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The 25th, relates to the training and exer- consequence thereof all trade and navigation cising for a certain number of days.

to Swedish ports is prohibited wuler service The 26th, enacts, that in case of invasion, penalties; and that further, all Prussian the corps may be embodied and marched to harbours are shut up against all Swedish ships. any part of Great Britain.

-This proceeding has not by any means The 27th, while training or embodied, to

been occasioned on our part;

the said guvernbe under the mutiny act and articles of war. ment, reduced by French tyranny, affords a

The 28th, entitles to the same privileges fresh proof of the oppression to which all and allowances as other militia forces.

states must submit, that entertain any conThe 2gih, provides that men may enlist nection with the French goveroment. An into the army, navy, or marines, except da- unfortunate lassitude, which prevented ring periods of exercise. Vacancies by eu- Prussia from resisting in due time, has Listing to be supplied.

brought her to the distressed situation in The 301h, bevies fines for men deficient. which she is now placed--groaning under

The 31st, provides that two-thirds of the the domination of France, which still ocfines shall be returned when the men are cupies a considerable part of the remains of found.

that monarchy with a numerous army, notThe remainder of the clauses, nine in withstanding the conclusion of peace.-We number, relate to the assessments for meu commend you all and severally to the deficient, the providing for payınent of boun- merciful protection of Almighty Gol. ties, the colecting of tines, Sc.

GUSPAVUS ADOLPHUS.

Sweden.-Proclamation of General Armfeldt, on entering Norway.

SPAIN.From the Madrid Gaxetle Extraora Inhabitants of Norway.--The Danish

dinary. Order of April 2.-Fenek

Army. government has declared war against Bweden, without any cause or provocation on ber Soldiers-The general business of Sive. part; it has crowned the calamities that den has retarded for soine days the arrival afflicted the North, and spontaneously sub- of the Emperos, but the combined ermies mitted to a foreign yoke. The Swedish of France and Russia are already on their troops, therefore, enter your country accord- march towards Stockholin, where they will ing to the laws of war, in order to prevent linite, and she Emperor will lose no time in hostilities from being committed in their own putting himself at the head of his armies in country. But the Jays of war are carried Spain; it is necessary then, that you should into execution only by soldiers ; the peaceful put yourselves in a state to appear before inhabitants of the towns and country, if his Majesty, and to merit his approbation

, they excite no disturbances, shall enjoy General Reboissiere will order carridges tranquillity and protection.—The Swedisia immediately for the infantry to fire with. soldiers, celebrated for order and discipline, The Grand Duke hopes to intorm bis Ma. respect the personal safety and property of jesty of the good conduct of his troops, and The unarmed ; and should Providence bless also hopes to have to praise them in all ic. his m jesty's arms, rhe army under my com- spects. Soldiers, I see wiil pleasure the mand, so far from proving hurtful to your good order and discipline that is among you, different trades, shall open your ports to and above all, the harmony that exists between commerce and impcrtation : quicken your the French and Spanish armies ; I am filled industry; and secure in the North an asylum with satisfaction. The Spanish nation is for loyalty and honour.--AUGUSTUS Mau. | deserving of all the best wishes and good RICE ARMFELDT.

will of the French army, as on their part,

they do not cease to give us proof of their Sweden.The King of Sweden's Procla- love and affection. This morning, a soldier

mation on the Rupture of the Intercourse who had been condemned to punishment, wilh Prussia. Datea! Stockholm Castle, was about to be delivered over to the hands April 5th, 1808.

of justice; but the inhabitants of Madrid We, Gustavus Adolphus, by the grace of have interceded for his pardon, which has God, King of Sweden, of the Goths and been granted; but this must be the last inVandals, &c. unto all our true and loyal stance. Soldiers, redouble your friendship subjects, greeting :-We herewith graciously with the inhabitants, and cement more and make known to you, that his majesty, the more the friendship that ought to unite us. King of Prussia, has declared to us that all — JOAQUIN, general in chief of the staff. kind of intercourse between his dominions | Aug. BELLIARD.- Madrid, April 2 and Sweden is suspended; and that in 1808.

SPAIN.- Madrid Gazelle Ectraordinary. sion and ports of discharge for the ships

Proclumation for the letter Discipline of freighted with the goods specified in this the French Troops---ordered by the Grand license. In the event of no such orders Duke of Berg to be printed for public being at Cape Frio, I request the commannotice. Daled Madrid, March 27, 1808, ders of tbe fortresses of Lage and St. Cruz to

Soldiers-You are not about to enter ask for the same royal orders through the the capital of a friendly power; I recom- secretary of state's office of the proper demend to you the best discipline, the best partment, and communicate them to the order, and the best friendship with its in- bearer. habitants. It is a nation to which we are Conditions - 1st, That all merchants allied, and which ought to find in the wishing to export cotton goods of British French Army a true friend. And recollect, manufacture to the Brazil, without waiting the good treatment you have already ex- for the regulations of his Royal Highness, perienced in the provinces through which whether in Portuguese or British ships, we have traversed.--Soldiers-I hope this should be obliged to take a licence from The recommendation will be sufficient, and for Privy Council to proceed to Cape Frio, and which I am guaranteed by the good conduct there to wait his Royal Highness's further which you have already observed; but if I instructions, as to their port of discharge, find any individual forgetting that he is to which alone they inust give bond to go. a Frenchman, he stall be punished; and 2dly.-That every master and every slipper any excess shall be severely punished in cope will give a bond equal to the value of the sequence of that which I shall order - That cargo, at this Custom-House, for the due any officer committing any crime, or ne- delivery at the Custom-House of the glecting his duty, shall be deprived of his port of discharge ordered by his Royal commission and be delivered over to a mi- Highness -3dly -That every master and litary commission, for justice.- All soldiers shipper will bind themselves to pay at the found guilty of ; concealing, or

biotadion skall be shoe-ane serijeanet of the same duties that were paid in Portuges

soldier, convicted of abusing or ill-treating upon woollen, or in lieu thereof, such as the inhabitants, shall be delivered over to may have been already established by his the rigor of the laws; if of murder to be Royal Highness the Prince Regent upon shot.-Any serjeant or soldier found drunk coiton goods of British manufacture --4thly. in the streets, shall be condemned 10 eight --According to your offer, and to ascertain days' confinement in the stocks, and the that no India goods are exported thither, serjeant be sent into the ranks.-All ser- the manifest of said cargo sworn and authenjeants or soldiers found in the streets after ticated as usual at the Custon House, will the beating of the retreat-two days impri- be signed by the agent and consul general, sonment.-Gererals, chiefs of regiments, Mr. John Charles Lucena, and by me.. and commanders of the French Army in 5thly. - On these conditions, which contain Madrid-each of you will see, as far as it

all that fair trade can wish for at present, I concerns you, that these orders are punc- will most willingly provide every captain tually executed, and that they be read at the with a licence to proceed under the above head of every company.

-JOAQUIN, arrangement, and in case no orders are lieutenant-general commander of the Van- found at Cape Frio, to proceed as directguard of the French army, of the troops ed on the cover of my

licence.-P.S. I eantoned at Madrid.

need not say, that upon your application, (Countersigned) Em. GROUCĦY. with the licence of the Privy Council, &c.

&c. &c. the manifest will be signed by men Brazil Trade.-Circular Letter from the and my licence delivered immediately, with

Porluguese Ambassador to Officers com- out the least expence to any of the concern. manding Portuguese or British Vessels of | ed. War off Cape Friv,or to the Commanders of the Fortresses of Lage and Santa Cruz SICILY.-From the London Gazette, and Conditions for the Admission into the

April 12. Brazils of such Cotton Goods of British The Gazette contains two dispatches from Manufacture as were not heretofore im- Major-General Sherbrooke, commanding ported into Portugal.

bis Majesty's troops in Sicily. The first, Please to communicate to the bearor of dated the 8th Feb. states the surrender of this letter,-captain of the ship--the orders Reggio to the French on the 3d, and that - which you may have received from his Royal four Sicilian gun-boats, had fallen into the Highness the Prince Regent, for the admis- enemy's possession; and also confirms the loss of the Delight sloop of war, which heavy ordnance from Seminara, while we in endeavouring to recover the gun boats laboured to render the approach to Scylla got on shore on the Calabrian coast, on the difñculi, and harrassed the French by con30th Jan. and it being found impossible to stant atacks on his ont-posts with parties of get her off she was burnt. On this occasion , the masse, and occasionally with boats. In Capt. Handfield, with several of his ship's some of these partial actions the enemy suf. company, was killed, and Capt. Seccombe, fered severely; particularly in a night of the Glatton, who was on board the attack at Bagnara, where the voltigeurs of Delight, was dangerously wour ded, and the 234 Light Bufantry were cut to pieces.died on the 3d Fib-The second dispatch Owing to these checks, the French were is dated the 23d Feb. and incloses the retarded until the 6th of Feb. when they following report from lieut-Col. R bert- descended the heights in force, and came son, the commandant of Scylla Castle, within a distant range of our guns ; and stating the evacuation of that place.- from this day they honoured our little castle General S. adds his highest approbation of with all the detailed precautions of a regular the conduct of that officer and the oficers siege, in covering his approaches and comand men serving under him in the castle, manications. . The skirmishes between the and of the naval otficers and seamen eni. enemy and the masse became very serious : ployed to bri ng away the garrison.

the latter displayed great gallantry; and en Messina, Feb. 18, 1603 joying the support of the castle's guns, obli. Sir -In obedience to your orders, I get the French to purchase their advance have the honour 10 report the particulars with heavy loss; but on the gih, were of what occurred since the first appearance obliged to yield to the numbers of the eneof the enen.y before Scylla - After beirg my, who assailed the town on all sides : invested by Gen. Regnier's army during our gins, bowever, covered their retreat; seven weeks, and battered for six days and I had the satisfaction of sending off by fourteen pieces of heavy ordnance, these brave peasants to Messina without leave the little castle of Scylla has fallen ing a man in the enemy's hands. - The into his hands : Bil I have the heartfelt sa- forie which General Regnier ba? brought to tisfaction to add, that not one of the gallant besiege Scylla consisted of a body of cagarrison placed under my orders has become valry, the 23d light iufıntry, 1st 02d. and his prisoner.-In the latter end of Dec. the 101st. of the line, in all about 6,000 men; arrival of troops and ordnarce stores at Se- with five 24 pounders, five eighteens

, and minara left me no room to doubt the enemy's four rortar's besides" field-pieces.-On the intention of besieging Scylla, and parties of morning of the 11th he opened his baiteries

the peasantry were accordingly sent out to directing his efforts to the destructio'i of our . render the passes of Solano impracticable, upper works, and the disabling of out

and to create obstacles to this advance, by guns ; while under cover of this fire, he cuts across the various paths which lead from Taboured to establish two breaching batteries

, the heights of Milia down to Scylla. This at 3 and 400 yards distance. It was not, howwork, as well as the levelling of fences, &c, ever, till the 14th that our parapet and guns proceeded rapidly and effectually under the were rendered useless; nor tilliben did the direction of captain Nicholas, Assistant slaughter abate to which their parties were Quarter. Master-General; when upon the exposed from our grape and shells. From 31st of December, the advanced worknen this time our defence was confined to mus. and the out-posts of the masse were driven ketry, as our guns lay buried under the ruin by three French battalions and a detach- ins of the parapet, and the close fire from ment of cavalry, under gen. Millet, which five 24 poanders became incessant. In the took post upon the heights above; and on the meantime we discovered him atiempting to following day Regnier brought up iwo more mine the right bastion upon which he battalions, and spreading his out-posts to continued at work for three nighıs, but Favezzina, Bagnara, &c. completed the in. I apprehend without the expected success. vestment of the town. At this time the In the night of the 15th, the French pushed garrison of the castle consisted of two hun- round the foot of the rock, with the inten: dred British, and from four to five hundred

tion of destroying the Sea staircase, but we masse occupied the town.—The enemy's bappily discovered them, and beat them off troops were now incessantly employed in with the slaughter to which their desperate forming the roads necessary for bringing his situation exposed ihen.

To lipa continued

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 73, Great Queen Sireet, and publisied by R. Bu shaw, Bryadges Street, Cose.it- Garden, where for saer Numbers may be had; sold also by J. Burid, Crown and Miure, Pall. Mello

VOL. XIII. No. 21.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1808.

[PRICE 100.

In the menorable Act, which mav be called the written constitution of England, passed in the first yrar of the reign of Willian and Mary, and entitled “ an Act declaring the Rights and Liberties of the " Subject, and setting the Succession of the Crown," it is declared, " THAT THE ELECTION OF MEM

EERS OF PARLIAMENT OUGHT TO BE FRCE." $oi)

(802 SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

a man, wbo bad had no more than his three WESTMINSTER ELECTION.- Whatever hundred pounds a year (the income pecesa some men might think of the politics of Sir sary for qualitication), and who had had a Francis Burdest; however the public might family to maintain ; so that, supposing such be divided in their wishes as to the result of a demand to be legal, the law would, in fact, the electior, however divided in their feel. have ordained a punishinent, and a most ings as to the success of the efforts of the cruel punishment too,, for 'an obedience to persons who proposed Sir Francis; still, as the law itself, · We have so long been acto the manner of conducting the election, customed to look upon seats in parliament from the opening to the close, there was but as a benefit to the holder ; we bave so long one sentiment, and that was, that it was an seen nien struggle for this sort of possession instance of obedience to the constitutionr, with more eagerness and at greater risk iban , which had not been wiinessed for many years they struggle for almost any other sort of past, and wbich; if independence of mind possession ; we have, for so long ume, been and public spirit were not extinct in Eng. accustumed to see seats in the House of land, must become an example to the eleco Conmons (penly offered for sale, by public tors of other places and districts. “This is,' advertisement, and offers to purchase, made " jndeed, an instance of strict observance in the like public manner; our minds have of the law; this is, indeed, the practice | been so long familiarized to ihis set of ideas, " of the English constitution ; this is, in- that it appears, at last, to have become a seta 1" deed, a free election ; and, it all inembers ried notion, that a seat in the House of Com" were this elected, we should hear no nons is a valuable acquisition, and, of " more of that jobbing, which is now the course, that the possessor, or occupier, "{ disgrace and the curse of ihe country.' ought to pay for it. Bui, all this is in diExcept amongst the merė veid; except Pect hostility to ihe letter as well as the spirit amo: gst those who will approve of nothing of ihose statutes and those usages, which that does not favour their views of plunder ;' constitute wbat is called, the constitution of except amongst those, to w bom po one can | England, according to which a seat in the have the fact to deny the title of public rob. House of Connons is no benefit, but exacts, ber, this was the universal sentiment, rela- trom the person placed in it, certain duties tive to the whole of those monorable trans- which he is olliged, under beavy penalties, actions, which led to the scaling of Sir Frana to perform ; and, therefore, a man, accordcis Burdelt in the House of Commons, as ing to the English constitution, can no more one of the members for the city and liber- be compelled to pay the expenses attending vies of Westminster - -It was, therefore, bis election to serve as member of parliament not without a good deal of surprize, that the (provided be does not, by his own act, agret public saw an attempt made, by the Nighi for such payment), any more than he can be Bailift of Westminster, to make the men-' compelled to pay the expenses, which may ber, 80 elected, and who had never been attend his being elected to serve as constable what is called a candidate, who had rerer or tythingman or churchwanden or even 35 even offered himself for the suffrages of the juryman. There is, preparatory to an elecelectors, pay for his election. This per- rion, a writ, or command, issued ty the king, son applied to Sir Francis for what he tern- to the electors of such a place, or district: 10 ed tris share of the expences of erecting hus- elect one or more members to serve in, partings, keeping poll-books, dinners for him- liament. When this command is fulfilled, self and assistants, and many other things another command is issued to, and server 100 numerous to mention, anlounting to a upon, the person or persons electer, who sum, which, if the demand had been ac- are, in this second writ, commanded to give quiesced in, would have gone vearly to ruin their personal attendance in the Parlian wat

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ney.----Mr. Perceval says, that a new trial, “pend a penny to moisten a poor man's lips should have been applied for; and, that, if " this hot weather.” I endeavoured to that were refused, " there would be no re- shew them, that whatever they received, in lief.A new trial bas been applied for, and this way, they were, in the end, compelled refused ; or, at least, so I have read in the to refund with more than Jew-like interest, newspapers; and, of course, according to For that, the amount of be candidate's reMr. Perceval's opinion, Sir Francis, and imbursement exceeding his expenditure, it every

other man in bis situation, has no re- followed, upon their own principles, that lief; and, every man, npon whom the elec:- the people must be the loser.

« For in. tors of any place may think proper to impose stance," said I, " the gentleman, to the duty of representing them in parliament, “ whom you are now going to give your is certain to incur a punishment. If he re- votes, will receive, in consequence of fase obedience to the king's command to at. your suffrages, £3,000 a year. That, tend in parliament, the House will punish in four years, amounts to £12,000, and, him, and must punish bim, if they do their according to your own statement, le duty, and they inay punish him by both fine purchases your votes, or rather, to soften and imprisonment, and continue to do so re- “ the thing, he gives you, after you bave peatedly, until he doés obey the king's com- “ voted, about £2,000. So that, you mane. If, on the other hand, he obey the must be the losers by the amount of command, the returning officer' punishes £10,000 at every election." him by making him pay a bill of expenses ; ansivered they ; " for the £12,000 is divifor, observe, that, if Sir Francis's statement " ded amongst all the nation, and the be correct, the nierely taking the seat, tbat

£2,000 amongst only about 400 of us." is to say, the obeying of the king's com- “ But," replied I, “ if the electors of every mand, is, of itself, to be considered as proof, “ other place act upon your principle, then that he owes the amount of those expenses. "' you must bear a share of the loss sustained Nay, he may, if this be law, be punished upon the whole." “ Aye," rejoined both ways. First, for having disobeyed the they, “but there are but few electors in the king's command, and, then, the moment he whole; and, therefore, howerer the does obey it, for having obeyed it. -I shall “ whole nation may lose, we, who have be told, may be, that the House would not, " the voting for mentbers of parliament, in fact, have been thus severe; and, that the gain." " So, then," concluded 1, "the persons, who generally therein agitate ques. advantage is reserved solely for those who tions, would have scorned to utter a word of " are ready to perjure themselves; this, complaint against Sir Francis, if he had not according to you, is the birth-right of entered the House till doonday. This Englislınien ; that there are amongst may, possibly, be true enough; but, then, " them, some who are ready to take bribes what would become of the representation of " and false oaths, and that the rest of the Westminster? - Oh!" exclaim a thousand

people are to be taxed by them, and for eager voices, “I would, with all my soul “ their advantage." Being thus penned op, “ have supplied his place, and would have they told me, that I was a methodist parson, “ paid the High Bailiff, dinners and all, and that I might go and preach to the devil; «s without saying one single word about for that they should remain stannch to their «.the matter.". I believe, gentlemen, religion, and their parson, who, in fact, that; for once in your lives, you speak was one of the most violent clau,ourers for the truth. But, there is still a difficulty ; my opponent.---- Very different are the for, bow will you find the means of couvin- principles, by which I know the electors of cing the electors of Westminster, that you Westminster, or, at least, a great majority will vot, or would not, if in your power, of them, to be actuated. They want 10 endevour, nay take care, to lick yourselves pay for voting : they do not desire to thrive whole again ? When I was at Honiton, by the distresses and miseries of the nation the electors of that place told me, in plain at large; they desire representatives, wbo English, that a member, who pledged him- will seek no einolument from the national self to take nothing from the government; . purse ; and, of course, they desire that did not suit thein ; for that, they knew too those representatives should be loaded with inuch of mankind to-suppose, that, except po burthen but merely that of the duties in very, petuliar cases, men would expend imposed upon them.-Surely, nothing was their money without a reliance upon a re- ever more reasonable than this; nothing, imbursement, and even upon a profitable considering the general state of the reprereturnii feudaich," said they, “is verified sentation, more praise-worthy; yet have

Rucphucka for you will not ex- the beastly hirelings of the press not failed

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