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34 mon*.' The Son of man hath come eating and drink

ing; and ye say, Behold, a glutton, and a wine-bibber, 35 a friend of publicans and sinners.' And yet wisdom is

justified by all her children.” 36 And one of the Pharisees asked Jesus to eat with him.

And he entered into the Pharisee's house, and placed 37 himself at meat. And, behold, a woman in the city,

who had been a sinnert, when she knew that Jesus was

at meat in the Pharisce's house, brought an alabaster-box 38 of ointment, and stood behind at his feet weeping, and

began to wet his feet with tears; and she wiped them with

the hair of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed 39 them with the ointment. But when the Pharisee that had

invited him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, “ This man, if he were a prophet, would have known

who and what kind of woman this is that toucheth him ; 40 for she is a sinner.” Then Jesus spake and said unto

Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee.”. And 41 he saith, “ Teacher I, say it.There was a certain cre

ditor that had two debtors: the one owed five hundred 42 denarii, and the other fifty. And, as they had nothing

to pay, he freely forgave them both. Tell me, therefore, 43 Which of them will love him more?” Then Simon an

swered and said, “ I suppose, that he to whom he freely

forgave more.” And Jesus said unto him, “ Thou hast 44 judged rightly.” And he turned to the woman, and said

unto Simon, “ Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house : thou gavest me no water for my feet: but

she hath wetted my feet with tears, and wiped them with 45 her hair. Thou gavest me vo kiss: but she, since the

time slieg entered in, hath not ceased to kiss my feet.


* i. e. he is melancholy and insane.

† Probably, bot of a bad moral character, but a superstitious idolater, who was now become a worshipper of the true God. All the unconverted heathen were, in the technical phraseology of the Jews, sinners, whatever their moral character might be. Seo Gal. ii. 15. I Master, N.

$ I entered in, R.T. and N.

46 Thou didst not anoint mine head with oil: but she hath 47 anointed my feet with ointment, Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many”, are forgivent; for she hath loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, that per48 son loveth little.” Then he said unto her, “Thy sins are 49 forgiven.” And those that were at meat with him began to say within themselves, “Who is this that even for50 giveth sins 2" And he said to the woman, “Thy faith hath saved thee; : go in peace.” Ch. viii. AND it came to pass afterward, that he journeyed through every city and village, preaching and proclaiming the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the 2 twelve were with him ; and certain women, that had been cured of evil spirits and infirmities; Mary called Mag3 dalene, out of whom had gone seven demons §5 and Joanna, the wife of Chuza Herod's steward ; and Susanna, and many other women ; who ministered to him of their 4 substance. And when a great multitude assembled, and inhabitants of every city came together unto him, he 5 spake by a parable: “A sower went out to sow his seed: and, as he sowed, some seed fell by the way-side; and it was trodden under foot, and the fowls of the air devoured 6 it. And some fell upon a rock; and when it grew up, 7 it withered away, because it had not moisture. And some fell amidst thorns; and the thorns grew up with it, and 8 choked it. And other fell on good ground, and grew up, and yielded fruit an hundred-fold.” As he said these things, he cried out, “He that hath ears to car, let him hear.” 9 And his disciples asked him, [saying, “What may 10 this parable be 2" And he said, “Unto you it is given

* She had probably been a very zealous idolater. + The remainder of this verse is omitted in the Camb. manuscript. : q. d. Having now become a believer in the true God, thou art admitted to the privileges of the visible church. § who had been cured of raving insanity. There is no reason to believe that Mary Magdalene had ever been either a gentile, or an immoral person. Lardner, vol. xi. 253.


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to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others I speak in parables; so that seeing they see not, and hearing they understand not. Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. And those by the way-side, are they that hear : but then the devil cemeth and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. And those on the rock are they that, when they have heard, reeeive the word with joy: and these have no root, but for a short time believe, and in time of temptation fall away. And that which fell among the thorns are they that, having heard, go forth, and are choked by anxious cares and riches, and pleasures of this life, and bring not fruit to persection. But that in the good ground are they that, having heard the word, keep it in an honest and good heart, and bring forth fruit with perseverance. “Now no man, when he hath lighted a lamp, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a couch ; but setteth it on a stand, that those who enter in may see the light. For nothing is hidden, which shall not be manifest: nor is any thing secret, which shall not be known and come abroad. Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath much, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath little, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have.” And his mother and his brethren came to him, and could not gain access to him because of the multitude. And it was told him by some, who said, “Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee.” And he answered and said unto them, “My mother and my brethren are these, that hear the word of God, and do it.” It also came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples, and said unto them, “Let us pass over to the other side of the lake.” And they launched forth. But as they sailed, he fell asleep: and a storm of wind came down on the lake; and they were filling with wa

24 ter, and were in danger. And they came near, and awoke

him, saying, “ Master, master, we perish.” Then he

arose, and rebuked the wind, and the raging of the water : 25 and they ceased, and there was a calm. And he said un

to them, “Where is your faith?” And they feared and wondered, saying one to another, “ Who is this? for he

commandeth even the winds and the water, and they 26 obey him.” And they arrived at the country of the Ga27 darenes, which is over-against Galilee. And when he

had gone forth to land, there met him a certain man of

the city, that had demons a long time*, and ware no 28 clothes, nor abode in any house, but in the tombs. And

when he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and said with a loud voice, “What have I to do

with theet, Jesus, thou son of the most high God? I en29 treat thee, torment me not.” (For Jesus had commanded

the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had often seized him; and he was kept bound with chains

and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven by 30 the demon into desert places.) And Jesus asked him,

saying “What is thy name?" And he said, “Legion :" 31 (for many demons had entered into him.) And the demons

besought Jesus that he would not command them to go 32 out into the abysst. Now an herd of many swine was

there, feeding on the mountain : and the demons besought

him that he would give them leave to enter into them. 33 And he gave them leave. Then the demons went out of

the man, and entered into the swine : and the herd ran

* This demoniac had probably intervals of reason: but often, see ver. 29, he had violent paroxysms of insanity, which made it necessary for his friends to bind him: though it seems that he sometimes escaped from his keepers. He fancied himself possessed by a legion of demons, and talks to Jesus as a raving lunatic. See Farmer on Demoniacs, c. ii. sect. 1. Mr. Evanson suspects the whole account to be an interpolation, particularly from the use of a Latin word in Greek characters, which, he ob serves, is not customary with Luke, nor with any classical writer in the apostolic age. Evanson's Dissonance, chap. i. sect. 1. + Or, What hast thou to do with me?

I N. m. Deep pit, N.

violently down a steep place into the lake, and were 34 drowned. And when those who kept them saw what

was done, they fled, and told ů in the city and in the 35 country. Then the people went out to see what had been

done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the demons had departed, sitting at the feet of

Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were 36 afraid. And those also that had seen it, told them in 37 what manner he had been cured. Then the whole mul

titude of the country of the Gadarenes round about, asked Jesus to depart from them: for they were seized with

great fear : and he went into the ship, and returned. 38 Now the man out of whom the demons had departed

entreated Jesus that he might be with him. But [Jesus] 39 sent him away, saying, Return to thine house, and tell

how great things God hath done unto thee.” And he departed, and published throughout the whole city how

great things Jesus had done unto him. 40 And it came to pass that, when Jesus returned, the

people gladly received him : for they were all in expecta

tion of him. 41 And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, who

was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus's

feet, and besought him that he would come into his 42 house : for he had an only daughter, about twelve years

of age, and she was dying. But as he went, the people 43 thronged him. And a woman, having an issue of blood

twelve years, that had also consumed all her substance on 44 physicians, and could not be cured by any, came behind,

and touched the border of his garment: and immediately 45 her issue of blood stopped. And Jesus said, “ Who

touched me?" And when all denied, Peter, and those that

were with him, said, “ Master, the multitudes press and 46 throng thee; and sayest thou, Who touched me?” And

[Jesus] said, “ Some one hath touched me: for I know 47 that power hath gone out of me.” And when the woman

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