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his resolution not to suffer a compromise still said by many, that Lord upon any account, notwithstanding his very

by exalted opinion of the powers of the cele that a ship was given him for the purpose of brated John Frost. On ibe Monday ensuing getting him out of the way; and, I perceive, Mr. Wratislaw called upon the worthy Peter that Mr. Paull, in a letter of his to the Moore, he (Moore) being confined by indis- Electors of Westmi ister, upon the subject position; and, at a conference with Moore of the grant to the fansily of Lord Lake, has and Frost, it was proposed by them, that Mr. been misled so far as to join in the propagat. Moore should be the pominee of bis ing of this notion, than which it is impossió friend the Right Horourable Richard ble to conceive any ihing more false. The Brivsley Sheridan; that he should arrange ship, the frigate INPERIRUSE, in which his with the nominee of Lord Cochrane in

loruship now is, and in which he has recentstriking the committee; that the petition i ly performed a feat that would have fung should be opened ; that the counsel for the through all Europe, bad it been performed Right Honourable Sheridan shogiú say,

tha! by any but an English naval officer, was fucis existed to warrant it, but that witnesses given him about two years ago ; previous to, were alsent; and that the committee would, and during the time of the Westminster thereupon,' report to the House, that Lord election, he was absent by leave, on account Cochrane was duly elected, and that the of ill-health, which every one who saw petition was NOT frivolous and verutious. must bave perceived that he laboðred únder; But, Mr. Wratislaw, who felt; doubtless, and, when his leave of absence was expired, that the honour of Lord Cochrane (who liad he went again to sea, as a matter of course, reposed implicit confidence in him) was an and. indeed, as a matter of necessity, unless he object of far greater consequence than the had chosev to quit the service, a step, which, seat in parliament, though for the first, and upon no occasion, did he ever promise to the only independent, city in the kingdom, take; nor did he, upon any occasion, as far refused all compromise, and left the cele. as I have observed, say any thing, tending brated petition framers to pursue their own to encourage an expectation that he would course. On the day appointed, he attended take such a step.---The elder Sheridan the House of Comnions with Messrs. Dallas took almost daily opportunity, during the and Warren ; and, after waiting the whole election, to attribute the promotion, or, hour out; heard the order discharged. The rather, the marked' preference, which Lord subsequent proceeding against the petitioner Cochrane bad experienced, to parliamentary and his siveties the reader is informed of; interest, that is to say, to corruption. But, ard, I think, he will be of opinion, with surely, the distinguished merit of my Lord me, that if ever forfeiture was justly incur- Cochrane; not his great bravery, perhaps, red, this is a case of that description.- for that is common, I think, to all our naval There nerer was a fouler calumny than that officers; but his consommate and well-known which these people have propagated against skill in all the parts of his profession; his Lord Cochrane. ' His Lordship was particu- | exemplary sobriety ; his indefatigable applilarly scrupulous with respect to the money- cation ; that spirit of enterprize which has matters of the election. He said to his constantly animated him, and the effects of agents : “ you know what is lawful, and which have been so grievously felt by the • what is not lawful, therefore, to you and enemny : surely these might account for his

you only, I leave the expenditure." He having had, though a young man, a cruizemptied his pockets of all money, and of ing station so often allotted him, à station no repast, paid for by bim, or - his agents, for which his qualities and endowments so did he suffer any one elector to partake. A eminently fitted him. He has had admiranjore honourable, and more truly noble- ble " luck," they say. Such men as bis minded man, does not, in my opinion, exist lordship generally have admirable luck, as in the world. His life has been hitherto have also sober and early-rising and intellispent in scenes, which tend little to qualify gent farmers. Such men have always better a man for the wars of faction, but, if he crops than the common rûn of their neighreturn in health, and with a disposition to bours; their cattle thrive better; and, strange remain in England, the electors of West- to say, they have finer weather for their seedtrinster, if they will be content without the time and harrest. It is the same by sea as base Batteries of the green-room, and will it is by land. There are, indeed, such look to character and principles instead of things as accidents and misfortunes and ill. to names and professions, will, I am satis- | luck; but, the sluggish liave ti

their share of fied, have no need to go a-bunting for rea these as' well as the active, and the former presentatives. It has been said, and is have, besides, to submit to the nataral con:

séquences of their sluggishness. A ship is sent tliemselves, of the correctness of those a sort of animate being, moved by the mind opinions and statements.

Nor will I preof the commander; and, if he be a slug-, tend, that I am not actyated, in great part, gard, no matter from what cause, his ship by this motive, in making the extracts, will do but little. In this view of the which I am now about to insert from the thing, of how much importance is it, that late American newspapers. I love to see a proper selection of commanders, and my opinions confirmed by events, and who particularly, of cruizing commanders, does not, especially when they have been should be, made? Where, indeed, treated with contempt and ridicule. In anit would be difficult, if not impossi. swer to all the alarm, which the Morning blę, is in the case of the younger Sheridan, Chronicle and the Barings and the Roseves to point out any public merit, then, the pre- have been endeavouring 10 excite in the ference given to the party may be fairly at- minds of the people, relative to a war with tributed to corruption, but, not so in the

America, I have said, and, I think, proved, case of my Lord Cochrane, who has devoted that, without utter rain to the union of his life to the naval service, and who may be America, she cannot make war aguinst Eng. cited as a striking example of success, arisingland. She is not yet at war : she is at peace; from his merits. As a member of parlia. but has adopted one of the mcasures, the efment, too, he has nierit far surpassing that fects of which would bave been produced by of almost any other man that I know. He war; and now let us hear, from her owir entered the House of Commons under a lips, what a state she bas been placed in by pledge, given in the face of the nation, that this one measure. The first extract I shall he never would, as long as he lived, accept of take comes from the New York Evening any sinecure or emoluinent, either for him. Post of the 5th of February. " Look here self, or any relation or dependent; and that upon this picture.”-A late Vice President he never would touch ide public money, in

rs of the United States tried tor treason. any way but that of his profession as a naval - The Chief Justice accused by the execuofficer. His motion respecting places, pen- “ tive of mal-administration of the laws. A sions, and emoluments, held by members of " senator under trial for being a party in the the House of Commons, or by their relations, treason. The commander in chief undar was of the greatest public importance; it “ trial on a charge of being a Spanish Penrequired courage as great as any that he ever sioner. The writ of Habeas Corpus dedisplayed at sea, to bring it forward; he was stroyed. The civil magistrate put down;

sure to have an unaccountable host against " not with impunity alone, but applause, by · him; he was sure to leave scarcely any man

a military commander! The country on or woman of fashion his friend; yet hi did “ the eve of war with Great Britaip, with bring it forward, and did most excellently France, and with Spain! The nation driexpose the corrupt views of the contending ven ļo an act of suicide by the embargo, factions. One would bave (hought, that, if passed by a republican congress, and to there had been some few of the electors of the mildest reproach, without knowb Wesimiuster who sincerely distrusted his ing why or wherefore. The nation public, principles, that the care making of. weighed down with calamity, and implo-. , this motion must have done away their dis- “ ring in vain to know the reason, The trust; but, amongst men, who are capable “ ruthless hand of destruction upon them, of being cajoled by the fulsome fattery of " and every one reviled who does not ap-, the green-room, little good is to be expect. plaud it! They look for reasons, and ed. After all, however, I should cer- " they are told of confidence! We ask for lainly have preferred a member, who could " bread and they give us a stone! From 1 have been constantly in the House of Com- such liberty and su republicanism good mons, where, and where only good is to be

“ Lord deliver us!" Yet, observe, readdone, if it be to be done at all, but, I great- er, that I have been set dowa for an enemy ly prefer Lord Cochrane's appearance, there of liberty, because I expressed my abhoronce in two years, to the constant autendance sence of the American government: Will of any unprincipled or timid mao.

my accusers believe what the Americans AMERICAN STATES. - In a person,

themselves say of this their famous liberty,?, whose opinions and statements have been I know them to be the slaves, of mean apa contradicted with so much positiveness and start pettifogging lawyers a with here and acrimony, as mine, with regard to the effects there a'cute bleeding doctors þut,s, if you of war upon the American States, it might will not believe me, will you believe them reasonably be permitted to indulge a good selve, Or do you choose to set them down. deal in the producing of proofs, as they pre-as liars, because they confirm what I have

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said? The next extract is from a New President and his government, shall hare England paper, the Connecticut Courant. free trade, Let any one read the following i liechan's stand idle in the streetz, in article, and then say, whether my advice "quiring if there is any news from Wash- was not good " In Marblehead, that ” irgton. They feel the loss of their busi- wonderfully patriotic town, there bas ý ness; the stagnation of comnerce, and “ been soineihing very niuch like mobbing. " ask what does all this mean? - The The fishermen collected in a body to the « Mechanic is obliged to dismiss his journey- " number of two or three hundred, set all

men--his customers desert him, or call to “ the bells a ringing, and paraded through “ tell him they cannot pay him on account the streets ; then repaired to the stores of of the embargo. The Former finds no " those merchants who supply the fisher" market for his produce. His notes given men, and take their fish, demanded pay *v for land will be due in the spring. To “ for the fish, or the value in such articles • raise money, bis oats, hay, and corn, were as they wanted. On being told it was not * to be sold, but robody will buy.---The possible to pay them, and the fish were

poor Sailor-generous, honest, and un- " on band and could not be sold, and that ** suspecting, lies on his oars: His last “ they were not able to supply them with :* shilling is gone to aid a distressed ship- « the articles they demanded, the fishermen

mate, and there is not a shot in his locker. o entered the stores and took such articles or Poor fellow--he * wants but little, nor " as they could find, allowing the owners to " that little long," but he can't understand " take an account of them. It is said

why ihe ship's aground ---All-all are sone opened desks and took money « exclaiming what do all these things mean? They went to the wharfs and seized

Congress have laid an enbargo. They “ wood, which they divided among them “ have bound their fellow.citizen's, haud “s and carried it to their houses. The " and foot. They will not condescend to leading democrats took great pains to tell the people their reasons for this mea- “ quiet them, and hush up the matter, to sure, so important, so unexpected, so

prevent its going abroad. We are told pregnant with mischief People of • The fishermen at Cape Ann are about to America-look at your situation-ask “ take the same course. There they are al

your leaders of both parties why the times " so almost to a man democrats. Before are so changed? You love your country next May these fishermen, as well as a

-you seek her true interest-you will pumerous class of niechanics, must be in “ submit patiently to the losses for the good i "real distress. The Supplementary Ém“ of the public; but you wish to know what " Largo Bill, permitting the fishermen to great benefit is to be derived from the

go out, will attord little or no relief, for embargo? You ask in vain. All is si- " the fish will be of no value wben taker, " lence and darkness. You are command- nor will the owners of vessels fit tbem • ed by the administration to submit. In

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*' out. We are told that good fish which “ deed passive obedience and non-resist- were selling at 3 and 4 dollars per quin

ance is your only duty. My country- tal, cari now be bought for 1 dollar and “ men; be not deceived. If the embargo 50 cents per quintal, and few that will originated in wisdom, it will bear a strict

purchase at this price.”-Marblehead is examination there should be no secrets is a sea port town in the State of Massachu

on a subject so deeply interesling to the sci's Bay. The wharfs are the receptacles prosperity of the people there can be no for fire-wood, brought down the rivers and

good reasons for silence and darkness.- along the coast. The fish was generally " Legislatures may applaud this measure, sent to the West Indies, to Portugal, Spain, " but the people want something more sub- and up the Mediterranean. The fishermen " stantial ihan the applause of birelings be- are very numerous, and, without a market “ fore they acquiesce."- - Did I not say,

for their fish, they must nearly starie, that this would be the case ? Did I not give forming, as they do, no inconsiderable my reasons for saying so ? And did not the part of the whole of the conimunity in Morning Chronicle and its herd of American that district; and, let it be observed, that, writers abuse me for so saying? Did they if they do not export, they have no maket not threaten us that America would starve at all. There is no large community to the West Indies, and did I not answer, that come and take the fish off their hands. All she must starve herself first I said, be- is stagnant at once. The effect is as sudden sides, in case of war, pray shut up the Ameo? | as that of a hurricane. Io various parts ricans, and proclaim, that any State which of these newspapers, we have descriptions of will openly throw off the authority of the failures in trade and credit. Four banks

have stopped payment. The newspaper of it could have known its place. But, it must Norfolk, in Virginia, that scene of intamous needs be a great nation; it must needs have treatment towards our naval officers, says : its disputes; it must needs talk big; it must “ However incredible it may appear, we

needs show the world that it could be inso" have it from goot authority that Major rent; when it thought the old lion was expi"Lee, a Notary Public of Charlestown, ring, it must needs come with its hoof." made lately 1200 dollars in the course of Mr. A. B. of the Morning Chronicle (that " one day by protesting notes !!!"-To is, I suppose, Mr. Alexander Baring) told this I will add the petition of 269 seamen to us about the danger to be apprehended from the Mayor of Baltimore, in Maryland : the failare of supplies of corn from America. " Your petitioners sheweih, that by reason Mr. YOUNG (and I thank him for it) has told

of the embargo, they are reduced to the us, that the corn we get from thence was not " necessity of applying to your Honour for worth mentioning; and, I beg the reader to « relief. Many of us are now in arrears to observe, that, with all the ports of all the

our landlords, and our prospects are bad, corn-countries in the world shut against us, as we are incapable of gaining a support and at the end of five years of war, indeed, fif. " by any other means than by our protes- teen years, with only ten nionths exception, "sion as seamen. We bumbly pray of wheat is sixteen pounds a load, and has not

your Honour to assist us in this our dis- risen in price, in consequence of the stop#fressed situation, and your petitioners, as ping up of the channels of importation. But, “ in duty bound, will for your Honour and as I told Mr. A. B. before, Ainerica cannot " for the prosperity of the Port of Baltimore exist without the importation of rum, sugar, “ always pray."From petitioning they

From petitioning they and woollens. These things the people will will come lo demanding, and then, like the have, or they will destroy the government. fishermen of Marblehead, they will proceed The whole of the revenue of the state arose to robbery and open seizure. In short, from a tax upon goods imported. This is anarchy starès the government full in the gone. All gone. It cannot return but with face, and that, tuo, at the same time, and a state of peace; and, I leave the reader to from the same cause, that the sole source of guess, whether it is likely to collect internal public revenne is tolally dried up. And, this iaxes from merchants and farmers and fishis he nation that was to bully Euglanu ! elmen, whose affairs are in the state deThis is the nation who joined ihe French and scribed in the above quoted paragraphs.the vassals of the Czar of Muscovy in toast- ! The embargo, which has produced such ing "the liberty of the seas !" This is the alarming symptoms in America, seenis to nation, at the sound of whose bostile voice have had very little effect in this country, the English trident was to be hidieo under which that embargo was intended to punish. those waves, which, for so many ages, it had You hear: no one crying out for want of creruled! This is the nation, whose chief had dit or of employment. The American emthe audacity to demand of us the stirrender bargo is scarcely ever mentioned, any where; of our right to search for nar own seamen, and, I'll engage, that, out of the fifteen mil. and to whom, it is but too evident, the late lions of people, in England, Ireland, and ministers would have made that surrender! Scotland, there are not more than half a I think, we shall have peace, and a lasting million, who, at ihis moment, know that pence, with America ; but, if we have, it there is an embargo in America. Mr. Rose will be owing wholly to the resolution coe, indeed, and his rabble of merchants and which the ministers have demonstrated, vot car-men at Liverpool, to the number of to yield to their demands : for, I know their three Thousand, it seems, have met and petidisposition weil, and I most seriously declare tioned about peace, introducing at the end my belief, that, if suffered to proceed from of a long string of unmeaning flummery deinand to demand, they would not cease about "attachment to his Majesty's person till they came to demand the crown from and family," an expression, relating to Amethe king's head. We have here an ex- rica, that bespeaks a mind of mere childhood. ample (the like of which is not uofrequently They say: "trusting that, by a firm and met with aniongst individuals) of a nation, dignified, but, at the same time, conciliabrought to the brink of destruction, merely tory conduct towards hostile and neutral by its arrogance and insolence. It stood in “ states, your Majesty will be enabled not need of no concession from us ; it was carry.. "only to maintain the yet unbroken rela, ing on a third part of the commerce of the “ tions of peace and amity with a power whole world, notwithstanding the exercise ncarly connected with us ly the ties of of our maritime rigbts. It was fast increasing common origin, and an advantageous in wealth and population. It was happy, if " commercial intercourse, but to restore, af

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an early period, to your faithful subjects, | tence what Mr. Roscoe regarded suitably “ and to the world at large, the blessings of long. If the former, I would ask Mr. Rose

a secure and lasting peace.” A tolerably coe, whether he be informed of any one inwell-rounded sentence; but what is the sense stance, of any one expression or act, whereof it? If they are not hypocrites; if they do, by the Americans have testified towards as they say they do, rely upon “bis Majes- England, their respect for those “ties of ty's wisdom and justice and paternal regard common origin,” which he pretends now for his people," why this petition ? Had they, connect the two countries? Those who are indeed, said that they thought the king ill- connected by ties of common origin, geneadvised, and that they hoped he would listen rally discover a love for each other by mutual to them, and alter the course he is at present acts of kindness, which they do not, in the same going on in ; then there would have been way and degree, shew towards the rest of some sease in what they said. What signi- the world. None of these acts haś America fies their coming with all manner of praises ever been able to bring herself to adopt with in their mouths, and with ten-times-repeat. regard to England. She has, on the contraed assurances of their attachment to the ry, constantly shown a partiality for the king, not forgetting their readiness to sacri- enemies of England. The misfortunes of fice their lives and fortunes in defence of his England have always been a subject of openperson and family? He must have laughed ly expressed joy froni one end of her Siates heartily at tliis petition, if he ever read it, to the other; and the good fortone of Eng. or heard it read. Silly stuff! I wonder how land has been with her a subject of sorrow, any man, having the smallest pretension to not less openly and generally expressed. understanding above that of the mere well- Nay, such is the idea which the Americans dressed rabble, should have been induced to have of those tender ties of common origin, put his name to it. Why this eternal pro- of which the sage Mr. Roscoe speaks, that fession of attachment to the king's person they, in order to obliterate even the niemory and family? Why this upon all occasions ? of that origin, have devised for themselves a There may be occasions when such profes- tutelary saint of the savage race, named

, signs are proper; and even necessary : in an from God knows what cause, address, for instance, at a time when a plot MANY! And, they keep the anniversary against the king's person, or family, may of this saint, in the same manner that the bave been discovered; at a time when trea- Irish and Scotch keep the anniversaries of soll, or insurrection, is on toot; at a time St. Patrick and St. Andrew, and that the when invasion is bourly expected; but, English, when abroad, keep that of St. what in all the world have such professions to George. At this festival they repeat Odes in do with the concerns of a shipper of goods, praise of themselves (all of their own making); or those of a callico-primter: Yet none of they sing songs, through their nose; they smoke ibese people can send up a representation of large twists of tobacco, after the fashion of their sufferings, real or pretended, unaccom- the savages ; and they get as drunk as ever panied with expressions of the most tender Şt. Tamınany or any of his forefathers did. personal regard for the king, which, to say In a day or two after, you see all their three noihing of the flagrant hypocrisy of such ex- or four hundred newspapers filled with a dea pressions, discover a vanity truly disgusting. | tail of the proceedings of the folly-stricken The silly fellows seem to conceit, that they wretches, and you are sure to find, that, at become exalted by the act of writing to the each meeting, there has been one or more king. Like Justice Shallow, they appear to curses unanimously bestowed upon England. think, that they are, all at once, made rela- And yet Mr. Roscoe would fais persuade the tions of the royal family. Their vanity gets King, that, in bis conduer towards America, the better of their auger, and, instead of a he ought to bear in mind, " the ties of bitter complaint, up comes a mawkish pane- “ common origin which connect the two fyrick upon the king and constitution.- « countries." Verily this is a very silly.politie What Ichiefly intended to notice, however, cian, though he has written a most elegant was Mr.' Roscoi's (for he is said to have and most excellent poem. The truth is, .. riawn up the petition) fine notion about that the revolution of America was injuriaus, " the ties of common origin,” which so to its people in various ways, but, in no nearly connect us wiibi America. Now, ei- way so much as in that of depriving them of ther this was intended as an argument to

an ancestry. Man, not only looks forward, , induce the king to adopt a more conciliatory not only desires to live iv his children or io, conduct,fuulards America, or is niust be re- bis fame, and both if possible; 'but, he looks girded 29 ainere expletive, as words thrown back, and desires to have lived in his forein for the inere purpose of making the sen- | fathers ; ibie desires to have a father, or

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