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God the Father to advance him, in his human nature, to an answerable height of glory; having given unto him both that title and that state and power, which is far above any title or state or power of whatsoever finite creature; having publicly to the world declared and approved him to be God Almighty: II. 10. That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; That, in the acknowledgement of this just title and divine power of his, every creature should bow and stoop unto him, both the angels of heaven, and men on earth, and the very infernal spirits which are most averse from his kingdom;

II. 11. And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.

And that every tongue should be forced to confess, that even that Jesus, who was thus abased, is the God and Lord of all. II. 12. But now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

But now, much more, in my absence, since ye shall want the help of my counsels and incitements, stir up yourselves earnestly, to do all that is requisite on your part, for the attaining of salvation; not in a bold and secure presumption of your own abilities, but in an humble fear and awful trembling at the consideration of the greatness of the work and your own insufficiency.

II. 13. For it is God that worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

For it is not any power or ability in yourselves, that can avail ought this way; but it is God only, who gives you both to will that which is good, and to do the good which ye will, of his mere good will and pleasure.

II. 14. Do all things without murmurings and disputings. Frame yourselves to all peaceable carriage, one towards another; and do all things without heart-burnings and quarrels. II. 17. Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.

Yea, if I do not only labour amongst you, but even die for you, it shall be my joy: you have, by your holy and lively faith, offered yourselves unto God, as a living and reasonable sacrifice; if I may die for the confirmation of this faith of yours, it shall be that whereof I shall rejoice together with


II. 20. For I have no man likeminded, who will naturally care for your state.

For I have no man so heartily affected, both to you and me; who will so carefully mind and tender your estate, as if it were his own.

II. 26. And was full of heaviness, because that ye had heard that he had been sick.

It much troubled him, to think how much you would be afflicted with the rumour of his sickness.

II. 30. Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.

Because, for the work of Christ, through his labour in preaching, and the toil of his journey hither for my comfort and tendance, and his watchings and pains-taking in ministering to my necessities, he was nigh unto death; not regarding his own life, in a zeal to supply your lack of service toward


III. 2. Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.

Beware of those profane and impure men, which open their unhallowed mouths against the truth of God: beware of those false teachers, which, under pretence of edifying God's Church, pull it down, by their life and erroneous doctrine: beware of the Judaizing opposers of the Gospel; who, while they talk of circumcision, do indeed make a concision and rent in the Church.

III. 3. For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

For, whatsoever they may pretend, we are indeed of the true and spiritual circumcision, and not they; we, who worship God inwardly in the soul, and stand not upon an outward cutting of the flesh; we, who place the confidence and joy of our hearts upon Christ Jesus, and not upon these external acts and privileges which concern the outward man.

III. 4. Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more.

Although I dare boldly say, if these outward privileges were to be stood upon, there is none of them all, who could find more cause of confidence and boasting herein, than I might. III. 6. Concerning the righteousness of the law, I was blame


I was so strict and punctual in the observation of the prescriptions of the law, as that no man could tax me for the breach or violation thereof.

III. 7. But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

But those things, which, while I was a Jew, I accounted as rare and excellent prerogatives, those now, since that I was converted to Christ, I have made no reckoning of; but have slighted them, as not only worthless, but even rather prejudicial to my better calling.

III. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteous


That I, who was but a lost man in myself, might be found in him, not having, &c.

III. 10, 11. That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead.

That I may know him, both in speculation and in practice; and may both know and feel the power of his Resurrection, raising me from the death; and that I may experimentally find what a comfort and happiness it is, to suffer for him and with him, that thereby I may be made conformable to him in his death; That so, by this means, I may attain to that eternal life, which follows upon the happy Resurrection of the just; and, in the mean time, that full measure of mortification and newness of life, which he hath ordained me unto.

III. 12. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.

Not that I have as yet already attained it: let no man misconstrue me, as boasting of my perfection: no; I come as yet short; but I strive and labour towards it, and follow hard, that I may reach it at the last: yet can I not do it, as of myself; it is Christ's laying hold on me, that will and must enable me thus to lay hold on Christ.

III. 13, 14. Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended; but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.

As those, that run in a race, forget how much ground they have already passed, and mind only that part of the way which yet remaineth to the goal; so do I, in this course of my Christian profession, never look back to what I have done, but still look forward to that which I yet must and ought to do, And thus conscionably labouring, I press forward toward that prize of heavenly glory, which is the blessed issue and fruit of our high calling in Christ Jesus.

III. 15. Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.

Let us therefore, so many of us as are sincere and true hearted to God, and such as do truly strive for this Christian perfection, be thus minded; renouncing all confidence in ourselves, or ought that pertains to us, and seeking for Justification only in Christ: and, if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, as depending upon the Works of the Law, or any other out

ward helps, God shall, in his good time, open your eyes to see and acknowledge this truth of his, which he hath revealed

unto me.

III. 16. Nevertheless, whereto we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us mind the same thing.

Nevertheless, in the mean time, for so much of the truth of God as we have already obtained the knowledge of, let us therein walk on peaceably and lovingly; following one and the same rule of the word of God, and conspiring in all Christian unanimity and concord, to do all good offices to God and each other.

III. 18. (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ :

For many, even of those that profess themselves to be Christians, of whom I have oft complained and warned you, and now renew my complaint with tears, live inordinately; and so, as that they proclaim themselves to be the secret and real enemies to the Gospel of Christ, and opposers of the power and virtue of his passion.

III. 19. Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.) Whose end is destruction of body and soul, who make a god of their ease and pleasure and profit, avoiding all the danger of persecution for maintenance of the truth, and making an advantage of their plausible teaching; who now glory in that, which will at last prove their shame and confusion; who mind only these transitory and earthly things.

III. 20. For our conversation is in heaven; from whence &c. As for us, we overlook the earth, and have both our affections and conversation in heaven beforehand; from whence &c.

IV. 2. I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord.

I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that, being noted for wise and religious matrons, they do not, by their discord, distract and trouble the Church at Philippi; but that they agree peaceably, in their Christian profession.

IV. 3. And I intreat, thee also, true yoke fellow, help those women which labourned with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and with other my fellowlabourers, whose names are in the book of life.

And I entreat thee also, who art the faithful husband and yokefellow to the one of them, that thou do also yield, to give thy best furtherance to those women, who have taken pains to minister unto me, and have suffered some afflictions also, for the promoting of the Gospel; with Clement, and other my fellowlabourers, whose names are written in the roll of the just and holy men, which are ordained to eternal life.

IV. 10. But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.

That now, at the last, you have given good proof of your careful respects to me, which seemed for the time to be intermitted, in that provision, which you sent to me, by the hands of Epaphroditus: not that I make question of your care of me, formerly: I know ye wanted not will and desire, to have expressed your love to me; but ye wanted opportunity, till now. IV. 11. Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever &c.

Not that I rejoice so much in regard of the supply of my want; which I well know how to bear, for I have learned &c. IV. 13. I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.

Let no man think that I arrogate this power to myself: no; of myself I can do nothing, but in and through Christ, which strengtheneth me, I can do all things.

IV. 17. Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

Not that I desire a gift: it is all one to me, whether I want or abound; but, in this, I desire that a benefit may accrue unto you, whose beneficence to me is an advantage unto yourselves.



I. 5. For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel; For those goodly and glorious things, which your hope assures you to be laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye have heard before, in that most true word of the Gospel;

I. 6. Which is come unto you, as it is in all the world. Which Gospel is come unto you, being preached amongst you, as it is all the world over.

I. 10. That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing.

That ye may behave yourselves so, as may become those, which are honoured by God with so high a calling, and ordained by him to so great glory; and so as may be in all things well pleasing unto him.

I. 12. Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light. Giving thanks unto God the Father, who hath furnished us with such graces, as whereby we may be fitted to become par

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