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that thou wouldest take them out of the world, but that thou wouldest keep them from evil". They are not of the world; as I am not of the world. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. As thou hast sent me into the world, I also have sent them into the world +. And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified through the truth. “Nor do I pray : for these only, but for those also who shall believe in me through their words; that all may be one $; |as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be [one] in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. And the glory which thou hast given I me, I have given them; that they may be one, as we are one: I in them, and thou in me; that they may be perfected in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me. Father, I desire that those also, whom thou hast given me, may be with me where I am **; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given mett : for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world ... O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me. And I have made known unto them thy name, and will make it known : that the

love with which thou hast loved me may be in them, and

I in them.”

Ch. xviii. When Jesus had spoken these words, he went

* Or, out of the evil.

+ This text shows that to be sent into the world does not express or imply a preexistent state, but a divine commission for the instruction of mankind.

f request, N.

§ Gr. one thing. One in affection; and in co-operation for the advancement of truth and goodness. N. || that as, N. *I gavest, N.

** shall be, N. but in the original it is “I am.” And through the whole of this excellent prayer, that is continually spoken of as present, or past, which was then future, and had no existence but in the divine decree.

tf which thou hast given me.] “Quem constituisti mihi dare. Grot. See ver. 5. and ch. xii. 41.” Newcome, # See ver, 5. and Rev. xiii. 8.

forth with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.

2 And Judas also, who delivered him up, knew the place: 3 for Jesus often resorted thither with his disciples. Judas

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then, having received a band of soldiers, and officers from the chief-priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns, and lamps, and weapons. Upon this Jesus, knowing all things which were to befal him *, went forth, and said unto them, “Whom seek ye ** They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus saith unto them, “I am he.” And Judas also, who delivered him up, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, ‘ I am he,” they went backward, and fell on the ground. Then he asked them again, “Whom seek ye P” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he if therefore ye seek me, let these depart.” (That the words might be fulfilled, which he spake, “Of those whom thou gavest me, I have lost none.”) Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it, and struck a servant of the high-priest, and cut off his right ear. Now the servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus to Peter, “Put up the sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?” Then the band, and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, took Jesus, and bound him, and led him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high-priest that year. Now Caiaphas was he who had given counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

* Nothing more beautifully illustrates the dignity of our Lord's character than this distinct foreknowledge of every circumstance of his approaching sufferings. This distinguishes Christ from all other martyrs and confessors, and fully accounts for his agony in the garden, and the horror which he often expresses at the prospect of what was to happen. It likewise enhances the moral value of his resignation to the divine will, and exhibits his fortitude in a striking light, after his mind had been tranquillized and fortified by his prayer in the garden, Sce Heb. v. 7. He was heard so as to be delivered from his fear.

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And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple : and that disciple was known to the high-priest, and entered with Jesus into the palace of the high-priest. But Peter stood at the door without. Then that other disciple, who was known to the high-priest, went out, and spake to her who kept the door, and brought in Peter. Then the maid-servant who kept the door saith to Peter, “Art not thou also one of this man's disciples P” He saith, “I am not.” And the servants and officers stood and warmed themselves, having made a fire of coals; for it was cold. And Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

Now the high-priest asked Jesus concerning * his disciples, and concerning * his doctrine. Jesus answered him, “I spoke + openly to the world; I have always taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither all the Jews resort; and in secret I spoke nothing. Why askest thou me? ask those that heard me, what I have spoken to them: behold, they know what I said.” And when he had said these words, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, and said, “Answerest thou the high-priest thus 2" Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why dost thou smite me 2" (JNow An

nas had sent him bound to Caiaphas the high-pricst.)





And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Then they said to him, “Art not thou also one of his disciples 2" He denied it, and said, “I am not.” One of the servants of the high-priest, being the kinsman of him whose ear Peter cut off, saith, “ Did not I see thee in the garden with him " Peter then denied it again; and immediately the cock crew 4.

[Then] the Jews bring Jesus from Caiaphas, to the

* of, N. + I have spoken, N. * The trumpet sounded at the beginning of the third watch, called the cock-crowing: this was at midnight.

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judgement-hall; and it was early: and they themselves went not into the judgement-hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. Pilate therefore went out unto them, and said, “What accusation bring ye against this man P” They answered and said unto him, “If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.” Then Pilate said unto them, “Take ye him, and judge him according to your law.” The Jews therefore said unto him, “We are not allowed to put any man to death.” (So that the words of Jesus were fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he was to die.) Then Pilate entered again into the judgement-hall, and called Jesus, and said unto him, “Art thou the king of the Jews " Jesus answered [him], “Sayest thou this of thyself; or have others told it thee of me?” Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew P. Thine own nation, and the chief-priests, have delivered thee up unto me. What hast thou done " Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom had been of this world, then my servants would have contended, that I might not be delivered up to the Jews: but indeed my kingdom is not hence.” Pilate therefore said unto him, “Art thou a king then P” Jesus answered, “ Thou sayest truly that I am a king”. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I came into the world, that I might bear witness to the truth. Every one that is of the truth, hearkeneth to my voice.” Pilate saith unto him, “What is truth P” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and saith unto them, “I find no fault in him. But ye have a custom that I should release to you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release to you the King of the Jews?” Then all cried out, f saying, “ Not this man, but Barabbas.” Now Barabbas was a robber.

* Or, Thou sayest truly; for I am a king. N. m.
+ in their turn, N. The word ráxi, is omitted in some MSS. of good authority.


Ch. xix. Then Pilate upon this took Jesus, and scourged

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him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns ", and put it on his head; and they clothed him with a purple garment, and said, “Hail, King of the Jews.” And they struck him with the palms of their hands. . Then Pilate went out again, and saith unto them, “See, I bring him out to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.” Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple garment. And Pilate saith unto them, “See, the man.” When therefore the chief-priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify him, crucify him.” Pilate saith unto them, “Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself at son of God.” When Pilate therefore heard these words, he was the

more afraid; and went again into the judgement-hall,

and saith to Jesus, “Whence art thou?" But Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate saith to him, “Speakest thou not to me? knowest thou not that I have authority i to crucify thee, and have authority to release thee P” Jesus answered, “Thou couldest have no authority against me, unless it had been given thee from above: for this reasons, he that delivered me up unto thee hath greater sin.” Thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, “If thou release this man, thou art not Caesar's friend. Whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Caesar.” When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgement-seat, in a place

* Most probably of acanthus or bearsfoot, a soft and flexible herb, which grew in abundance in the vicinity of Jerusalem. The design of the Roman soldiers was not se much to torment Jesus, as to insult him, and to deride his pretensions to royalty. Pilate still wished to release him. See ver. 4. Bishop Pearce on Matt. xxvii. 29.

+ the, N. : power, N. § See Pearce. Concerning this matter, N.

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