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to him, “We are not born of fornication : we have one 42 Father, even God.” Jesus said unto them, “If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I came forth from God *, and come unto yout; for I came not of my43 self, but He sent me. Why do ye not understand my 44 discourse 2 because ye cannot hearken to my word. Ye are of your father the devil: ; and the desires of your father ye are disposed to do. He was a slayer of men from the beginning, and continued not in the truth; because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own : for he is a liar, and the 45 father of liars $. And because I speak the truth, ye be46 lieve me not|. Which of you convicteth me of falsehood's? 47 If I speak the truth, why do ye not believe me He that is of God, hearkeneth to God's words: ye therefore hearken not, because ye are not of God.” 48 The Jews answered and said unto him, “Say we not well, that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a demon | *" 49 Jesus answered, “I have not a demon: but I honour my 50 Father, and ye dishonour me. But I seek not mine own 51 glory: there is one who seeketh it, and judgeth. Verily verily I say unto you, If a man keep my words, he shall 52 never see death.” The Jews therefore said unto him, “Now we know that thou hast a demon. Abraham is dead, and the prophets also : yet thou sayest, “If a man 53 keep my words, he shall never taste of death.' Art thou

* Came forth from God, explained in the latter clause, “he sent me,” as his mcssenger and the revealer of his will to mankind. See ch. i. 6. + Or, I came forth, and am coming from God. : The devil; the principle of moral evil personified. Wicked men are his children, and resemble him. This symbolical person is here represented as uniformly wicked: he is a manslayer, or murderer, as vice leads to misery and ruin. Iłe is the father of liars, as being the supposed source of evil, and tempter to all wickedness. See Essays by the Rev. J. Simpson, p. 143. § Gr. of him, or of it. | I speak the truth, but ye do not believe me. Wakefield upon the authority of ancient versions. - *I of sin? N. See Campbell. + q. d. an impious liar, and a lunatic. See Pearce in loc.

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greater than our father Abraham, that is dead? and the prophets are dead also: whom makest thou thyself?” Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing : it is my Father who glorifieth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God * : and yet ye know him not; but I know him: and if I should say, ‘I know him not,’ I should speak falsely, like you: but I know him, and keep his words. Your father Abraham earnestly desired that he might see my day: and he saw it +, and was glad.” The Jews therefore said unto him, “Thou art not yet fifty years old; and hast thou seen Abraham : " Jesus said unto them, “Verily verily I say unto you, Before Abraham was born, I am he $.” Then they took up stones to cast at him : but Jesus concealed himself, and went out of the temple ||.

Ch. Ix. And as he passed by, he saw a man that had becm

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blind from his birth. And his disciples asked him, saying, “ Master, who sinned, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind 2’” Jesus answered, “Neither did this man sin, nor his parents: but that the works of God

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• Or, he is our God. MSS. + i. e. he foresaw it. See ch. xii. 41. : Our Lord did not say that he had seen Abraham, but that Abraham had seen, that is, had foreseen his day, or that the Messiah should descend from him. See Bishop Pearce. The Jews upon this, as upon some other occasions, seem absurdly to have misunderstood, or wilfully to have misreprescnted, his meaning. See ch. x. 33. Our Lord, disdaining to notice or to rectify this misapprehension, proceeds to justify his own expression, by declaring that he was designated to his office before Abraham was born, ver. 58: this de ignation, therefore, might have been revealed to the patriarch. § Or, “I was he.” See Grotius, Bishop Pearce, Campbell, and Newcome, who renders the clause, “Before Abraham was born, 1 am :” explaining it, as many others do, as an assertion of the pre-existence of Christ, and even of his divinity, in allusion to Exod. iii. 14, though the texts are quite dissimilar, excepting in the English translation. The expression sya, tau is uniformly used in the sense of “I am be,” or “I am the Christ:” it occurs twice in this discourse, ver, 24, 28. It must, therefore, in all reason be taken in the same sense here, especially as this signification best suits the connexion. See the note on ver, 57. Mr. Wakefield says, “The peculiar use of the present tense in the usage of scriptural expressions, is to imply determination and certainty: as if he had said, My mission was settled and certain before the birth of Abraharn.” Compare Matt. xvii. 1 1. See Wakefield's Note on the text. is Tisc ecci.ed text adds, “going tu.ongi, thic midst of them, and so passed by.”

4 might be manifested in him. I must work the works of

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him who sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” When he had said this, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay, and said unto him, “Go, wash thyself in the pool of Siloam :” (which is, by interpretation, Sent.) He departed therefore, and washed himself, and came seeing. The neighbours therefore, and those who had seen him before (for he had been a beggar"), said, “Is not this he who sat and begged 7” Some said, “This is he.” And others said, “He is like him.” But he said, “I am he.” They said therefore unto him, “How were thine eyes opened P’’ He answered and said, “A man, called Jesus, made clay and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, “Go to Siloam f, and wash thyself:’ and I went and washed myself, and received my sight.” Then they said unto him, “Where is he?” He saith, “I know not.” Then they bring him to the Pharisees; [him, I say, who had been f blind.] Now it was the sabbath, when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. Then the Pharisees also asked him again, how he had received his sight. And he said unto them, “He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed myself, and see.” Wherefore some of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, because he keepeth not the sabbath.” Others said, “How can a sinner do such miracles 2" And there was a division among them. They say again to the blind man, “What sayest thou of him, since he hath opened thine eyes P” And the blind man said, “He is a prophet.” Upon this the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind, and had received his sight, until they called his parents: [the 19 parents, I say, of him that had received his sight *.] And

* they who had before seen him that he was blind. R. T. f to the pool of Siloan, R. T. # before was, N.

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they asked them, saying, “Is this your son, of whom ye say that he was born blind? how then doth he now see ?” His parents answered them, and said, “We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind: but by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age ; ask him : he will speak for himself.” His parents spake these words, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had already agreed that, if any man should confess Jesus to be the Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue. For this cause his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.” A second time therefore they called the man that had been blind, and said unto him, “Give glory to God: we know that this man is a sinner.” [Then] he answered and said, “Whether he be a sinner, I know not : one thing I know, that, whereas I was blind, I now see.” Then they said to him again, “What did he to thee 3 how opened he thine eyes?” He answered them, “I have told you already, and ye did not hearken : why desire ye to hear it again P would ye also be his disciples?” Then they reviled him, and said, “Thou art his disciple; but we are disciples of Moses. We know that God spake to Moses: but we know not whence this man is. The man answered and said unto them, “ In this now is a wonderful thing, that ye know not whence he is, and yet he hath opened mine eyes. Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man be a worshiper of God, and do his will, him he heareth. From the beginning of the world, it hath not been heard that any man opened the eyes of one born blind. If this man were not

* “See the external authorities which show that the two last Greek words in this verse are a gloss. And though there is no external authority for omitting the three last words of ver. 13, they have the appearance of a marginai note inserted in the text,” Newcome.

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from God, he could do nothing.” They answered and
said unto him, “Thou wast altogether born in sins, and
dost thou teach us P’’ And they cast him out of their
Jesus heard that they had cast him out: and, when he
met him, he said unto him, “ Dost thou believe in the
Son of God” P” He answered and said, “Who is he, Sir,
that I may believe in him ** And Jesus said unto him,
“Thou hast both seen him, and it is he who talketh with
thee.” And the man said, “Sir, I believe.” And he did
Jesus obeisance. Then Jesus said, “For judgement I
am come into this world: that those who see not, may
see; and that those who see, may become blind.” And
some of the Pharisees that were with him, heard these
words, and said unto him, “Are we also blind P” Jesus
said unto them, “If ye were blind, ye would not have
sin: but now ye say, ‘We see;’ your sin therefore re-
x. “Verily verily I say unto you, he that entereth not
by the door into the sheep-fold, but climbeth up some
other way, that man is a thief and a robber. But he that
entereth in by the door, is the shepherd of the sheep. To
him the porter openeth; and the sheep hearken to his
voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and lead-
eth them out. And when he bringeth forth his own
sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him ;
for they know his voice. Whereas a stranger they will
not follow, but will flee from him : for they know not
the voice of strangers.” This parable Jesus spake unto
them : but they understood not what things they were,
which he spake unto them. - -
Jesus therefore said unto them again, “Verily verily
I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. All that
have come [before me] are thieves and robbers: but the

* Or, as some good copies read, “the Son of man?"

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