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8th of January-a day on which we lifted into a carriage and drawn by men best prefer that it should be read-a day to his lodgings amidst the most enon which we trust it will not be found thusiastic shouts; and there, having tedious, whatever might be our success begged the attention of the crowd, he in interesting the reader's attention on implored them, if they had any regard any other.

for him, to refrain from every act of Was General Jackson, at the time insult or outrage upon the judicial of these proceedings, or has he been authorities, assuring them of his firm since, guilty of any misconduct which reliance on his government and councan weigh against his just claim upon try for redress of the wrong he had the country for relief and remunera- just suffered at their hands. To the tion ? Even Mr. Conrad pays him a noble course of this great man on that tribute of admiration for his ready trying occasion, was Judge Hall insubmission to the judicial authority debted for his personal safety; and to represented in the person of Judge that course is our country indebted for Hall. It is a tribute which no man a page of its history more brilliant can in his own heart withhold, when than the record of the preceding milihe reflects that the General felt these tary achievements. proceedings as a wanton outrage on


the blow as far as was in his property and reputation. Totally their power, the ladies of New Orleans, differing from Mr. Conrad as to the by a subscription limited to a dollar merits of Judge Hall, we yet look upon each, immediately raised the amount, the concluding scene of these proceed- and tendered it to their protector. He ings in his court, as one of the most accepted the sum thus nobly offered, morally sublime spectacles ever de- not for himself, nor as a reimbursement scribed by the pen of history.

of the unjust fine, but for the widows Here came the General in obedience and orphans who had been made such to the summons of the Court, flushed in the defence of the city, among whom with victory, surrounded by devoted it was accordingly distributed. friends and admiring thousands, who Is there anything in all this which looked upon the conduct of the Judge should make our Members of Congress as ungrateful, tyrannical, and cruel. tenacious to retain in the Treasury, the Excited to the utmost, they needed but money thus wrongfully exacted ? an encouraging word, gesiure, or look, And what in this respect has been to take justice into their own hands, the conduct of the General since ? Has and punish the magistrate who, actuat- he availed himself of a popularity and ed as they believed by personal con- power over the public mind exceeded siderations, was about to inflict an only by those of Washington, to secure outrageous wrong on one whose only personal advantages to himself, or even crime was the most disinterested devó obtain a return of the money unrighttion to the service of his country. eously exacted ? Instead of harassing

There sat the Judge trembling with Congress with appeals to do him justterror at the excitement which pre- ice, he did not while in power, we vailed around him, and, upon an open verily believe, breathe a wish to his outbreak of applause bestowed upon most confidential friends. Though surthe conquering hero on his approach, rounded since his retirement by pecuannouncing his purpose to adjourn the niary difficulties most painful to one Court under plea of personal insecurity. who has ever considered his honor Instantly, at a word from the venerated involved in fidelity to every promise, Chief, the murmuring crowd was his course was the same, until some of hushed to silence ; and iurning to the his grateful countrymen bethought Judge, he then said, “ Go on-the arm themselves that one more act of justice which has protected the city from was due to their great benefactor, and invasion, will protect this Courl in the spontaneously appealed to their repredischarge of what it conceives to be its sentatives to render it. duty, or perish in the attempt.” Thus In this delicate and proud reserve as protected, the Judge announced his to all that was personal when he had decision to be a fine of one thou- unparalleled power and influence, is sand dollars. It was paid on the spot. there anything, which should prevent

On retiring from the court house, Congress from doing justice at this late the General was most unwillingly day, and atoning for the only remaining

act which the dying patriot feels as a this day doubt bis perfect devotion to wrong inflicted upon him by the au- her institutions in the acts complained thorities of his beloved country ? of, and all his important public acts Whatever others may think, with us since, however misiaken in his objects the desire that this old man shall die or his means. What beyond pure mowith the consciousness that in every tives and entire devotion io her interests thing, the most minute, as well as the and glory, can a country ask of its most important, his country has done public servants? The uime has not him complete justice, would constituie come when man is infallible; and when a consideration decisive on any question error of opinion comes to be punished of doubt.

as crime, no honest man will accept To the Members of Congress, of what stations of high trust and heavy resever party, we say, let not this good and ponsibility, or in them dare to act great man die with a feeling that his up to the level of the critical occacountry has been in the least unjust sions when countries are to be saved or or ungrateful to him. No man can at lost.



MOTHER, has the dove that nestled

Lovingly upon thy breast,
Folded up its little pinion,

And in darkness gone to rest ?
Nay, the grave is dark and dreary,

But the lost one is not there;
Hear'st thou not its gentle whisper,

Floating on the ambient air ?
It is near thee, genule mother,

Near thee at the evening hour;
Its soft kiss is in the zephyr,

It looks up from every flower.
And when, Night's dark shadows fleeing,

Low thou bendest thee in prayer,
And thy heart feels nearest heaven,

Then thy angel babe is there.

Maiden, has thy noble brother,

On whose manly form thine eye
Lov'd full oft in pride to linger,

On whose heart thou could'st rely,
Though all other hearts deceived thee,

All proved hollow, earth grew drear;
Whose protection, ever o'er thee,

Hid thee from the cold world's sneer,-
Has he left thee here to struggle,

All unaided on thy way?
Nay, he still can guide and guard thee,

Still thy faltering steps can stay:
Still when danger hovers o'er thee,

He than danger is more near;
When in grief ihou'st none to pity,

He, the sainted, marks each tear.

Lover, is the light extinguished,

Of the gem that in thy heart
Hidden deeply, to thy being

All its sunshine could impart ?
Look above! 'tis burning brighter

Than the very stars in heaven;
And to light thy dangerous pathway,

All its new-found glory's given.
With the sons of earth commingling,

Thou the lov'd one mayst forget,
Bright eyes flashing, tresses waving,

May have power to win thee yet;
Bui e'en then that guardian spirit

Oft will whisper in thine ear,
And in silence, and at midnight,

Thou wilt know she hovers near.
Orphan, thou most sorely stricken

Of the mourners thronging earth,
Clouds half veil thy brightest sunshine,

Sadness mingles with thy mirth.
Yet, altho' that gentle bosom,

Which has pillowed oft thy head,
Now is cold, thy mother's spirit

Cannot rest among the dead.
Still her watchful eye is o'er thee,

Through the day, and still at night,
Hers the eye that guards thy slumber,

Making thy young dreams so bright.
0! the friends, the friends we've cherishid,

How we weep to see them die-
All unthinking they're the angels

That will guide us to the sky !

Utica, N.Y.



FALLEN ? No, thou art not! Rather would I share

Thy consciousness of truth, unshrinking trust
That right shall yet be might, and from the dust
The poor man's honest cause arise, than wear
The venal honors that the proud prepare

For those who serve their craft and gainful lust.

Thou dost retire, like him of old, the Just,
For crime of too much worth, and thou shalt bear

Home to thy quiet farm no self-disgust;
Each patriot heart shall keep thee in its prayer,

Believing that the People e'en in wrong
Are honest still, and nobly shall declare
Their sense of error, hailing thee ere long

More glorious from the shade, and from defeat more strong.
Written, Philadelphia,

March 4, 1841.



"Quæque ipse vidi." In surveying the history of discover- in the city of New York to establish a ies in natural science, one of the most priority of claim, based upon experipeculiar facts that strike the view is ments made in the latter part of the ihe circumstance that for years, aye same year. But by this time the and even ages, preceding the develop announcement of Dr. Buchanan's disment of some important principle, coveries had spread by means of the many of the leading phenomena had journals of the day, over the whole been repeatedly observed; and when extent of our wide domain. “These the grand conclusion deduced from experiments,” in the words of their these phenomena was once announced author, “occupied the whole ground to the world, the result excited less of Phrenology ; more than doubled the astonishment than the circumstance of number of distinct organs; and estabits having been so long unperceived. lished propositions in physiology and Men of the most exalted genius would therapeutics, of much more importseem often to stumble over these facts, ance than the Phrenological doctrines and even not unfrequently to pick them which had been thus established.” up and handle them, and still fail to Instead of hastening to our Atlantic discover their most obvious bearing. cities, in the reasonable hope that here Hence it has always occurred that at a discovery of such magniiude would tempts have been made to rob the dis. be more speedily and fully appreciated, coverer of his honors, however well Dr. Buchanan "remained in the far merited, on the ground that certain of West, quietly prosecuting his investithe essential facts had been previously gations to the end of perfecting his well known. Thus has it been with system of Neurology. So far as regards the kindred subject of Phrenology, cerebral excitability, he could not but whose enemies, failing in the effort to be aware that others would, by this subvert its principles, endeavored to process, attract the public mind, and show that what was true in it was not ihat it would be caught up even for new, and what was new was not true. popular exhibitions ; but justly conAnd in illustration of the circumstance sidering this as entirely subordinate to just adverted to, that the tendency of the science he aimed to establish by natural phenomena is often by no this means, he directed his efforts solely means appreciated even by the most to the accomplishment of the scientific acute observers, it may be mentioned end in view. that Gall himself once struck acci As these discoveries embrace, in dentally upon one of the most impor- their wide range, not only the mental tant facts of

Neurology” without physiology of the brain, constituting discovering the general law to which Phrenology, but also the physiology of it most obviously pointed. The same every corporeal organ as dependent remark is applicable to the experi, upon special portions of the cerebral ments without number performed mass, it follows that it was necessary during the last fifty years in France, to substitute a new term. Were the Germany, England, and the United functions of the brain exclusively menStates, upon subjects put into the tal, the term Phrenology would be somnambulic state by means of the sufficiently comprehensive; but as its Mesmeric process.

control over the corporeal functions is The earliest knowledge that we not less decided and important, the have of these discoveries in “ Neurolo- term Neurology, or science of the nergy” on the part of Dr. Buchanan, is, vous substance, bas been judiciously that in April, 1841, he was giving selected as expressive of all the phe public lectures and experiments on the nomena_comprised within its wide subject at Little Rock, Arkansas. We limits. These two classes of functions, are the more particular in referring to Dr. Buchanan distinguishes by the this date, as an attempt has been made terms psychological and physiological.

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which are, indeed, quite expressive in convenience of instruction, I demontheir more popular acceptation ; but, strate usually not more than one hunas the phenomena of the mind, in our dred. With a subject of large brain, present existence, can be manifested well cultivated mind, and high susceponly through cerebral structure, we tibility, I have no doubt that even as cannot see that this class of functions many as two hundred might be shown is less physiological than the other. distinctly." This double function of the brain, as The agent employed most generally demonstrated by Dr. Buchanan, we by Dr. Buchanan to excite the various consider as its mental and corporeal functions of the nervous system, is the physiology.

same as that used in the operations To Dr. Buchanan is due the distin- termed Mesmerism or Animal Magneguished honor of being the first indi- tism, viz., the aura of the nervous sys. vidual to excite the organs of the brain tem, which is radiated and conducted by agencies applied externally directly freely from the human hand. Instead, over them, before which the discoveries however, of putting the subject first ot' Gall, Spurzheim, or Sir Charles into the Mesmeric somnambulic conBell-men who have been justly dition, which renders the phenomena regarded as benefactors of their race that follow highly deceptive and inacdwindle into comparative insignifi- curate, Dr. Buchanan operates upon cance. This important discovery has his subject in the waking state, free given us a key to man's nature, moral, from the mental delusions which may intellectual, and physical ; for, by this be supposed to pertain to somnambumeans, in “ impressible " subjects, have lism. This impressible class, which become discoverable the various cere- is a very limited one, may not only bral organs which are not only connect- have a portion of the brain so energetied with the phenomena of thought cally stimulated, by the touch of and feeling, but control the corporeal anoiher, as to manifest its particular functions. As man is pervaded by the function predominantly; but the indiimponderable and invisible fluids, vidual becomes equally excited when which radiate from him unceasingly, he places his fingers on the cranial such as the electric, galvanic, magnetic, regions of the cerebral organs of and (according to Dr. Buchanan) “neu, another person. rauric,” the laws of these he would These characteristic and leading seem also to have demonstrated. He principles of Dr. Buchanan's system has likewise clearly established the are here adverted to merely in a gengeneral truths of phrenology, corrected eral way, as they will be again brought many errors of detail, and developed under notice by us, both in a sketch of the subject with such a degree of the principles of Neurology by Dr. Buminuteness that it now may be said to chanan himself, and in the diversified resemble the full-grown adult as com- experiments of a committee, appointed pared with the child.

by a public audience in the city of “ Neurology,” says Dr. Buchanan, New York, for the purpose of investi"while it incorporates the entire mass gating the pretensions of Dr. Buchanan of Physiology with Phrenology, makes to the claim of having enlarged the a revolution in the latter science. boundaries of anthropological science. Although the greater portions of the These announcements are, indeed, organs discovered by Gall and Spurz- of a startling character, extraordinary heim, have been, in the main, correctly to all, and to many wholly beyond described, yet experiment has proved credence. Had Dr. Buchanan lived in about one-third of the number to have an earlier age of the world, when been incorrectly understood. Nor does philosophy had not yet asserted its the catalogue of Gall, Spurzheim, noble prerogative of releasing the mind Combe, or Vimont, embrace a sufficient from the bondage of superstition, number of functions to explain the instead of being regarded as a bold and diversified phenomena of human char- original thinker and an untiring acter.

The number of inde- searcher after truth, he would have pendent functions which may thus be been dreaded, or perhaps persecuted, demonstrated by experiment with an as a necromancer casting his magic adequately susceptible person, amounts spells over the body and soul of his to one hundred and sixty-six; but, for victim. But, notwithstanding the wise

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