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leavened cakes, and blay them upon CHRIST this rock, and pour out the broth. about 1249. And he did so.

bcb. 13. 19.
o See 1 Kings
18. 33, 34.

d Lev. 9. 24.

2 Chr. 7. 1.

21 T Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and d there rose up fire out of the rock, 1 Kings 18.38. and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight. 22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! ffor because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.

ch. 13. 21.

fGen. 16. 13.
& 32, 30.
Ex. 33. 20.
ch. 13. 22.
Dan. 10. 19.

| That is,

The LORD send peace: See Gen. 22. 14.

Ex. 17. 15. Jer. 33. 16. Ez. 43. 35. h ch. 8. 32. || Or, and

1 Ex. 31. 13. Dout, 7. 5.

+ Heb.

strong place.

Or, in an "orderly man


[That is, Let Baal plead.

23 And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.

24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it || Jehovah-shalom: unto this day it is yet hin Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites.

The double sign granted to him.


the Amalekites and the children of
the east were gathered together, and CHRIST
went over, and pitched in the val-
ley of Jezreel.

34 But "the Spirit of the LORD
came upon Gideon, and he blew
a trumpet; and Abi-ezer† was gath-
ered after him.

about 1249.

in Jush 17.16. about 1249.

n ch. 3. 10.

2 Chr 24, 20.


o Num. 10. 3. ch. 3. 27.

35 And he sent messengers through- Heb. out all Manasseh; who also was gathered after him: and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali; and they camé up to meet them.

36 ¶ And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said,

+ Heb. was called after him.

4. 6, 7.

37 P Behold, I will put a fleece of See Ex. 4. 3, wool in the floor; and if the dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry upon all the earth besides, then shall I know that thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said. 25 T And it came to pass the same 38 And it was so: for he rose up night, that the LORD said unto him, early on the morrow, and thrust the Take thy father's young bullock, fleece together, and wringed the dew even the second bullock of seven out of the fleece, a bowl full of water. years old, and throw down the altar 39 And Gideon said unto God, "Let a Gen. 18. 32. of Baal that thy father hath, and not thine anger be hot against me, icut down the grove that is by it: and I will speak but this once: let 26 And build an altar unto theme prove, I pray thee, but this once LORD thy God upon the top of this frock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down. 27 Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said unto him: and so it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city, that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night.

28 T And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was cut down that was by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar that was built.

29 And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they inquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing.

30 Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that was by it.

31 And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morn2 Sam if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.

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2 And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people that are with thee are too many for me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel bvaunt themselves against me, say- Deut. 8. 17, ing, Mine own hand hath saved me. 3 Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Who- c Dout, 20, 8. soever is fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early from mount Gilead. And there returned of the people twenty and two thousand; and there remained ten thousand. 4 And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people are yet too many; bring them down unto the water, and I will try them for thee there: and it shall be, that of whom I say unto thee, This shall go with thee, the same shall go with thee; and of whomsoever I say unto thee, This

Gideon's army reduced.

Before shall not go with thee, the CHRIST shall not go. about 1249.

d1 Sam, 14. 6.

• Gen, 46, 2, 3.

f ver. 13, 14, 15. See Gen, 24. 14.

1 Sam. 14. 9, 10.


same 5 So he brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink.

6 And the number of them that lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, were three hundred men : but all the rest of the people bowed down upon their knees to drink water.


7 And the LORD said unto Gideon, d By the three hundred men that lapped will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into thine hand: and let all the other people go every man unto his place.

8 So the people took victuals in their hand, and their trumpets: and he sent all the rest of Israel every man unto his tent, and retained those three hundred men: and the host of Midian was beneath him in the valley.

9 T And it came to pass the same e night, that the LORD said unto him, Arise, get thee down unto the host; for I have delivered it into thine hand.

10 But if thou fear to go down, go thou with Phurah thy servant down to the host:

11 And thou shalt fhear what they say; and afterward shall thine hands be strengthened to go down unto the host. Then went he down with Phurah his servant unto the outside Or, ranks by of the || armed men that were in the five, host.

Ex, 13. 18.

gch. 6. 5, 33. & 8. 10.

+ Hel, the breaking thereof.

12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude,

13 And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along. 14 And his fellow answered and said, This is nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel: for into his hand hath God delivered Midian, and all the host.

15 ↑ And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and f the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped, and returned into the host of Israel, and said, Arise; for the LORD hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian.

The Midianites put to flight.


he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

Before CHRIST about 1249.

† Heb. trumpers in the

17 And he said unto them, Look on me, and do likewise: and, behold, when I come to the outside of the hand of all camp, it shall be that, as I do, so shall ye do.

18 When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon.

19 T So Gideon, and the hundred men that were with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers that were in their hands.

20 And the three companies blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow withal: and they cried, The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon. 21 And they hstood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled.

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of them. [Or, firebrands, or, torches.


2 Chr. 20. 17.

12 Kings 7. 7.

Josh. 6. 4. 16, 20. See 2 Cor. 4.


1 Ps. 23. 9.

22 And the three hundred k blewk the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Beth-shittah in Zererath, and to the † border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.

23 And the men of Israel gathered themselves together out of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and pursued after the Midianites.

Is. 9. 4.

mn 1 Sam. 14.


2 Chr. 20. 23. [Or, towards. + Heb. lip.

24 T And Gideon sent messengers throughout all "mount Ephraim, neh, 3. 27. saying, Come down against the Midianites, and take before them the waters unto Beth-barah and Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and took the waters unto Beth-barah and Jordan.


och. J. 28. p John 1. 28.

ch. 8. 3.

Ps. 83. 11.

25 And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Żeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, | r Is. 10. 25. and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan. | s eh. 8. 4. CHAPTER VIII.

1 Gideon pacifieth the Ephraimites. 4 Succoth and Penucl refuse to relieve Gideon's army. 10 Zebah and Zalmunna are taken. 13 Succoth and Penuel are destroyed. 18 Gideon revengeth his brethren's death on Zebah and Zalmunna. 22 He refuseth government. 24 His ephod cause of idolatry. 28 Midian subdued. 29 Gideon's children, and death. 33 The Israelites' idolatry and ingratitude.

16 And he divided the three hund- AND the men of Ephraim said

unto him, † Why hast thou serv

red men into three companies, and ed us thus, that thou calledst us not,

a Soo ch. 12 1. 2 Sam. 19.41.

+ Heb. What thing is this thou hast

done unto

us p

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2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abi-ezer?

3 b God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Öreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their Heb. spirit. anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.

e Prov. 15. 1.

d Gen. 83. 17. Ps. 60. 6.

e See 1 Kings 20. 11.

fSee 1Sam.25. 11.

g ver. 16.


4 T And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them.

5 And he said unto the men of d Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.


6 And the princes of Succoth said, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that fwe should give bread unto thine army?

taken prisoners, and slain.


about 1249.

of Zebah and Zalmunna now in
thine hand, that we should give CHRIST
bread unto thy men that are weary?
16 And he took the elders of the
city, and thorns of the wilderness,
and briers, and with them he taught + Heh, made
the men of Succoth.

17 "And he beat down the tower of
Penuel, and slew the men of the

q ver. 7.

to know. r ver. 9. 81 Kin. 12.25.

18 T Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at t Tabor? tch. 4. 6. And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one † resembled the children of a king.

19 And he said, They were my brethren, even the sons of my mother: as the LORD liveth, if ye had saved them alive, I would not slay you.

20 And he said unto Jether his firstborn, Up, and slay them. But the youth drew not his sword: for he feared, because he was yet a youth. 21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and "slew Žebah and Zalmunna, and took away the or-. naments that were on their camels' necks.

7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I + Heb, thresh. will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers. 8¶ And he went up thence h to Pe1 Kin. 12. 25. nuel, and spake unto them likewise: son's son also: for thou hast deliv

h Gen. 32. 30.

and the men of Penuel answered
him as the men of Succoth had an-
swered him.

9 And he spake also unto the men il Kin. 22. 27. of Penuel, saying, When I i come again in peace, kI will break down this tower.

k ver. 17.

1 ch. 7. 12.

¡Or, a hundred and

twenty thou sand, every one drawing a sword, ch. 20. 2, 15, 17, 25. 2 Kings 3. 26. m Num. 32, 35. 12. n ch. 18. 27. 1 Thess. 5, 3.

o Ps. 83. 11.

† Hob. terrified.

+ Heb, writ.

pver, 6.

22 T Then the men of Israel said
unto Gideon, Rule thou over us,
both thou, and thy son, and thy

ered us from the hand of Midian.
23 And Gideon said unto them, I
will not rule over you, neither shall
my son rule over you: the LORD
shall rule over you.

24 T And Gideon said unto them,
I would desire a request of you, that
ye would give me every man the
earrings of his prey. (For they had
golden earrings, because they were

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10 T Now Zebah and Zalmunna
were in Karkor, and their hosts with
them, about fifteen thousand men,
all that were left of all the hosts of
the children of the east: for there 25 And they answered, We will will-
fell a hundred and twenty thou-ingly give them. And they spread a
sand men that drew sword.
garment, and did cast therein every
man the earrings of his prey.

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12 And when Zebah and Zalmun-
na fled, he pursued after them, and
took the two kings of Midian, Ze-
bah and Zalmunna, and † discomfit-necks.
ed all the host.

13 T And Gideon the son of Joash
returned from battle before the sun
was up,

14 And caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and inquired of him and he described unto him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, even threescore and seventeen men.

15 And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did Pupbraid me, saying, Are the hands

Ps. 89. 12.

† Heb.according to the form, fc.

u Ps, 83. 11. || Or, ornaments like the moon.

x1 Sam. 8. 7. £ 10. 19, & 12. 12.

y Gen. 25. 13. & 37, 25, 28.

Or, sweat jewels.

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Before ten sons of his body begotten: for CHRIST he had many wives.

about 1249.

+ Heb. going out of his thigh.

fch. 9. 1.
+ Heb. set.

about 1209. g Gen. 25. 8. Job 5. 26. liver. 27. ch, 6. 24. i ch. 2. 19. keh. 2. 17.

1ch. 9. 4, 46. in Pa. 78. 11.

31 fAnd his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, whose name he † called Abimelech. 32 T And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, hin Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites.

33 And it came to pass, i as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and k went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baal-berith their god.

34 And the children of Israel m re42. & 106.13, membered not the LORD their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all their enemies on every side:


nch. 9. 16,17, 18.

Ecc. 9.14,15.

about 1209. a ch. 8. 31.

† Heb. What is good! whether, fe. 1) ch. 8. 30.


35 Neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal, namely, Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had shewed unto Israel.

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ND Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem unto his mother's brethren, and communed with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying,

2 Speak, I pray you, in the ears of all the men of Shechem, † Whether is better for you, either that all the sons of Jerubbaal, which are b threescore and ten persons, reign over you, or that one reign over you? ree Gen. 29. 14. member also that I am your bone and your flesh.


3 And his mother's brethren spake of him in the ears of all the men of Shechem all these words: and +Hob. after. their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech; for they said, He is our d brother.

d Gon. 29, 15.

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Jotham's parable of the trees.


about 1209.

7 T And when they told it to Jotham, he went and stood in the top CHRIST of imount Gerizim, and lifted up his voice, and cried, and said unto them, Hearken unto me, ye men of Shechem, that God may hearken unto you.

i Deut. 11. 29. & 27, 12, Josh. 8. 33. John 4. 20. k See 2 Kings 11. 9.

8 k The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive tree, Reign 1 ch. 8. 22, 23. thou over us.

9 But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, In wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

10 And the trees said to the fig tree, Come thou, and reign over us. 11 But the fig tree said unto them, Should I forsake my sweetness, and my good fruit, and go to be promoted over the trees?

12 Then said the trees unto the vine, Come thou, and reign over us. 13 And the vine said unto them, Should I leave my wine, n which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

m Ps. 104. 15.

† Hob. go up and down for other trees.

n Ps. 104. 15.

14 Then said all the trees unto the bramble, Come thou, and reign Or, thistle.

over us.

15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in my shadow; and if not, Plet fire come out of the bramble, and devour the 9 cedars of Lebanon.

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o Is. 30. 2.
Dau. 4. 12.
Hos. 14. 7.
D ver. 20.
Num. 21, 28.
Ez. 19, 14.


truly and sincerely, in that ye have made Abimelech king, and if ye have 2 Kings 14. dealt well with Jerubbaal and his house, and have done unto him according to the deserving of his hands:

17 (For my father fought for you, and adventured his life far, and delivered you out of the hand of Midian:

Ps. 104. 16. 18. 2. 13. & 37. 21. Ez. 31. 3. r ch. 8. 35. + Heb. cast his life.

18 And ye are risen up against my svor, 5, 6. father's house this day, and have slain his sons, threescore and ten persons, upon one stone, and have inade Abimelech, the son of his maidservant, king over the men of Shechem, because he is your brother:)

19 If ye then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then trejoice yet Is. 8. 6. in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you:

20 But if not, "let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abime



21 And Jotham ran away, and fled, and went to Beer, and dwelt there, for fear of Abimelech his brother.

22 ¶ When Abimelech had reigned three years over Israel,

Phil. 3. 3.

u ver. 15, 58, 57.

x 2 Samı, 20, 14.

about 1206.

The Shechemites conspire against


JUDGES. Abimelech, who overcometh them. Before 23 Then God sent an evil spirit | the mountains. And Zebul said CHRIST between Abimelech and the men of unto him, Thou seest the shadow about 1206. Shechem; and the men of Shechem of the mountains as if they were Z dealt treacherously with Abime-men. lech:

y 1 Sam. 16.

14. & 18. 9,

See 1 Kinga

12. 15. & 22. 22.

about 1206.

37 And Gaal spake again and said, 24 That the cruelty done to the See, there come people down by the threescore and ten sons of Jerubbaalt middle of the land, and another + Heb. navel, might come, and their blood be laid company come along by the plain of 2 Chr. 10. 15. upon Abimelech their brother, which || Meonenim. slew them, and upon the men of Shechem, which faided him in the al Kin. 2. 32. killing of his brethren.

& 18. 19, &c Is. 19. 2, 14. z Is. 33. 1.

Esth. 9. 25. Ps. 7. 16.

25 And the men of Shechem set liers in wait for him in the top of the Matt. 23. 35, mountains, and they robbed all that came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech.


† Heb.

strengthened his hands to kill.

26 And Gaal the son of Ebed came with his brethren, and went over to Shechem: and the men of Shechem put their confidence in him.

27 And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode the grapes, and made merry, and went into bthe house See Is. 10. 9, of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.

Or, songs:


Jer. 25, 30. b ver. 4.

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28 And Gaal the son of Ebed c1 Sam.25.10. said, Who is Abimelech, and who 1 Kings 12. is Shechem, that we should serve 16. him? is not he the son of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his officer? serve the men of d Hamor the father of Shechem: for why should we serve him?

d Gen. 34, 2, 6.

[ Or, hot,

† Hab. craftily, or, to Tormah.

+ Heb. as

thy hand
shall find,

1 Sam, 10 7.
& 25.8.
Eco. 9. 10.

29 And would to God this people were under my hand! then would I remove Abimelech. And he said to Abimelech, Increase thine army, and come out.

30 T And when Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of Gaal the son of Ebed, his anger was | kindled.

38 Then said Zebul unto him, Where is now thy mouth, wherewith thou fsaidst, Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him? is not this the people that thou hast despised? go out, I pray now, and fight with them.

39 And Gaal went out before the men of Shechem, and fought with Abimelech.

40 And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate. 41 And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah: and Zebul thrust out Gaal and his brethren, that they should not dwell in Shechem.

42 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people went out into the field; and they told Abimelech. 43 And he took the people, and divided them into three companies, and laid wait in the field, and looked, and, behold, the people were come forth out of the city; and he rose up against them, and smote them.

44 And Abimelech, and the company that was with him, rushed forward, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and the two other companies ran upon all the people that were in the fields, and slew them.

31 And he sent messengers unto 45 And Abimelech fought against
Abimelech † privily, saying, Behold, the city all that day; and he took
Gaal the son of Ebed and his breth-the city, and slew the people that
ren be come to Shechem; and, be- was therein, and beat down the
hold, they fortify the city against city, and sowed it with salt.

32 Now therefore up by night, thou and the people that is with thee, and lie in wait in the field:

33 And it shall be, that in the morning, as soon as the sun is up, thou shalt rise early, and set upon the city: and, behold, when he and the people that is with him come out against thee, then mayest thou do to them † as thou shalt find occasion.

34 T And Abimelech rose up, and all the people that were with him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four companies.

35 And Gaal the son of Ebed went out, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and Abimelech rose up, and the people that were with him, from lying in wait.

36. And when Gaal saw the people, he said to Zebul, Behold, there come people down from the top of

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| Or, The re

garders of

Deut. 18. 14.

fver. 28, 29.

gver. 20.

hDeut. 29.23.

1 Kings 12.
2 Kinga 3.25.

46 T And when all the men of the tower of Shechem heard that, they entered into a hold of the house of ich. 8. 33. the god Berith.

47 And it was told Abimelech, that all the men of the tower of Shechem were gathered together. 48 Ẩnd

48 And Abimelech gat him up to mount k Zalmon, he and all the P3, 68, 14. people that were with him; and Abimelech took an axe in his hand, and cut down a bough from the trees, and took it, and laid it on his shoulder, and said unto the people that were with him, What ye have seen †me do, make haste, and do as I have done.

49 And all the people likewise cut down every man his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them to the hold, and set the hold on fire upon them; so that all the men of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women.

† Heb. J have done.

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