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manufacture, but constituent hardened parts Angle Vise> Model A
of the body of the vise. Screw and
casing (on parallel vises the nut) are made of moderately hard, tough material, and have strong square screw-threads. Thanks to the excellent material employed, they have very great power of resistance when subjected to side strains.
Deals, Battens and Boards Products
The Timber Industry was first taken up at Domnarvet in 1789, and shows the same Sketch of development as the Iron Industry. Towards the end of the 19th century the Company industry" had a considerable number of small mills in the interior of the country, which naturally proved rather uneconomical, especially when exports began to expand. Consequently the Company acquired, in 1885, the saw mills at Skutskar on the coast of the Baltic (Gefle district), where the manufacture of wood goods for export is now concentrated.
In addition to the Skutskar Saw Mills, and to replace the saw mill at the Domnarvet Iron & Steel Works, which was then closed down, a new saw mill was erected at Bysjon in 1921—22. The chareoal kilns were also removed there from Domnarvet.
Bysjon Saw Mill. View taken from an aeroplane in 1922
The logs are furnished chiefly by the vast forests belonging to the Company, and are floated down the river Dalelven to the mills.
The Saw Mills at Skutskar include 19 frames, 6 edging benches, 5 stavebenches, and 3 planers.
Logs sawn annually under normal conditions total about 1 y2 million pieces, and yield about 35/40000 Standards, which are exported to all parts of the world.
The output of Bysjon Saw Mill is 7000 Standards sawn timber, reserved chiefly for the needs of the Domnarvet Iron & Steel Works and the Kvarnsveden Paper Mills. The surplus is sold locally or exported.
Skutskar (District of Gefle). Open water generally from April to December.
D. THE CHEMICAL PULP INDUSTRY
Easy Bleaching Soda Pulp g N Easy Bleaching
Bleaching Soda Pulp g BLeaCmNG
Light Strong Soda Pulp jgf D LighttmStrong
Dark Strong Soda Pulp (Kraft) g D SJSr
Strong Unbleached Sulphite Jjf sv^fit gTQRA
Side by side with the Timber Industry the Chemical Pulp Industry developed. The Skutskdr (Harnas) Sulphate Pulp Mills, at Harniis, shown below, were erected in 1894, in order to utilize the smaller logs floated down to the saw mills, as well as the waste products obtained there. The corresponding Skutskdr (Harnas) Sulphite Pulp Mill was started in 1900.
18000 Tons strong and bleachable sulphate pulp, air dry weight, and 24000 Tons strong unbleached sulphite pulp, air dry weight.
Skutskdr, District of Gefle. (Port open April—December.) During winter months, Stockholm and Gothenburg.
Products and Trademarks
Development of the Chemical Pulplnduslry
Ports of Shipment
Development For the purpose of complete utilization of forest products the Company, in 1897—
"Vnduftry" 1900, built a large PaPer Mil1 with a Mechanical Pulp Mill at Kvarnsveden, near Domnarvet, among the largest of its kind in Europe. The necessary sulphite pulp is supplied by a mill run in connection with the paper mill.
There is also a Paper Mill at Skutskiir with knotter pulp paper as its speciality.
1 Yankee, 120" wide.
6 Fourdriniers 90", 112", 125", 136", 136" and 144" wide.
Newsprint, min. weight, 24"x36", 31 lbs.
The annual production is about 45000 tons of newsprint on reels and in sheets, and about 3000 tons of M. G. Sulphite Wrapping Paper.