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294. EMPHASIS-is sometimes exhibited Proverbs. 1. Many, who possess much, en. by changing the seat of accent. 1. What is joy but little. 2. Never sound the trumpet of your done, cannot be undone. 2. If he did not do own fame. 3. Faction—is the bane of society. it directly, he did it indirectly. 3. There are 4. Religious contention—is Satan's harvest. 5. probably as many invisible as visible things. Sell not virtue to purchase wealth. 6. The dis4. Did he act honestly, or dishonestly? 5. course of flatterers, is like a rope of honey. 7.

Truth There is a difference between giving, and for

may languish, but it never dies. 8. Undergiving. 6. Does he speak distinctly, or in- take no more than you can perform. 9. Value a distinctly? 7. Better be untaught than ill- bound to be honest, but not to be rich. 11. He is

good conscience more than praise. 10. We are taught; and better be alone, than in bad idle, that might be better employed. 12. The more company. 8. He that ascended, is the same laws—the more offenders. as he that descended. 9. Pure religion rais

Anecdote. Sailor and Highwayman. A es men above themselves ; irreligion-sinks stage-was once stopped by a highwayman, them to the brute. 10. Similitude-joins ; who, being informed by the driver, that there dissimilitude-separates.

were no inside passengers, and only one on 295. EMPHASIS—by changing the seat of the outside, and he a sailor,-the robber proaccent, in words of the same structure, and ceeded to exercise his functions upon the of different structure, to convey the full bold and honest tar; when, waking him up, meaning. 1. To do, and to un-do—is the Jack demanded to know what he wanted : to common business of the world. 2. Reason, which the son of plunder replied, "Your truth, and virtue—are the proper measures money;” “You shan't have it,” says Jack. of praise, and dis-praise. 3. Mind, and voice “No 3" rejoined the robber," then I'll blow -act, and re-act upon one another. 4. We your brains out.” “Blow away, then; I may may have sen-sibility, without manifesting ir- as well be without brains, as without money. ritability. 5. Some things are con-venient; Drive on, coachee !while others are in-convenient. 6. It is necessary to observe the division, and the sub

Independence. Always form your own division. 7. In the suitableness or un-suit- opinion of a person, and never allow anothableness, in the proportion or dis-proportion, er, even your most intimate friend, to judge which the desire bears to the cause, and the for you; as he may not have half the power object, consists the propriety, or im-propriety,

of discriminating character, that you yourself the de-cency, or in-decency—of the conse- possess. Never allow yourself to be talked

out of any thing—against your better judg. quent action. 296. DYSPEPSIA. Many persons of the ment; nor talked into any thing ; unless you

see clearly, that the reasons advanced-are present day do not chew their food like a man, but bolt it whole, like a boa-constrictor : they

more powerful than your own. neither take the trouble to dissect, nor the

Varieties. 1. If your principles are false, time to masticate it. It is no wonder they no apology can make them right ; if founded lose their teeth, for they rarely use them; and in truth, no censure can make them wrong. their power of digestion, for they exhaust it 2. Do your best to do your best, and what by overeating. They load their stomachs, you lack in power, supply with will. 3. Ev. as a drayman does his cart, as full as it will ery plant that is produced, every child that is hold, and as fast as they can pitch it in; and born, is a new idea ; a fresh expression of the then complain that their load is too heavy.

wisdom and goodness of our Creator. 4. 267. Zo-ol-0-Gy. Almost every child—is When I see a tight laced girl, or woman, I a naturalist : hence, among the earliest plays think,--well, there goes another fool. 5. Can of childhood, the observation of the habits of one passion, though it predominate, act withdifferent animals, holds a prominent place. out assistance of the other passions? 6. The How delighted are they with dogs, cats, calves, state of the three kingdoms in nature, speak

the same at all times; as also the state of evlambs, sheep, oxen, and horses! What a pity, that so much pains should be taken in ery nation, and what is passing in it; all an imperfect education, to sever their young these things are a language, as are also minds from these interesting objects ; so well many smaller particulars, tho' attended by calculated to induce close observation, and none.

There will come, open new fountains in the youthful mind! But how greatly are these studies increased

Alike, the day of trial-uuto all, in value, by adding the treasures of Botany,

And the rude world—will buffet us alike :

Temptation-hath a music—for all ears ; and Mineralogy, beautiful flowers, and pre

And mad ambition—trumpeteth to all; cious stones! What a glorious world, and

And ungovernable thought, within, how admirably designed to aid in the de

Will be in every bosom-eloquent: velopment of body and mind.

But, when the silence and the calm come on, Eye nature's walks, shoot folley, as it flies, And the high seal-of character is set, And catch the manners-living, as they rise. We shall not all-be similar,

298. EMPHASIS, by changing the seat of Proverbs. 1. One may have a thousand acAccent, and, of course, the Emphasis too. quaintances, and not one real friend among them 1. Does he pronounce correctly, or incorrect all. 2. The richer a country is in talent, and good ly? 2. In some kinds of composition, plaus- sense, the happier will it be. 3. Always to speak ibility is deemed as essential as probability. 1.-what we think, is a sure way—to acquire the 3. Does that man speak rationally, or irra- habit of thinking and acting with propriety. 4. tionally?

portion 4. We are not now to inquire All finery—is a sign of littleness. 5. In into the justice, or the injustice, the honor,

as we know ourselves, we are enabled to know

others. 6. The government — and people — should or the dishonor of the deed; nor whether it was lawful, or unlawful, wise, or unwise; Time and labor-change a mulberry-leaf into satin.

never regard each other, as opposite parties. 7. but, whether it was actually committed. 5. 8. As virtue - is its own reward ; so vice — is its He who is good before invisible witnesses, is own punishment. 9. It is torture, to enemies, to reeminently so before visible ones. 6. This turn their injuries with kindness. 10. Cast thy corruptible--must put on incorruption, and bread upon the waters ; for thou shalt find it, after this mortal-immortality. 7. What fellow many days. 11. He, may find fault, who cannot ship hath righteousness, with unrighteous-mend. 12. A bird is known by its note, and a man ness? or what communion hath light-with-by his talk. darkness? 8. We naturally love what is

Anecdote. No rank in lifem precludes the agreeable, and hate what is disagreeable. efficacy of a well-timed compliment. When

299. It is surprising, how few, even of our Queen Elizabeth, who was highly accombetter readers, emphasize the right words, in plished, both in mind and person, asked an a proper manner ; this is more especially the embassador, how he liked her ladies, who atcase in reading, than in speaking; and yet tended on her; he replied, “It is hard to judge children emphasize, correctly, everything that of stars in presence of the sun." is the result of their own feelings and An Honest Means of getting a Living. thoughts. Incorrect emphasis, always per- There seems to be but three ways for a nation verts the sense ; and, to the hearer, it is like to acquire wealth; the first is by war, as the directing a traveler in the wrong road. Ex. Romans did, in plundering their conquered 1.“Dr. Syntax told Jack, to saddle his horse; neighbors,-this is robbery; the second, by and Jack saddled him.Thus emphasized, commerce, which is generally cheating; the there is no possibility of doubt, but that Jack third, by agriculture, the only honest way, -put the saddle on the Doctor. Place the wherein a man receives a real increase of the emphasis on saddled, and you will get the seed thrown into the ground, in a kind of true meaning. 2. Now, therefore, the said continual miracle, wrought by the hand of John, (says the said Thomas,) is a thief. 3. God in his favor, as a reward for his innocent Now, therefore, the said John, says the said life and his virtuous industry. Thomas is a thief. Apply emphasis in a va- Varieties. 1. Should not every one beriety of ways, to other examples.

ware of the evils, attendant on his own con300. ConstRUCTION OF Houses. How dition? 2. Children, as well as adults, are little attention is paid to the construction benefitted by their own conjectures and reasof our dwellings! They seem to be built, onings; even about things and principles, principally, for their looks; and without that they cannot as yet comprehend. 3. regard to health, and comfort. Our sleep What does education mean, but the regeneing apartments — appear to be of second- ration of the mind? 4. The present families ary consideration : they are generally made of mankind-seem but the wrecks and ruins small; are poorly ventilated, with low of men; like the continents, that compose the ceilings, while all ingress and egress of air earth. 5. How apt we are — to make our. is carefully prevented. It would be much selves—the measure of the universe; and better to reverse this arrangement, and have with the span of one life, or the world's hisour dwelling apartments constructed like our tory, to crowd the magnitude, and extent of sleeping apartments; for the former are often the works of God; these are but parts of ventilated through the day. Beware of low one stupendous whole. 6. Our bodies are stories, or low ceilings: houses with attic new-formed every seven years. 7. Only, that stories, or half stories, or garrets, used for external worship is profitable, in which an sleeping or study rooms, are hot-beds of dis- internal feeling, and a sense of what is said ease and death; excellent places, with the and done, exists; for without such sense, it addition of highly seasoned food, and a plenty must needs be merely external. of coffee, to generate bilious and other fevers.

Lo! like a glorious pile of diamonds bright Fine economy this! and then pay the physi

Built on the steadfast cliff, the waterfall cian a few hundred dollars a year, to cure, or Pours forth its gems of pearl and silver light; kill you!

They sink, they rise, and, sparkling, cover all 'The best—sometimes, from virtue's path recede; With infinite refulgence : while its song, But if the intent be good, excuse the deed.

Sublime as thunder, rolls the woods along.

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301. EMPHASIS - may be exhibited by Proverbs. 1. He, who goes no further than stress, and higher pitch : that is, force and bare justice, stops at the beginning of virtue. 2 loudness of voice, and elevation to the upper The blameless-should not bear the effects of vice notes of the scale. 1. Little minds are 3. The faults, and misfortunes of others, should tamed—and subduedby misfortunes; but serve as beacons, to warn us against the causes, great ones-rise ABOVE them. 2. VIRTUE by which they have been overwhelmed. 4. Some - leads to happiness ; vice—to misery. 3. -have such a love for contention, that they will TRUE liberty--can exist-only where jus- all importance. 5. The human mind—can ac.

quarrel, even with a friend, for a matter devoid of TICE-is impartially administered. 4. TYRANNY-is detestablein every shape; but in

complish almost any thing that it determines to efnone so formidable, as when assumed and surmountable difficulty. 6. Keep your appetite

fect; for patience, and perseverance, surmount every exercised, by a NUMBER of tyrants. 5. Frown under the control of reason. 7. The indulgence INDIGNANTLY, upon the first DAWNING—of of a satirical disposition—is always dangerous : an attempt, to alienate any portion of this it betrays a malicious spirit, a bad heart, and of Union from the rest: the Union—it must ten creates enmities, and dislikes, that no lapse of be preserved. 6. DRUNKENNESS—destroys years can soften, and deathcan hardly extinguish. more of the human race, and alienates more 8. While the tongue and expression of someproperty, than all the other crimes on earth. seem to be honied, their heart-abounds with vine7. A day, an HOUR-of virtuous liberty, is gar. 9. Superfluity-often leads to profusion. 10. worth a whole eternity in bondage. 8. I tell Characters—in every other respect virtuous and you, tho' (5) you ; tho' all the (6) world ; tho' amiable, if tinged with haughtiness and reserve, an angel from (8) HEAVEN—declare the become odious. 11. Solitudedulls thought; too truth of it, I could not believe it. N. B. The much society-dissipates it. 12. The longest lifewords in small capitals have both stress and is but a parcel of moments. 13. Without pru. elevation.

dence, fortitude is mad. 302. STRONG Points. There are, in all

Anecdote. A paver, who had often dunkinds of sentences, paragraphs, speeches, ned a Doctor, was one day answered by him, &c., what may be called strong points, which

-“Do you pretend to be paid for such work? are to be shown, principally, by the voice: You have spoiled my pavement, and covered hence, the importance of throwing all weak it with earthto hide its defects.Mine is parts into the back-ground, and bringing out not the only bad work, that the earth hides; the strong ones-into the fore-ground. Now as your practice abundantly proves,”—reif the little words, that are insignificant, are,

joined the man. in their pronunciation and delivery, made Legendary Tales. In countries, where significant, the proper effect will be destroy- education and learning abound, legendary ed. Therefore, we should never make prom- and miraculous tales lose ground; exciting inent such words as are not emphatic; and but little interest, and less belief, and at last especially, such words as at, by, of, for, from, almost becoming a dead letter. Mankind, in in, on, up, with, &c., unless they are contras- a state of ignorance, with little education, ted with their opposites: as-of, or for; by, are credulous, and fond of the marvellous ; or through; from or to; in or out ; on, or and there have not been wanting, in all ages, under ; up, or down, &c.

men of craft and invention, to gratify that 303. RECITATIONS. Frequent recitations, passion in others, and turn it to their own from memory, are very useful, as they oblige advantage. the speaker to dwell on the ideas, which he Varieties. 1. The Bible-has truth for wishes to express, discern their particular its subject, the mind for its object, and the meanings, and force, and give him a know- Father of mind for its Author. 2. Such is the ledge of emphasis, tones, &c., which the arrangement of Divine Order, in the governpieces require : and they will especially re- ment of the universe, that no evil can be praclieve him from the influence of school-boy hab- ticed, or intended, without eventually falling its--of reading differently from conversation, on the contriver. 3. A knowledge of man's on similar subjects, and afford far greater physical organization, as well as mental, is scope for expression and gestures.

essentially requisite for all, who would suc304. Ethics. Moral Philosophy,—treats cessfully cultivate the field of education. 4. of our duties to our Maker, to our fellow- Experience—is the knowledge of every thing men, and to ourselves; and the reasons by in the natural world, that is capable of be which those duties are enforced. Its great ing received through the medium of the senses. object seems to be—to promote the cause of 5. Where liberty dwells, there--is my counvirtue, by showing its reasonableness, excel- try. 6. Intemperance-drives wit out of the lence and beauty, and the melancholy effects head, money out of the pocket, elbows out of of neglecting or forsaking it.

the coat, and health out of the body. 7. In Honor-is an isle,—whose rocky coast the choice of a wife, take the obedient daughWhen once abandoned, is forever lost. ter of a good mother.

305. EMPHASIS - is made, secondly, by Proverbs. 1. A desire to resist oppressionquantity and force; i. e. prolongation of is implanted in the nature of man. 2. The faults sound, and stress of voice, on either high, low, and errors of others, are lessons of caution—to ouror medium pitches. 1. Roll on,—thou dark selves. 3. No shield is so impenetrable, no security -and deep blue ocean-ROLL; Ten Thous- so effectual, as a mind-conscious of its innocence. AND fleets SWEEP-over thee in vain. 2. 4. Our most delightful enjoyments—are always Let our object be our country; our WHOLE liable to interruption. 5. If our passions are not country; and nothing but our country. kept under control, they will soon master us. 6.

Those things that are unbecoming, are unsafe. 7. 3. I warn you—do not DARE-to lay your hand on the constitution. 4. Hail! Univer- Ardent spirits-have drowned more people, than

all the waters in the world. 8. He, is never tired sal Lord! Be bounteous stillto give us

of listening, who wishes to gain wisdom. 9. All ONLY GOOD; and if the night-have gathered true religion relates to life; and the life of that re-aught of evil--or concealed-disperse it

ligion is—to do good from a love of it. 10. A wise now, as light-dispels the dark. 5. A Deity man is a great wonder. 11. Be courteous to all, -believed—is joy begun; a Deity-adored and intimate with few. 12. Defile not your mouth -is joy ADVANCED,—a Deity--BELOVED— with swearing. is joy matured. 6. Prayer-ardent-opens Anecdote. Law Practice. A lawyer told heaven ; lets down a stream of gloryon his client, that his opponent — had removed the consecrated hours of Man,-in audience his suit to a higher court : "Let him remove -with the DEITY. N. B. The first Ex. is it where he pleases, (quoth the client;) my an instance of the lowest division of subjects attorney will follow it—for money." -the Natural; the second and third, of the

Common Sense. It is in the portico of middle division—the Human ; and the fourth the Greek sage, that that phrase has received and fifth, of the upper—the Divine : see pre- its legitimate explanation ; it is there we are vious article on this subject.

taught, that “common sense” signifies “the 306. SHERIDAN, of whose oratorical pow- sense of the common interest." Yes! it is the ers, every elocutionist has heard, after having most beautiful truth in morals, that we have excited a great interest among his friends, no such thing as a distinct or divided interest who were filled with hope at his prospects, from our race. In their welfare is ours, and made a signal failure, on his first appearance by choosing the broadest paths to effect their in Parliament; insomuch, that he was en- happinesss, we choose the surest and the treated never to make another attempt. He shortest to our own. nobly replied—“I will; for by Heaven, it is Varieties. 1. The universe - is an emin me, and it shall come out.He did try, pire; and Godits sovereign. 2. The smoothand his efforts were crowned with success. ness of flattery-cannot now avail, -cannot In like manner, almost every orator failed at save us, in this rugged and awful crisis. 3. first; but perseverance made them more than I had much rather see all-industrious and conquerors. It is not unfrequent that the enlightened,—than to see one half of manmost abashed, and ill-omened, succeed the kind-slaves to the other, and these-slaves best. Take courage ; let your motto be “on to their passions. 4. The condition of scofward and UPWARD, and true to the line." fers, is of allthe most dangerous; as well

My crown is in my heart, not on my head; from the particular state of mind, that constiNor decked with diamonds, and Indian stones : tutes their character, as because they are inNor to be SEEN ; my crown—is called-CONTENT; capable of convictionby argument; who A crown it is—that seldom KINGS enjoy.

ever knew such a one converted to the truth? If there is a Power above us,

5. Watch against, and suppress—the first (And that there is—all Nature-cries aloud,

motions of spiritual pride ; such as-proneThro' all her works,) He-must delight in virtue ;

ness to think too highly of yourselves, or a And that which He delights in-must be happy.

desire to have others think highly of you, on He hath a heart-as sound as a BELL,

account of your spiritual attainments. 6. And his tongue—is the CLAPPER;

How many villains—walk the earth with For what his heart-THINKS, his tongue-SPEAKS.

credit, from the mere fulfilment of negative Where'er thou journeyestor whate'er thy care, decencies. 7. Study history, not so much for My heart shall follow, and my spirit--share.

its political events, as for a knowledge of hu. 5. American Literature-will find, that the man nature. intellectual spirit—is her TREE OF LIFE ; and

Away! away to the mountain's brow, the union of the states,-her garden of Where the trees are gently waving; Paradise. 6. God-is our FATHER; and al

Away! away to the mountain's brow, though we, as children, may be EVER so Where the stream is gently laving. guilty, his compassion towards usfails not;

Away! away to the rocky glen, and he will pity, forgive, and counsel, advise, Where the deer are wildly bounding; teach, and lead us out of evil, whenever we And the hills shall echo in gladness again sincerely wish it.

To the hunter's bugle sounding.

397. QUANTITY AND RHETORICAL Proverbs. 1. You cannot appease envy, PAUSE. 1. Dwell on such words as are expres- even by sacrificing virtue. 2. The envious man sive of the kindlier affections, with a slow grows base, by contemplating the success of an and adhesive movement of voice, as if you other. 3. A government, that undervalues the af. parted with the ideas reluctantly. 2. Very fections of the people, and expects to find a firm deliberate subjects require more or less of basis in terrors, will be mistaken, and short-lived. quantity in their emphasis: so also do the 4. He, who passes over a crime, unreproved, or sublime, the grand, and the solemn; partic-unpunished, encourages its repetition. 5. He, ularly, the reverential, the grave; so also do who controls his passions, subdues his greatest earnest entreaty, prayer, deep pathos, &c. self to all the contingencies of life; but the fool

enemy. 6. He, alone is wise, that can adapt himEx. “Join—all ye creatures—to extol--Him vainly contends, and struggles against the stream -FIRST; Him--last; Him-midst, and—7. The ways of the lazy-are as a hedge of without end.O Mary! dear--departed thorns. 8. To a lazy man—every exertion is painshade, Where is thy place of blissful rest? ful, and every movement a labor. 9. Innocence Seest thou thy lover--lowly laid ? Hear'st and mysteriousness-seldom dwell together. 10. It thou the groans, that rend his breast?" is follyto expect justice at the hands of the 308. Read, or rather speak from memory,

unjust. 11. Great are the charms of novelty. 12.

Custom-is no small matter. 13. Consider thy these lines with quantity, and on the lower

ways, and be wise. pitches of voice.

Humbugs. All new developments of Night, (sable goddess) from her ebon throne, In rayless majesty, now stretches far

truth--are called, by many, who do not apHer leaden sceptre-o'er a slumbering world.

preciate them, or dare to think and act for Silence—how dead! and darkness—how profound : themselves--“HUMBUGS:" and this dreadful Nor eye, nor listening ear, an object finds.

name--has no doubt had the effect--to lead Creation-sleeps. Tis—as if the general pulse some--to condemn them, without further inOf LIFE-stood still,—and Nature-made a pause, quiry. But the worst of all humbugs, the An awful pause,-prophetic of her end.

most deplorable of all delusions--is that, 309. IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS. If which leads men to shut their eyes to the the evils of tight lacing, and tight dressing truth, lest they should be laughed at-for could only stop with the guilty, one consola- acknowledging it. tion would still be left us; but even this is

Varieties. 1. Is not this world—a world denied us: no! there is not even one drop of dreams, and the spirit-world—a world of of joy to be cast into our cup of bitterness - realities? 2. Some are only in the love of the draught is one of unmingled gall: the knowing what is good, and true; others, of human form divine is sadly deformed; the understanding them; and others--of living fountain of innumerable evils and diseases is according to them; to which class do I beopened by this suicidal practice; and thous- long? 3. Xerxeswhipped the sea, because ands of human beings are yearly coming it would not obey him. 4. That, which some into life, cursed from head to foot, from mind people pride themselves in, often becomes to body, with the awful effects of this infer- the cause of their undoing; and what they nal fashion, which originated in the basest very much dislike, becomes the only thing passions of the human heart. Oh, who can that saves them. 5. Possession-is eleven measure the accumulating woe, which this points of the law : hence, never let a valuaaccursed custom has entailed, and is yet en- ble thing go out of your possession, without tailing on the human race !

an ample security. 6. The world belowAnecdote. To prevent Suicide. A Hi- is a glass, in which we may see the world bernian Senator, speaking on the subject of above : remove the vail, and see where spirit

, preventing suicide, said, “The only way I

and matter are connected. 7. The heart-felt can conceive, of stopping the business, is,- prayer, only, is available; and to produce it

, to make it a capital offence, punishable with there must be deep-felt want ; and the strongdeath."

er it operates, the more perfect, and acceptaO how weak

ble must be the prayer. Is mortal man! How trifling-how confin'd

“Oh! tell me, step-dame Nature, tell, His scope of vision !--Puff'd with confidence, Where shall thy wayward child abide? His phrase-grows big with immortality;

On what fair strand his spirit dwell, And he, poor insect of a summer's day,

When life has spent its struggling tide? Dreams of eternal honors to his name;

Shall hope no more her taper burn, Of endless glory, and perennial bays.

Quench'd-in the tears that sorrow sends? He idly reasons of Eternity,

Nor from the feast, misfortune spurn As of the train of ages,---when, alas !

The wishful wretch, that o'er it bends ?" Ten thousand thousand of his centuries

“Can storied urn, or animated bust, Are, in comparison, a little point,

Back to its mansion, call the fleeung breath? Too trivial for account.

Can honor's voice-provoke the silent dust? Unlearn the evils you have learned.

Or flatt'ry soothe the dull, cold ear of death!

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