Sidor som bilder

timent, much to the discomfort of the patient and physician is very similar to Tory vicar, his father. He rapidly that of debtor and creditor, an affair of progressed through the successive tade, accompanied with the usual stages of advancement, as Demonstra- business details, of bills rendered, retor of Anatomy, Lecturer, Surgeon to ceipts given, and the other et-celera of the Hospital, the first surgeon in the a trading transaction, while in London, city, Surgeon in the West End, Sur- the reward of the surgeon is left to geon to the Duke of York, and finally the generous impulse of his patient. to a Baronetcy and the position of Sur. The following extract will illustrate geon Extraordinary to the King. Sir the generosity of the princely merAstley Cooper was by nature cool and chants of London : intrepid, of a phlegmatic temperament, “ In the year 1813, my uncle [says the and acknowledged by his biographer biographer) performed the operation for to have been incapable of very warm stone upon Mr. Hyatt, a West Indian attachments. He was purely practi- merchant, who presented him with a fee cal, averse to theory and imaginative of a thousand guineas. Mr. Hyatt had speculation. We irace here the ele- recovered from the effects of the opera- · ments of his distinction as a surgeon. tion and necessary confinement to the Surgery, unlike Medicine, is a certain house, when a day was appointed by him, science, and deals with the practical, for the last formal visit of the medical appealing to the eye for its knowledge, the physicians, Dr. Lettsom and Dr. Nel

men. My uncle arrived rather late, and and to the skill and nerve of the hand for its application. Sir Astley Cooper was son, had already seen the patient, and

were talking upon the liberality of his rea great surgeon but a poor physician. muneration for their services, he having He was sensibly alive to his own inter- presented them each with £300. Mr. est, and left no opportunity unim- Cooper therefore went up alone, talked to proved to advance. his position. His Mr. Hyatt, congratulated him on his refirst impulse, on recovering from an covery, and listened with emotion to the attack of giddiness wbich had laid him grateful expressions which he poured prostrate at the feet of an influential forth towards him as his benefactor. At patient, was an injunction of silence. last, he rose to leave the room, and had And we read, that, upon discovering reached the door, when his patient, who that his political opinions were inimi- was sitting by the fire, took off his nightcal to his worldly progress, he aban- cap and threw it at him, saying, at the doned them and the intimacy of his same time, There, young man, put that democratical friends, without a passing guessing the contents of the missile, in

in your pocket.' My uncle, however, regret. Such was the worldliness of serted his hand, and took out from it a an essentially worldly character--an piece of paper; chucking the cap to his appropriate step to his future elevation patient, and at the same time saying, as the Surgeon of the Court.

that he would not rob him of so useful an Sir Astley Cooper's fame as a sur article, he put the paper into his pocket, geon brought with it the more sub- and took his departure. On subsequently stantial satisfaction of a large income. examining it, he found it to be a check for His average annual receipts, for many one thousand guineas. The liberality of years, amounted to seventy-five thou- Mr. Hyatt was no less remarkable to his sand dollars; and for one year his in- apothecary: One day, on running in come reached the enormous sum of haste to his patient, he fell and hurt his a hundred thousand. Nowhere but in knee, so that he walked lame on entering. London does professional merit meet Mr. Hyatt, observing this, immediately with so high a reward; in Paris, no asked, Dobson, old fellow, what's the

matter ?' and on hearing the nature of the surgeon derives from his practice an income beyond twenty thousand dol- 'I have here the best plaister in the world

accident, remarked, as he opened a box, lars; and iwelve thousand is near the for a bruised knce. He then, drawing limit of that of the most successful in out a £100 bank note, applied it over the New York. In accordance with our injured joint, and desired him to keep it truly commercial spirit, the relation of there. *

The most liberal fee of modern times was that received by Dr. Dimsdale, of Hertford. His celebrity as an inoculator in the small pox, recommended him to the Empress Catharine, at whose invitation he visited Russia. His successful inoculation of the Empress and her son was rewarded with the rank of Baron of the Empire, besides a pension of £500 per annum, and a present of £12,000.



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The position of Sir Astley Cooper replaced, carefully screwed down, the as a lecturer brought him into relation pall thrown over it, and the box containing with the Resurrectionists, to whom, the body passed out of the window to previous to the passage of the Anato- Patrick, who hid it in a tool house at my Act, the anatomist was indebted some distance from the dwelling-place." for his supply of subjects. These men were a bold, adventurous class, har, with some records left by Sir Astley

We are presented in these volumes dened by their loathsome and illegal Cooper, of his impressions and opinions occupation, who allowed no scruple to

of his royal patieni, George the Fourt. oppose the success of their trade. They These are but shadowy and imperfect were continually skulking about grave. sketches, seemingly memoranda doited yards, concealed themselves in the down for his own behoof. Our survaults and charnel houses, and resorted

geon bad removed a tumor from the to every device to supply themselves

royal scalp; with the material of their disgusting commerce. An extensive trade was “The King bore the operation well, recarried on by some of the most expert, quested that there might be no hurry, and who contrived not only to supply the when it was finished, said, 'What do you home demand in London, but to ship, call the tumor ?' I said, “ A steatome, Sire.' packed in crates and hogsheads, quan

Then,' said he, 'I hope it will stay at tities of dead bodies to the provinces, home, and not annoy me any more."" to Dublin and Edinburgh. A few of these adventurers amassed large sums

Truly a royal pleasantry!-only fit to of money, while the most of them raise a smile upon a courtier's lip. We terminated their lives less fortu. continue these extracts: nately, after a career of horse-stealing,

“When he returned from Scotland and burglary, murder, upon the gallows, or in the penal colonies. The following worldly, respectable people, but,' said he,

Ireland, he said, "The Scotch were a is a specimen of the extraordinary

the Irish are all heart. You would have methods resorted to by the body- been delighted to have seen their enthusisnatchers, for a supply of dead bodies: asm. The impression the Irish had made “ An intimate friend of Patrick's (a fa- character, and, but that he soon forgot, (the

upon him was of the most affectionate mous resurrectionist) was employed in the italics are ours) he would have done someservice of a gentleman. One day this man called on Patrick, and informed him that thing for that fine country and people.” his master was dead, and that he thought something in the way of business might

But that he soon forgot; how clearbe done with the body, as it was lying in ly these words illustrate the heartlessthe back parlor, the windows of which ness of princes, and that of George the opened on a large lawn. Patrick made Fourth, the most heariless of them several inquiries, and having ascertained all. Sir Astley seems to have enterthat the funeral was to take place on the tained the most exalted notion of the following Sunday, said in conclusion, mental capabilities of his royal patient. • The coffin, then, will, most probably, be screwed down on Saturday; if it is, let me “ The abilities of George the Fourth were know ; I will have nothing to do with it till of the first order. He would have made that part of the work is done.' Things the first physician or surgeon of his time, fell out as Patrick anticipated; and accord- the first lawyer, the first speaker in the ingly on the night of Saturday, he entered House of Commons or Lords, though perat the back of the premises, and, being ad- haps not the best divine. As a king he mitted to the parlor by the servant, com was prosperous, for he had the good sense menced his operations. Unassisted by any to be led by good ministers, although, light, he drew out all the screws, took off however, he did not like them all. The the lid, and, having formed an estimate, king was indolent, and therefore disposed as accurately as the circumstances would to yield to avoid trouble; nervous, and allow, of the weight of the body, removed therefore anxious to throw every onus it into a box which he had brought with from his own shoulders. He was the him for the purpose of containing it. He most perfect gentleman in his manners next placed in the coffin a quantity of and address; possessing the finest perearth, which the servant had procured son, with the most dignified and gracious from the garden, corresponding to the condescension, yet excessively proud ; weight of the corpse. The lid was then familiar himself, but shocked at it in


others; violent in his temper, yet natural- that George the Fourth was a prodigy ly kind in his disposition. I have seen of learning and wisdom, though he him spurn

from him, yet in ten quoted Horace, and had read De Gramminutes say, that he liked nobody so much

The licentious poet and lasciabout him, and that no one but he should vious historian appeal to other than do anything for him. George the Fourth

intellectual tastes. We believe his had an extraordinary memory,-he recollected all that he had read or seen, and majesty to have possessed a ready conhad the faculty of quickly comprehending

versational talent, much miscellaneous everything. If he saw an engine, he and gossiping information, and a mewould describe not only its principles of ac- mory tenacious of personal anecdote tion, but enter minutely into its construc- and scandal. We do not suppose that tion. He could recount anecdotes of his attainments were other than of the everybody, and could quote the beauties most superficial character, that he knew of almost all the works, in prose or verse, much more of Latin ihan of Greek, or in English literature. He also prided that he was capable of high intellectual himself on his knowledge of Latin, being, effort. Sir Asiley seems to confirm, in in fact, an excellent classic, and frequently his statement of the king's inability to quoted Horace. He was a good historian, write, the well-founded opinion (we being fully conversant with the history believe) that he could not spell. He not only of his own country, but of all Europe. I once said, “Sire, are you familiar he had none of the nature of the higher

may have been every inch a king, but with the fate of Henrietta Maria, after the death of Charles the First ? It is to be

man. George the Fourth was endowed found, I believe, in Pennant.' 'Oh," he said, by nature with a fine person, was of a

read De Grammont; there you will find lofty and imposing stature, and wellall about her, together with the history of developed figure. He possessed the those times, well described and minutely grace and ease of the finished man of given.' Dates also in history he could well the world. How fat he was entitled recollect, and it was dangerous to differ to the character of the high-minded with him concerning them, as he was gentleman, the man of truth, of couriesure to be right. The connexions and ous bearing, of pure and lofty converse, families of the nobility he was quite fami- of kind sympathies, and chastened liar with. He spoke German and French tastes, we leave our readers to judge as well as his own language, and knew & by our closing extracts: Jittle of others. With respect to Greek, his father, he said, would not let him go on with it, and so accounted for his defi- Liverpool went out of the room, What an

“ The king used to say, as soon as Lord ciency in that language. He spoke re awkward creature that is ! and then he markably well, but did not write so well, mimicked all his peculiarities, so as to because he would not give himself the produce a laugh against him. The king trouble, and therefore always sought as would sometimes be coarse in his conversistance from others. His life had been, sation and anecdotes, but, again, nobody since the age of sixteen, conversational, could be more refined and polished when from which time he had given very little he chose. He chatted with me for half attention to writing or composition. He

an hour or an hour, and was generally very often awoke early, and read from five or agreeable, although now and then irritasix o'clock in the morning until nine or

ble. He was not strictly attentive to facts, ten, and thus he became acquainted with but embellished all his stories, to render all the new books, which he read of every them more amusing, so that it would not description, novels, pamphlets, voyages, answer always to repeat his sayings of travels, plays; and he liked to talk of others. When ill, the king would never

allow that it was caused by his own imVerily, a most imposing array of prudence. One morning his tongue was princely accomplishments! All this white, and he was much heated. • By glowing description must be taken cum

G-d,' said he, “it is very extraordinary grano salis. Sir Astley's own accom

that I should be thus heated, for I lived plishments were not sufficiently exten- time. I must have some beaume de vie,

very abstemiously, and went to bed in good sive to render him a very capable judge sir.' When we went out of the room, of mental endowments in others, nor

W-said, 'You must not professionally was his abandonment of his liberal

act upon what his majesty has said ; he principles calculated to make him a

was drinking maraschino at two o'clock less partial judge of kingly attainment. this morning. The king was irregular in We have not much faith in the opinion his times for eating and drinkin.. • Bring:


me cold chicken,' he would say at eleven, unwillingly, he went to his drawer to take before he rose. "Yes, sire.' - Bring it, out the sum.” and give me a goblet of soda-water.' Soon after he ate again, and at dinner largely; first gentleman of Europe," who lived

He ill deserves the reputation of the but he did not in general drink much at dinner, unless tempted by the society of the life of a glution, and clung to his men he liked.

gold with the avarice of a miser. « Lord

said, that George the These volumes are singularly defiFourth and the Duke of York, although cient in interest. We have “a penny. generally lavish, were fond of having worth of bread to an intolerable deal of money in their bureau, which they did not sack.” The material for a biographical like to expend, and related the following column in Mr. Urban's Magazine, has anecdote in illustration. Mrs. Fitzherbert been, by the aid of uninteresting detail, told the king that one of his horses was a diffuse style, a large type, and broad likely to win at Newmarket, but the stakes margin, extended over iwo large octawere not paid. George Lee came and told him the same thing. Yes, said the valuable acquisition to the medical

This work might have been a king, "I told Lake to pay them. But,' profession, had not the biographer been replied Lee, he has no money. Do you diverted from the view of his subject pay them, then, my dear fellow. Oh! yes, you pay them. He could not pay them by his fancied importance as a man.

as a surgeon, his real claim to interest, either, and half an hour only remained; when he was told that his horse could noi We have succeeded in selecting a few win, as the stakes were not paid. "Yes, points of interest; beyond these, the but I have told Lake to pay them, and Í general reader can have no concern. told Lee to pay them.' • But they have To the medical world the work is of no no money, your majesty,' And then, very solid value.




He yield to Prussia's monarch ? No!

Though tyrant force suppress his voice,
The spirit of his song shall flow,

And make those Prussian slaves rejoice.

What! interdict the Poet's speech,

To freedom and his country given?
As well let monarchy upreach

And strive to stop the light of Heaven !
Aye! though it jar and loose those chains

Grown heavy from the touch of time,
No king may quench the niinstrel's strains

stay their onward march sublime.
The KÖRNER voice becomes a sword,

And fires the Peasant with its flame:
Then strive not, King, with Herwegh's word,

For Freedom's speech thou can’st not tame.

And thou, brave Poet, battle on!

A throng of hearts shall beat with thine,
And be thy guard, 'till freedom's dawn

O’er every Prussian vale shall shine!

The task-man may thy muscles bind

He cannot keep the spirit still;
Though fetlered else, the free-born mind

Shall mock the powerless tyrant's will!
New York, March, 1843.




The stream of knowledge softly flows,

For broad and deep its waters are;
Nor rapids break its calm repose,

Nor storms its azure beauty mar.

And mirrored in soft splendor there,

All earth and heaven are sweetly shown-
Art's wondrous temples proud and fair,

And shadowy forests dark and lone.
Come, then, and tread its silent shore,

And cull its lilies pure and white;
Or deeply quaff, and evermore

Partake of its serene delight.

For those who often wander here,

Or float along its tranquil breast,
Their eyes are prophet-calm and clear;

Each low desire is lulled to rest.

Oh, when the angry stir of men

Hath flushed thy brain and fired thy blood,
Turn to its cooling waters then,

Go bathe within its crystal flood !

And through thy fevered frame shall steal

A bland refreshment, heavenly sweel;
Thy strengthened soul new vigor feel

The varied cares of life to meet.
Providence, R. I.

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