« FöregåendeFortsätt »
Man of the Mountain, that appears on the southern extremity of its crown; Eagle Cliff, a huge columnar crag, separated from the rest of the mountain, and rising perpendicularly, the former eyrie of a family of eagles; Bald Mountain; the Cascade; Profile Lake, known also as Ferrier's Pond and the Old Man's Washbowl; and Mount Lafayette, 1,200 feet below Mount Washington in height. Among the other attractions of the Franconia range are the Basin, a granite bowl, sixty feet in circumference and fifteen feet deep, into which the waters of the Pemigewasset River, flowing from Profile Lake, and passing over a rocky ledge, fall; the Cascades below the outlet of the Basin; the great Flume, where the walls of rock approach within ten feet of each other, and hold in their unrelenting embrace about midway to the bottom a huge granite boulder weighing several tons; the Cascade below it; the Pool, directly in front of the hotel; and Georgianna, or Harvard, Falls, two miles below the Flume House, where the water plunges over the precipice in two leaps of eighty feet each.
Another great curiosity of this part of New Hampshire is a remarkable pass, some sixty miles north of the White Mountains, and narrower than either of the great notches of the White Hills, known as the Dixville Notch. About half-way through the notch is Table Rock, a lofty, projecting pinnacle, from which one may look into Maine, Vermont, and Canada.
To fully enjoy the marvellous scenery and grand monuments of nature in the White Mountains, at least two weeks' time should be allowed. And even with that and a constant riding and tramping, there will be much left over for a second season. But whether the weird region is visited once or more frequently, there can never be any lessening of interest, exhaustion of novelty, or regret at the expenditure of time, money, and energy.
THE RANGELEY LAKES.
HE Rangeley Lakes, often called the Androscoggin Lakes, are
principally located in the western portion of the State of Maine,
but about one-half of the lowest lake in the chain is situated in New Hampshire. There are six lakes in this remarkable series, but they are all connected by streams and form a continuous water-course for almost sixty miles. For the most part they lie in a densely wooded region, and they are among the most picturesque sheets of water to be found in the country.
The one unfortunate thing pertaining to them is the character of the names which they have received. They are known as the Oquossoc (the original Rangeley), Cupsuptic, Mooselucmaguntic, Molechunkamunk, Welokennebacook, and Umbagog. The latter is partly in New Hampshire, and along its southern shore agricultural operations have been commenced. In the valley of the Magalloway River, one of the connecting streams, and around a considerable portion of Oquossoc Lake, there are also a good many farms. The remainder of this large territory remains in its original condition of a wilderness.
While the region of the Rangeley Lakes is very beautiful and will prove attractive to all lovers of Nature, it is especially adapted to meet the wants of those who like to spend a considerable portion of their time in hunting and fishing. There are several good hotels, though they are not as numerous as they are at many summer resorts. But for parties who wish to “camp out,” hunt, fish, take long walks, and spend most of their time in the open air it is a magnificent place. It is one of the very best sections for the sportsman, both as regards the quality of the game, and the degree of success attending its pursuit. Animals of various kinds, and in large numbers, are found in the adjacent mountains, while beautiful trout and other fine varieties of fish abound in the lakes. During the last of June and the first half of July, flies and mosquitoes are somewhat troublesome, but by proper precautions their attacks may be largely prevented. The lakes are from 1,250 to 1,500 feet above the sea, and lie among high mountains. Consequently the air is cool, even in summer, and an extra supply of warm clothing is indispensable to the comfort of the tourist who takes his vacation in this elevated region.
The Rangeley Lakes are easily reached by the Grand Trunk Railroad. Portland, Maine, is the best point of departure. There are several trains per day, which are met at Bethel, about seventy miles from Portland, by stages which make the trip to Cambridge, New Hampshire, in about five hours. This town is located at the foot of Lake Umbagog. The route is through a broken country, but the scenery, including the valley of the Androscoggin River with its surrounding mountains, Mount Washington, and quite a portion of the White Mountain Range, is extremely beautiful and makes the trip, in spite of minor disadvantages, one of the finest in New England. From this point the other lakes of the chain are easily reached. Steamers ply upon the lakes, and upon the largest rivers in the vicinity, and boats are readily obtained on the smaller streams. Where water communication is impossible, teams are supplied by a local transportation company.
The tourist who enters the Rangeley Lakes region, should not fail to visit the Dixville Notch, which is in the western portion of the district therein included. This notch is in the State of New Hampshire, and sharply divides the mountain range to its very foundations. The ravine is a mile and a quarter in length, and much narrower than the celebrated Franconia Notch in the White Mountains. The cliffs rise almost perpendicularly and present a general aspect of grandeur combined with desolation and decay. From Table Rock, which rises some 800 feet above the road and which is only about eight feet wide at the top, a magnificent view may be obtained. Points in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Canada, are easily seen from this elevated station. The mica-slate of which the cliffs are composed, is being rapidly disintegrated by the action of the elements, and many of the pinnacles of rock by which they are adorned, are being destroyed. The road through the Notch was constructed with great difficulty, and a large annual outlay is required to keep it in repair. Just outside the Notch, at the eastern end, there is an entire change of scene. Instead of the rugged, crumbling walls of the desolate chasm, we see the beautiful and luxuriant verdure of a meadow, through which flows a lovely stream. The mountains stand around, looking like solemn guards to keep the peaceful vale from harm. In the woods, at only a little distance from the road, there is also a series of cascades which are extremely beautiful. Many other objects of interest will be found by the tourist who will take the time and trouble to explore this attractive region. A hotel in the vicinity furnishes excellent accommodations to visitors, and those who have spent some time here seem agreed that while the locality is not as famous as some of the White Mountain resorts, its attractions are unsurpassed by those of its more widely-known rivals.
ALONG THE HUDSON.
HE Hudson, or North River, is one of the most majestic and impor
tant of North American streams. It rises in Essex County, New
York, in the Adirondac Mountain region, about 3,000 feet above the level of the sea. After a devious course among the mountains it flows toward the east until it reaches Sandy Hill. Thence it continues nearly due south for 190 miles, when it empties into New York Bay. It is formed, in the mountains, by the union of two small streams and in its course receives
several small tributuries before it reaches Cohoes. Here the Mohawk, a larger stream than the Hudson itself, unites with it. At Kingston, 88 miles from New York, the Wallkill River is received and many small streams join it at different points.
The Hudson River is 300 miles in length, and is a tidal stream for nearly half its course. At Albany, 145 miles from the mouth of the river, the tide rises one foot. The fall in the bed of the river in this long distance is only five feet. Large steamers pass as far as Hudson, 116 miles up the river, and boats of considerable size are able to reach Troy, six miles above Albany. Beyond this place, sloops and smaller craft pass to Cohoes, which is the highest point to which the river is navigable.
Between Hudson and Albany there are various obstructions, principally caused by shifting sand, which interfere with rapid navigation. To remove these obstacles the State of New York has at various times made large appropriations, and the United States government has expended more than $1,500,
The United States also has erected more than twenty light-houses along the banks of the river.
Above the point to which the river is navigable, the scenery along the shores is beautiful, and in many places romantic. There are also various rapids in the river and near Sandy Hill, about fifty miles north of Albany, are Glens Falls, which are well worth a visit. Here is a deep and wild ravine, 900 feet in length, through which the river rushes over a rocky bed down a descent of fifty feet. Not only is it a picturesque locality, but it also has an interest to a multitude of readers from the fact that it was the scene of some of the important incidents in Cooper's famous novel, “The Last of the Mohicans.” The place has been well fitted up as a summer resort and is quite popular with a large number of visitors. As the region of the Adirondacs is entered the scenery is pleasantly diversified and in many places is extremely picturesque and delightful.
Many thousands of tourists who take a trip up the Hudson do not go beyond the point which gives the most convenient access to the Catskill Mountains, which have become a sort of Mecca to pilgrims on the Hudson, whether from the South or the North. Still, large numbers wisely extend the trip from New York to Troy. Unfortunately, many of these tourists have but little time at their command and are consequently obliged to pass many interesting places and a great deal of beautiful scenery unnoticed.
The trip along the Hudson can be made either by rail or by boat. If made by daylight the latter will give the most extensive views. Several steamers leave New York daily, except Sunday, for various points up the river-some of them going as far as Troy. On the east bank, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad runs from New York to Albany, while on the west bank the West Shore Railroad takes passengers to the same city.
Passing up the river on one of the large steamers, said to be the finest and the fastest which ply upon American inland waters, the courist will obtain excellent views of New York City and harbor, of Jersey City, and of various suburbs. Soon the Palisades will appear on the western shore. This remarkable line of precipices, rising from 300 to 500 feet in height, is compose of trap rock and extends for a distance of about twenty miles. Upon the summit is a fine growth of forest trees. Upon this löfty height may be seen Fort Lee, which stands upon the site of an old Revolutionary fortification. Fifteen miles from New York, on the east side of the river, is the Convent of St. Vincent. Two miles beyond, on the same side of the river, is the large and growing town of Yonkers. At the end of the Palisades is Piermont. It is on the western shore, and is a terminus of a branch of the Erie Railroad. Its principal feature is a pier a mile long, which runs from the shore to a point at which the water is deep enough for large steamers. About three miles distant is the historic town of Tappan, at which Washington at one time had his headquarters and which was the place of execution of the unfortunate Major André.
Beyond Piermont the river becomes much wider and assumes the form of a lake, which is called Tappan Zee. Its extreme width is about four miles and its length is nearly ten miles. On the east bank of this broad expanse of water, and about twenty-three miles from New York, is the little town of Irvington. This place derives its fame from the fact that here Washington Irving spent the last years of his life. His little cottage, “Sunnyside " still remains and is “one of the shrines of American pilgrimage." It stands upon the bank of the river, but the surrounding trees and shrubs hide it from the sight of parties on the boat. The east wall is covered with ivy which has grown from slips presented by Sir Walter Scott, and planted by Irving's own hands. A short distance above is Tarrytown, a favorite summer resort, and famous as the place at which Major André was captured. A valley, lying a little north of the town, through which flows the stream known as Mill River, is the original of the Sleepy Hollow with which Irving made the English-speak