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An exhortation to repentance. ZEPHANIAH.


about 630.

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Jerusalem sharply reproved.

about 630.

17 And I will bring distress upon worship him, every one from his Before CHRIST men, that they shall walk like blind place, even all a the isles of the CHRIST men, because they have sinned heathen. against the LORD: and b their blood a Deut. 29.29. shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung.

Is. 59. 10.

b Ps. 79. 3.
c Pa. 83. 10.

Jer. 9. 22. &

16. 4.

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18 d Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD's wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for fhe shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.

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5 Woe unto the inhabitants of ithe sea coast, the nation of the Cherethites! the word of the LORD is against you; Ok Canaan, the land of the Philistines, I will even destroy thee, that there shall be no inhabitant.

6 And the sea coast shall be dwellings and cottages for shepherds, 1 See Is. 17. 2. land folds for flocks.

ver. 14. m Is. 11. 11. Mic. 4. 7. & 5. 7, 8.

Hag. 1. 12. &

2. 2,
ver, 9.

Or, when, &c.

n Ex. 4.31.
Luke 1. 68.
o Ps. 126. 1.
Jer. 29. 14.
ch. 3. 20.

p Jer. 49. 27.
Ez, 25. 8.
q Ez. 25, 3, 6.
r Jer. 49. 1.
s Is. 15.

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7 And the coast shall be for remnant of the house of Judah; they shall feed thereupon: in the houses of Ashkelon shall they lie down in the evening: for the LORD their God shall visit them, and turn away their captivity.

8 TPI have heard the reproach of Moab, and the revilings of the children of Ammon, whereby they have reproached my people, and "magnified themselves against their border. 9 Therefore, as I live, saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely Moab shall be as Sodom, and tthe children of Ammon as Gomorrah, "even the breeding of nettles, and saltpits, and a perpetual desolation: the residue of my people shall spoil them, and the remnant of my people shall possess them.

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10 This shall they have for their pride, because they have reproached and magnified themselves against the people of the LORD of hosts.

11 The LORD will be terrible unto them: for he will famish all the gods of the earth; and men shall

12 b Ye Ethiopians also, ye shall be slain by my sword.


a Gen. 10. 5. b Is. 18. 1. & 20. 4. Jer. 46. 9. Ez. 30. 9. c Ps. 17. 13.

13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and d destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilder- as. 10. 12. ness.

14 And flocks shall lie down in the | midst of her, all fthe beasts of the nations: both the 5 cormorant and the bittern shall lodge in the upper lintels of it; their voice shall sing in the windows; desolation shall be in the thresholds: for he shall uncover the h cedar work.

15 This is the rejoicing city that dwelt carelessly, kthat said in her heart, I am, and there is none besides mc: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her 1 shall hiss, and m wag his hand.


1 4 sharp reprooy of Jerusalem for divers sins. 8 An exhortation to wait for the restoration of Israel, 14 and to rejoice for their salvation by God.


WOD to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! 2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not || correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God.

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| 3 Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are devening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.

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4 Her prophets are light and eJer. 23. 11, treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done f violence to the law. 5 & The just LORD his in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame. 6 I have cut off the nations: their towers are desolate; I made their streets waste, that none passeth by: or, corners. their cities are destroyed, so that there is no man, that there is none inhabitant.

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all call upon the name of the LORD, CHRIST to serve him with one † consent. about 630.

† Heb.
q Ps. 68. 31.
Is. 18. 1, 7. &
60.4, &c

Mal. 1. 11.
Acts 8. 27.

r Jer, 7. 4. Mic. 3 11. Matt, 3.9.

+ Heb. in my holy.

* 13. 14. 32.
Zech, 11. 11.
Matt. 5. 3.
1 Cor. 1. 27,

James 2. 5. t Mic, 4, 7. ch, 2. 7.

u Is. 60. 21. x Is. 63. 8. Rev. 14. 5. y E1, 34, 28,

109 From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.

11 In that day shalt thou not be ashamed for all thy doings, wherein thou hast transgressed against me: for then I will take away out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty because of my holy mountain.

12 I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.

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14 T Sing, O daughter of Zion; Mic.4.4.&7. shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem.


z Is. 12, 6. & 54. 1.

Zech. 2. 10.& 9. 9.

15 The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine

to build the temple.


enemy: "the King of Israel, even the
LORD, bis in the midst of thee: thou CHRIST
shalt not see evil any more.

16 In that day it shall be said to
Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to
Zion, d Let not thine hands be


17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, the will rejoice over thee with joy; the will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.

18 I will gather them that & are sorrowful for the solemn assembly, who are of thee, to whom † the reproach of it was a burden.

19 Behold, at that time I will undo all that afflict thee: and I will save her that hhalteth, and gather her that was driven out; and I will get them praise and fame in every land † where they have been put to shame.

about 630.

aJohn 1. 49.

b Ez. 48, 35. ver, 5, 17. Rev. 7. 15, & 21.3, 4.

c Is. 35, 3, 4. d Hob. 12, 12. || Or, faint.

e ver. 15. fDeut. 30. 9. Is.62.5, & 65.


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wood, and build the house; and I
will take pleasure in it, and I will be CHRIST
glorified, saith the LORD.

9k Ye looked for much, and, lo, it
came to little; and when ye brought
it home, 'I did blow upon it. Why?
saith the LORD of hosts. Because of
mine house that is waste, and ye run

word of the LORD by Haggai the every man unto his own house.
prophet unto b Zerubbabel the son
of Shealtiel, governor of Judah,
and to Joshua the son of d Josedech,
the high priest, saying,

10 Therefore m the heaven over you
is stayed from dew, and the earth is
stayed from her fruit.

2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is Or, captain. not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built.

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about 520.

k ch, 2, 16.

1 ch. 2. 17. Or, blow it


m Lev. 28. 19. Deut. 28. 23.


1 Kin. 8. 35.

2 Kings 8. 1.

11 And I " called for a drought upon 1 Kin. 17. 1. the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon that which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.


och, 2. 17,

p Ezra 5, 2,

12 TP Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD. 13 Then spake Haggai the LORD'S messenger in the LORD's message unto the people, saying, I am with "I Matt, 28. 20. Rom. 8. 31. you, saith the LORD.

14 And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and

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The glory of



the spirit of Joshua the son of JoseCHRIST dech, the high priest, and the spirit about 520. of all the remnant of the people; tand they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,

t Ezra 5. 2, 8.

+ Heb. by the hand of.

a Ezra 3. 12.

15 In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.


1 He encourageth the people to the work, by promise of greater glory to the second temple than was in the first. 10 In the type of holy things and unclean he showeth their sins hindered the work. 20 God's promise to Zerubbabel.

N the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD † by the prophet Haggai, saying,

2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people, saying,

3 Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and b Zech. 4. 10. how do ye see it now? bis it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?

c Zech. 8.9.

d Ex. 29.45,46.

e Neh. 9. 20. Is. 63. 11.

fver. 21. Heb. 12, 25. g Joel 3. 16.

h Gen. 49, 10. Mal, 3, 1.

i John 1. 14.

k Ps. 85, 8, 9.

Luke 2, 14.
Eph. 2. 14.

4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts:

5 & According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my Spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.


6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; f Yet once, it is a little while, and will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

7 And I will shake all nations, band the Desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts.

9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give k peace, saith the LORD of hosts.

10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying.

11 Thus saith the LORD of hosts;

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the second temple.

Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

13 Then said Haggai, If one that is munclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.

14 Then answered Haggai, and said, "So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith the LORD: and so is every work of their hands: and that which they offer there is unclean.

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17 I smote you with blasting and Deut. 28.22. with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith the LORD. 18 Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, even from the day that the foundation of the LORD's temple was laid, consider it. 19 "Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless you.

20 T And again the word of the LORD came unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying,

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22 And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and a I will overthrow the char- a Mic. 5. 10. iots, and those that ride in them: and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, band will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.

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Before CHRIST about 520.

a Ezra 4. 24. Hag. 1. 1.

b Ezra 5. 1.

1 Zechariah exhorteth to repentance. 7
The vision of the horses. 12 At the
prayer of the angel comfortable prom
ises are made to Jerusalem. 18 The
vision of the four horns, and the four


N the eighth month, a in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD bunto Zechariah, the son Matt. 23. 35. of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

+ Heb, with displeasure.

35. 15.

2 The LORD hath been † sore dis-
pleased with your fathers.

3 Therefore say thou unto them,
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn

e Jer. 25, 5, &ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts,
and I will turn unto you, saith the
LORD of hosts.

Mic, 7. 19.

Mal, 3. 7.

Luke 15. 20.
James 4. 8.

d2 Chr. 36.15,


e Is. 31. 6.

Jer. 3, 12. &

18. 11.
Ez. 18. 30.
Hos. 14. 1.

fIs. 55. 1.



about 519.

answered and said, mO LORD of
hosts, how long wilt thou not have CHRIST
mercy on Jerusalem and on the
cities of Judah, against which thou
hast had indignation "these three-
score and ten years?

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m Ps. 102. 13.
Rev. 6. 10.
n Jer, 25. 11,

Dan. 9. 2.
ch. 7. 5.

o Jer. 29. 10.

13 And the LORD answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words. 14 So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am Pjealous for Jerusalem pJoel 2. 18, and for Zion with a great jealousy. 15 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and q Is. 47. 6. they helped forward the affliction. 16 Therefore thus saith the LORD;

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4 Be ye not as your fathers, duntorI am returned to Jerusalem with rIs. 12. 1. &
whom the former prophets have mercies: my house shall be built in
cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a
of hosts; Turn ye now from your line shall be stretched forth upon Je-sch, 2, 1, 2,
evil ways, and from your evil doings: rusalem.
but they did not hear, nor hearken
unto me, saith the LORD.

5 Your fathers, where are they? and the prophets, do they live for ever?

6 But fmy words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants Or, overtake. the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned g Lam. 1. 18. and said, Like as the LORD of hosts & 2, 17. thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.

about 519.

h Josh. 5. 13. Rev. 6. 4.

i ch, 6, 2-7. [Or, bay.

k Heb. 1. 14.

1 Ps. 103, 20, 21.

7 Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

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8 I saw by night, and behold ha
man riding upon a red horse, and
he stood among the myrtle trees that
were in the bottom; and behind him
were there ired horses, speckled, |1
and white,

9 Then said I, O my lord, what are
these? And the angel that talked

with me said unto me, I will shew

thee what these be.

10 And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, k These are they whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.

11 And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.

12 T Then the angel of the LORD

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The redemption of Zion.

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Before CHRIST 519.

walls for the multitude of men and | thou wilt i keep my charge, then cattle therein: thou shalt also kjudge my house, and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee † places to walk among Lev. 8: 35. these that I stand by.

5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her da wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

6 T Ho, ho, come forth, and flee ffrom the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.

7 h Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you, toucheth the apple of his eye.

9 For, behold, I will k shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants and lye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

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1 Under the type of Joshua, the restoration of the church, 8 Christ the Branch is promised.

ND he shewed me a Joshua the A high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and b Satan Rev. 12. 13. standing at his right hand † to resist him.

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That is, an adversary.

+ Heb. to be his advermary.

e Jude 9. 1 ch. 1. 17. kom. 8. 33,

2 And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that dhath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?

3 Now Joshua was clothed with G Amos 4. 11. f filthy garments, and stood before the angel.

Rom. 11. 5,

Jude 23.

f Is. 61. 6.

g Ia. 61. 10. Luke 15 22. Rev. 19.8.

h Ex. 29 6. ch. 6. 11.

4 And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.

5 And I said, Let them set a fair h mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel of the LORD stood by.

6 And the angel of the LORD protested unto Joshua, saying,

7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if

8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth "my servant the "BRANCH. 9 For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; Pupon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engraye the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and "I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.


10 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.

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11. Ez. 34. 23, 24, o Is. 4. 2. & 11. 1. Jer. 23, 5. & 23. 15. ch. 6. 12. Luke 1. 78. p Ps. 118. 22. 13. 28. 16. q-ch. 4. 10. Rev. 5, 6. r Jer. 31. 34. & 50, 20, Mic. 7. 18, 19, ch. 13. 1. s ch, 2, 11. t1 Kin. 4. 25, Is. 36. 16. Mic. 4. 4.



By the golden candlestick is foreshewed the good success of Zerubbabel's foundation. 11 By the two olive trees the two anointed ones.

AND a the angel that talked with ach. 2. 3. me came again, and waked me,

b as a man that is wakened out of his b Dan, 8. 18. sleep,


2 And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, † with a bowl upon the top of it, d and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof:


3 And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof. 4 So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord?

5 Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, fNot by || might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.

c Ex. 25. 31. Rev. 1. 12. + Heb. with her bowl,

d Ex. 25, 37, Rev. 4. 5. ¡Or, seven several pipes. to the lamps, fc.

e ver. 11, 12. Rev. 11. 4.

flos. 1. 7. Or, army.

Matt. 21. 21.

7 Who art thou, O great mount-ger. 51, 25. ain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof i with h Ps. 118. 22. shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.

8 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

9 The hands of Zerubbabel khave laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the "LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. 10 For who hath despised the day of small things? || for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with

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