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This poem is in the form of a dialogue; the chief riage feast (ch. iii. 6-v. 1). In this part the glory d speakers being. Solomon and his bride, with the occa- Christ and of his church, and his delight in his people, sional interposition of female attendants, and perhaps seem to be the subject. of other spectators. But it is not easy to mark the Part III. darkens the picture by introducing the indifdivisions; the point of transition from one subject to ference of the bride to her husband, followed by ba another being not always very perceptible. Some find repentance, her anxious search, her sufferings, and st here twelve idyls, others eight songs. Others again last her restoration to the happy enjoyment of his soitty divide it into seven days, corresponding to the days of a and affection, in the very place where she had found hiri marriage feast. But perhaps it is best to divide it into before (ch. v. 2-viii. 4). This evidently displays in a four principal portions :

affecting manner the declension of piety in the entre Part I. The bride desires the society of her husband, and its attendant sorrows, in contrast with the fargiris! whom she seeks and finds in his rural retreat: after mu- grace of the Redeemer, and the happiness of restoratia tual expressions of affection she falls asleep, and dreams to his favour. of him (ch. i.-iii. 5). This portion of the poem was Part IV. shows us the bride, notwithstanding the probably designed to exhibit the desire of the church for opposition of her family, finally separating herseli front the coming of the Lord.

them, and devoting herself and all she has to her husband Part II. introduces a grand royal marriage procession (ch.viii. 5-14). This seems to depict the entire separatios to Jerusalem, followed by the private endearments of the of the church from the world, and its perfect consecratica bridegroom and the bride, who then return to the mar- to the love and service of its Lord.

The bride's desire for and delight in the society of her husband. a THE SONG OF SONGS, WHICH IS Solomon's. 2 • Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth :

ever. 4: to: For thy love is better than wine. 3 Because of a the savour of thy good ointments

* Thy name is as ointment? poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee. 4 8 Draw me, we will run after thee :

The king hath brought me into his chambers : * We will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine : g-l: Beb :

The upright3 love thee. 5 I am black, " but comely,–0 ye daughters of Jerusalem,

• As the tents of Kedar, 4-as the curtains of Solomon. 6 Look not upon me, because I am black,- because the sun hath looked upon me:

p My mother's children were angry with me; They made me e keeper of the vineyards ; 6

But mine own vineyard? have I not kept.
7 Tell me, 0 thou whom my soul loveth,—where thou feedest,

Where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon :8
For why should I be as one that turneth aside' [or, as one that is veiled],

By the flocks of thy companions ?
8 If thou know not, —-0 thou fairest among women,

* Go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock,

And feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents. 9 I have compared thee, v O my love,

- To a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots. 10

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i eb. 23; P. 14,

15; John 123 Eph. 2 * Plas; Zeps 14, 15; 2ee9

I Pet. I. #ver. ; I Cor. 12

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I In the first part of the poem (comprising ch. i.-iii. delightful manifestations of the Saviour's love (eh. i 9 5), the scene is laid in Solomon's gardens; and all the ü. 6). illustrations are derived from rural subjects and occupa- 2 That is, delightful as the fragrance of perfumes just tions. A company of virgins express their admiration of poured out. See John xii. 3. the king, and their desire to share in his love (vers. 2–4). 3 Rather, “They love thee rightly." The bride then speaks, excusing her rustic, dark com- 4 See Gen. xxv. 13; Psa. cxx. 5. The Arabs still plexion, and longing to know where she may find her use dark-coloured tents, covered with a coarse canvas bridegroom (5-7), to whom the virgins direct her (8). | made from the hair of their black goats. Having found her husband, she is heard interchanging 5 Royal personages in the East are accustomed to have with him expressions of mutual tenderness; until, over- the interior of their tents furnished with most costic and come by her search and her emotions, she falls asleep beautiful hangings. (i. 9-ií. 7). She has varied dreams, in which she con- 6 The bride had been subjected by her step-brothers to verses with him from the lattice of her pavilion (ii. coarse and rustic toil. 8-17); and then, missing him by night, seeks and finds 7 That is, my personal beauty. See ch. viii. 12. him (iii. 1-5). The feelings here expressed are chiefly 8 During the heat of the day, the shepherds usually eager longings, as yet only partially gratified. This part lead their docks to repose in the shade. The bridegros of the poem may therefore be supposed to represent the being spoken of as a shepherd, in accordance with the ancient Jewish church anticipating the fuller display figures of the scene, the inquiry and reply naturally taže and enjoyment of Divine love when the promised this form. Messiah should appear. See Matt. xiii. 16; Luke ii. 25, 9 That is, regarded as a harlot. See Gen. xlvii. 14, 38; x. 23, 24. Hence it may be appropriately used to 15. Some, however, prefer translating the word, as one express and to enliven the desires which the church now that faints ;' i. e. wearied in searching for my husband. cherishes for the second coming of her Lord. Comp. 10 Rather, 'to my Pharaoh's chariot-horse. The big! 1 Thess. i. 10; 2 Thess. i. 10; 2 Pet. iii. 11-14; Rev. value set upon the horse, and the costly trappings with xxi. 2, 9; xxii. 20. And such a state of expectation which it was adorned, made it a fit subject for a bighly is shown to admit of much present happiness in the complimentary comparison.


a Eze. 16. 11-13. bch. 4. 9; Pro. 1. 9. e Ps. 149. 4.

d Ps. 45. 1; Mt. 22.

11:25. 34 « Mt. 22. 1; 26. 26-28.

Kev. 5.8; 8.3, 4. & Ps. 15.8

Eph. 3. 17. i eh. 4. 13.

* 15

& ch. 4. 1,7; 5 12.

1 eh. 5. 10-16: Pn.

45. 2: Rev. & 11-13. m Ps. 23. 2. #ch. & 9. . ver. 16; ch. 6. 2


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pch. 5. 9, 10, 16.
9 John 1, 14; Heb. I.


Is. 25. 4; 32. 2. . | Pet. 2. 3; Rev. 22.

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10 • Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, '— thy neck with chains of gold.
11 - We will make thee borders? of gold with studs of silver.
12 While the king 'sitteth at his table, 9

My spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.
LTE 13 A bundle of 8 myrrh is my well-beloved unto me;

He shall lie - all night betwixt my breasts. 14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire 5–in the vineyards of En-gedi.8

Behold, thou art fair, my love ; Behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.? 16 Behold, 'thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant :-"also our bed 8 is green. 1939 17 The beams of our house are " cedar,--and our rafters of fir.

2 I am the roseo of Sharon,—and the lily 10 of the valleys. 2 As the lily among thorns,- my


among the daughters. 3 As the apple tree 11 among the trees of the wood,

So is p my beloved among the sons.
"I sat down under his shadow 12 with great delight,

• And his fruit was sweet to my taste.
4 . He brought me to the banqueting house,
* And his banner over me

was love.
5 - Stay me with flagons,-comfort me with apples : for I am sick of love.
6. His left hand is under my head,— and his right hand doth embrace me.
7 "I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem,

By the roes, 14 and by the hinds of the field,

ye stir not up, --nor awake my love,-till he please. 15 8 « The voice of my beloved ! 16

Behold, he cometh – leaping upon the mountains,--skipping upon 17 the hills : 9 "My beloved is like a roe 18—or a young hart.

Behold, he standeth behind our wall, 19

He looketh forth at 20 the windows,--showing himself through the lattice. 10 My beloved spake,-and said unto me,

Rise up, my love,-my fair one, and come away. 11 For, lo, 8 the winter is past,—the rain is over and gone; 12 The flowers appear on the earth ;-the time of the singing of birds is come,

And the voice of the turtle is heard in our land; 13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs,

And the vines with the tender grapes give a good smell. 21

* Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away, 14 O my dove, 4 that art in the clefts of the rock,


? ch, 1.4; P. 63. 2-5
u Ro. 8. 28-33.
* Ps. 4. 6, 7; 42.1, 2.
ych. 5.8; Ps. 119. 20.

sch. A 3; IL 40. 31,

31: Zeph. 3. 17;

Phil. 4. 13. a Job 23. 6; Ps. 63. 6. b ch. 1. 5: 3. 5; 8. 4;

Pro. 5. 19.

ech. 5. 2: John 10

4, 5, 27; Rev. 3.

drer. 17; eh. 8. 14

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1 The words “ jewels' and gold' have been supplied by red flower, probably the scarlet martagon, whose brilliant our translators. The 'rows' and 'chains' probably refer flowers attract the notice of travellers in Palestine, in the to the head-gear of the chariot-horse, which appears, from months of April and May. Egyptian and Assyrian monuments, to have been very il This was probably either the quince, or the citronsplendid. So the bridegroom promises to adorn his bride tree, the fruit of which is much esteemed by the Orientals with splendid gold and silver ornaments (ver. 11). on account of its scent. 2 Or, "rows,' as in ver. 10, perhaps chains.'

1The bridegroom is still spoken of as a tree, whose 3 Literally, while the king is in his circle;' perhaps shade, as well as its fruit, is delightfully refreshing. alluding to the diran or raised couch surrounding a room, 13 As soldiers are led onward by the standard borne

4. Or, 'It shall abide between my breasts ;' an allusion above them, so I was led on by love to my husband. to the custom of wearing some precious perfume suspended The whole verse is figurative, representing the strong from the neck.

excitement and irresistible impulse of the bride's affec5 Heb., “copher;' probably the henna shrub (lawsonia tion. inermis), the flowers of which are both beautiful and 14 Or, 'gazelles.' These elegant creatures are mentioned fragrant. Its leaves also yield a deep orange dye, with here as emblems of female beauty. which the Orientals tinge their nails, parts of their hands 15 Rather, 'till she please.' The verb is feminine. and feet, and sometimes their hair.

16 Some suppose that this is the commencement of a 6 See note on 1 Sam. xxiv. 1. Engedi was, and still new poem or scene : but see the Preface, and note on is, a very fertile spot.

ch. i. 2. A dream, of course, begins abruptly. '7 Rather, thine eyes are doves;' i.e. loving, gentle. 17 Or, 'bounding over the hills;' like a hart (ver. 9).

8 Rather, our couch is green; the beams of our 18 See note on 2 Sam. i. 19. house are cedars, our rafters cypresses :' referring to the 19 Or, beyond our wall.' trees overhanging the grass.

20 Rather, through the windows.' The bride fancies 9 Continuing the preceding figures, the bride compares herself to be in an arbour, or kiosk, built on the garden herself to the flowers among the grass. The rose' is wall, through the lattice of which her bridegroom looks a bulbous plant--probably the narcissus tazetta, which in and invites her to come with him. grows abundantly in Palestine, and is highly valued. 21 Or, “The fig tree is sweetening her green figs; the

10 From ch. v. 13, this appears to have been a bright blossoming vine sends forth its fragrance."

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In the secret places of the stairs, 1
Let me see thy countenance, -' let me hear thy voice ;
For sweet is thy voice,—" and thy countenance is comely.

Take us * the foxes, 2 the little foxes, that spoil the vines :
For our vines have tender grapes.
16 • My beloved is mine, and I am his :-he feedeth S among the lilies.
17 p Until the day break,--and the shadows flee away,

Turn, my beloved,and be thou like a roe or a young hart

Upon the mountains of Bether (or, of divisions). 3 By ' night on my bed- I sought • him whom my soul loveth:

"I sought him, but I found him not. 2 * I will rise now,--and go about the city

In the streets, and in the broad ways—I will seek him whom my soul loveth:

* I sought him, but I found him not. 3 The watchmen that go about the city found me:

To whom I said, · Saw ye him whom my soul loveth? 4 It was but a little that I passed from them,

· But I found him whom my soul loveth:
"I held him,-and would not let him go,
Until I had brought him—into my mother's house,

And into the chamber of her that conceived me. 5 I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem,

By the roes, and by the hinds of the field,
That ye stir not up,-nor awake my love,-till he please.?

The marriage procession; the delight of the bridegroom in his bride.
6 "WHO is this that cometh out of the wilderness 9_-like pillars of smoke, 10

Perfumed with myrrh and frankincense,—with all powders 11 of the merchant ? 7 Behold / his bed, 12 which is Solomon's ;

Threescore valiant men are 5 about it,--of the valiant of Israel. 8 They all hold swords, 13being expert in war:

Every man hath his sword upon his thigh—" because of fear in the night. 9 King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon. 10 He made the pillars thereof of silver,

• 2 Sen 25 The bottom thereof of gold, -the covering of it of purple,

The midst thereof being paved with love,--for the daughters of Jerusalem. 14 11 Go forth, 0 ye daughters of Zion,_and behold king Solomon,

With the crown 15 wherewith his mother crowned him,

In the day of his espousals,—and in the day of the gladness of his heart. 4 Behold, - thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair ;

Thou hast doves' eyes 16 within thy locks : 17

Thy hair is as a " Rock of goats, 18—that appear from mount Gilead. i Rather, the hiding-places of the precipices.'. He happiness in him. Comp. Isa. lii. 1-12; liv.; ls.-ix. complains that, like a dove on a high cliff, she is inac- These are partially realized in the present privikasil cessible to him.

the church; but they await their complete fultiment in 2 This is an address from the bride to her husband. its future glory and blessedness. Comp. John xir. 14; Foxes abound in Judea, and do much injury to vineyards xvii. 24; Rev. vii. 14-17. and gardens.

9 Probably from the south-east, the direction in which 3 This means, 'he feeds his flock.' See ch. i. 7. the wilderness lay.

4 Rather, 'Until the day breathes (i. e. is cool), and 10 Alluding probably to the incense which was burnt the shadows flee away' (i.e. stretch away or lengihen); before a marriage procession. meaning the evening. And so in ch. iv. 6.

11 That is, costly aromatic powders. 5 "The mountains which separate us.' Or, perhaps, 12 Or, 'couch;' probably a kind of litter or palanquin, the same as Bithron, in 2 Sam. ii. 29.

borne upon men's shoulders. 6 In the warmth of her feeling, she forgets that others 13 Or, are strengthened with a sword;' 1. e. armed may not know who is the object of her affection.

with swords. i Rather, 'till she please ;' as in ch. ii. 7, and ch, viii. 4. 14 Or, ‘Its interior carpeted [by the work of] a lovely

8 The Hebrew words rendered 'this' and 'perfumed' one of the daughters of Jerusalem.' are in the feminine gender, referring to the bride. This is 15 It was usual to place crowns or garlands on the the beginning of Part II., which brings before us a royal heads of newly-married persons; and it appears from marriage procession, in a description by an eyewitness, this verse that this was done by one of the parents. of the king and his bride approaching Jerusalem (ch. iii. 16 « Thine eyes are doves.' See ch. i. 15. 6--11), followed by a private scene of mutual endear- 17 Or, behind thy veil.' And so in rer. 3. ment (iv. 1-v. 1), ending abruptly in the return to the 18 In reading these descriptions, it must be remembered marriage feast (v. 1, last clause)." This second division that the figures of Eastern poetry are peculiarly bild and of the poem appears to be designed to celebrate the luxuriant. Here the dark hair of the bride, hangisz glory which the church expected to share with the down in tresses over her shoulders, is compared to a first Messiah when he should come to reign, and the delight of goats (which in Palestine are almost always black! which he would take in his people, as well as their spread over Mount Gilead.

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. ch. 6.6


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Pyer. 11; P. 15. 2;

Eph. 4. 29; COL 3.

16, 17: 4.6
9 ch. 6. 7.

ch. 7. 4.
. Ne. 3. 19.

Ich. 7.3,7; Pro. 5. 19.

w ch. 2. 17.

* P. 45. 11, 13; 2 Cor.

517; Eph.3.3 27. y Ps. 45. 10; Col. 3

1, 2.
Deu, 3. 9.


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a vers. 10, 12; ch, 5, 1,

9; ML 12.50; Heb.

2. 11-14 Ps. 15. 9: Hos. 2.

19, 20); 2 Cor. 11. %;

Rev. 21. 2, 9. c Zeph. 3. 17. dch. 6. 5. e ch. 1. 10.

eh. 1.2, 4. & ch. 1. 3, 19: 5.5;

Gal. 5. 22, 23; Phil.

4. 18. A ver. 3; Pro. 16. 24. i eh. 51; Pro. 24.

13, 11. k ver. 10; Ge. 27. 27;

Ps. 45.8; Hos. 14.

6, 7. IPs. 92 14: Is. 60.

21 ; 61.11 : John 15

1-3: Phill. . neh. 1. 14.

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Ps. 36. 8, 9; Jer. 2. 13; John 4. 10; 7. 39. . Eze. 37.9; John 3.

8; Ac. 2. 1, 2.

2 Thy teeth are like a flock of sheep that are even shorn,

Which came up from the washing;

Whereof every one bear twins, -and none is barren among them, 3 P Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet,--and thy speech 2 is comely:

9 Thy temples 3 are like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks. 4 " Thy neck is like the tower of David —builded for an armoury,

Whereon there hang a thousand bucklers,-all shields of mighty men. 5 Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins,

Which feed among the lilies. 6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away,5

I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense. 7 - Thou art all fair, my love ;-there is no spot in thee. 8 y Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, --with me from Lebanon :

Look from the top of Amana, 1—from the top of Shenir : and Hermon,

From the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards. 9 Thou hast ravished my heart, a my sister, my spouse ;

- Thou hast ravished my heart d with one of thine eyes,

• With one chain of thy neck. 10 How fair is thy love, my sister, my spouse !

How much better is thy love than wine!

6 And the smell of thine ointments than all spices ! 11 " Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb :

i Honey and milk are under thy tongue;

And the smell of thy garments is * like the smell of Lebanon. 12 A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse ;-a spring shut up,-a fountain sealed.8 13 Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits ; 14 - Camphire, with spikenard, -spikenard and saffron;

Calamus and cinnamon,-with all trees of frankincense;

Myrrh and aloes,—with all the chief spices : 15 A fountain of gardens,—a well of " living waters,—and streams from Lebanon.' 16 Awake, 10 O north wind; and come, thou south;

Blow upon my garden,--that the spices thereof may flow out. 11

p Let my beloved come into his garden,--and eat his pleasant fruits. 5 I eam come into my garden,-' my sister, my spouse : • I have gathered my myrrh with my spice;

I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk. * Eat, 12 * friends ;-drink, yea, drink abundantly, 0 beloved.

The bride's unkindness, repentance, and reconciliation. 2 I SLEEP,


heart waketh: y It is the voice of my beloved : that knocketh, saying, | This figure represents the whiteness and complete- 9 Like one of those mountain streams which diffuse ness of the teeth.

life, fertility, and beauty where they flow. 2 Rather, the place of speech;' i.e. thy mouth.

16 The bride replies to her husband's praises, desiring 3 Or, cheeks. Their ruddy hue is compared to the that he may have the fullest enjoyment of that which he beautiful red colour which the pomegranate presents so much admires. when divided.

11 The breezes diffuse the fragrance which hang 4 This was probably a lofty and elegant tower, built of heavily about the plants. white lime-stone. It was customary on the outside of 12 Coming out of the bride's apartments to the guests towers to hang shields (Ezek. xxvii. 10, 11). This allusion at the marriage feast, the bridegroom bids them join him is suggested by the bride's necklace of jewels.

in festivity: 5 See note on ch. ii. 17.

13 Part III. contains (perhaps in a dream) the bride's 6 Hills on which aromatic shrubs grew abundantly. confession of her unkindness to her husband, and her

7.Amana,' or 'Abana,' was probably the name of a complaint of her anxious and disappointing search for part of Shenir or Hermon, from which the river of the him, in which she was ill-treated by the night-guards of same name flowed to Damascus. See Deut. üi. 9; 2 the city (ch. v. 2–8). She describes the object of her affecKings v. 12. On these hills lions were formerly found, tion, and the place where she hopes to find him (v. 9– and the Syrian panther (or “ leopard') still roams. vi. 3). There she is welcomed again by him; and a scene

8 In vers. 12–15, the personal charms of the bride of mutual endearment ensues, in which Solomon gives are compared to a garden with its choicest productions, her a name derived from his own; and she again, overand to a spring with its refreshing streams, which were come by her various emotions, falls asleep (vi. -viii. 4). indispensable to a garden. These may be described as This is, perhaps, the most affecting portion of the poem; being enclosed' and sealed,' with reference either to the representing the church as having lost its first love bride's modesty and chastity, or to the strict seclusion in (Rev. ii. 4), but as awaking to a sense of its guilt and which her husband would keep one whom he so much loss, seeking the restoration of its holy joy, and reecived loved. In those parts of the East where this seclusion is again into favour according to the promise of Divine practised, the ladies speak of it rather as a proof of the mercy (Hos. xiv.) The church in its various branches, high estimation in which they are held, and a mark of throughout the different periods of its existence, lias affectionate care, than as an unkind restraint upon them. afforded too many illustrations of this sin.

P eh. 5. 1; John 15.

8; Ro, 15, 16. 9 ch. 4. 16; Is. 58 11;

John 14. 21-23. Ich. 4. 9-12. $ ch. 4. 13, 14; Ps.

117. 11. tch. ll.

13 but

u Ps. 36. 8; 65. 4; Is.

66. 13. I Lk. 12. 4; 15. 7, 10;

John 3. 9 ; 15. 14,

15. y eh, 2.8; John 10. 4. * Rev. 3. 20.



Pro 3 c ch il

Pe 19. 1: E. 2

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Open to me, my sister, my love,— my dove, a my undefiled :
For my

head is filled with dew,—and my locks with the drops of the night. 3 / I have put off my coat;-how shall I put it on ?

I have washed my feet;-how shall I defile them? 4 6 My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door, ?

And my bowels were moved for him. 5 “I rose up to open to my beloved ;-and my hands dropped with myrrh, 2

And my fingers with sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock. 6 I opened to my beloved ;- but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone :

My soul failed when he spake : 'I sought him, but I could not find him;

m I called him, but he gave me no answer. 7 * The watchmen that went about the city found me,

• They smote me, they wounded me ;*

The keepers of the walls took away my veil from me. 8PI charge you, ( daughters of Jerusalem,

. If ye find my beloved,—that ye tell him, 'that I am sick of love. 9 What is thy beloved more than another beloved,5

() thou fairest among women ?

What is thy beloved more than another beloved,—that thou dost so charge us ? 10 My beloved is white and ruddy,-"the chiefest among ten thousand. 11 His head is as the most fine gold, 6_his locks are bushy, and black as a raven, 12 y His eyes are as the eyes of doves by the rivers of waters,

Washed with milk, and fitly set.? 13 His cheeks are as a bed of spices,—as sweet flowers :

: His lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh. 14 His hands are as gold rings set with the beryl;

His belly is as bright ivory overlaid with sapphires. 8 15 His legs are as pillars of marble,-set upon sockets' of fine gold :

• His countenance 10 is bas Lebanon,-excellent as the cedars. 16 « His mouth is most sweet :-yea, he is altogether lovely.

This is a my beloved,—and this is my friend,-0 daughters of Jerusalem. 6 Whither is thy beloved 11 gone,—-0 thou fairest among women?

Whither is thy beloved turned aside !~that we may seek him with thee. 2 My beloved " is gone down into his garden,

To the beds of spices,- to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies. 3 *I am my beloved's, and my beloved is mine :-he feedeth among the lilies. 4 Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, 12

Comely as Jerusalem, * terrible as an army 18 with banners. 5 Turn away thine eyes from me,--for they have overcome me:

Thy hair is P as a flock of goats that appear from Gilead. 6 . Thy teeth are as a flock of sheep which go up from the washing,

Whereof every one beareth twins,--and there is not one barren among them. 7 * As a piece of a pomegranate are thy temples within thy locks.

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1 Through which a person might thrust his arm to to the bare head; but its propriety becomes apparent open the door. He naturally expected to be able to un- when it is understood as alluding to the spangled turban fásten the door; but it appears to have been purposely or head-dress, below which the thick óraren locks hang secured by an additional fastening.

clustering. 2 To her repentant feelings the dew (ver. 2) which 7 Rather, ‘His eyes are doves by streams of water, her husband's hands had left on the door seemed like the washed with milk, dwelling in fulness. This latter choicest myrrh.

clause applies to the doves. The whole is meant to depics 3 Probably this means, 'I was out of my senses when the soft, loving expression of the full, dark eyes. he spoke:' I acted foolishly in not admitting him.

8 Rather, •His body is shining ivory, wrapped with 4 They treated me as an abandoned woman. The same sapphires ; referring to the white robe of royalty, and the thing is intimated by the taking away of the veil, which bright-coloured girdle. is one of the greatest indignities that can be inflicted on 9 Or, .pedestals ;' denoting the richly ornamented a woman in Eastern countries.

sandals. 5 This inquiry of the daughters of Jerusalem, suggested 10 Rather, ‘his aspect; a bold and noble metaphor, to by the bride's passionate adjuration to them, is skilfully represent the manly dignity of his appearance. introduced by the poet, to lead to the description which 11 This inquiry leads towards the scene of regnimmediately follows.

ciliation. 6 In the following descriptions, it must be remembered 12 See note on 1 Kings xiv. 17. that, whilst those parts of the person which custom ex- 13 This figure, which is carried out in the next verse, posed to view are described, as to those parts which custom represents the power of the bride's charms in captivating conceals it is only the dress which is referred to. In this the hearts of those who beheld her. The praises which verse the comparison is evidently incongruous if applied follow are the same as in ch. iv. 13.

.ch. 42

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