; all he asks is, “Wilt thou be made some modern human heart. What to us are whole?" If thy heart responds, yea Lord,' Gill, or Brine, or Fuller; or what business is thou art saved. The desire of salvation is it of ours to attempt to mould the mysteries of salvation ; for no one ever felt it but God im. God into a harmonious, symetrical body of planted it; and he that lath begun a good divinity? Do we not know in part and prowork will complete it.
phesy in part? Did we in our pledge of deThe proclamation of the gospel to men is a votion to Christ. take his Word, not to be bona fide one; it is no formality; it is not to believed and acted on as it was, but to be cut, mock their misery, but to point them to the and maimed, and twisted into such a whole way of salvation, but they reject it, and will that shall please and satisfy our carnal reason not hear the voice of the charmer ; they love Out upon such system-makers; be it far from
tas while our Leader and Captain is absent, to the most conspicuous; promising, with God's make a calf in the wilderness with the notions, help, if you will allow me space in your Deopinions and prejudices of our fallen hearts; cember number, to prove that ' A Little One,' rather let us take the Word of God as we find in the six particulars, is departing from the it, and in submission to the Spirit's teaching, Word of God; and introducing into the obey its precepts, embrace its promises, and church of Christ an unnatural mixture of study its doctrines; and when we cannot com- Pelagianism and ultra-Calvinism, which can prehend its wonders, or see into the glory but disquiet and confuse the minds of the chil. where opposite truths meet, let us hold fast dren of God. that to which we have already attained ; and
dear Mr. Editor, where we cannot understand, let us humbly
Your obedient servant, and meekly adore. It is our being Baptists
JOSEPH FOSTER. that aggravates the offence of such "letters as No. 4, St. Peter Street, South, those to Theophilus. The Papist claims the Hackney Road. right for his church of propounding forth October 11th, 1858. doctrines, and ordaining new ceremonies. If an Episcopalian had put forth such letters we could have left him to his bishop; our dissen
ANSWER TO THE ABOVE. ting brethren we should have grieved over ; but as they still cling to the skirts of human
The reader will easily recognize the school tradition, we should not have been so much to which the writer of the above belongs ; surprised. But for Baptists to wrest, twist, as also, the staleness of his carnal reasonings ; and alter, to concoct a lot of theological dogmas, the points of which (if they have any point to fill up and harmonize, and make symetri- in them,) have been refuted a thousand times cal the revelation contained in God's Word. twice told; take, for instance, the old cry For Baptists to do so! Oh, tell it not in Gath, against system making ; and yet there are not lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice. sticklers for SYSTEM than the disciples of
under the whole range of heaven, greater We, who hold one Lord, one faith, one bap- that duty-faith school to which this correspon. tism; we, who profess to raise no yea and nay dent belongs. And what sect or party has not preachments; to talk about two faiths, two
its system? repentances, two gospels; Mr. Editor, I be
One says, he belongs to no sect. seech you give me space ? for four years has Well, sir, that is your system. Another says, poor Theophilus been drugged with human I live above all sectarianism. Well, sir, that
is reasoning, man-made systems, creeds cut and
your system. Another says, I take the carved to suit the carnal mind. I beseech Bible just as it is, without attempting to you hear the Word of the Lord; go back to harmonize anything. Well, sir, that is your the pattern shewed in the mount.
system. Another says, well I have no system.
Well sir, that is your system: that is to say, Oh how unlike the complex works of man, your system is to have no system. Tako Is heaven's easy, artless, unencumbered plan.' whatever position you may, you cannot get
away from the fact, that you have your The charge that I bring against this an. system. And so, when this correspondent ther gospel," taught by A Little One' is, that tells us, “to approach the Bible very reverit contains dogmas invented by men to ex. ently, and not attempt to scrutinize the plans plain those things which God has left veiled; and purposes of the Most High," the real and that it flatly contradicts the Word of God, meaning of this correspondent is, that we are especially in the following particulars. to approach his creed, his system, very care
'1. In affirming that man is damned solely fully; and not scrutinize the plans and purfor original sin. This, explain it how you poses thereof; but, like a child at his father's will, makes infants as open to perdition as j knee, to take his word for it, that both him. others.
self, and his creed, his system, are all right; 2. In affirming that man, without the grace and it is, of course, very presumptuous in of God, can do anything acceptable to God; these hypers to call in question angibing said and that love, faith and obedience may take by these system-makers, seeing what they say their growth in the fallen heart of man is so plain from the letter of the word, say without the preventing grace of God.
nothing about the sense of the word. And wo 3. In affirming that men will be accepted must not search; we may read (simply beof God here, and rejected by him hereafter.
cause they cannot hinder us, we may read 4. In affirming that Christ and his apostles the Word, but we must not search the scrippreached a repentance that was not unto sal, tures ; but we are by this correspondent orvation; and that the Israelites were exhorted dered to adore, we know not what. merely to a temporal faith and obedience.
But here we stop just to say, that we will 5. În affirming that the gospel preached to (D.V.) answer next month the former part of men who shall be finally lost, is a benefit to the above communication ; we proceed now them, if they obey its precepts; and does not just to answer his charges against the docincrease their condemnation.
trines of the Little One, 6. In affirming that men are not to be 1st. That man is damned solely for original blamed, nor will be condemned, hereafter for sin, fc. But where has 'Little One" ever said not believing in Christ to the salvation of this. We believe nowhere. That man, by their souls.
the fall, is brought into a lost condition; and There are other points I should have liked that infants are as much exposed to perdition to have noticed, but confine myself to these as
as others, are truths to us too clear to be for
one moment disputed. If it be true, that all 3rd. • Affirming that men will be accepted sinned in Adam ; and that all died in Adam; of God here, and rejected by him hereafter.' if in this solemn matter, the Bible makes no Ah! hapless · Little One ! guilty again. We distinction; then by what authority, can we also believe, that there is such a thing as make a distinction If there be any branch receiving a servant for a time--accepting him of the human race who are not exposed by (not as a son but) as a servant ; keeping him, the fall to condemnation, then we have read paying him his wages, and dismissing him, the 6th chapter to the Romans, and other not for any fault, but because he is no longer scriptures upon this matter, in vain; and if wanted ; and when the inheritance comes to the salvation of infants depend not upon elect- be apportioned, sons (not the mere servant) are ing grace, not upon mediation, not upon the to have the inheritance, and to abide in the quickening power of the Holy Ghost, but house for ever.' Ezek. xlvi. 17. But to charge upon their freedom from practical sin; or, if the their freedom from practical sin entitles them 4th. Ah, alas, guilty again. And we also to salvation with eternal glory, we shall be believe that Christ, and his apostles, preached obliged to this correspondent, if he will give a moral as well as spiritual repentance. Yes, either a 'thus saith the Lord,' or one scrip- we believe, he wept over Jerusalem; and we ture that clearly implies such a doctrine. believe that the things that belonged to their
We believe in infant salvation, but not on peace as a nation, were faith in the testimony the ground suggested by this correspondent.
of God by Jesus Christ; and that repentance We hold, that by the fall men are in a lost which would have caused them to cease from and spiritually helpless condition: and but persecuting the Saviour; and we confess that
so blind that we cannot see why, for free grace, most independant of any if the people of Sodom would have so belieBut we hold, also, that the personal sins of ved and repented, that their city would have every lost man will be brought against bim; and that some are greater practical sinners see why we are not to believe what the Lord than others; some will receive a greater of the soul with such repentance; but the pre
himself says; he does not unite the salvation damnation than others. We believe the • Little One' does not hold that man is damned servation of their city: Does not this look soley for original sin ; 80 that John Foster may than like that which is spiritual and eternal i
more like that wbich is moral and temporal, draw his pen across his first charge.
John Foster himself being our judge. come to charge the
But to this charge again. The Israelites 2nd. * Affirming that man without the' were exhorted merely to temporal faith and grace of God, can do anything acceptable to obedience. Now, let Mr. John Foster prove God. fc. Well here, sir, you have the that coming out of Egypt was salvation eter. Little One;' and you have us with him too; nal; let him prove that the Israelites did eat for we still think that natural truthfulness manna, and did not die; let him prove that and honesty, and moral rectitude, is for what conformity to the ceremonial law was spiritual; it is, acceptable unto God; and we somehow let him prove (as he may easily do from the or another believe, that even Cain, if he had 18th of Ezekiel, and other scriptures,) that, done well, as far as he as a man was capable that justification by which the Israelites was of doing well, that he would have been accep: righteous, was the same as that justification ted into the natural consequences of his well of the new covenant by which the saints of doing. And we believe, that even Nebu. the Most High in all ages bave gloried ; let chadnezzar, if he had 'broke off his sins by him prove that it required a spiritual man to righteousness, by shewing mercy to the poor,' obey a carnal commandment (Heb. vii. 16,) let it would have been a lengthening of his tran- him prove that none but a spiritual man can quility. And somehow or another, we cannot obey carnal ordinances. (Heb. ix. 16,) So that bring ourselves to believe that the repentance even we believe that the old covenant was of the Ninevites was anything more than temporal, it waxed old, and vanished away; natural, and yet it was acceptable unto God : and that while it existed' it required faith and and
an unregenerate obedience in accordance with its own constiman has a natural, common belief in the tution. We must leave this part for Mr. Bible, and that it has a moral influence upon Foster to settle with the Lord himself and him, and that he is not without a love to the with his apostles. And come to ways of religion; and we believe, that all Charge the 5th, Affirming that the gospel this, for what it is, is right in the sight of shall be a benefit to those that are lost, if they God; but that faith and repentance that ac obey its precepts,' &c. 'Little One,' guilty company salvation are quite another thing; again.. Only this point needs a word of exbut so deluded are the disciples of the school planation. We hold that men's moral res. to which this correspondent belongs, that they ponsibility is increased according to the light must either anihilate moral principle altoge brought to them by the word of God; and we ther, or else exalt the mere natural, conscien- would hope that even John Foster biunself, tious doings of the natural man into evidences with all his attachment to the systems of his of eternal salvation; that themselves being school, will not deny but that morality, temdeceived, they carry on the work of deceiving porally, and socially, that the Bible, even in others. Devils are graceless, yet they believe, these respects, is of incalculable value, and and tremble. Much, very much, more could lies at the foundation of England's greatness we, did space admit, say upon this matter. and stability. This is a fact too self-evident But we come to charge the
to require further proof. Well, then, taking
into account the fact that the moral (not the show, Ist, Some points of resemblance betreon spiritual,) responsibility of men is increased the ark of Noah, and the ordinance of beaccording to the light brought unto them by lievers' baptism, as a figure. 2ndly, Shor the word of God, we hold that those who what baptism itself is a figure or represenshall be lost, who act conscientiously are uni- tation of. And 3rdly, How and when the versally benefitted in this world, unless we ordinance of baptism may be said to be saving: deem savageism and canibalism with inces- I. THE ORDINANCE OP BELIEVERS' sant cruelties, preferable to civilization, de- BAPTISM, AS A FIGURE, RESEMBLES NOAH'S corum, peace and plenty ; together with ARK, 1st, in its Author. It originated with the sacredness of all the relations of life and God; Noah bad the highest authority for ties of nature. We say then, the Bible, even what he did — By faith, Noah, being warned morally, is a precious boon ; and no man will of God of things not seen as yet, moved with have to suffer for sins which he does not fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his commit, (excepting from this rule, original house. Make thee an ark, said God to Noah, sin.)
of such and such materials, of such and such But now to the 6th and last charge. This form, and of such and such dimensions; the 6th and last charge will be a word next month, whole of the directions were of God, and and will form a part of our answer to thé Noah was not to depart one iota from the former part of Mr. Foster's communication. rule prescribed. From whence is the ordiMr. Foster says that · Little One,' is introdu- nance of believers' baptism but from heaven? cing to the Church of Christ, &c. The We have the highest authority; the King of Church of Christ here, of course, means that Saints himself originated it; his servants are section of Christendom-that school to which commissioned to 'Go forth into all the world, Mr. Foster belongs. Well, we are really glad and preach the gospel to every creature; he that • A Little One' has found his way into that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved ; that Bable ; and we hope some little ones may but he that believeth not shall be damned.' be brought out from Babylon-out of this Baptism, in its origir and author, therefore duty-faith pestilence of the day, and we think resembles the ark of Noah. that Mr. Foster has set his own system in
2. There is a resemblance inasmuch as such a light, he may be of great help in letting Noah, in obeying God's command, was in the in the light upon the suicidal character of his construction of the ark exposed to ridicule own system, and we shall have them gladly and contempt by an ungodly world. And how running over to us; and after putting them has this heaven-instituted ordinance of beproperly to the test of the law and the testi- lievers' baptism been ridiculed, despised, and mony; if they should prove to be Jews in- condemned by professor and profane ? How wardly, we shall gladly receire them, never has the authority of Zion's King been tramto return to Babylon again. Such would soon pled on, and denied, and the traditions of men see that the mixture of Pelganism and Calvin- set up in its room and stead? In this respect, ism, of which Mr. Foster speaks, is not with the ark of Noah and believers' baptism reus, but belongs to his own system.
semble each other as a figure.
3. As the ark was abundantly honored by NOAH'S ARK AND BELIEVERS' the presence of God when it was constructed, BAPTISM CONTRASTED.
Noah (it is said) did according unto all that the
Lord commanded him ;' and the Lord thereBY MR. J. HAZELTON,
fore inhabited the ark, and said unto Noah, Of Mount Zion Chapel, Chadwell-st., Clerkenwell. Had Noah' departed from the instructions
come thou, and all thy house, into the ark.
given him by God, he would not have inhabi. : On Lord's-day, October 31st, the ordinance ted the ark.' In this respect, the ordinance of of believers' baptism was administered by our believers' baptism is a like figure. How fremuch honored pastor, Mr. Hazelton, to five quently God has honored this ordinance by believers who had previously given us a heart- his presence and blessing, many living wit. uniting testimony of the Lord's, gracious dea- nesses can testify; but where is the Parish lings with their immortal souls, in blessing Priest, or Pædo baptist minister, that can the Word of Life to them under his instru- truthfully say, they have enjoyed the Lord's mentality. The place was crowded in every presence in sprinkling the infant's face ? part with attentive hearers, and a solemn awe 4. Inasmuch as Noah was separated from evidently pervaded the vast assembly, while the world, when God said to him. como the Lord's servant fearlessly and affectionately thou into the ark;' he left all his worldly posagserted the rights of his Lord and Master, as sessions. It was an act of faith. So the canZion's only King and Lawgiver. He was di. didate in baptism, puts on Christ, is buried rected upon this occasion to speak from 1 with him by baptism into death ; that, like as Peter üii. 21, the like figure, whereunto even Christ was raised up by the glory of the Fabaptism doth also now save us (not the put ther, even he should walk in newness of life. ting away the filth of the flesh, but the answer
5. They resemble each other inasmuch as of a good conscience toward God,) by the they both represent a burial. The ark was to resurrection of Jesus Christ.'
Noah a kind of grave; he was concealed for a The following are two or three brief outlines time. So in the ordinance of believers' bapof the interesting and instructive discourse tism, the whole body is concealed, or immerdelivered on that occasion from the above sed, in water for a time. In these respects words.
therefore the ark of Noah and believers' bapThe preacher said, we will endeavour to'tism closely resemble each other.