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The obligations of the covenant.

445. pch. 13.31. Is. 40. 16.


Before 34 And we cast the lots among the | CHRIST priests, the Levites, and the people, P for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:

q Lev. 6. 12.

r Ex. 23. 19 & 34. 26.

35 And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and the firstfruits of all Num. 18. 12. fruit of all trees, year by year, unto the house of the LORD:

Lev. 19. 23.

Deut. 26, 2.

s Ex. 13. 2,12,


Lev 27.26.27.

Num. 18. 15,


t Lev. 23. 17. & 18. 12, &e.


u Lev, 27. 30.


36 Also the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is written in the law, and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in the house of our God:

37 And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our of Deut. 18.4.&ferings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and "the tithes of our Num. 18.21, ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage. 38 And the priest the son of Aaron x Num. 18.28. shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house. 39 For the children of Israel and the

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Who dwell at Jerusalem. zaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Before Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the CHRIST son of Shiloni.

6 All the sons of Perez that dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred threescore and eight valiant men.

7 And these are the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jesaiah.

8 And after him Gabbai, Sallai, nine hundred twenty and eight. 9 And Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer: and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city. 10k Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, Jachin.

11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the ruler of the house of God.

12 And their brethren that did the work of the house were eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah,

13 And his brethren, chief of the fathers, two hundred forty and two: and Amashai the son of Azareel, the son of Ahasai, the son of Meshille

14 And their brethren, mighty men of valour, a hundred twenty and eight: and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of one of the great men.

z Deut. 12. 6. children of Levi shall bring the of-moth, the son of Immer, fering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the a ch. 13.10,11. porters, and the singers: "and we will not forsake the house of our God. CHAPTER XL

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3 T Now these are the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, to wit, Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and d the Nethinim, and e the children of Solomon's servants. 4 And fat Jerusalem dwelt certain of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalaleel, of the children of Perez;

5 And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Col-hozeh, the son of Ha

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15 Also of the Levites Shemaiah the son of Hashub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni;

16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, thad the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.

17 And Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, was the principal to begin the thanksgiving in prayer: and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.

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The succession of high priests.


10 T And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and CHRIST Eliashib begat Joiada,

11 And Joiada begat Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua.

12 And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Han

24 And Pethahiah the son of Men Gen. 38. 30, shezabeel, of the children of " Zerahaniah; the son of Judah, was " at the king's hand in all matters concerning the people.

01 Chr. 18. 17 & 23, 23.

25 And for the villages, with their fields, some of the children of Judah pJosh, 14. 15. dwelt at P Kirjath-arba, and in the villages thereof, and at Dibon, and in the villages thereof, and at Jekabzeel, and in the villages thereof, 26 And at Jeshua, and at Moladah, and at Beth-phelet,

27 And at Hazar-shual, and at Beersheba, and in the villages thereof, 28 And at Ziklag, and at Mekonah, and in the villages thereof,

29 And at En-rimmon, and at Zareah, and at Jarmuth,

30 Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beer-sheba unto the valley of Hin

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13 Of Ezra, Meshullam; of Amariah, Jehohanan;

14 Of Melicu, Jonathan; of Shebaniah, Joseph;

15 Of Harim, Adna; of Meraioth, Helkai;

16 Of Iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam;

17 Of Abijah, Zichri; of Miniamin, of Moadiah, Piltai;

18 Of Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan;

19 And of Joiarib, Mattenai; of Jedaiah, Uzzi;

20 Of Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber; 21 Of Hilkiah, Hashabiah; of Jedaiah, Nethaneel.

22 T The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.

about 536.

23 The sons of Levi, the chief of the fathers, were written in the book of the Chronicles, even until the days f1 Chr. 9. 14, of Johanan the son of Eliashib.


24 And the chief of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to praise and to give thanks, according to the g1 Chr. 23, & commandment of David the man of God, award over against ward.

25 Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, were porters keeping the ward at the thresholds of the gates.

25, & 26, 1 Ezra 3. II.

; Or, treasuries, or, assemblies.

26 These were in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah the governor, and of Ezra theich. 8. 9. priest, k the scribe.

k Ezra 7. 6, 11. 445.

I's. 30, title.

27 ¶ And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the 1Deut. 20. 5. Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, psalteries, and with harps.


28 And the sons of the singers gathered themselves together, both out of the plain country round about Jerusalem, and from the villages of Netophathi;

29 Also from the house of Gilgal, and out of the fields of Geba and Azmaveth: for the singers had builded them villages round about Jerusalem.

30 And the priests and the Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall. 31 Then I brought up the princes of

m 1 Chr. 25.6. 2 Chr. 5. 13. & 7. 6.

The dedication of the wall.



NEHEMIAH. Israel separated from strangers.

Judah upon the wall, and appointed CHRIST two great companies of thêm that gave thanks, whereof "one went on the right hand upon the wall "toward the dung gate:

n See ver. 38. o ch. 2. 13, đã 3. 13.

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32 And after them went Hoshaiah,
and half of the princes of Judah,
33 And Azariah, Ezra, and Meshul-

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according to the commandment of
David, and of Solomon his son.
46 For in the days of David hand
Asaph of old there were chief of the
singers, and songs of praise and
thanksgiving unto God.

47 And all Israel in the days of
Zerubbabel, and in the days of Ne-
hemiah, gave the portions of the
34 Judah, and Benjamin, and Shem-singers and the porters, every day
aiah, and Jeremiah,
his portion: and they sanctified
holy things unto the Levites; kand
the Levites sanctified them unto the
children of Aaron.

35 And certain of the priests' sons
P with trumpets; namely, Zechariah
the son of Jonathan, the son of
Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah,
the son of Michaiah, the son of Zac-1 Upon the reading of the law separation
cur, the son of Asaph:

36 And his brethren, Shemaiah, and Azarael, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethaneel, and Judah, Hanani, with


is made from the mixed multitude. 4
Nehemiah at his return causeth the
chambers to be cleansed. 10 He reform-
eth the offices in the house of God. 15
The violation of the sabbath, 23 and the
marriages with strange wives.

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q 1 Chr, 23. 5. 4 the musical instruments of David the man of God, and Ezra the scribe before that dalloses the audience 37 And at the fountain gate, which ON that day at they read in the Dout.31. 11,

rch. 2. 14, & 3. 15.

a ch, 3, 15.

tch. 3. 26, &
8. 1, 3, 16.
u See ver, 31,

x ch. 3. 11. ych. 3. 8.

z 2 Kin. 14.13. ch. 8. 16.

a ch. 3. 6. b ch. 3. 3. c ch. 3. 1.

d ch. 3. 32, e Jer. 32, 2.

+ Heb, made their voico to be heard.

f2 Chr. 13.11, 12.


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39 And from above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the sheep gate and they stood still in the prison gate.

40 So stood the two companies of them that gave thanks in the house of God, and I, and the half of the rulers with me:

41 And the priests; Eliakim, Maa-
seiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai,
Zechariah, and Hananiah, with

42 And Maaseiah, and Shemaiah,
and Eleazar, and Uzzi, and Jeho-
hanan, and Malchijah, and Elam,
and Ezer. And the singers sang
loud, with Jezrahiah their overseer.
43 Also that day they offered great
sacrifices, and rejoiced: for God had
made them rejoice with great joy:
the wives also and the children re-
joiced: so that the joy of Jerusalem
was heard even afar off.

44 T fAnd at that time were some ch. 13. 5, 12, appointed over the chambers for the treasures, for the offerings, for the firstfruits, and for the tithes, to gather into them out of the fields of the cities the portions of the law for the appointed by priests and Levites: for Judah rejoiced for the priests and for the Levites that waited.

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15, 16, 18.

9 Then I commanded, and they
k cleansed the chambers: and thither k 2 Chr. 29, 5,
brought I again the vessels of the
house of God, with the meat offering
and the frankincense.

10 T And I perceived that the por-
tions of the Levites had not been 1 Mal, 3, 8.
given them: for the Levites and the

Nehemiah reformeth

Before CHRIST about 434. m Num. 35.2, n ver. 17, 25. Prov. 28. 4. och, 10. 39.

† Heb.

p ch.10.38,39
& 12. 44.

storehouses, q 2 Chr.31.12.

ch. 12. 44. + Heb. at

their hand.

r ch. 7. 2.

1 Cor. 4. 2.

+ Hob, it was
upon them.

& ver. 22, 31.
ch. 5. 19.
+ Heb.
| Or, observ-

t Ex. 20, 10.

u ch. 10. 31. Jol.17.21.22.

x ver. 11.

y Jer. 17. 21, 22, 23.

■ Lav, 23. 32.

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singers, that did the work, were fled 21 Then I testified against them,
every one to his field.
and said unto them, Why lodge ye
11 Then" contended I with the rul-about the wall? if ye do so again, I
ers, and said, " Why is the house of will lay hands on you. From that
God forsaken? And I gathered them time forth came they no more on the
together, and set them in their place. sabbath.
12 Then brought all Judah the
tithe of the corn and the new wine
and the oil unto the || treasuries.
139 And I made treasurers over the
treasuries, Shelemiah the priest, and
Zadok the scribe, and of the Levites,
Pedaiah and fnext to them was
Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of
Mattaniah: for they were counted
faithful, and their office was to
distribute unto their brethren.

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14 Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe not out my † good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the || offices thereof.

15 ¶ In those days saw I in Judah some treading winepresses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, "which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals.

16 There dwelt men of Tyre also
therein, which brought fish, and all
manner of ware, and sold on the
sabbath unto the children of Judah,
and in Jerusalem.

17 Then I contended with the
nobles of Judah, and said unto them,
What evil thing is this that ye do,
and profane the sabbath day?
18 Did not your fathers thus, and
did not our God bring all this evil
upon us, and upon this city? yet ye
bring more wrath upon Israel by
profaning the sabbath.


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Before CHRIST about 434.

+ Heb. before the wall ?

22 And I commanded the Levites, that h they should cleanse themselves, beh. 12. 30, and that they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, concern-ever 14, 31. ing this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy.

Ог. multitudo.

23 T In those days also saw I Jews
that had married wives of Ash- about 434.
dod, of Ammon, and of Moab:

24 And their children spake half in
'the speech of Ashdod, and could
not speak in the Jews' language, but
according to the language of each

25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them fswear by God, saying, Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves.

+ Heb. hod
made to
dwell with

d Ezra 9. 2.
+ Hob, they
not to speak.
† Heb. of
people and

people. over 11.

Prov. 28. 4.

Or, reviled


f Ezra 10. 5. ch.10, 20, 30.

g1 Kin. 11. 1,

h1 Kin, 3, 13.

2 Chr. 1. 12.

26 Did not Solomon king of Israel
sin by these things? yet hamong&c.
many nations was there no king like
him, i who was beloved of his God,
and God made him king over all
Israel: knevertheless even him did
outlandish women cause to sin.

12 Sam. 12. 24. kl Kin. 11.4,


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19 And it came to pass, that when 29" Remember them, O my God, the gates of Jerusalem began to be because they have defiled the dark before the sabbath, I command-priesthood, and "the covenant of ed that the gates should be shut, and the priesthood, and of the Levites. charged that they should not be 30 Thus cleansed I them from all aJer.17.21.22. opened till after the sabbath: and strangers, and appointed the wards P. 10. 30. some of my servants set I at the gates, of the priests and the Levites, every that there should no burden be one in his business; brought in on the sabbath day. 20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice.

q ch. 12.1, &c.

31 And for the wood offering, at rch. 10. 31. times appointed, and for the firstfruits. Remember me, O my God, | s ver. 14, 22, for good.

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Before CHRIST 1 Ahasuerus maketh royal feasts. Vashti, sent for, refuseth to come. 13 Ahasuerus, by the counsel of Memucan, maketh the decree of men's sovereignty. OW it came to pass in the days of "Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned from India even unto Ethiopia, over a hundred and seven and twenty provinces,) 2 That in those days, when the 41 Kin. 1. 46. king Ahasuerus dsat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in * Shushan the palace,

a Ezra 4, 0. Dan. 9. 1. b ch. 8. 9.

c Dan. 6. 1.

e Neh. 1. 1.

about 519.

f Gen. 40, 20. ch. 2. 18. Mark 6. 21.



3 In the third year of his reign, he f made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him: 4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even a hundred and fourscore days. 5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all +Heb. found. the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;

|Or, violet.

6 Where were white, green, and || blue hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver g See ch. 7. 8. rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black marble.

Ex. 23. 41. Amos 2. 8. & 6. 4.

Or, of porphyry, and marble, and alabaster, and stone of blue colour. + Heb, wine of the kingdom.

+ Heb, according to the hand of the king,

h 28am. 13.28.

i chi. 7. 9.

Or, eunuchs

+ Heb. good of counte


7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and † royal wine in abundance, faccording to the state of the king.

8 And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleas

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to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

Before CHRIST about 519.

+ Heb. which was by the hand of his eunuchs.

2. 12.

13 T Then the king said to the kwise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judg-Jer. 10. 7. ment: 14 And the next unto him was Car- 11 Chr. 12, 32. shena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the

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Matt. 2. 1.

m Ezra 7 14.

+ Heb. What to do.

seven princes of Persia and Media, "which saw the king's face, and n2 Kin.25.19. which sat the first in the kingdom,) 15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?

16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in ali the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. 17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.

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18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath.

19 † If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes,

that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate funto another that is better than she.

o Eph. 5, 33.

† Heb. If it be good with the king.

+ Heb. from
before him.
Heb. that

it pass not
ch. 8. 8.
Dan. 6. 8, 12,


Heb, unto her companion.

20 And when the king's decree, which he shall make, shall be pub-p Eph. 5. 33, lished throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

Col. 3. 18. 1 Pet. 3. 1. + Heb was good in the eyes of the king.

21 And the saying † pleased the king and the princes; and the king did geh. 8. 9. according to the word of Memucan: 22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it


r Eph. 5. 22, 23, 24. 1 Tim. 2. 12. + Heb. that one shoubi publish it according to the language of his people.

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