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skins, and the wine is spilled, and the skins will be marred: but new wine must be put into new skins.” And it came to pass that he went through the cornfields on the sabbath; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, “See, why do they on the sabbath that which is not lawful ?” And he said unto them, “Have ye never read what David did when he had need, and both he himself hungered and those that were with him 2 how he went into the house of God”, and ate the shew-bread, which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests; and gave to those also that were with him P” And he said unto them, “The sabbath was made for man; not man for the sabbath. So that the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath.” III. And he entered again into the synagogue; and a man was there that had a withered hand. And the Pharisees watched him, whether be would cure the man on the sabbath; that they might accuse him. And he saith to the man that had the withered hand, “Rise in the midst.” Then he saith to them, “Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath, or to do evil P to save life, or to kill?” But they kept silence. And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved at the same time for the hardness of their heart, he saith to the man, “Stretch forth thine hand.” And he stretched it forth : and his hand was restoredt. And the Pharisees and the Herodians immediately; went out, and held a consultation about Jesus, that they might destroy him. But Jesus withdrew with his disciples to the lake: and a great multitude followed him from Galilee, and from Judea, and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and from beyond
* “in the days of Abiathar the high-priest,” N. This clause is omitted in the Camb. and other MSS. Newcome expresses his doubts of its authenticity, though he and Griesbach continue it in the text. See 1 Sam. xxi. 1–6,
+ “whole as the other.” R. T.
3. This is the arrangement of the words in Dr. Newcome's margin.
Jordan: and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came unto him. And he spake to his disciples, that a small ship should attend him; because of the multitude, lest they should throng him. For he had cured many; so
that as many as had grievous diseases pressed upon him to
touch him. And unclean spirits, when they beheld him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, “Thou art the Scn of God.” But he charged them much, that they
should not make him known.
15 16 17
And he goeth up a mountain, and calleth to him whom he would ; and they came unto him. And he appointed twelve, that they might be with him; and that he might send them forth to preach, and to have the power of curing diseases, and of casting out demons. And Simon he had surnamed Peter; and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; (now he had surnamed them Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder;) and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James, the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also delivered him up.
And they go into an house. And the multitude cometh together again; so that they could not even eat bread. And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him: for they said, “He is beside himself.”
And the scribes, who had come down from Jerusalem, said, “He hath Beelzebub"; and, By the prince of the demons he casteth out demons.” Then he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables, “How can Satan cast out Satan? And if a kingdom be divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. And if an house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand. And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided,
* Not the devil, but a heathen god, a human ghost: the supposed chief of possessing demons. See Luke xi. 15,
he cannot stand, but must have an end. No man can enter into a strong man's house and plunder his goods, unless he first bind the strong man: and then he may plunder his house. Verily I say unto you, All sins will be forgiven unto the sons of men, and the blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: but he who shall blaspheme against the holy spirit hath never forgiveness; but is liable to everlasting punishment".” Because they said, “He hath an unclean spirit.”
His brethren therefore and his mother come; and, standing without, they sent unto him, [calling him.] Now the multitude sat about him ; and some said unto him, “Behold, thy mother, and thy brethren, +and thy sisters, stand without and seek thee.” And he answered them, saying, “Who is my mother, or my brethren?” And he looked round on those who sat about him, and saith, “Behold, my mother, and my brethren. For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and [my] sister, and mother.”
Ch. Iv. And again"he began to teach by the side of the lake:
and a great multitude was gathered together unto him; so that he went into a ship, and sat therein in the lake; and the whole multitude was near the lake, on the land. And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his teaching, “Hearken : Behold, a sower went out to sow ; and it came to pass as he sowed, that some seed fell by the way-side, and the fowls came and devoured it. And some fell on a rocky place, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, be
* The true reading, is anaernuares, sin; which is a Hebraism for punishment the effect of sin. See Newcome. The sin against the holy spirit is, ver. 30, plainly stated to be, ascribing the miracles of Christ and his apostles to demoniacal agency. They who acted thus could never be converted to the christian faith, because they resisted the strongest possible evidence. They remained therefore in the same forlorn state
in which christianity found them: which is expressed by the phrase, “they should never have forgiveness.”
+ “ and thy sisters.” This clause is omitted in the received text. G
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13 14 15
16 17 18 19
cause it had not depth of earth. But when the sun was risen, it was scorched; and, because it had not root, it withered. And some sell among thorns; and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. And other fell on good ground, and yielded fruit, which sprang up, and increased, and brought forth, some thirty fold, and some sixty, and some an hundred.” Then he said, “He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.” And when he was apart, those that were about him, and the Twelve, asked him concerning the parable. And he said unto them, “Unto you [it] is given [to know] the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto those that are without all things are spoken in parables; so that seeing they sec, and do not perceive ; and hearing they hear, and do not understand, neither are they converted and forgiven.” And he saith unto them, “Know ye not this parable 2 how then will ye know all parables? The sower soweth the word. And these are they by the way-side, where the word is sown : now when they have heard, Satan” cometh immediately, and taketh away the word which was sown in their hearts. And these are they in like manner that are sown on stony places; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy; yet have not root in themselves, but endure for a short time: and afterward when affliction or persecution aniseth because of the word, they immediately t fall away. And these are they that are sown among thorns; who hear the word and the anxious cares of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. And these are they that are sown on good ground; who hear the word, and receive it, and bear fruit, some thirtyjold, some sixty, and some an hundred.” He said also unto them, “Is a lamp brought to be put
* i. e. the enemies of truth and goodness. + N. m. offend, N. t.
under a measure, or under a couch P and not to be set on a stand P For there is nothing hidden, which is not to be manifested; nor hath any thing been kept secret, but that it should come abroad. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.” He said also unto them, “Take heed concerning what ye hear: with what measure ye deal out, it shall be measured to you". For whosoever hath much, to him shall be given: and whosoever hath little, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.” He said also, “So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground; and should sleep and rise night and day; and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how. ([For] the earth bringeth forth fruit of itself; first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear.) But when the grain appeareth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.” He said also, “Whereunto may we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison may we compare it 2 It is like a grain of mustard-seed, which, when it is sown in the ground, is less than all the seeds that are in the ground. But when it is sown, it shooteth up, and becometh the greatest of all herbs, and spreadeth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air can lodge under its shadow.” And in many such parables he spake the word unto them, as they were capable of hearing it. But without a parable he spake not unto them : and in private he explained all things to his disciples. Now on that day, when the evening was come, he saith unto them, “Let us pass over to the other side of the lake.” And when they had sent away the multitude, they take him, even as he was, into a ship. And there
• The received text adds, “and to you that hear shall more be given”