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had also a sinecure of £600 per annum which allows those to laugh who win, in reward for his literary labors. Jef- for he has cleared a handsome annuity, fry, of the Edinburgh Review, origin- we understand, by the series of his ally of obscure and lowly station, has popular “Comic Annuals,” “Whims now erected for himself a large for- and Oddities,” &c. But it is quite tune, which he has acquired from his time to pause, at least as it concerns critical and literary celebrity; and his the plaints of “poor poets,” the enucontemporary of the opposite critical meration of whom we will close with organ exhibits a close parallel with the Samuel Rogers, of whose rabunfeatures of his antagonist friend. Pro- dant pecuniary as well as poetic resourfessor Wilson has not been without ces, it is needless for us to speak. even the luxuries of lise; “his deli But what shall be said of the legion ciously eloquent passages,” lo adopt of prolific novelists which belong to our the words of an appreciating and en days? We commence with thusiastic critic," have produced Scott, whose personal property, obgushes of admiration and praise;" and tained solely by his pen, must have an echo to the same pulse of feeling been worth £100,000, in addition to the will not be found wanting on this side title conferred on him and his family. the Atlantic. Crabbe and Campbell, The prodigious sums of money he rethough dissimilar in many essentials, ceived for his novels were beyond all were alike as respects their pecuniary precedent. As far as we can make oui, resources, which were sufficiently he had been accustomed to derive abundant to enable them to enjoy the about £15,000 per annum from his writotium cum dignitate; the latter is ings. His three Poems produced on characteristically indolent, but he ob- the average 3000 guineas a-piece to tained 300 guineas for his last small their author; and for his “Life of Napoem of The Pilgrim of Glencoe ;” poleon” he realized £12,000, being at for his “ Pleasures of Hopehe re- the rate of £33 per diem for the time ceived a similar amount; and, after it he occupied in its composition. If we had been published several years, he remember correctly, James has been in obtained 1000 guineas additional, and the receipt of from £800 to £1000 for 1500 guineas for his “ Gertrude." his historic fictions. Bulwer a still Then we might mention the vame of larger sum; his “Rienzi” yielded him Robert Southey—once laureate, now, £1600, and was the production of two we grieve to write, lunatic—as afford- months, as also his “Last Days of ing ample proof that the sons of genius Pompeii.” Marryatt derived from the are not always neglected by the smiles sales of his “ Peter Simple” over of worldly prosperity. Sotheby, the £2000; Lady Morgan had 2000 guiauthor of Italy," was not of any neas for her “ France in 1839;" and note originally, but his successful début lastly, we might mention the celebrated in the world of letters, led to pecuniary Charles Dickens, who is reported to results which enabled him to yield to have accumulated, by his inimitable the impulses of a generous heart, and satiric fictions, full £30,000, independwhich have enshrined his memory ent of his recent “American Notes," with the few who

which his liberal English publishers,

we hear, cashed in full for £1000, “Do good by stealth, and blush to find it before they could even receive endorsefame."

ment on this side the ocean. We shall

pot speak of the D’Israelis, Dr. Lever Wolcot, the facetious “ Peter Pindar," (Charles O'Malley), and a host of for many years received an income of others, as our space is unavoidably nearly £300 a year, and at his decease, prescribed. which occurred at the age of eighty, With respect to French and German he was found to have amassed no in- authors, we can adduce but little, not considerable property. Theodore Hook having had opportunity for much inaveraged £1000 for his later novels. quiry in those quarters. Chateaubriand Thomas Hood, the punsier, has had is reported to have received for the

to weep over the conse- copyrights of his entire works, balf a quences of indulging his most provok- million of francs. M. Scribe, the celeli propensity; but, on the contrary, brated French dramatic auibor, bas,

verification of the trite adage since 1812, written 315 pieces, which

no reason

have produced him the sum of 2,400,- copyright in the United States. Web000 francs. Each piece (generally iu ster, the great lexicographer, has one or two acts) averages 7,619 francs. devoted the morning, noon, and even. Among the most fecund writers of the ing of a busy life to the compilation of age we may mention the name of the his Dictionary, and which has been celebrated Dumas, who, it is slated, called, like the first Arabic dictionary, has actually produced, during the year “an ocean of words,"containing over before last, no less than twenty-two seventy thousand separate terms, with original volumes! his valuable and their significations; but what pecuniinteresting work on The Progress of ary return this veteran philologist has Democracy in France," being among yet received for his fifty years' labor we the number. Goethe received for his know not, but at any rate we learn copyrights 30,000 crowns; but Ger- that from one of the copyrights of his many, as well as Spain and Italy, can- Spelling Book (of which there are not boast much in the way of literary about thirty in different parts of the remuneration, caused in the latter no Union), the author's receipts are somedoubt by the unfriendly influence of its thing like $5000 per annum. It is severe literary censorship.

not to be supposed that all the We now approach nearer home, editions printed, are equally prolific. and although our facilities for informa. It all depends upon the machinery emtion on this interesting point might be ployed in their manufacture, which, as supposed to be increased, yet as such in one instance wé are acquainted matters are usually considered cabinet with, miraculously transmutes, by a secrets, we find our amount of statis- most summary process, a mass of patics necessarily circumscribed on this per shavings into books of the most account; and, much as we regret the immaculate description. Anthon's fact, the reader will have to abide the edition of the “Classics” yields the disappointment. One of the earliest editor a handsome annuity. cases of any note that we know of, We have not spoken, from want of was Wirt's “Life of Patrick Henry, space, more at length, on the enormous which ran through about 15,000 copies, pecuniary results which have accrued and for the copyright of which Mr. from school books, such as Vyse's Webster, the publisher, paid $2000. “Speller,” in England, and others in Mumford's “Virginia Reports” averag- our own conntry. But, for example, ed $1500 per volume. What Bancroft in 1836, we learn from good auand Prescott have received from their thority, that the sale of “Olney's popular Histories we have been unable Geography ” amounted to the prodito ascertain; the splendid success of gious extent of one hundred and thirty these important works, coupled with thousand copies, which, allowing a the known liberality of their publish- profit of 40 per cent., must have netied ers, renders the question of their own to the author and publisher $52,000 ! emolument a maiter of no great contin Are, then, the above illustrations, we gency or doubt. Col. Stone's “Life of ask in conclusion, significant of the Brani” was eminently popular, and the misery and penury of members of the shrewd and worthy author could not literary profession? For aught we can have forseited his share of the ample re- learn to the contrary, they are not a ward. Stephens, it is confidenily ru- degree behind those of either the other mored, had $10,000 from the sale of liberal pursuits-law, medicine, or his “ Egypt,” &c.; while, for his work theology. Without staying to enter on Central America, he is said to have into detail, we venture to assert that received double that amount! Irving the tendency to whine about the poor always retained an interest in his books, rewards of literature,_"the doom of which have been richly profitable to indigence and starvation," which bangs him. The highest price for a novel by over the heads of all who devole Cooper has been $5000. His English themselves to literary labor, is as uncopyrights were formerly vastly more just as it is needless. How can we lucrative. The English copyrights of assign the lowest pecuniary position to both these leading writers have been the author, when the half-starved law. incredibly great. Willis received about yer, and the poverty-stricken curate, £500 for his “Inklings of Adventure,' are epithets as characteristic as they and as many dollars on account of his are colloquial ? If, therefore, these

complaints on behalf of authors, are the booksellers' profits, partly in conseen to be so groundless, what will be sequence of my having given more for said of a further attempt to show that the money than any book that had the booksellers, instead of having bat- lately appeared. As you know, books tened upon the labor of their brains, do not sell in proportion to their inhave in many instances become the trinsic value, but to their size. I was victims of the cupidity of the former ? vexed to see Miss Smith's Fragments,

D'Israeli, it will be remembered, excellent as they are, and Mrs. Monhas a chapter on this very point; and tagu's Letters, iwo shillings a set in later times, the Rev. Thomas Scott more than Cælebs, though there is not supplies us with no less convincing much above half the paper and letter. evidence of the fact, that booksellers press. I do comfort myself that I have have been ruined by their authors. sold an honest, if not a good, book. How few comparatively of the pub- Notwithstanding these disadvantages, lishing community amass any consid- you will be glad to hear that I cleared erable wealth, caused mainly by the within the year £2,000, to be paid by great risks they incur, and their fre- instalments, £500 a quarter. I bave quent losses; and how many are to be had the first quarter. That Walter seen, contenting themselves in a quiet Scott's two-guinea poem should promediocrity, while their authors are not duce £2,000 is not strange; but that a unfrequently among the last to requite trumpery twelve shilling one, so caviltheir former liberality? There have led ai, and abused, too, should produce been many hapless individuals belong. the same sum so soon, was what I had ing to the craft, who, had they enjoyed no reason to expect. The copy.right is a pear acquaintance with some such still in my hands.' And again, in a friendly hand would have inscribed as a letter to 'Miss Seward, Sir Walter memorial upon their last resting-place Scott observes, “Though the account somethiag like the following me between an individual bookseller and lancholy meinento of one of former such a man as Southey may be iniquitimes:

tous enough, yet I apprehend that,

upon the whole, the account between “ Here lies poor Ned Purdy, from misery the trade and the authors at large is freed,

pretty fairly balanced; what these He long was a bookseller's hack ; gentlemen gain at the expense of one He lived such a horrible life in this world, class of writers is lavished, in many I don't think he'd wish to come back !" cases, in bringing forward other work's

of litile value. I do not know but this, The extreme liberality and enterprise on the whole, is favorable to the cause of publishers is a matter little under- of literature. A bookseller publishes stood, and we shall probably hereafter twenty books, in hope of hitting upon invite the reader to a few recitals on one good speculation, as a person buys this subject ; meanwhile, we may just a parcel of shares in a lottery in hope allude to the fact of Rees's Cyclopedia, of gaining a prize. Thus the road is which cost in its publication the unparal- open to all; and if the successful canleled sum of £300,000. What should we didate is a little fleeced in order to form think of his prudence in these utilitarian petty prizes to console the losing adtimes were a publisher to embark even venturer, still the cause of literature is a tithe of this vast sum on any single benefited." Booksellers, therefore, are work? We should unanimously deem not only often indispensable to the suchim a confirmed case of lunacy. And cess of an author, but there have been as evidence of the importance of book- some whose fostering care and patronsellers as accessary to the interests of age extended even to their latesi hour. literature, as well as authors, we ex- Barker the publisher, who died in 1741, tract the following passage from the left Lord Bolingbroke £300, Swift £200, “Memoirs of Mrs. Hannah More,” who, and Pope £100, and yet he does not speaking on this subject, makes the appear to have been excessively wealfollowing observations :-“ Cadel and thy. Another feature of character in Davis have sent me my account. The the booksellers' fraternity of London expenses of printing, paper, &c., are ex- with which we will conclude this orbitantly increased, and I had near somewhat desultory chapter, is their £5,000 to pay for experises, besides all establishment of a Literary Fund for

poor authors; and also a Provident In- once ascertained to be such cannot of stitution for poor assistants, who may course be affected by the accident of have become superannuated and other- country or clime; thence the absolute wise reduced in circumstances; a noble justice of international legislation on this example which might be worthily important subject, and will such legislaadopted among us. If booksellers have tive enactments shall have been effected done so nobly for the cause of litera. in its behalf, it is hopelessly vain to raise ture and the literary profession under the hue and cry about the poverty of the restrictive influence of the existing writers; and the much abused though laws regarding the rights of authors, favorite term, “republic of letters" will what would they not achieve, were the continue a misnomer, and copyright prescriptive property of a writer pro- must be written copywrong. The idea perly recognized ?'' All that has yet that the grant of a copyright involves a been done in the way of legislation on monopoly is a mere sophism ; and it is this subject, has been to grant protec- full time our legislators were influenced tion for a given term merely; thereby, by higher and more ingenuous motives, in fact, virtually implying the non-exist than those of mere conventional interence of the very principle it is proposed est; and instead of urging the question to defend. If an author have any claim of cheapness as the paramount motive, at all to the results of his intellectual they should be actuated by the nobler labor, it must assuredly be intrinsic, one, fiat justitia, ruat cælum !"* inalienable and abiding: and what is




THOSE spirits God-ordained,
To stand the watchmen on the outer wall,
Upon whose souls the beams of truth first fall,

They who reveal the Ideal, the unattained,
And to their age, in stirring tones and high,
Speak out for God, Truth, Man, and Liberty

Such Prophets, do they die?

When dust to dust returns,
And the freed spirit seeks again its God,
To those with whom the blessed ones have trod,

Are they then lost? No, still their spirit burns
And quickens in the race; the life they give
Humanity receives, and they survive

While Hope and Virtue live.

It is scarcely necessary for us to remark, after the article on the subject of international Copyright in our last number, that we dissent from this concluding remark of our correspondent, which, however, we are content to allow to stand as written by the author.-ED. D. R.

The land-marks of their age,
High-Prie :ts, Kings of the realm of mind are they,
A realm unbounded as posterity;

The hopeful future is their heritage;
Their words of truth, of love and faith sublime,
To a dark world of doubt, despair and crime,

Re-echo through all time.

Such kindling words are thine,
Thou o'er whose tomb the requiem soundeth still,
Thou from whose lips the silvery tones yet thrill

In many a bosom, waking life divine ;
And since thy Master to the world gave token
That for Love's faith the creed of fear was broken,

None higher have been spoken.

Thy reverent eye could see,
Though sinful, weak, and wedded to the clod,
The angel soul still as the child of God,

Heir of His love, born to high destiny ;
Not for thy country, creed or sect speak'st thou,
But him who bears God's image on his brow,

Thy brother, high or low.

Great teachers formed thy youth, *
As thou didst stand upon thy native shore;
In the calm sunshine, in the ocean's roar,

Nature and God spoke with thee, and the truth
That o'er thy spirit then in radiance streamed,
And in thy life so calmly, brightly beamed,

Shall still shine on undimmed.

Ages agone, like thee,
The famed Greek with kindling aspect stood
And blent his eloquence with wind and flood

By the blue waves of the Egean Sea ;
But he heard not their everlasting hymn,
His lofty soul with error's cloud was dim,

And thy great teachers spake not unto him.
Providence, R. I.

“In this town I pursued my theological studies. I had no professor to guide me, but I had two noble places of study. One was yonder beautiful edifice now so frequented as a public library, the other was the beach, the roar of which has so often mingled with the worship of this place, my daily resort, dear to me in the sunshine, still more attractive in the storm. Seldom do I visit it now without thinking of the work, which there, in the sight of that beauty, in the sound of those waves, was carried on in my soul. No spot on earth has helped to form me so much as that beach. There I lifted up my voice in praise amidst the tempest. There, softened by beauty, I poured out my thanksgiving and contrite confessions. There, in reverential sympathy with the mighty power around ine, I became conscious of the power within. There, struggling thoughts and emotions broke forth, as if moved to utterance by nature's eloquence of winds and waves. There began a happiness surpassing all worldly pleasures, all gifts of fortunethe happiness of communing with the work of God.”— Dr. Channing's Discourse at Newport, R. I.

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