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Anne in 1714, will be published in May | others having communications of any sort to next, and the two succeeding volumes da- make respecting it, are requested to address ring the present year. The materials, as far their Letters to me, at No.5, Panton Square,, as ihe press has enabled us to collect, are al- London. ready collected; the great difficulties of the The several CORRESPONDENTS, whose undertaking are all overcome, and I can letters have not yet been inserted, are assured, now, if health does not fail, pledge myself that they will all be duly attended to ; but, for the publication of at least three volumes they must perceive, that it is necessary to ' in every year, until the sixteen be com- suit the contents of the Register to the events pleted; and, in order that nothing may be of the time of publication. The discussions, wanting in the execution of the printing, relative to the Poor Laws, Tythes, and and that it may be as clear and durable as Commerce in general, are not, at this mopossible, Mr. HANSARD, the printer, has ment, of so much immediate interest, as erected a Stanhope press, the powers of those relating to peace with France, and war which are such as to insure to a sheet so with America.--I beg all persons, who have large as that of this work, an uniformity and to write to me, upon public matters, to. indelibilityof impression, equal to those which direct their letters to No.5, Panton Square, are given to sheets of the smallest dimen- London ; and it is proper to add, that, for sions.-n conclusion, it is necessary to the reason before fully stated, I must decline state, that, though I was, from the first, con- receiving any that are not free of the charge fident of the final success of the work, to of postage. - Southampton is not the poste Fisk largely would have been imprudent; town of Botley ; Bishop's Waltham is, that, therefore, I began, and have thus far Scores of letters have gone back to the gecontinued, with printing Fifteen. Hundred neral post-office for the want of being post.. copies; but, that the subscriptions have age-free ; but, after the notice that I have now risen to a number sufficient to induce given, the fault is not mine, me to begin the Fourth volume with Two Botley, January 13, 1908. Thousand copies; and I cannot refrain from adding (I confess, with some degree of

The Maniac's POLITICS, pride), that veither the Prospectus nor the (Extracted from the Courier of the gih Published Volumes have ever been adver

January, 1509.) tised in any Newspaper, Magazine, Review, The unfortunate Maniac, whose interview or other publication, but in the Political Re- with the Hon. Mr. Villiers, at Cranburngister only, and, even in that, not above six Lodge, in Windsor Forest, we mentioned or seven times. I wished to see what I was yesterday, was last night conveyed back to able to accomplish, in this way, with my in- the mad house at Bethnal Green. There dependent powers ; how far the Work are some particulars in this unbappy man's would succeed by its own bare merits ; how case, which take it out of the common far the merit of useful labour (for to no other course of cases of Junacy, and which are caldo we make any pretensions) would meet culated to excite in a more than common - with reward. In future, when a volume degree our sympathy and our pity.' His is ready for delivery, an intimation thereof anxiety to gain an interview with Mr. Villiers will be given in some of the most widely- was extremely, great, and his solicitations circulated newspapers; and, it being neces- so earnest, accompanying them with saying

sary, as must be evident from the circum- that what be had to state would be attended istances above stated, to take, thus early, pre- | with such excellent effects, that the servants 1 cautions, calculated to prevent any broken

did not hesitate to admit him. The account, - fets semaining ipon band at the conclusion, as our readers recollect, said that he wished I take this opportunity of requesting all those Mr. Villiers to introduce bim to His Majesgentlemen, who, take the work, to send iy, because, he had several plans to submit, their names to their respective booksellers, as and some public grievances to lay before His no copies of any newly published volume Majesty. Mr. Villiers naturally enquired will, on any consideration, be sold, but to the nature of those plans, and the subject purchasers of the former volumes, -Gen of those grievances. The unhappy Maniac tlemen residing in Ireland, wishing to be- entered into them fully. He began with come subscribers, will please to apply to the Catholic question, upon which he was Mr, Archerz of Dublin. -N. B. Such extremely agitated and vehement. He said į Gentlemen as may be in possession of mate. that the country was lost without Catholic

rials which they may wish to contribute to. emancipation and without abolition of tythes; wards the completion of this work, and all he enlarged upon Bonaparte's attachment to

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religious toleration, desiring Mr, Villiers to partly owing to the neasures of our Cabinet. see how the Emperor Napoleon attaches his He contended, from Lord Strangford's dise" subjects of every description to his govern- patch, thai neither he nor his employers had ment, and banishes religious discord from any share whatever in the fortunate event among them"; that all the Catholic nations which had taken place that every thing was must be averse to any counction wiibus ; done by them which men could do to make and that this was the real cause of the failore the plan fail mind that much loss had been of all the coalitions against France. He sustained by their blunders, notwithstanding passed rapidly to the Danish expedition, the lucky accidents which befriended us.-against which he spoke in strong terms ; Lord Strangford's appointment as Minister calling it unprecedented, atrocious, and to the Brazils, seemed to give him great unmonstrous ; praised much the pacific and easiness.-The idea of his Lordship having gentle nature of the Danes ; beinoaned the translated a work of Camoens infamed his robbery' committed open them, and express- indignation ; and he said when he saw this ed extreme anxiety that the Danish fleet person sent to represent, among a new and should be sent back'imnyediately. The next allied people, the dignity of our Sovereign, subject he took up was that of our treatment and of the bravest, most manly, truest naof America, and asked what must be the tion on the face of the earth - when he saw consequence should the voice of our des- that the interests of England, of her comperate politicians sncceed in prompting us merce, and her political relations with her to a war with the United States ? He had only 'remaining Ally, were to be in trusted at his fingers' ends all the calculations about to a young Poet, it was natural for him to Cotton, and was qnite uneasy at the distresses give vent to feelings which he experienced which the want of cotton gowns and caps in proportion to bis påtriotism, and in conimight produce : asking at the same time, mon with every thinking man.-finally, he what is to become of the immense multitude said, his object in his proposed interview of our population, employed in the different with his Majesty was to impress upon his departments of the cotton trade, should the Majesty the necessity of calling back to his American cotton be excluded from our mar- councils “ all the talents, weight, character, ket?

He was very violent upon the subject and consideration in the country," who of our treatment of America, inveighied could alone save the country by making against Mr. Lyon's miation relative to the peace upon Bonaparte's own terms.--Mr. transfer by young Mr. Erskine, our minister Villiers towards the latter end of the unbappy in America, of his father's stock in the Ame- maniac's speech, kaving suggested some obrican funds, and exposed Mr. Lyon's origin, i jections to the accuracy of his staternent, awelling with much force upon bis having he instantly took fire, and said he had all emigrated from Ireland, and been sold upon the docaments in his pocket ; upon which his arrival in America for a couple of bulls. he directly pulled out a large bundle of He said that he nient to press his Majesty to Morning Chronicles, and said * here are the consider what

was "likely to be the future documents," which he threw indignantly state of the country since a former keeper ! upon the table; hinting that he was the of his Majesty's conscience had not thought Windsor correspondent of the Morning proper to trust his fortune in it, but had Chronicle, and that the letters in that paper chosen to invest his money in the American signed A. B.- Veritas-an Englishnanfunds in preference to the British.--He was Junius--were written by him. This may very desirous that his Majesty should encou- account for the great similarity between rage petitions for peace, and talked of the

several parts of the Maniac's speech to Mr. 10,000 men who liad iately assembled in a Villiers, and some articles in the Morning toom at Oldham, in Lancashire, to draw up Chronicle.--It may also account for the a petition for peace. Peace upon Bonaparte's | Morning Chronicle being more accurately own terms, be streniously advised, Boiraparte and fully informed upon the subject of the being disposed to treat tos with all the cle- proceedings of the Nianiac at Windsor than mency and moderation of a conqueror.-- any other paper. -Since his return to Bethis He talked much of Lord Strangford's dis- nal Green, all persons " of talent, rank, patches, wird barsting into a louder tone, said, weight, and consideration in the country he felt it to be his duty to expose fully, and, have been to see him. unansucrally, the mean devices by which the Treasury advocates, and among them the

TR ELAND, AS IT IS, accredited agents of ministers, bad attempted

VINDEX, 1.ETTERI. to mislean the pablic into a belief that the SIR, The accumulating dangers of the emigration of the court of Lisbou had becu British Empire, the vast importance of the resources, which may be derived from Ire- | the sordid influence of avarice and personal Land, for surmounting them, and your per- ambition. That power, which was so eagersevering and public spirited endeavours, to ly sought for private erds, was exercised direct public atleution to the situation of that without much regard to public interests. If unhappy country, must inevitably force the the men in office could but preserve their consideratiou of its atlairs upon parliament, places, they were liide solicitous for the reat an early perio! of the approaching session. moval of public grievances. The nation beThe measures, pursuing by the patriots on came successively the dupe, and the tool of the other side of the channel, and the lan- cunning courtiers, and canting demagogues ; guage, held by their partisaus on this, shew who, as they ascended to power, by deceixclearly, that the subject will be brought into ing the people, invariably endeavoured to discussion, without a possibility of option or preserve it by betraying them. Hence that alternative, ludeed, so many, so various, distraction of councils, that rancourous bosand such essential interests depend upon the tility of political antagonists, which spread unanimous co-operation of all parts of the animosity and disunion throughout the kingenipire, at this moment of expected universal dom, and laid the foundation for those des warfare, that the legislature could not, con- plorable scenes, which can never be remeinsistency with its constitutional duty, abstain bered without affliction, pur contemplated from a solemn inquiry into the causes of disa but with horror, Several important meacontents, notoriously existing in any one part sures, howerer, lal been, from time to of the kingdom, with a view to re-establishi time accomplished, highly conducive to the universal harmony, by a wise ad salutary prosperity and independence of Ireland; but redress of limited or local grievances. Ta- their success was, in 90. snjail degree, owing king it for granted, therefore, that either, to critical times and fortunate con binations from a sense of duty, the parliament, or, of circumstances. Mact had been done, but from party notives, the ouste: faction, will much still remained to be atchieved; when bring this most important question into designing men, taking ndvantage of the early discussion; I am persuaded, shat a fair, want of confidence in public characters, and à candid, and an impartial statement of the the sense of disappointment on the part of real situation of that country, will not be the people, precipitated a convulsion, that anacceptable to your readers, and may have threjtened immediate ruin to that, and great very beneficial etfects,' by removing the and inminent danger to every other part of griss miscunceptions that too generally pre- tbe enapire. The siurm was some time gia vail upon this subject.--It has been the lot thering, whilst all the phenomena of the po; of Ireland, during the whole of last century, litical atmosphere .purtended a dreadful exto be made the sport, and the prey of the i plosion. The eventful moment at length factions, that successively possessed them arrived, when by the favour of Providence, gelyes of the government there. The same the vigilance of the existing government, and cant words, that marked the distinctions of the jarring elements, which produced the parties in this coumry, were adopted with | tempest, the havoc it occasiones, was, in a equal zeal, and maintained with more oppo- great measuce, confined to the spot upon sition and obstinacy in that. bied hot loyalty which it burst. The shock was violent and and hollow and hypocritical patriotisın, tremendons, but the fury of the burricane prored alternately, the instruments of party was soon spent ret, shough an apparent aggrandisement. The men at the head of calm succeeded, the bodings of just appreaffairs were frequenıdy changed,' but she hension had not been so easily silenced, and measures of the executive continued uni- the distant, but searce perceptible rumblings form and unaltered, into whatever hands the ct new convulsions seemed to allest, that ile administration of attirs might have fallen. hour of, perii vas not then past. --This was Popular complaints, and public grievances the state of things in Ireland, when the were equally postponed by every faction, to question of an incorporating union was the more interesting objects of promoting brought forward. Alive to the dangers that family jobs, and providing for party connec- hung o!er the country, aware of the fruitles: tions Any liberal system of policy was in- ness of hope, for measures of conciliation compalible with such contracted vicivs and from ibeir own distracted parliament, and selfish principles. There could be no gene- 3n xiula to transfer inc fause of a whole peorous expansion of motive, no upright or en- ple, from partial, provoked and prejudiced Tightened priaci le of administration, whilst judges, to the bar of a liberal and enlightened the source of every noble impulse, of every legislature, every man in Jeland, who loved exalted sentiment iras contaminicod in die Britist. connection, and duiested French bearts of all descriptions of public mén, by principles and fraternity, gavč tris cordial and strenuous support to the measure. It the parricidal extinction of his country from would be invidious, as it would now be un- the nations of the world, or who would not generous, to impute sinister motives to those, have preferred even the mockery of indepenwho, in parliament, opposed the union. They dence to the reality of subjection, aggravated are now politically defunct as a body, and it by the continuance of unmitigated political is not my disposition to violate the sanctity oppression. It was upon the distinct of the tomb, or insult the ashes of the dead. and recognized admission, that the union History will do justice to their motives and would lead to the total abolition of those their conduct; and, in deciding upon the odious restrictions, which had so long discharacters of the principal agents in this figured and disgraced the Irish code, that the transaction, will reveal, how far their hostility union was so effectually supported. For, as to the measure may, or may not, have been his Majesty's reign had been distinguished influenced by the same considerations of by successive acts, for the relief of his Capartial or personal interest, which dictated tholic subjects from disabilities, imposed up: the local opposition displayed against it in on them in times of turbulence and danger, various particular parts of Ireland. The and these acts had uniformly originated with great mass of the people was either favour- the government, and were pressed upon the able, or certainly not hostile, to the union. Irish Parliament, it could never have entered The Protestants were divided on the ques- into the head of any one, that any opposition tion; the Catholics, where they did not sup- to the final abolition of all distinctions was port it, were absolutely neuter; but, the to be apprehended in any quarter, after the thinking and disinterested part of the com- demise of that parliament. Still less could munity, of whatever sector persuasion, it have been apprehended, that such an opwere its most zealous advocates. A century position would have been made by any of political squabbles, and disgusting con- branch of that legislature, wbich had aptests for the loaves and fishes, had sufficient. 1 proved of the constitution of Corsica, or Jy proved the inefficiency of the existing or- passed the act, 31 Geo. 3. chap. 31 for the der of things, to any purposes of enlarged settlement of the Canadas. By the constipolicy or vational tranquilisation. Whilst the tution of Corsica, which, I believe, was fully Irish legislators had liberty and the glorious confirmed by his Majesty, though not sanc. revolution constantly in their mouths, they tioned by Parliament, the Catholics of that cherished oppression and persecution in their island were granted privileges, not enjoyed hearts. They kept four.fifths of the nation by any British subject, and eren a religious in a state of civil bondage, and called that establishment was arranged for them, in freedom ; they maintained with a high hand concert with the Pope. The act of setulethe insulting ascendancy of the remaining ment of the Canadas, which is an act of the fitih of the population, and called that the legislature, establishes the Catholic religion constitution, In their jargon, the nation in those provinces, by authorising the Ca. was free, because the faction was not en- tholic clergy to receive tythes from their slaved, as if it was possible for a popular Catholic parishioners, and allows the coupconstitution to exist, where the people was cil and legislature of these colonies to be excluded from all the benefits of it. Look- composed indifferently of Catholics and Proing, therefore, to the materials, of which testants. Two French wars have occurred, the Irish parliament was composed, looking since the transfer, by treaty, of Canada to to the manner, in which that body was usual- Great Britain ; and yet it is notorious, that ly closen and constituted; looking, too, to no symptom of di-affection to the British the inevitable and no remote consequences government has ever appeared amongst its to Ireland, and to the Empire, of a perseve. inhabitants, either before or since the act of rance in the parrow and illiberal policy, settlement. It would be difficult then to with which that country had been so long point out any good reason, why Catholics, aud so fatally misgoverned, every impartial who had been, prima facie, less trust worthy, and considerate man of the nation hailed the as having inbibed necessarily, under their measure of union, as the dawn of a new and former government, French feelings of hos-, auspicious period in the annals of his coun- tility against this country, should be admit. try. The support, however, which that ted to the enjoyment of political rights, measure received, was not gratuitous or which are to be denied to native Catholics, groundless. If the prospect held out to [re- whose every feeling is truly British, and land, had not greatly varied from the gloomy whose only security it is to identity with features presented in the sad retrospect of British interests and connection. But if its sufferings, there could not bave been The reason of the thing be not easily discoverfound an Irishman, who would be a party to abie, the principle of faith, upon which thie

distinction has been attempted to be justi-, persons into both services, as would in all fied, is still more unintelligible. One can probability carry the effective strength of not easily conceive a scruple of conscience, each to the full amount of their respective that could apply to one, without being equals establishments. But, as a tranquillising mea. ly applicable to both cases. It would appear sure for Ireland, the emancipation of the to common sense, common honesty, or vul- Catholics would prove very ineffectual. To gar notions of obligation, impossible for any the multitude, that is rather an object of alcasnistry to establish any difference between lowable pride, than of any real utility: A the two cases, that would not be favourable few of the higher classes might indeed have to the claims of the Catholics of the United an opportunity of taking advantage of it, to Kingdom. But, I shall not pursue this to- get into situations of political consideration, pic further now. What I have stated will from which they are at present excluded. be sufficient to expose the folly and absur- When I consider how little is demanded, or dity of the ground, on which these claims are can be acquired, by the emancipation, I find said to be resisted. The question does not, it difficult to account for the impediments, at present; need to be much pressed. Grow- that obstruct its progress, on any other score, ing dangers will open men's eyes to its in- than that of dire infatuation. No shadow portance. The rational part of the British of suspicion was erer entertained against the public, and the whole of the Irish public higher classes of the Catholics, and yet it is (for 1 make no account of their mad bigots) to them that indulgence is to be dealt out are converts already to the doctrine, no less with a sparing hand. Every right, that the liberal than just, of equal barthens-equal Juwer classes of Protestant subjects enjoy, is laws-equal rights. The time is not very | equally participated by the Catholic of the distant, when these claims must be granted. same rank, without any inconvenience or evil By must, I do not mean external force, but whatever. In the higher classes, indepenmoral obligation. Political necessity will dent of the general attachment, that must be impose the obligation, and motives of pru- felt to a common and equally profecting gödence will discharge it. The suitor may in vernment, education, habit, and the possesthe first instance meet with a repulse; but, sion of property afford ample security for if the dame, afier some dalliance should still the constitusional use of any political rightor continue to hold out, she runs the hazard of privilege, which may be granted to them. seeing her inamorato engrossed by a rival. The whole question refers to them exclaMr. Gráttán says that there is a French party sively, at least, as to any immediate effect of in Ireland. I do not believe it; but, I am its adoption. For, as to the great majority, sure, not, that there is a discontented party of the Catholics, they are not solicitous for in Ireland, but that Ireland is discontened. the removal of disabilities, which do not atIf Great Britain turn a deaf ear to the just fect themselves, except so far, as artful and complaints of that nation, she may create, designing agitators may persuade them, that what I am convinced does not now exist the removal of these disabilities is connected there,' a French party. I most confess, with the redress of their grievances. To however, that I do not think the final eman- tranquillise Ireland, therefore, the coly effeccipation of the Catholics of such importance, tual course is, to inquire fully into the causes eiiber to the interests or tranquillity of Ire- of the discontents, that exist in that country, Jand, as it is to the security and welfare of and to endeavour to remove them, as far as ' the empire. The grant of political rights, legislative remedies can be applied for that which are, and would be, unavailing, with purpose. Those, who know Ireland best, respect to the great bulk of the population must be sensible, that, though parliamentary of that country, could not render them in- interference may do much, there will resensible fo the pressure of the heaviest prac- main many sources of grievance, which can'tical burthens, to which the mass of any not be come at by any legislative enactments. nation has ever yet been subjected. But the The evils, which weigh down that unfortuthrowing open the different departments of nate country, have not their foundation althe state to the talents and ambition of so together in any defect of law, or abuse of numerous 'a class of subjects, as the Roman power, or limitation of rights, or exclusive Catholies; would have the most immediate privileges; but they are compounded of all

and decisive beneficial effect upon the public these, exaggerated-aggravated-exasperaservice. In the army and navy this would | ted by base passions, rancorous prejudices, Be partievlarly felt; for the souls of ibe nobi- and fictious feelings, which, like so many, lity and gentry of that persuasion, who would excrescences, fasten upon the fair stock of inimediately take advantage of the opening, society, and intercept the rourishment, that - would draw after them such a maltitude of should be allowed freely to circulale, and ht: bida

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