Sidor som bilder




pared, the priests enter always into the first tabernacle *, performing the services of God: but into the second the high-priest alone entereth once every year, not without blood, which he offereth for himself, and for the sins of ignorance of the people+: the holy spirit signifying this, that the way into the most Holy Place is not yet laid open, while the first tabernacle yet standeth £: which tabernacle is a figure for the present time, in which gifts and sacrifices are offered, which cannot make him that worshippeth perfect as concerning his conscience; consisting only in meats and drinks, and different washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed till the time of reformation. But Christ, a high-priest of the future good things, being come, entered once for all into the most Holy Place $, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made by hands, that is, not of this present building; nor by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own

13.blood; having obtained an everlasting redemption. For


if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctify to the cleansing of the flesh; how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the everlasting spirit T offered himself spotless to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works”, that ye may serve the living God? And for this cause Christ is the mediator of the new covenant; that, death having

- * *

* Or, the outer tabernacle. + So Macknight. the errors of the people, N.

t or, while the outer tabernacle is still standing.

§ But Christ having become a high-priest of future good things, entered once into the most Holy Place, N.

having obtained for us, N.

“I who offered himself with a spotless mind unto God, Wakefield, who, with the Ethiopic, leaves out alwis, “everlasting.” The Clermont and some other copies read ayu, the holy spirit, which is supported by the Coptic and the Vulgate versions. The phrase “everlasting spirit,” is very unusual; but if admitted as genuine, it must signify that Christ offered himself by divine appointment.

** i.e. release you from the condemning sentence of the law. Dead works are those, the non-performance of which exposes the delinquents to legal condemnation. See ch. vi. 1. * The Primate has supplied the words ty his death, which are not necessary. So Wakefield.

taken place for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant", those who are called mightie. 16 ceive the promise of the everlasting inheritance. For where a covenant is, there is a necessity for the death of 17 that which establisheth the covenant +. For a covenant is firm over the dead : whereas it is of no force while that 18 which establishes the covenant; liveth. Wherefore neither 19 was the first covenant confirmed without blood. For when Moses had spoken to all the people every commandment according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and 20 sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying, “This is the blood of the covenant which God hath enjoined 21 unto you.” Moreover, in like manner he sprinkled with blood the tabernacle also, and all the vessels of the mi22 mistry. And, according to the law, almost all things at cleansed with blood; and without the shedding of blood 23 there is no remission $. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be cleansed by these things; but the heavenly things themselves, with 24 better sacrifices than these. For Christ hath not entered into the Holy Place made with hands, which answerth to the true one ; but into heaven itself, now to appear 25 in the presence of God for us: nor was it necessary that he should offer himself often ", as the high-priest entereth into the most Holy Place every year with the blood of 26 others; (for then he must have suffered often since the foundation of the world;) but now he hath been manifested once at the end of the ages +, to put away sin f by

+ That is, of the victim by which the covenant is ratified. see wakefield and so dridge. The Primate's version is, “there is a necessity that the death of the covenant" should be brought in.” Theol. Repos. vol. i. p. 215, 216; vol. iv. p. 139–152.

: “when the covenanter,” N. See ver. 16.

§ Observe here, that even inanimate things, the books, the tabernacle, the veso, &c. are, represented as in a sinful state till they obtain remission by the shedding of blood: i.e. they are ceremonially impure and unholy till they are ceremonially * secrated. See ch. vii. 27, note.

| The patterns of heavenly things are things under the legal dispensation; heaverly things themselves are things under the Christian dispensation, of which the former" a type. The writer alludes to the celestial pattern shewn to Moses in the M* ch. viii.5, which he here represents as the true tabernacle, of which Jesus is the * priest, and in which he is gone to officiate.

27 the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men

28 to die once, and after this the judgement; so Christ also , was offered once to bear away the sins § of many; and to those who wait for him || he will appear a second time without a sin-offering ‘I to salvation. . . . . . Ch. x. For the law having a shadow of future good things, and not the very image of the things, can never make those who come to the altar perfect by the same sacrifices which are offered year by year continually. For then would they not have ceased to be offered P because the worshippers once cleansed would have had no more con

... 3 sciousness of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a re

membrance made of sins every year. For it is impossible ** that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins. Wherefore, when Christ cometh into the world, he saith, “Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not; but a body thou hast prepared me. In burnt-offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hadst no pleasure. Then I said, * Behold, I come (in the volume of the book++ it is written of me) to do thy will, O God.” Above he saithff, sacrifice, and offering, and burnt-offerings, and sacrifices

* See ch, vii. 27, note. + i. e. dispensations. N. m. : Or, for a removal of sin. $ to bear the sins, N. to cause the forgiveness of them. See Newcome's note. | Or, to those who are waiting for him to salvation. - "I In what sense the death of Christ is a sin-offering,-See ch. vii. 27, note. ** That is, legally impossible; for the law limited the efficacy of these sacrifices to one year. After which new sacrifices were to he offered upon the annual day of atonement for sins of ignorance only, which, however free from moral turpitude, would exclude from the benefit of the Mosaic covenant, if not cancelled by the appointed sacrifices. See ch. ix. 7. ++ the holy book, N. “In a volume of a book,” Gr, ;: Or, saying before, - - • *


9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17



for sin, thou wouldest not, and hadst no pleasure in them;" (namely those which are offered according to the law.) then he saith *, “Behold, I come to do thy willf.” He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By which will we have been sanctified, through the os. fering of the body of Jesus Christ once for alli. And every priest standeth ministering daily, and offer. ing frequently the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins $: but this person ||, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, is for ever seated at the right hand of God; waiting after this" till his enemies be made his footstool. For by one offering he hath made perfect for ever those that are sanctified "*. Of which the holy spirit also is a witness to us: for after having said before, “This is the covenant which I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds ++ I will write them;” it then saith {{, “ and their sins and iniquities I will remember no more.” Now where remission of these is, there is D0 more any offering for sin §§. WHEREFore brethren, having confidence to enter into

* or, he then said, or added. + thy will, O God. R.T.

f The one sacrifice of Christ, a victim of the highest value, so consecrates all ” by faith in him enter into the Christian covenant, that they can never exclude” selves from its benefits by sins of ignorance, so as to need another sacrifice to re-o" them. They are sanctified by the offering of Christ once for all. See ch. ix."

§ that is, sins of ignorance, ix. 7. The sacrifices of the law could not take a**! in, as their efficacy was limited to a year. See ver.4.

| Or, but he, or, this priest. ‘s. Or, thenceforth.

**Seever.10. Believers are sofar consecrated by this great sacrifice, that they* forfeit their privileges by sins of ignorance. The writer labours to reconcile the Hebrews to a suffering Messiah by these bold figurative representations of the effic” so death. “Our Lord,” says Mr. Lindsey (Sequel, p. 88), “never called himse" highpriest, nor is he so styled by any of the writers of the New Testament except* author of this epistle, from whence we may conclude that neither Christ nor the erro esteemed this to be any real part of his character, or needful to be attendo!” followers.”

++ Or, on their minds. to God then saith, N.

$5 “The Author here finishes the argumentative part of his epistle. **

illustrates and proves the excellence of the New Covenant when comparo with the Old. The practical part follows.” Newcome.

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

the most holy place through the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which he hath consecrated for us through the veil”, (that is, his flesh;) and having a high-priest over the household of God; let us come near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our body washed with pure water: let us hold fast the steady profession of our hope; (for he is faithful that hath promised:) and let us consider one another, that we may provoke each other to love and to good works: not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together +, as the mannerf of some is ; but exhorting to it: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. For if we sin wilfully, after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remaineth any sacrifice for sins $: but a certain fearful looking for of judgement remaineth; and that fiery indignation which will devour || the adversaries. He who despised the law of Moses, died ‘I without mercy, under two or three witnesses. Of how much greater punishment, think ye, will he be deemed worthy, who hath trodden under foot the son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, by which he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath injuriously treated the spirit of favour *** For we know him that hath said, “Vengeance belongeth to me:

* “through the blood of Jesus; that new and life-giving way which he hath first prepared for us by passing through the veil.” N. See Wakefield. As the high-priest entered into the most holy place through the veil, so believers are introduced into the Christian covenant through the flesh, i. e. the person, or, in other words, by the in. struction, the example, and the death of Christ. See Sykes

+ our association in the gospel, Wakefield. † Or, the custom.

§ See ch. vi. 4–6. The meaningis, that for wilful apostasy there is no hope; because, having resisted the strongest evidence, even that of miracles themselves, it is hardly possible that they should be reclaimed. See Newcome's note.

| Or, which is about to devour.

"I Whoso breaketh a law of Moses dieth, Wakefield.

* Or, offered an indignity to. “Shewn contempt of the holy spirit gratuitously shed on Christians.” Newcome.

« FöregåendeFortsätt »