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the disease denoted by the theme or radical. He adverts to some striking anomalies which have prevailed in the use of the particles; and then prescribes a few general regulations. As these, together with the tabular illustration which follows them, exhibit the primitive development of their author's ideas on a subject of interest both to the medical student and to the general reader, I shall insert them here.

“ To reduce the anomalies, thus pointed out, to some degree of regularity, to make them intelligent to the student, and practically useful to the adept, I beg leave to submit the following regulations:

“1. Let the particle a (a) express alone the idea of total privation; as in amentia, agalactia, amenorrhæa.

“2. Let dys (èuc) express alone the idea of deficiency, as its origin ovvw or ovwe most naturally imports, and as we find it employed to express in dys-pnæa, dyscinesia, and dys-phagia.

“3. As an opposite to dys, let en (ev) be employed as an augmentive particle, as we have it in en-harmonic, en-telechia, and en-ergetic. En is not often, indeed, a medical compound, nor do I recollect its being employed in more than two instances; encephalon, in which it has the sense of interior (a word, indeed, that has been long falling into disuse,) and enuresis, in which it imports excess, and is consequently used as now recommended. Thus restricted, ev and dvs will have the force of inep and karw, but will be far more manageable in the formation of compounds.

“4. Let agra (aypa) be restrained to express the idea of siinple morbid affection in an organ, synonymously with the Latin passio, or the w (berh) of the Arabians.

“5. Let itis (iris) express alone the idea of inflammatory action, as in cephalitis, gastritis, nephritis.

“6. Let algia (anyia) express alone the idea of pain or ache, to the banishment of such useless synonyms as odyne and copos, or copus.

7. Let rhagia (from pinoow, rumpo) be confined to express a preternatural flux of blood.

“8. Let rhæa (from pew, fluo) express a præternatural flux of any other kind.

“ By adopting these few regulations, which, instead of innovating, only aim at reforming, our technology, if I mistake not, would be in many respects equally improved in simplicity, in elegance, and in precision; the student would easily commit it to memory, and the practitioner have a real meaning in the terms he makes use of. To prove the truth of these assertions, the subjoined table will be suficient, which may be easily extended to any length by the use of other particles or prepositions, or the introduction of other themes or radical terms of the medical vocabulary; a vocabulary at present equally confused and redundant, but which, when thus simplified, and cleared of the numerous synonyms and equivalents that overload it, might be reduced to at least a third part of its present length, and be rendered as much more conspicuous as it would be more concise. The adoption, moreover, of some such regulations as those now proposed, could not be more beneficial to our nomenclature than to our systems of nosology-a branch of medical literature, which, whether contemplated under the best synoptic or the best methodic arrangements of the day, stands in need of almost as much correction as our language.

[graphic]

RADICAL

COMPOUNDS.

algia

itis

rhæa

rhagia

Limes. Alimia. Dyslimia.

Limagra.
Depraved Di- Canine Appe- Morbid or false
Appetite. Total loss of gestion (com- tite.

appetite.
The digestive appetite. monly so call- Bulimia. Sauv. Pica. Sauv. Sag.
FUNCTION.
ed.)

Citta. Lin.
Anorexia. Cul. Dyspepsia. Cul. Adephagia Vog. Alliotrophagia.

Vog
Apepsia. Vog. Cynorexia. Al. Malaccia. Alior.

[graphic]

Gaster. Agastria. Dysgastria.
The Stomach. Stomachless: Contracted
The digestive applied to Stomach.
ORGAN. monsters thus

born.

Engastria. Gastragra. Gastralgia. Gastritis. Stomach mor

Stomach-ach. Inflammation of
bidly or preter-Morbid affec-

the Stomach.
naturally en- tion of the Sto- Gastrodynia. Gastritis.
larged. mach generally. Sauv. Cul. Sauv.
Gastrocele Sauv

Gastrorrhagia.
Vomiting of
Blood from the
Stomach.
Hoematemesis.

Autor.

Pneumon, Apneumonia. Dyspneumonia. the Lungs. Lungless : ap-Imperfect Con

plied to mon- formation of the sters thus born. Lungs.

[graphic]

RADICAL.

COMPOUNDS.

Ops, Opos, the Sight. The SENSE of vision.

Ophthalmos, Anopthalmia. Dysopthalmia. Enopthalmia. Ophthalmagru. Ophthalmalgiu. Ophthalmitis. Ophthalmirthe Eye. Protuberant

rhoea.
Eyelessness. Contracted or Eye-ball. Morbid affec- Ache of the Inflammation of Flux of the
The ORGAN of

Pig-eye. Prolapsus Oculition of the Eye-Eye-ball. the Eye-ball. lachrymal
Vision.
Buphthalmia, ball generally.

Humour.
Ecpiesmus.

Epiphora Sauv.
Aut. Gr.

Cul. Lin
Staphyloma.

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