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paid the 10th of the n:
oh of March next the present year.–VII. In fifteen days ensuing ; the second third shall be paid the after the publication of the present decree, 1st of May; and the third shall be paid the all prelates shall be bound to deliver to the 1st of August.-II. All English manufac- Secretary of State of the interior anů of the tures being liable to confiscation on the sole finances, a correct return of their yearly ground of their origin, shall be ransomed income, which he shall cause to be examin. by the merchants who possess the same, and ed and veritied. And eery person whose who are at liberty to dispose thereof as they return shall be found incorrect, shall be senplease, by paying one ihird part of their tenced to pay double the amount of his convalue, according to their invoices. The tribution. The said fine shall be recovered said payment shall be made in three instal
out of the property of the offender by the ments, and at the periods fixed in the pre- readiest means of executiun-IX. The ceding articles.- IV. All gold and plate of first third part of this contribution shall be all the churches, chapels, fraiernities of delivered at the othce of the Receiver Gene. the city of Lisbon, and the district bolong-ray of the contributions and public revenue ing thereto, shall be carried to tre mint, of Portugal, within ile term of one month received by the treasurer thereof, under the next ensuing the publication of the present inspection and direction of the director of decree, by the prelates above mentioned the mint, within the term of 15 days. In 1 residing in Lisbon ; and within the term of the churches no silver vessels shall remain, six weeks, by those who reside in the pro. but such as are required for the decent ob- vinces.--X. The second third part shatite servance of religious worship, and of these delivered at the said office within six months vessels a list shall be delivered, signed by next ensuing the delivery of the first tbird, the person or persons who are charged with by such prelates as reside in Lisbon, and the custody and management thereof. The in one month after the first delivery, by person who carries the same to the mint, those who reside in the provinces.-XI. Toe shall receive from the treasury a receipt, in last one third part shall be delivered at the an authentic form, for the articles delivered. said office, che nonth after the delivery of All persons convicted of fraud, either with the second, by such prelates así reside in regard to the declaration of the articles ex- Lisbon, and three months after the second isting in such churches, or lest there, delivery, by such prelates as reside in the or with respect to any like articles em. provinces - XI. All persons who posses bezzled for their own use, shall be sen. church livings of 600 10 900 milreis per tenced to pay four times the value of the anı , shall contribute two third parts of their article not declared or embezzled. - V. All annual income, and should such livings ex: the articles above mentioned, belonging to ceedooo milreis per annum, they shall contrichurches, chapels and fraternities in the bute three fourths of the annual produce ; provinces, shall be delivered at the houses the payment thereof shall be made into the of the receivers of tvibes, within the term chest of the ordinary receiver of lithes of of fifteen days, on the same condition and the district, under the inspection of the penalties mentioned in the fourth article. respective superintendants of tithes, who are The several receivers shall give authentic to examine the said returns, and the same receipts for the same, and send the articles penalties shall be indicted on the offenders.' received to the mint in Lisbon, the treasurer --X111. The respective receivers of tithes of which is to give them a proper receipt shall, under the inspection and direction of for the same.
The above receivers shall the superintendants, deliver within the have an escort, if required. -VI. The shortest time possible, the amount of the total amount of the value of the said sum by them received into the chest of the articles shall be deducted from the pre- Receiver.-General of the public reveme and sent coutribution.-VII. All archbishops contributions of Portugal.- XIV. All the and bishops of the realm, all prelates and knights comnianders of the three military superiors of religious orders of boil: sexes, orders, and of the order of Malta, shall the regular and secular congregations which contribute two thirds of the produce of their possess landed property, or capitals placed commanderies, in the installments and under ont on interest, shall contribute two-thirds the penalties above-mentioned, with regard of their annual produce, in case that the to the prelates.-XV. All the bolders of latter does not excecd sisteen thousand cru- the giants of the crown shall pay double the sades: should it cxceed sixteen thousand amount of the annual contribution which crusides, they shall contribute three fourths has hitherto been imposed on them. The of the said produce; they shall, however, all payment and delivery thereof shall he bé exempted from the payment of titles in made in the
mannor afuresaid. --XVT: neral perce.
All the proprietors 'of houses situated terra, &c. shall be exempted from the payin Lisbon and in the district belonging ment of the two first thirds of the present . thereto, shall contribute one moiety of contribution, and from the provisions conthe annual rent for which they have let, in tained in the 21st article. The boroughs case of their being let; and should the pro- and villages situated on the road to Lisbon, prietors inhabit the said houses themselves, shall enjoy the same exemption. Lands one moiety of the rent, to be determined by betorring to knixhts commanders, to holders valuation. Payment and delivery tbercóf of grants otilie crown, and to other persons, shall be made in the manner above-mention- pointed out in the 7th article, shall not be ed, and under the same penalties. All pro included in the disposition of the presene prietors of houses situated in other towns and article.--XXIV. The Secretary of State of boroughs of the kingdom are liable to the the interior and of the Finances, is charged same contribution, payable in the same form, with the execution of the present Decree, and under the same penalties – XVII. All which shall be printed and posted throughout proprietors of land, shall pay ibis yeur, the whole kingdom. double the amount of the tithes imposed on them.-XVII. For all losses, mules, önd
AUSTRIA.--Declaration of the Emperor of servants, double the tax shall this year be
ciustria against England : dated Vienna, paid which was laid op them by former re. gulations, antihe amount of the said tax so
February 13th, 1808. doubled shall be paid at once.-XIX. All During the wor which was concluded by public buildings and establishments, which the peace of Tilsit, his imperial royal and contribute towards the expenditure of the apostolic majesty has continually endeavourpolice, shall this year pay under the said con- ed to impress the belligerent powers with tribution a sum equal to the amount thereof. the motives which ought to induce them -XX. The Sheriff shall, under the direc- to concur in endlearouring to insure a getion of the Senate, make a proportional re
The court of Vienua from duction of the contribution, on all the that time declared its sentiments to the companies of mechanics and tradesinen, Cabinet of St. James's, and the imperial whether they keep open shops in public envoy at London, Prince Stahremberg, places or elsewhere, levying the sum assessed received formal and pressing instructions. by prompt execution, applying them to the Bat as the British nunistry, in an answer purpose intended, and giving proper receipts to these written communications declared to those wbo have paid their quota of the that its answer must depend on its allies, contribution. The Senate will cause the the salutary propositions of Austria could total amount thereof to be delivered into tlie not but be considered as disregarded, and chest of the Receiver General of the con-, soon after the treaty of Tilsit was tributions and the public revenue of Por. cluded, by which the inicrests of the contugal, every eight days until it shall be en- tinent were regulated, without the partirely discharged.- XI. The Senate of the ticipation ef Great Britain.
His imperial city of Oporto wili Cilise the amount of the royal and apostolic majesty continued, contribution to be levied in ito same manner nevertheless, convinced of the utility, and in the city of Oporto and in the district be- even of the necessity, of a general pacifilonging thereto And the said senate is cation ; and this conviction afforded him further charged to compel all magistrates of new motives for renewing his pressing all oiher places in the north to do the same, representations to the court of London. the northern provinces being in this case
in July, soon after the signing of the peace, only subjected to the said senate.--XXII. the Prince of Stahremberg again received The board of public welfare is to make, orders to induce the British ministry to under the inspection of the Royal Exchequer, enter into a negociation with France, in a simiiar requisition on such ships as shall be order that the continental peace might be found without the jurisdiction of the senate, connected with and confirmed by, a observing in point of payment and delivery maritime peace; but these propositions the forms and penalties above mentioned were not more successful than the former XXUI. The General in chief being desirous bad been, and the answer of England was to indennify the unfortunate inhabitants of evasive.--His majesty, bowever, thought Beira for what they have suffered from the it right to return to a subject of the inost march of the army through that province, material influence on the general system orders, that the boroughs and villages situa- of Europe, as well as the prosperity of fed between the Tejo and the road of Satra- the lustrian provinces in pericular. Prinde
Stahremberg was, therefore, for the third passports and leave London with every per. time, directed, in September, 1807, to son belonging to the embassy.-It was the make some farı her overtures, connected Emperor's will that the above instructions with the former measures of the court of should be restricted to such points of general Vienna. But before his majesty's an- interest, as were most likely to move the Bribassador reported the result of his coinmu- vish cabinet to receive his proposals with atnication, the Court of London declared tention and kindnass; and if his Imperial its sentiments, with regard to a maritime M.jesty ordered n0.complaints to be inserted peace, in so positive a manner, refusing, at of ihe numerous violations of his right, as a the same time, the mediation of Russia, neutral power, viuations, with regard to making an attack on Copenhagen, and which his Majesty bad not been able to obe seizing the Danish tleet, without assiguing tain the least redress or compensation, the any satisfactory cause of these violent reasons no doubt, will be obvious, which inmeasures, nay endeavouring to justify those duced his Majesty to pass by in silence whatproceedings, their infringements of the ever concerned his personal interest. His unguestionable rights of neutral powers, Imperial Majesty's ambassador in London by official declarations, which so evidently could but execute the positive orders, which clashed with the principles adopted by: he received from Vienna, to their full extent. other great powers, that it was impossible But being of opinion that he might yet innot to perceive in the course persued by dulge an hope of being able to prevail on the the British minister, a disposition to remove English ministry to shew more pacific senti. the possibility of peace to a greater distance, ments towards France, be resolved to ex. and not to listen to whatever had any teaden- press, at first, part only of his orders in a cy to restore the tranquillity of Europe.- note, wbich he addressed to Mr. Canning on The impression which this conduct, destruc- the 20th November. The Secretary of State tive of all the hopes which his Majesty had answered that note by a mere repetition of fondly conceived, made on him, was as deep the declaration made to Austria since the as it was painful Without waiting for the month of April, 1807.-As all further reSarther reports of Prince Stahremberg, orders presentations were now evidently ineffectual, still more urgent and more positive were a final notification was sent on the 22d De. rent him, than he had before received. These cember to Privce Stahremberg, which reinstructions, bearing date the 30th October, peated the order of the 30th October, and contained, Ist, a recapitulation of all former directed hun, before his departure, to give in trarsactions, ond directed him to represent a note explaining circumstantially the moto the Cabinet of St. Jamies's, in the stiongest tives of the Court of Vienna towards that of coluurs, the unavoidable consequences of its | London. These dispatches, however, did conduct, and to insist, in the most earnest not arrive in London till Prince Stahremberg manner, on an open declaration of its real bad applied for, and received, his passes, and sentiments, with regard to peace, and to he no longer could have communication with avail himself of ali possible means to lead it the Secretary of State, and deliver in the both to sentiments of moderation, fitted for note which had been transmitted to him.the present situation, and meeting the wish- This representation, which is confined to the es of Europe. - The dispatches closed with ofücial communications that have passed bethe precise orders" to apply once more tween the two governinents, is sufficient to on this subject in an official manner to his shew that the Cabinet of St. James's cannot Britannic Majesty's Minister for Foreign mistake the causes, nor the motives which Affairs, and to make to him the formal pro- have induced his Apostolic Majesty to break posal to enter into negociations for a mari- off the connection, which has hitherto estime peace, on such principles as answered isted between Austria and Great Britain.-the interests of all the powers concerned, The Emperor, nevertheless, wishes to see and as a provisional proof of his pacific dis- the moment arrive, when the Court of Lonposition, to desist from the measures pursued | don, sensible of its true interests, shall, with against Denmark, and retract the declaration calmness and justice, judge of, and compare, which accompanied them. Should the Court the situation of England, with that of the of St. James's reject these proposals, or pur. other powers, and thereby enable his Majes. posely protract giving any auswer, Prince ty to renew with it his former friendly con. Stahremberg was directed to demand his nections.
Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75. Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden, where formes Nuttibers may be had; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Miue, Pall. Malle
VOL. XIII. No. 13.)
LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1808.
“ The Secretary of this - State” (J. Aler. Dallas, Secretary of Pennsylvania] “
possessed great influence “ in the popular Society of Philadelphia, which, in its turn, in Auenced those of other states ; of course " he inerte: attention. It appears, therefore, that these men, with others unknown to me, all having, “ without drubi, Randolph (the śccretary of State) at their head, were ha'ancing on decide on the part " the ston!! take. Two or three days before the proclimation'' (proclair ation against the insurgents] “ was
????..hod, and of course before the cabinet had resolved on is measures, Mr. Randolph came to see
te with an air of great cagerness, and made to me the uvertures, of which I have given you an acó Count in
my No. 6. Thus, with some thousands of dollars, the French republic could bave decided on civivai, oro: perce! Thus, the consciences of the pretended patriots of America lave already their prises! It is very true that the certainty of these conclusions, painful to be drawn, will for ever exist * in our uchives ! Wat will be the old age of this government, if it is thus early decrepid ?". --Dispatch of the French Envoy, FAUCHET, to the French Minister for Foreign Affuirs, written from Philadelo Phía, in 794. 481]
[482 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. cular convention. And what was the anORDERS IN COUNCIL.- -I return once swer of Dacrés ? What was the famous exmore to this subjeci for the purpose of an- planation, which satisfied the American Preswering my correspondent, whose letter will sident, and which, it was wished, should sabe found immediately below, and who seenis tisfy us? Why, the answer was, that the dea very angry at what has been said, in the Re- cree would produce no violation of the treaty gister, respecting the American Siales.-- between France and America; leaving it In giving my readers a description of the quite undecided whether the decree would nature and tendency of the Orders in Coun- be enforced, or not. The decree remained cil, I siated, in page 336 of this volume, that unrepealed; it contained no exceptions ; the late ministers bad declared to the neu- and, if it was not executed, with regard to tral powers, that if they submitted to the America, this exception in the execution audacious principle openly proclaimed by was, undoubtedly, owing to a conviction, France, that England would retaliate, and that to execute it would be injurious to would have an undoubted right so to do. I France. The principle, however, remained added : “ the neutrals do submit, for neither the same; the insult to England the same; “ of then make any public renonstrance, and the acquiescence of America the same;
or protest, against the decrecs of France." as far as related to England, the relaxaticn This assertion my correspondent says I make of France has been obtained for the mutual “ in the face of the notorious fact, of the benefit of France and America only. Ame. “ immediate explanation of the French de- rica was a neutral power ; but not the only. “ cree, given by the French minister of ma
She had no right to sacrifice the inten “ rine, Dacrés,' to the American envoy at rests of the other neutrals to her own selfish
: Paris." That I had no wish to disguise purposes. She niade no remonstrance, that the fact of this explanation is evident, be- has ever come to light, against the principle. cause I mentioned it, in the article referred of the French decree ; she submitted to the to, and in the very next page to that whence principle; she tacitly acknowledged, that my correspondent has extracted what he is France had a right to declare England in a pleased to regard as a false assertion. -----It state of blockade, and to place her under an is true, that the American envoy did address interdict, and merely pleaded for au exempa note to the French minister of marine, re. tion, as far as she was concerned, upon the presenting to him, that the decree, if acred ground of her treaty with France. The upon, with regard to America, would be a French minister gave a vague answer; and, violation of the treaty existing betweeu her it is well worthy of remark, that even this and France; but, was this a " public re- answer never was made public, until the monstrance, or protest, against the decree?" Orders in Council began to make their apIt was a claim of exemption from the effects pearance. The fact obviously enough ap. of its operation, merely upon the ground of pears to have been this: the decree, the a particular previous compact, and not upon conqueror's decree, issued from Berlin, was that of the decree being founded upon a ty. intended for general and indiscriminate ope. rannical principle, and being a thing to be ration ; but, the Americans having succeeded opposed on grounds independent of all parti- io.convincing France, that such operation
would be finally more, injurious to France but lhe inability of France to execute the than to England, France relented as to the decrçe, in that way. In other respects, bowexecution of the decree ; and ibe letter of ever, slie had the power to execute, and, if. Dacrés is to be regarded as a thing contrived we are to retaliate, we are not to make the retween him and the American envoy. But, exceptions that suit her ; that is to say, to the letter of the decree remained ; the in- forbear to retaliate there only, where she sult remained entire ; and the execution has not the power of execution, and where took place, wherever it was thought to ovly we have that power.
Lord Howick work more injury to England than to France. calls upon America to resist the pretensions Thus France was to issue a general probibi- of France, and declares the king's undoubted tory decree against the commerce between right of retaliation, unless such resistance England and neutral states, which, no one take place. No resistance takes place; a can deny, gave England a right to retaliate submission to the principle of the decree by a measure also general; but, France fiud- does takes place; and an attempt is made to ing that there was one neutral, whom it evade our retaliation by an uvderhand corwould be to her interest to exempt from the respondence between the American envoy execution of the decree, she grants such an and the French minister of marine, kept a exemption, and, thereupon that neutral profound secret, as far as I have observed, comes and says, “ France exempts me, and until our Orders in Council began to make so must you." No," say we,
their appearance.---This American tells “ decree is general, and general must be the us, that to refuse to pay implicit credit 10 “ retaliation. It is the interest of France to the explanation of Dacrés is " to pretend to " make an exception in your favour ; but • know better than the Doctor; for, one “ such is not the interest of England. There “ would naturally suppose, that the opinion " is no way for you to avoid the effects of
“ of a French minister, on a French decree our retaliation, other than that of prevail- “ (and still more the upinterrupted course of “ing upon France to repeal her general de- “ acting thereupon) was of more authority
cree, against the principle of which you " than the opinion of an English lawyer.' " have made no complaint, that we hear of, So, because it is I who write a letter, saying
even in private. You have tacitly ap- that I have seen a black horse to-day, anoproved of that principle; and, as France ther man is to believe, that my words mean,
has been the sole judge of the exceptio.s that I have not seen a black horse to-day, " for herself to make, you must allow us to merely because I find it convenient to say, “ exercise a similar judgment."' Could any that my words have no such meaning. Acthing be more just, or reasonable ? --My cording to this, no written instrument of any correspondent says, that my assertion, rela- sort could possibly carry any fixed and deterting to the submission of America was made minate sense. The decree prohibits all also so in the face of the notorious fact, that, trade between England and neutral states; it "r down to the date of our Orders in Coun- prohibits all communication between them; “cil, no American vessel has been con- it lays England under a commercial interdict; “ demned, and only two captured," in vir- it makes no exceptions ; it neither calls for tue of the French decree. If this fact be
nor admits of explanation. But, because, true, the statements of Sir William Scott are
America and France find it to be ibeir inte. false, which I do not believe ; and I well rest to make an explanation as to the exe. know, that a ship of ours, which re-captured cution of it, we are to admit of that explaan American vessel, taken under the Berlin nation, upon the principle, that those wbo decree, obtained salvage in our court of Ad- have issued the decree must best understand miralty, which might, indeed, be one cause its meaning. When the poor fellow, who of Dacrés's explanation. Besides, Lord went to America in search of liberty, was Howick, long ago, informed our minister in going to the jail where he expired for having America, that “ His Majesty had learnt, written what was called a libel upon Mr. " that, in some instances, the decree had Jefferson, he found, alas! that his meaning “ been carried into execution.” But, I ex- was left to the opinion of others, and that he pressly said, in the article, of which this was not himself to be the interpreter of it
. American complains, that " it was of no As to the “
uninterrupted course of consequence, whether there had, or had
“ acting upon this French minister's opi. not, been any instance, wherein the de. “ nion," that has been before accounted for.'
cree had been carried into execution." It is to be observed, however, that this AmeThe decree existed, and, if no capiures took rican lays no weight upon the circumstance, place in consequence of it, the cause was, that other parts of the decree were rigorously mut any resistancs, on the part of America, executed; such parts 26 Napolean couța