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27 the living God.” Isaiah also crieth out concerning Israel,

Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand 28 of the sea, a residue only shall be preserved. For he will

finish and cut short the account, with righteousness: be

cause the Lord will make a short account in the land.” 29 And as Isaiah hath foretold, - Unless the Lord of hosts

had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and had been

made like Gomorrah." 30 What sball we say then ? That the gentiles, who fol

lowed not after justification, have attained to justifica31 tion; that justification however which is by faith : but

that Israel, who followed after a law of justification, hath 32 not attained to the law of justification. Why? because

they have not sought it by faith, but as if it were by works

[of the law:] for they have struck against the stone of 33 stumbling ; as it is written, “ Behold, I lay in Sion a

stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence: and yet who

soever believeth in him shall not be ashamed.” CH. X. Brethren, the desire of mine heart, and my prayer

to God, are in behalf of Israel, that they may be saved. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal toward 3 God *, but not according to knowledge. For being ig

norant of God's method of justification, and seeking to establish their own (justification,] they have not sub

mitted themselves to the justification appointed of God. 4 For Christ is the end of the law t, for justification to 5 every one who believeth. For Moses describeth the justification which is by the law,

“ That the man who doeth 6 those things, shall live by them." But the justification

which is by faith speaketh thus: “ Say not in thine heart, Who will ascend into heaven?” (that is, to bring Christ down from above :) Or,“ Who will descend into the deep pit ?" (that is, to bring up Christ again from the

* Enàoy 0:8, zeal of God, i.e. great zeal. See Schoetgenius, and Macknight.
+ Or, “ an end of law."

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8 dead.) But what saith it? “ The word is nigh unto

thee, even in thy mouth, and in thine heart :” (that is, 9 the word of faith which we preach.) For if thou shalt

confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe

in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, 10 thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth

to justification; and with the mouth confession is made 11 to salvation. For the scripture saith, “ Whosoever be12 lieveth in him, shall not be ashamed.” For there is no

difference between the Jew and the gentile: for the same 13 Lord of all is rich unto all who call upon him. For

whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord, shall be

saved." 14 How therefore shall men call on him, in whom they

have not believed ? and how shall they believe in him, of

whom they have not heard ? and how shall they hear 15 without a preacher ? and how shall men preach, unless

they be sent ? as it is written, “How beautiful are the

feet of those who bring glad tidings of peace, who bring 16 glad tidings of good things !" But all have not obeyed

the gospel : for Isaiah saith, Lord, who hath believed 17 on hearing our report ?” (Faith then cometh by hearing; 18 but hearing, by the word of God.) But I say, Have not

all heard ? Yes, truly; "their sound hath gone forth

into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the 19 world.” But I say, Hath not Israel known this ? First,

Moses saith, “I will provoke you to jealousy by those

that are not a people, and by a nation void of under20 standing I will anger you.” But Isaiah useth great bold

ness, and saith, “I was found by those that sought me

not: I was made manifest to those that asked not after 21 me." But to Israel he saith, “ All the day I have stretched

forth my hands to a disobedient and gainsaying people." Ch. xi. I say then, Hath God cast off his people ? By no

For I also am an Israelite, of the race of Abra? ham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God hath not cast off


his people, whom he foreknew. Know ye not what the

scripture saith by Elijah? how he addresseth God against* 3 Israel, saying, “ Lord, they have killed thy propbets, and

digged down thine altars; and I only am left, and they 4 seck my life.” But what saith the answer of God to him?

I have left to myself seven thousand men, that have not 5 bowed the knee to the image of Baal.” In like manner

then, at this present time also a part is left according to 6 the election of God's favour. (And if by favour, then it

is no more through works : otherwise favour is no more

favourt.) 7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he

seeketh for: but the elect have obtained it, and the rest 8 have been blinded : as it is written, “ God hath given

them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see,

and ears that they should not hear,” even to this day. 9 And David saith, “Let their table be made a snare, and

a trap, and a stumbling-block, and a recompence unto 10 them. Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not

see; and bow down their back always.' 11 I

say then, Have they stumbled so as to fall ? By no means: but rather, on occasion of their falling off salva

tion is come to the gentiles, to provoke Israel to jealousy. 12 Now if their falling off be the riches of the world, and

their failure the riches of the gentiles; how much more 13 their fulness ? (For I speak to you gentiles : and indeed,

as I am the apostle of the gentiles, I honour my ministry; 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those that are 15 my flesh, and may save some of them.) For if the reject

ing of them be the reconciling of the world, what will the 16 receiving of them be but life from the dead? Now if the

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first fruits be holy, so likewise is the lump: and if the 17 root be holy, so likewise are the branches. And if some

*" concerning,” N. See Rosenmuller, Macknight. + But if by works, then it is no more through favour: otherwise, work is no more work. R.T.

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of the branches have been broken off, and thou, being a
wild olive-tree, have been grafted in upon them, and
with them have become partaker of the root and fatness
of the olive-tree; boast not against the branches. But if
thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.
Thou wilt say then, “The branches have been broken
off, that I might be grafted in.” Well: because of un-
belief they have been broken off, and thou standest by
faith. Be not high-minded, but fear. For if God
spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he spare
not thee also. Behold therefore the kindness and severity
of God: toward those that have fallen, severity; but
toward thee, kindness, if thoti continue in deserving his
kindness: otherwise, Thou also shalt be cut off.
And they also, if they continue not in unbelief, shall
be grafted in : for God is able to graft them in again.
For if thou wert cut out of the olive-tree, which is wild
by nature, and, contrary to nature, wert grafted into a
good olive-tree; how much more shall these, that are
branches by nature, be grafted into their own olive-tree ?
For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of
this mystery, (lest ye be wise in your own conceits,) that
blindness hath happened in part to Israel, until the ful-
ness of the gentiles come in. And then all Israel will be
saved : as it is written, “A deliverer shall come out of
Sion, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.”
And, “This is my covenant with them, when I shall
take away their sins.” As concerning the gospel, they
are enemies because of you: but as concerning God's
election, they are beloved because of the fathers. For
the free gifts and the calling of God are without repen-
tance. For as ye [also] formerly believed not in God,

yet have now obtained mercy on occasion of their unbe

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lief; so these also have now believed not, on occasion of the mercy shewn to you, that they also may obtain mercy.

32 For God hath included all together in unbelief, that he

might have mercy upon all. 93 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and know

ledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgements, 34 and his ways not to be traced ! For who hath known the 35 mind of the Lord ? or who hath been his counsellor ? Or

who hath first given to him; and it shall be given to him 36 again? For of him, and by him, and to him, are all

things. To him be glory for ever. Amen. Ch. x11. I BESEECH you therefore, brethren, by the mercies

of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice,

holy, well-pleasing to God, even your rational service *. 2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be

transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that ye may search out what is the good, and well-pleasing, and perfect will of God.

For I say, by the favour bestowed on me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think ; but to think soberly, accord

ing as God hath dealt to every man his measure of faith. Ą For as we have many members in one body, and all the 5 members have not the same office; so we, being many,

are one body in Christ, and every one members one of 6 another. Now having free gifts, differing according to

the favour bestowed on us, whether prophecy, let us pro7 phecy according to the proportion of our faith; or minis8 try, let us attend on our ministry ; or he that teacheth, on

teaching; or he that exhorteth, on exhortation. He that giveth, let him do it with liberality; he that presideth,

with diligence; he that sheweth pity, with cheerfulness. 9 Let love be without dissimulation : abhor that which is 10 evil ; cleave to that which is good : in brotherly kindness

be tenderly affectioned one to another: in shewing ho

* spiritual service, N. See Locke

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