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John bare witness of him and cried, saying, “This is he of whom I said”, “ He who cometh after met, is before me, for he is my principal.’”:

And this is the witness of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem, to ask him, “Who art thou ?” and he confessed, and denied not, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” And they asked him, “What then 2 Art thou Elijah P” and he saith, “I am not.” “Art thou the S prophet?” and he answered,

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The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by it, and without it was nothing made. In it was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not. “There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. The same came for a witness to bear witness of the light, that all men through him might believe. He was not that light, but was sent to bear witness of that light. That was the true light which came into the world, and enlighteneth every man. “It (divine Wisdom) was in the world, and the world was made by it, and the world knew it not. It came to its own land, and its own people received it not. But as many as received it, to them it gave power to become the sons of God, even to them who believe on its name. Who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. “And Wisdom became man and dwelt among us, and we beheld its glory, the glory as of the well-beloved of the Father, full of grace and truth. “John bare witness of him, saying, This is he of whom I spake. He that cometh after me is preferred before me, for he was greater than me (I).” This sense of the passage is approved by Dr. Lardner, Dr. Priestley, Mr. Wakefield, and others. It is supposed to be countenanced by Solomon's description, Prov. viii, by the custom of the Chaldee paraphrasts in using the word of God for God himself. See Isa. xlv. 12; xlviii. 13; Gen. i. 27; iii. 8. Lindsey's Seq. p. 380; and by the use of the word Aoyo; by Philo and other philosophers in or near the apostolic age, to personify the wisdom and the power of God. Aoyes try unaw ess, 2, § rvara; ; zoza's onzies, tire, Phil. Jud. p. 823. ed. Lut. See Wakefield's notes on John i. and his Enquiry into Early Opinions, p. 102, &c. * This is he of whom I said.] “This was he of whom I spake,” N. “He who cometh after me in point of time, goeth before me, taketh precedency of me as the more honourable,” Newcome. “For he is my principal. The great object of my ministry, to prepare whose way I have been sent forth,” Cappe, ibid. p. 13. The word rewres is used in the sense of a chief or principal. Mark vi. 21; Luke xix. 47; 1 Tim. i. 15, 16. Compare Matt. iii. 11; Mark i. 8; Luke iii, 16. “He that cometh after me is mightier than I.” The common version of this clause, which Abp. Newcome adopts, is, “for he was before me,” that is, as usually interpreted, he existed before me. + N. m. goeth, N. t. : The connection requires that the fifteenth verse should be placed between the eighteenth and nineteenth. See Bowyer's Conjectures, and Wakefield in loc, § a prophet? N.

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“No." Then they said unto him, “Who art thou? that we may give an answer to those who sent us. Wha sayest thou of thyself?” He said, “I am the voice of . one crying in the desert, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord:” as said the prophet Isaiah.” Now those who had been sent were of the Pharisees. Then they asked him, and said unto him, “Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?” John answered them, saying, “I baptize with water: but there standeth one amidst you, whom ye know not; even he who cometh after me"; the latchet of whose sandal I am not worthy to unloose.” These things passed in Bethany + beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing. The next day John beholdeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, “See, the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, ‘After me cometh a man, who is; before me; for he is my principal $.” And I knew him not: but I therefore came baptizing with water, that he might be made manifest to Israel.” John also bare witness, saying, “I saw the spirit coming down from heaven as a dove; and it abode upon him. And I knew him not then : but he who sent me to baptize with water had said unto me, ‘Upon whom thou shalt see the spirit coming down and abiding, this is he who baptizeth with the holy spirit.' And I saw, and bare witness that this is the Son of God.” On the next day, John was again standing, and two of his disciples: and he looked on Jesus who was walking, and saith, “Behold the Lamb of God.” And the two disciples heard him speak, and followed Jesus. Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, “What seek ye ** And they said unto him, “ Rabbi, (which signifieth, being interpreted, Teach


• He it is who coming after me is preferred before me, R. T.
+ Bethabara, R.T. and N. See Griesbach, and Newcome's note.
† N. m. goeth, N. t. § “he was before me,” N. See v. 15

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er *) where dwellest thou?” He saith unto them, Come and see.” They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: (now it was about the tenth hour.) One of the two that heard John speak, and followed Jesus, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. He meeteth with his own brother Simon first of any, and saith to him, “We have found the Messiah:” (which is, being interpreted, the Christ+.) And Andrew brought him to Jesus. And Jesus looked on him, and said, “Thou art Simon the son of Jonah: thou shalt be called Cephas:” (which being interpreted, is, a rock.) The day following, Jesus purposed to go into Galilee; and meeteth with Philip, and saith unto him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip meeteth with Nathanael, and saith unto him, “We have found him of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets also, wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” Then Nathanael said unto him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth 2" Philip saith unto him, “Come and see.” Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, “Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile.” Nathanael saith unto him, “Whence knowest thou me P’” Jesus answered and said unto him, “Before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.” Nathanael answered and saith unto him, “Rabbit, thou art the Son of God; thou art the king of Israel.” Jesus answered and said unto him, “Because I said unto thee, ‘ I saw thee under the fig-tree,’ believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these.” Then Jesus saith unto him, “Verily verily I say unto you, [Hereafter] ye shall see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of man.”

Ch. II. ANd the third day there was a marriage-feast in Cana

* Master, N. + Or, the anointed. : Master, or, My master, N.

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of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And Je-
sus and his disciples also were invited to the marriage-
feast. And when the wine failed, the mother of Jesus
saith unto him, “They have no wine.” Jesus saith unto
her, “Woman, what have I to do with thee* 2 mine
hour is not yet come.” His mother saith to his servants,
“Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.” Now six wa-
ter-pots of stone were placed there, according to the
manner of cleansing among the Jews, containing two or
three bathst apiece. Jesus saith unto them, “Fill the
water-pots with water.” And they filled them to the
brim. Then he saith unto them, “Draw out now, and
bear to the governor of the feast.” And they bare it.
And when the governor of the feast had tasted the water
which was made wine, and knew not whence it was ;
(but the servants who drew the water knew ;) the go-
vernor of the feast calleth the bridegroom, and saith un-
to him, “Every man at first setteth on good wine; and
when men have drunk largely, then that which is worse:
but thou hast kept the good wine until now.” This be-
ginning of miracles Jesus made in Cana of Galilee, and
manifested his glory: and his disciples believed in him.
After this, he went down to Capernaum, he, and his
mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they
remained there not many days.
Now the passover of the Jews was near ; and Jesus
went up to Jerusalem; and found in the temple those
who sold cattle, and sheep, and doves, and the money-
changers sitting: and, when he had made a scourge of
small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the
sheep, and the cattle; and poured out the money of the

* Or, what hast thouto do with me?

t The lxx use the word in the original for the bath, which contained about seven gallons; and for the seah, which contained one third of the bath. 2 Chron. iv. 5; 1 Kings xviii. 32. The Syrian metretcs, according to bishop Cumberland, contained seven pints and one eighth. N.



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exchangers, and overturned their tables; and said to those who sold doves, “Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.’” And his disciples remembered that it was written, A zeal for thine house consumeth me.” Then the Jews spake and said unto him, “What sign showest thou unto us, since thou doest these things?” Jesus answered and said unto them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” Then the Jews said, “Forty and six years hath this temple been in building; and wilt thou raise it up in three days 2" But he spake concerning the temple of his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this [unto them]: and they believed the scripture, and the words which Jesus had spoken. Now, when he was in Jerusalem at the feast of the passover, many believed on his name, when they beheld the miracles which he did. But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew all of them : and because he needed not that any should testify of man: for he himself knew.what was in man.

Ch. III. Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Ni

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codemus, a ruler of the Jews: this man came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, “Rabbi”, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles which thou doest, unless God be with him.” Jesus answered and said unto him, “Verily verily I say unto thee, Unless a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus saith unto him, “How can a man be born when he is old P can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be born ?” Jesus answered, “Verily verily I say unto thee, Unless a man be born of water, and of the spirit, he can

* Master, or, My master, N.

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