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"Jarge sums of public money, who onght root, and from the people then sprung up all

to have been the very last to oppose it, or corruption ! He must beg his right hon. " rather, who ought to have been amongst friend to recollect that he had successively "' its most chearful patrons and promoters, represented such a variety of places, whether

even though actuated by no other motive the county of Norfolk, Norwich, S. "! than that which guided every prudent | Mawe's, or Higham Ferrers, that even a

tradesman, and made him consider pre- | memory like his, and such a known ac

sent security, as well as future gain. I quaintance with the constitution of parlia“: He would, and with no unfriendly voice, ment, could not well enable hina to say of call upon those

persons to consider, whe- what place he was really the representative. 4 ther, by their opposition to this bill of His right hon, friend had chiefly insisted, " Reversion, they might not produce bills that the root of corruption was to be traced * of Resumption; whether they might not, only to the people. Ile would contend the " by opposing this small commencement of very contrary. It was government that was

reform, cause themselves speedily to hear the seducer; the people the seduced. The sounds the most unpleasant, he should present question would put it to the test; and

suppose, to their ears--for he would if his right hon. friend's principles were to "have then recollect, that it was not the be adhered to, it would only prove, that “ first time in the history of this country the drippings of the top of the tree were the " that the necessity of the times, and the real cause of the blighting of the branches,

indignation of the public, had echoed and the corruption of the root. Where rooi, sc

through the land resume and refund." branches, &c. were undermined, could any ." MR. WINDHAM did not think that the fair fruit be after expected to blossom from measure of abolishing Reversions, would be such a ground ?"-Now, how the repor.. so productive of advantage to the people as ter could insert this appears to me to be as. was supposed. The assertion of the hon. tonishing. It was an answer to Mr.Windham, baronet, that it would be the commence- but it answered what he did not say. He ment of reform, was to him no recommen

said, that corruption had gone as far amongst dation of it, knowing, as he did, the dread- the poor as it had gone amongst the rich ; ful dangers which might ensue from mis- as far amongst the low as amongst the high ; guided attempts at reformation, of which that the tree of corruption had shot as far we had had sufficient examples in a neigh- downwards as it had shot upwards, a figure bouring country. As to the corruption that perfectly corresponding with the well-known was so generally asserted to exist among the observation respecting the oak, that its tap higher orders, he contended that that cor- root penetrates exacıly as far into the earth ruption existed in an equal degree in the as its topmast twig mounts into the air. As lower, and that the tree struck its root as to the truth of the proposition, which this deep into the earth as it elevated its branches figure was meant to illustrate or embellish, into the air."After Mr. Windham came, that is another matter ; but, if Mr. Sheridan it appears from the report, Mr. Sheridan: did give the answer, which is here imputed but, I can hardly believe, that the speech to him, he inust have been out of the house attributed to him ever fell from his lips. He when Mr, Windham spoke; for, if he had. has astonished me many times, but, that he been disposed so glaringly to misrepresent. should inake the speech, which has been a member's word, he could not hare rentur, published onder his name, is quite incredi- cd to do it, knowing that the misrepresenble. He spoke with great warmth, too, tation must be perceived by every one who. the reporters tell us. It was represented to heard himn. Did Mr. Windham say, that me, oely a few days ago, that he was ill; corruption sprang ap solely from the, and really, if this report be correct, I am

people?"

No. He did not say, ' that it afraid that the representation was but 100 sprang up from the people at all. He said, well founded. Bat, it is impossible. He that the iree had shot as far downwards as never could have uttered the words. it had upwards, but, he said nothing about No; not even Mr. Sheridan could have the seed, or about who had sown the seed. made such a speech, -The words, pub-| Now, as to the fact, let any one look it lished as his speech were these :

“ Mr.

Honilon and hundreds of places that could Sheridan could not be provoked to say a be named, and deny, if he car, that the word at so late an hour, by, any thing but corruption has shot as far downwards as it the extraordinary positions which he had has upwards. Let any one look at the elecjust beard from his right hon. friend. What! tion of Alexander Davison ; nay, let any all corruption in the state was to be found one look at the number of votes, which were only at åbe root ! The people were the obtained, upon a late occasion, for a persop,

whom it is needless now to namę. These, I would, like him, speak out, we should alif we bad not thousands of others, are quite ways know what we had to trust to. He sufficient proofs of the truth of Mr. Wind says plainly, that he disapproves of any atham's assertion. In fact, it is only because tempt to reform the parliament; he acknowthe electors are corrupt, that corruption pre- ledges that corruption exists , he wishes it vails at all. If they were to do their duty, did not ; bur, he tells us, that, in his opin. there would not exist the food for corruplionion, the remedy would be worse than the to feed upon.

-I imagine, I could easily disease. Let no map suppose, that he has (point out the reason why Mr. Sheridan not reasons, to give in support of this opiochose, upon this occasion, to post himself up, ion. It is our business to combat those reaas it were, for an advocate of reform. Yes, sons, and not to abuse bim for entertaining I could easily assign à cause for this wonder- the opinion, or for acting upon that opinion, fut ebullition of popular spirit. But, he until it be proved to be erroneous. At any may rest assured, that the persons, whom he rate, he is not an enemy to be hated, who had in his eye, even if they had now another speaks out, who

speaks out, who acts without disguise ; opportunity of making a choice, would con- who scorns all subterfuge, and who is willing vince him, that they are not easily to be led to run the risk of defeat. - It will not be to alter their minds, as to any part of his forgotten, that this advocate of reform, neconduct or character. It well became bim, ver talked about reform, while he himself was indeed, tot

talks about St. Mawe’s and Higham in place. Before and after, but not during Ferrers! His election and his riding in the that time, when he liad the power to speak dirt-covered car with Sir Samuel Hood, with effect. It has been the same, with re. were, one would have thought, sufficient gard to all the other subjects, wbich, from to have induced him to say nothing about time to time, he has taken up. There have elections; and, as to singcure places, it is always been some means found out of molliwell-known that he has now, or lately had, fying and silencing him, During tbe last a pretty good one. (I suppose it has come back session of parliameut, he talked about a bill to him upon the death of Lord Lake); it is respecting the powers of the police magisalso well known, that the Wbig ministry trales; he gave notice of bis intention to was scarcely formed, when he obtained for propose such a bill. Now we hear no more his son a sinecure worth three thousand of it; and no more of it we shall bear, une pounds a year, that sop receiving at the same less a similar inotive should again animate time, pày as a captain in the army; it is the patriotic proposer,

It must have suralso well known, that he asked for himself prized a great many people to see Mr. She the Chancellorship of the Duchy of Lancas. ridan thus turn upon Mr. Windham all of a ter, another sineçure place worth three thou- sudden. His friendship is like that of a cat. sand a year, and that be asked it for life too. He will purr about you for a long while to. In fact, men more greedy of the public gether ; but, by and by, when you least 'money than himself and his son, it is, I expect it, he gives you a scratch. He now think, impossible to find, even in this coun- appears to be purring to Sir Francis Burdett, try, at this tine. He has always been the inan by the means of calumniating whom hunting after place, which is very well, per

very well, per- he gained the support of the friends of Sir haps, but, then, bie should never attempt Samuel Hood ; the man against whom chielto play the part of the disinterested man. ly the speeches and toasts at all his election

It is odd enough to hear liini expressing dinners, during the first contest, were his indignation at Mr. Windham's defence velled the man, in short, whom the Whigs of sinecure places; he, who is a sinecure sought to destroy by all the means that maplaceman, and would have been, if he could, lice could invent and baseness a double-handed sinecure piaceman, and purring, however, will not succeed and, whose son (of whom he is so proud, as he therefore, if Mr. Sheridan be wise, he will told the electors of Westminster) was, as make the best that he can of a steady attacklong as the ministry would permit him to be meut to his old party. so, a sinecure placeman, the place having INDJA AFFAIRS.

The recent, intellibeen obtained by the means of the father. gence from India, or, our Empire jn tie Mr. Windham is no sinecure placeman ; he East," is of a gloomy complexion, in my never, in his life, pocketted a farthin; of sight, only inasmuch as it gives an account the public money; he must, therefore, have of the loss of a great oumber of English of spoken from principle'; and, though I difer ficers and soldiers. It may serve to make with him in opinion, as tosinecure places, men refect justly on the nature of the wars * cannot help respecting hin for the manly we carry on in India, and may lead them to declaration of his mentiinents. Iferery man | the couclusion, so much to be desired, banca

Je

execute, This

ly, that the possession of that country is an only one half of the story ; and, if they terrible evil.' This, it seenis, is to be the had been informed, that we were putting Insit war; but, we have been told the same

e same whiskers upon the faces of Englishmen, thing for more than thirty years past. There they might, perhaps, have taken the thing is a constant, a never ceasing war in India. more quietly. If they could have seen There is not always actual fighting; büt, whisker Mellish, riding in a dog-cart to and there are always going on preparations for from the Brentford election, they might, HghtingWhat right, in Gol's name, what perhaps, have profited from so striking an

right have we to do this? How is it possi- example of complaisance. This man exble for us to justify our conduct, upon any ceeded, in that way, any one I ever heard principle of morality ? Conquests in India of, in this or any other country. He put care pot at all necessary either to our safety or a pair of most odious bunches of hair upon

our comført. There is no glory attending his face ; he disfigured himself; he volun'shch conquests and their accompanying tarily rendered himself ugly, and, to all butcheries. We must be actuated by a sheer appearance, for no reason whatever except love of gain; a sheer love of plunder. I that of paying his court to those, who prereilly believe, that the history of the whole ferred the look of a German to that of an Worla does not afford an instance of a series Englishman! Here, ye slaves of Hindostan! of aggressions so completely onjustifiable Behold this example, and repent of your reand inexcusable. But, the Indian branch fractory behaviour ! ---It would seem, that makes 'a considerable part of our political delegated rulers in "our Eastern Empire, system. Tliese colonies, on the other side are really alarmed at the threats of Napoleon,

and are making preparations for defence, on cision of all questions relative to us here at the side of Persia. That is good. I wish home.' The East-India interest is embodied, to see them upon the alert. It will bring and it is always held in the hands of the mi- on the desired result. It will hasten that nister of the day. The East-India adventu- result; and will make it as certain as if rer is enriched by money paid out of the Buonaparte himself were to enter India with taxes raised Keré, and that money he fre- an army. And here I

must observe, how quently employs for the purpose of obtaining abominably cowardly our language resa the power of tasing os, for facilitating pecting the French is. We appear to be which employment the borough system is "more afraid of six Frenchmen than of thirty most admirably calculated. It corruption millions of Indians. When we are beaten, at elections were prevented, if the laws or in danger of being beaten in India, we relating to elections were obeyed; if the always ascribe it to the French. Like the constitution of England were adhered to, fellow in one of Goldsmith's plays, "go

there would be little daniger from combina- where we will we find the Parlez vous; and tions of any 'sort. If those who pay 'the always are we, upon land, most dreadfully greater part of the taxes were all to have their afraid of him. As to India, we are not at

free voice ; and if the qualifications were all ashamed to acknowledge, that, if the such as the law intended them to be ; if no French could throw in a trifling force of man having alien interests, and being exposed their own, or, even a body of military offto no temptation to swerve from his duty, çers only, we should soon be driven out of which duty, supposing bim to be properly the country. We never hear the French qualified, would have a perfect coincidence expressing such terrible apprehensions at the with his interest if such were the state infuence of English military officers. These of the representation, (and-such the consti- apprehensions of our India rulers are, how. tution of England means it'should be,) the ever, by no means unfounded; for, if the nation would be in no danger, whatever of French should get but a mere footing, they seeing either its honour or its interést sacri- | will very soon overset a company of as comficed To such bodies as the East-India Compa- fortable sovereigns as the world ever saw.

ny i but, while things continue in their PORTUGAL.The situation of Portugal, 1. Present state, it is impossible, that such respecting which I have, in another part of

Laetifices should not be made. - It is said this number, inserted an account, is truly Vhow that some regulations will be adopted, shocking; but, it is no other than what I 19 India, for the purpose of conciliating the expected and foretold, natives, and especially for the purpose of exist, in the present state of its agriculture, steventing any future attack upon their reli- without importation, gious prejudices. This ket

with the hilludes to the whis. I application was made in the latter end of

was, indeed, a last month,to our admiral Sir Charles Cotton, notable instance. But, the Indians knew

But, the Indians knew by General Junot, to suffer some provisions

to come into Lisbon to prevent the people power. Napoleon having, by his commer- , from starving, and that Sir Charles lias cial decrees, cut off our trade, we bave been sent home, for instructions. I think, I driven to do that which wisdom long ago should not have seizt home. The chief ob. pointed out to us.---Portugal will now, ject of the Orders in Council, and of the instead of an additional weapon in the hand, blockades, was to produce distress in France, be a mill-store about the neck of France. and in all the countries under her controul. The fate of that wretched country will This is the immediate object of preventing teach the people of Europe, that there is a provisions from going into a besieged town. boundary to the power of Napoleon. He But, there is, in the latter case, a consequent himself cannot but feel, that it must tend ta object, and that is, the surrender of the render hin odious, to cause his name to be town by the enemy. Now, though no state hated and cursed, and to render his sway of of distress, no ravages of famine, could, precarious duration. All these, Mr. Roscoe, perhaps, be reasonably expected to induce and not your Lauderdale negociations, and ihe French to evacuate Portugal, and, if petitions from Liverpool, lead to a secure they were to do it, we could not take pos.

and lasting peace. session and hold it; yet, a sort of capitulacion SPAIN ---A very confused account fing might bave been made. The French might serted below from the news-papers) of an have been required to yield sometbing. The insurrection in Spain shews, I think, clear. worth of the plunder, for instance, which ly, that the last remaining branch of the they have made upon English subjects. House of Boui bon has not many months to They might have been required to give up enjoy even the name of regal authority: or drive out the Russian fi:et. This may, That infatuation and imbecility, which perhaps, be done yet; but, the sooner the have, in all the other countries of the con thing had been done the better. I am aware tivent, paved the military road of the conof the horrors of famine. I hear the cries

queror, set in to have worked double tides in of humanity in favour of a starving people; the monarchy of Spain. It is not long since but I hear them also in a towu besieged; we saw the king accusing his son of being and I never ye: heard of town in that state engaged in a conspiracy against his life ; and, being supplied by the besieger. I shall be it is pretty generally asserted, that the queen told, may be, that the Portuguese are our had as little of c. nancy as the king had of old frievids and allies; and so were the sense. Profligacy and extravagance in the Dutch; and so were the Russians. Porrogal Royal family; base peculation in the nobles; now belongs to France; (wo millions and a and a total want of public-spirit in the peohalf of people have submitted to her autho. ple, who are, to say the best of them, as rity; the ports and resources of Portugal corrupt as their rulers : these are the causes are now arrayed against England. This of the present distracted state, and of the being the case, we must consider, the Por- ' approaching subjugation, of Spain; and, let tuguese as enemies. Amongst the effects of 110 man bope, that similar causes will not, the Orders ju Council, l always counted in every country where they prevail, progreatly upon the distress to be produced in duce, first or last, similar effects. Riches, all the countries de pendant upon France, and luxury, corruption, cowardice, passive subespecially upon the starving of Spain and mission at home, subjection to a foreign Portugal. Now, though I feel sorrow that fue : this, the history of the world tells us, Portugil should have so acted as, to bring is the invariable progress; and, I am afraid, herself into a state of starvation; I cannot that it tells us besides, that a nation, once say that I am sorry that starvation has been deeply corrupted, Dever yet, regained its * the consequence. I should be sorry, that a purity; witbout feeling the scourge of 3

peculator should have so acted as to bring conqueror, or passing Ahrough the fire of bimself to the gallows; but, I could not revolution.--In the approaching change say that I was sorry that he had been hanged. in Spain, I, therefore, see noibing to re-Terrible as the effict of our power is, in Portugal (and it will soon have, I should people can be placed in a state more wretch

gret. It appears to be impossible that the think, alike effect in Spain,) it cannot failed and degraded than they now are. Låt to be attended with advantages to Europe in us endeavour, let us Englishmen, each general. The example is, indeed, diead according to the utmost of his means, make fil; but it will be the more efficacious. It an effort, at least, to prevent a similar fate will rend to convince the yieldiog nations, from

befalling our country; for, we may that there is something still more to be be well assured, that, in the immutable dreaded shian the armies of France. The decrees of Providence, there is no article greidiness of trade has, until now, prevent containing an exception in favour of us. " ed us from making the true use of our naval AMERICAN STATES. - My querulous

correspondent, the American merchant

men voluntarily withdraw themselies from « of New Er a l Street," has sent me ano- their ships, which has, at the same time, ther letter, which I have inserted, and, furnished as with a proof of the falsehood upon one part of which only I shall make of the allegations, upon which they founded any observation. He says, in answer to niy their demand of a surrender of our right of question, so often repeated, that he would scarch.-The Morning Chronicle, of the not give up the right of searching for sea- 13th instant, has made an extraordinary dismen; bat, that he would take care to pre play of its understanding upon a matter convent abuse in the exercise of it ; and this is nected with the embargo, but which con. all, as he anderstands, that the American pre- nection it does not appear to have perceived. sident asks for. If he does really understand -It publishes a proclamation of the king, this; his onderstanding must, I should sup. dated on the 13th instant, which it prefaces pose, have been asleep, for some months with the following sagacious remark. " We past; for, we learn, from the correspondence " understand that the following proclamabetween Lords Holland and Auckland and tion by lhe king in council has been isMír. Canning, thai our negociators went as far so sued. It is anotier proof that the sysas they could possibly go in assurances that tem which has been so raslıls adopted is all abuse in the erercise of the rigle should “ found to be impracticatle; and, therebe effectaally prevented. But, this is not fore, day by day, reluzations of the prin all. The king, in his proclamation upon, "ciple. are forced upon ministers.". the jubject, siricily enjoins and commands Now, what, reader, 'should you imngine all his officers to exercise this right of seach was this “ proofof the “ impracticability" with the least possible degree of incon- of the Orders in Council systemu ? What venience to the ships, which they judge it should you imagine was' this relaxation, necessary to search. Well, what more are forced upon the ministers?" Read the prowe to do? It is impossible to do anything clamation, and then admire the profound inmore, without doing away the right as to all norance of this oracle of the Whig politiits practical uility. And, observe, that this cains. « GEORGE R.- Instructions to the proclamation, so far from having satisfied “ commanders of our ships of war and priibe Americans, is, in all their newspapers, vateers. Giren at our court at Windsor, on both sides, stated to be the sole cause of “ The Tuh day of April, in the 48th year the non-inporiation act being per into force, " of our reign.-Our will and pleasure is, and the chief cause of the embargo.- " that you do not interrupt any neuiral vesHaving entered upon this subject, I will " sel laden with limler and prorisions, and 310w state a most curious and interesting fact, going to any o: oir colonies, islands, or relating to the embargo, which was omitted ". settlements, in the West-Indies, or South last week. It appears from the Charleston " America, to whomsoever the property (South Carolina) city guzette of the 16th and may appear to belong, and notwithstand17th of February last, that a large runi- "ing such vessel may not hare regular clear« ber of British sabjects, sramen in the ances and documents on board, and in “ American ships," went, on the 15th of case any vessel shall be met with, and be that month, in a body, to the English Con- “ in her due course to the alledged port of sut, at that port, and requested him to give " destination, an indorsement shall be made

them" relief, or employment. Now, then, on one or more of thy principal papers of where are the Morning Chronicle and its " such vessel, specifying the destination alcorrespondent A. B. to affect a laugh at the ledged, and the place where the vessel was idea of many of our seamen being on board " so visited. And in case any vessel so laden atlie American ships? This is a most unfor- or shall arrive and deliver her cargo at any tunate fact for those gentlemen, as well as " of our colonies, islands, or settlenients for the American negociators, who have in- " aforesaid, such vessel shall be permitted variably asserted; that the number of Eng. to receive her freight, and to depart, Jishi sailors on board of the American ships " either in ballast, or with any goods that was not worth notice, and that the men ta. “ may be legally, exported in such vessel, ken out of them by our searchers were, al- “ and fo proceed to any, unblockadeá port, most in all cases, Americans. Whence, "notwithstanding the present hostilities, ct then, did this large number" spring at any future hostilities which may take place; Charleston ? This is a very curious effect “ and a passport for such purpose shall. le of the embargo. That self-blockade was “ granted to the vessel by the governor, or adopted to prevent us from taking our sca: á other person, having ibe chief civil come mea out of American ships; and, one of “ mand in such colony, island or setilethe effects of it has been to make those sça-,

" ment.**

Now, one would have

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