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See note on p. 54.
* This rule is most exactly observed in Dryden's Indian Emperor,
Act iv. Scene iv. Upon a sudden and unexpected misfortune,
Almeria thus expresses her surprise and concern.

Alm. All hopes of safety and of love are gone:
As when some dreadful Thunder-clap is nigh,
The winged Fire shoots swiftly through the Skie,
Strikes and Consumes e're scarce it does appear,
And by the sudden ill, prevents the fear:
Such is my state in this amazing wo;
It leaves no pow'r to think, much less to do:
J. DRYDEN. The Indian Emperour, p. 50. Ed. 1667.

Bp. Percy.

3 Boabdel to Almahide. As some fair tulip, by a storm opprest, Shrinks up, and folds its silken arms to reit ; And, bending to the blast, all pale and dead, Hears from within, the wind sing round its head : So, shrowded up your beauty disappears ;

Unvail my Love; and lay aside your fears. JOHN DRYDEN. The Conquest of Granada, Part I. Act v. p. 61,

Ed. 1672.

Bayes. Blazing Comet ! mark that. I gad, very fine.

Pret. But I am so surpris'd with sleep, I cannot speak the rest.'

[feeps. BAYES. Does not that, now, surprise you, to fall asleep just in the nick? His spirits exhale with the heat of his paflion, and all that, and swop falls asleep, as you see. Now, here, she must make a fimile.

SMI. Where's the necessity of that, Mr. Bayes ?

BAYES. Because she's surpris'd. That's a general Rule : you must ever make a fimile when you are surpris'd ; 'tis the new way of writing. 3 Cloris. As some tall Pine, which we, on Ætna, find

T'have stood the rage of many a boystrous wind,
Feeling without, that flames within do play,
Which would consume his Root and Sap away ;
He spreads his worsted Arms unto the Skies,
Silently grieves, all pale, repines and dies :
So, shrowded up, your bright eye disappears.
Break forth, bright scorching Sun,and dry niy tears.

[Exit

. BAYES. I am afraid, Gentlemen, this Scene has made you fad; for I must confess, when I writ it, I wept my

self. Smi. No, truly, Sir, my spirits are almost exhald too, and I am likelier to fall asleep.

Prince Pretty-man starts up, and says--Pret. It is resolv'd.

[Exit. Smi. Mr. Bayes, may one be so bold as to ask you a question, now, and you not be angry?

BAYES. O Lord, Sir, you may ask me what you please. I vow to gad, you do me a great deal of honour : you do not know me, if you say that, Sir.

SMI. Then, pray, Sir, what is it that this Prince here has resolv'd in his sleep?

BAYES. Why, I must confess, that question is well enough ask'd, for one that is not acquainted with this

new way of writing. But you must know, Sir, that, to out-do all my fellow-Writers, whereas they keep their Intrigo secret till the very last Scene before the Dance ;

I now, Sir, do you mark me--aSMI. Begin the Play, and end it, without ever opening the Plot at all ?

BAYES. I do so, that's the very plain troth on't: ha, ha, ha; I do, I gad. If they cannot find it out themselves, e'en let 'em alone for Bayes, I warrant you. But here, now, is a Scene of business : pray observe it ; for I dare say you'l think it no unwise difcourse this, nor ill argu’d. To tell you true, 'tis a Debate I over-heard once betwixt two grand, fober, governing persons.

SCÆNA IV.

Enter Gentleman-Usher and Physician. UM.

Ome, Sir ; let's state the matter of fact, and lay our heads together.

Phys. Right : lay our heads to gether. I love to be merry some

times; but when a knotty point comes, I lay my head close to it, with a pipe of Tobacco in my mouth, and then I whew it

away, i'faith. BAYES. I do just so, I gad, always.

Us. The grand question is, whether they heard us whisper? which I divide thus: into when they heard, what they heard, and whether they heard or no.

JOHNs. Most admirably divided, I swear.

UM. As to the when ; you say just now : so that is answer'd. Then, for what; why, what answers it self: for what could they hear, but what we talk'd of? So that, naturally, and of necessity, we come to the last question, Videlicet, whether they heard or no?

SMI. This is a very wise Scene, Mr. Bayes.

1

Such easy Turns of State are frequent in our Modern Plays; where we see Princes Dethron'd and Governments Changd, by very feeble Means, and on flight Occasions : Particularly, in Marriage-a-la-Mode; a Play, writ since the first Publication of this Farce. Where (to pass by the Dulness of the State-part, the Obscurity of the Comic, the near Resemblance Leonidas bears to our Prince Pretty-Man, being sometimes a King's Son, sometimes a Shepherd's; and not to question how Almalthea comes to be a Princess, her Brother, the King's great Favourite, being but a Lord) 'tis worth our While to observe, how easily the Fierce and Jealous Usurper is Depos’d, and the Right Heir plac'd on the Throne ; as it is thus related by the said Imaginary Princess.

Enter Amalthea, running.
Amal. Oh, Gentlemen, if you have Loyalty,

Or Courage, shew it now: Leonidas
Broke on the sudden from his Guards, and snatching
A Sword from one, his back against the Scaffold,
Bravely defends himself; and owns aloud
He is our long lost King, found for this moment
But, if your Valours help not, loft for ever.
Two of his Guards, mov'd by the sense of Virtue,
Are turn’d for him, and there they stand at Bay

Against a Host of Foes (J. DRYDEN.] Marriage-a-la-Mode. Act v. Sc. i. p 61. EJ. 1691.

This shows Mr. Bayes to be a Man of Constancy, and firm to his Resolution, and not to be laugh'd out of his own Method : Agreeable to what he says in the next Act. * 'As long as I know my Things are Good, what care Iwhat they say?' . . . Key 1704.

*

p. 71.

* (a) Ormafdes. I know not what to fuy, nor what to

think! I know not when I seep, or when I wake.

Sir W. KILLIGREW. Ormajdes, or Love and Friendship. Act v. p. 77. [Licensed 22 Aug. 1664]. Ed. 1665. (6) Pandora. My doubts and fears, my reason does

dismay, I know not what to do nor what to say ; Sir W. KILLIGREW. Pandora, or The Converts,

Act v. p. 92. Ed. 1665.

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