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IX. 27 But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection : lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. And, as those wrestlers do, I diet myself accordingly: I keep under my body therefore, and bring it in subjection, by abstinence and such other hard exercises; lest, that, by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself, letting loose the reins to my own lusts, should be a castaway.
X. 1, 2 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be igno. rant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and
in the sea ;
Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that our Jewish forefathers, in the Church of Israel, were in the very same condition with us: they were under the same Sacraments with us: for, being all under the cloud and all passing through the sea, they were all baptized, under the ministry and conduct of Moses, in the cloud and in the sea: that waterish cloud and those sea-waters were as no other, but those baptismal waters, wherewith we are now washed in our initiation into Christ.
X. 3, 4 And did all cat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock' was Christ. And as this Sacrament was the saine to them and to us, so was that other also; for they did all eat the same spiritual meat with us; And did all drink of the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that water, which issued from that Rock; and that Rock was a figure of Christ, out of whose side issued that blood, which our sacramental wine now representeth.
X. 5 But with many of them God was not well pleased : for they were overthrown in the wilderness. But yet, for all this, there were many of them, with whom God was displeased; notwithstanding this outward profession, and participation of bis Sacraments: as ye may perceive by the effects; for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
X. 1 The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. The people did feast in their sacrifices, to the honour of their idol; and, 'in celebration of their solemnities, did rise up to play.
X. 8 As some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. As they committed fornication with the Moabitish women, and were accordingly punished; there being slain of them, in one day, three and twenty thousand, beside one thousand before.
X. 9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted. Neither let us tempt our Lord Christ, with our impatience and infidelity, as some of them tempted him, by making undue trials of his power and mercy.
X. 10 And were destroyed of the destroyer.
And were destroyed of the destroying angel, executing the just wrath of God.
X. 11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples : and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Which are fallen upon the very last age of the world ; so as those things, which were done so long since, in the very first ages of the Church, are still warnings for us, in these latest times.
X. 12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. Let no man therefore glory in his own strength, or securely presume upon his own abilities; but let him, that thinks he standeth, and applauds himself in his own abilities, take heed lest he fall.
X. 13 There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. Now, upon these examples of God's judgments and the reproof of your sins, I would not have you too much dejected and discouraged; for, if you have been miscarried with temptations, nothing is befallen you herein more than is incident into other men: rather have careful recourse to God, who is faithful in the performance of all his promises and undertakings; and, if ye look up to him, will not suffer you to be tempted above your strength to resist and overcome; but will moderate the temptation, and give you a happy issue out of it; and enable you, in the mean time, to go through with it.
X. 15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. I speak, as to wise men, who do well understand the true nature and use of the Sacraments; and therefore judge ye, whether that which I speak be not just and right.
X. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? Is it for you, that are members of Christ and partakers of the body and blood of Christ in his Holy Supper, to have any thing to do with the table of Idols? Look to the holy elements of both kinds: that sacred cup in the Eucharist, which we consecrate and bless, is it not that, wherein we have a joint communion with Christ, in partaking of his blood? The bread, which we break in that Holy Supper, is it not that, wherein we do both profess and have communion with Christ, in a joint receiving of his body?
X. 17 For we being many are one bread, and one body : for we are all partakers of that one bread. For we, that receive this body of Christ, are now not many bodies, but one body; even as the bread is, of many grains, made up into one loaf.
X. 18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar
Cast your eyes upon those Jews, which hold themselves still to the Mosaical Law: are not they, while they eat of the oblations made to God, justly thereby held to be partakers of that sacrifice, which is offered upon the altar, unto the true God? So therefore must it needs be, that ye, which eat of the meat offered to idols, do, by this means, interest yourselves in their Idolatry.
X. 19 What say I then, that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? What shall I say then ? that the Idol hath any power in itself, to defile and pollute the creature? or that the things offered to Idols do, either in their nature contract any pollution hereby, or cast as of themselves any uncleanness upon the partaker of them? No, surely; all the pollution is in the purpose and intention of the receivers: the end and scope of these superstitious Idolaters is wicked; and thereupon, those, that join with them in their abominable work, become justly defiled.
X. 20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God; and I would not that
ye should have fellowship with devils. For the deities of the Gentiles are no other than devils, what forın soever they put on; and, therefore, those things, which they sacrifice unto those their imagined gods, are by them sacrificed indeed unto devils, not unto God: and I would not, that
should have any communion with and in the service of devils.
X. 2i Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of depils : &c. Ye, therefore, who, at God's table, partake of the cup of the Lord, cannot, at the table of Idols, partake of the cup of devils : &c.
X. 22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? Do we dare to provoke the Lord to wrath; and to a jealous indignation, at our participation with Idol-gods? Can we bear it out against him? Will he not be sure to be revenged on us, to our utter confusion!
X. 23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient : all &c. See chap. ix. ver. 12. X. 24 Let no man seek his own,
every man another's wealth, Let no man stand
upon the terms of his own right and liberty, and regard bis own pleasure or profit, but carefully tender the good and welfare of others.
X. 25 Making no question for conscience sake. Making no question of the lawfulness thereof, nor raising any scruple in thy conscience concerning it. X. 26 For the earth is the Lord's, and the
fulness thereof. For the earth is the Lord's, and all the creatures wherewith it is furnished; and, in his right, they are therefore thine to make thy lawful use of.
X, 28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice
unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake : the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof : But if any man, &c. eat not; out of thy due respects to the of. fence of him that told thee so; and for conscience sake, upon the very same ground of that full right, which thou hast in God to all his creatures, and therefore needest not to be tied to eat of any them, with offence.
X. 29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other : for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience ? For the conscience sake, I say, not of thyself, for thine own conscience perhaps is fully enough persuaded of the lawfulness hereof, but of that other that told thee so; who, doubtless, would not bave spoken of it to thee, if he had not made scruple of it himself: for why should I use my liberty with scandal, so as I should be condemned by another man's conscience; while I do that which he thinks damnable, though I think it lawful?
X. 30 For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? For, though I may lawfully eat of things sacrificed to Idols, by the grace and privilege of my Evangelical liberty, receiving the good creatures of God, though abused, with thanksgiving to God, the author and giver of them; yet, why should I expose myself to the censures of men,
and open their mouths against me, as if I were an Idolater, in doing it?
X. 32 Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God. Give none offence to any man whomsoever, whether within the bosom of the Church or without; neither to Jei, nor Gentile, nor Christian.
X. 33 Even as I please all men in all things, not &c. Even as I please all men in all lawful and indifferent things, not seeking, &c.
XI. 2 Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all
gs, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them Now I praise you, brethren, that you remember all those good instructions, that I
observe those ritual traditions and ordinances, in that form, that I delivered them unto you.
XI. 3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. But, I would have you know, that there are several degrees of subjection and subordination. The woman is subject to the man; the man is subject to Christ; and Christ, as Man, is subject to God the Father: and each of these acknowledges a superiority, and headship, in those, to whom they are subject.
XI. 4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head co. vered, dishonoureth his head.
This being premised, I hold it requisite to admonish you of some indecent fashions, that are used in the congregation, by those of both sexes: for, whereas covering of the head is commonly taken for a sign of subjection, and the uncovering of it a sign of power and superiority, it is contrarily used amongst you: the man, who is the superior, covers his head; and the woman, who is the inferior, uncovers it. Let me therefore tell you; Every man, that prays or prophesies with his head covered, disparages and dishonours himself; and casts off that sign and semblance of superiority, which he should maintain.
XI. 5 But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven. But, every woman, that taketh upon her publicly to pray or prophesy with her head uncovered, dishonours herself, in doing that which is against natural modesty and decency; for this bare-headedness in women, is no less unfit and uncomely, than if their heads were shaven.
XI. 6 For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered. It is an immodest fashion in the wanton dames of Corinth, that
abroad in public places, without any veil or covering on their heads: if they will needs take up this mannish fashion, of going uncovered, let them be shaven also ; but if it be a shame for a woman to be shaven, as ye cannot but grant, then let her be cuvered.
XI. 7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of For a man ought not, indeed, to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the superior; and, in this superiority, bears the glorious image of God, having none above him to control and over-rule him: but the woman is but the glorious image of the man, and must acknowledge her inferiority and subjection to him.
XI. 10 For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head, because of the angels. For this cause ought the woman to cover her head, to shew that she is under the power of her husband; and not to display her immodesty before the face of the very Angels of God, who are, in this indecent carriage, witnesses thereof.
XI. 11 Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord. Not that the man ought to insult upon the weakness of the woman, and pride himself in his own superiority; but must consider, that God hath matched them together, so as neither of them can have their being without other.
XI. 12 For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God. For, as the woman was first made of the man, so is the ever