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any man who
to have spoken, and threw grave charges recklessly about him, when he ought, in the first instance, at least, to have been silent as the grave—and yet he assumes the character of a public censor, and pronounces, with the authority of an oracle, what other men should say and do. A more disgusting exhibition of selfsufficiency and self-ignorance, we never witnessed. What followed in the three successive numbers of the Banner' is strikingly illustrative of the truthfulness of Dr. Campbell's mind, and of the consistency of his views. We print the passages in
parallel columns, that their beautiful harmony may be more In readily apprehended :*How * We have no reply
. As the matter now really read our article for those who, to serve stands, the entire Bri(April 3), could arrive
a purpose, whethe
of tish nation is eligible at the conclusion that pique or party, may to membership. Docit was an attack on deem it decent, at the trinal views, and perthe Anti-state-church expense of truth, to sonal profession of Association, is to us represent us as hos religion, are matters utterly incomprehen. tile to the Anti-state- of no concern whatsible, and are churchAssociation.... ever; nothing more is scarcely able to recon. * It has, in our view,' required than agreecile such a conclusion been an utter failure; ment on the single with integrity.'—Ban- there seems no rational object of the separaner, April 10.
ground whatever for 'tion of Church and believing that it can,' State. According to in any possible way, the fundamental prin. ever contribute to the ciple, Lord Bolingaccomplishment of the broke might have assigned object
.. been president; David * We submit, there Hume,
Ed. fore, that it is folly toward Gibbon, secrepersevere in the 80,, tary; and Thomas called organization. ... Paine, travelling A lengthened experi. agent ;-while the ment has now been French Directory, of made, and, although I bloody fame," might more has been done have formed the acting in this way than was committee. There is ever done before, still nothing to have prethe result is such as vented this in the utterly to extinguish stitution. Is it possiall reasonable expecta- ble to contemplate
without way alone, for centus. - horror. The thing ries to come. -Ban. has but to be stated ner, April 17.
to settle the question ;
to men of "rightlyconstituted mind, we presume, argument is needless—it is an impertinence, almost an insult. They will instinctively exclaim, " O my
soul, come not thou into their secret, and to their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united! ... Who ever heard the voice of prayer in any meeting of the Anti-state-church Association in this great metropolis ? There the devout and the ungodly, both in the highest degree, meet and mingle; and, while it is expected that the wicked, from courtesy, shall not swear, it is provided by statute that the pious shall not pray. No! The inscription on the organization seal is, virtually—THERE IS NO GOD!'-Banner, April 24.
The consistency of these passages, occurring, be it observed, in three successive numbers of the same journal, it is not for us to establish, neither should we attempt to reason with any man who affirmed it. If Dr. Campbell imagines they hold together, he has a logic with which we are unacquainted.
The suspicion was not unnatural, that he was unwittingly led on in his attack by other occurrences which had happened in his editorial career. He himself appears to have surmised that something of the kind would be imagined, if, indeed, conscience did not suggest that such was really the case. At any rate, he explicitly denies the fact; and our readers will be better able to judge of the worth of his denial, when they have compared it with the Note which we print by the side of the editor's statement. Let it be borne in mind, that the review of Mr. Miall's volume, on which Dr. Campbell founds grave charges, appeared in the January 'Eclectic, and that Dr. Brown's review of Mr. Gilfillan's work was published in the number for February.
• The second Triennial period of
* Feb. 5, 1850. the Anti-state-church Association · We had seventeen columns is now expired, and in this day's over-matter, and it is doubtful paper will be found a statement of whether you can get in at all ; but our views of the policy of its ex- most anxious to serve you, and the tension to another. That state- great cause you are so worthily adment is made solely from a sense vancing, with a very slight abridgof public duty, and would assuredly ment, I am trying, &c. have appeared, although the events
• Yours truly, had not occurred which led to our
• J. CAMPBELL. own withdrawment, as announced a fortnight ago. Some such state. “To the Secretary of the ment, indeed, had been resolved Anti-state-church Association.' upon previously to the · Eclectic' affair. It is not, therefore, to be put down to the score of the events just referred to, although such events alone, we think, all things considered, would render it in the highest degree expedient that the Association should be brought to an end, as the most efficient mode of dealing with a serious evil. . .
This circumstance (the Second Triennial Conference), would have
led us at this time to do as we are now doing (recommend the dissolution of the Association), altogether apart from the considerations aforesaid. To this our minds had been made up before the special case relative to heresy and “anarchy" arose.'-Banner, April 17.
Where a purpose of secession has been formed, under such a conviction as Dr. Campbell now avows, it is not usual to entertain the anxiety here expressed; neither are men accustomed in writing to the secretary of an organization, which is described as 'an utter failure,' to speak of the great cause you are so worthily ADVANCING.' If there be consistency and truth in such things, we plead guilty to a want of the perceptive faculty. • The Eclectic affair'' happened in February at the latest, prior to which, we are told, some such statement' as appears in the * Banner' of April 17th, was resolved upon, and yet, on the 5th of February, the above Note was penned. Either the Note of February was insincere, or the statement of the Banner' is untrue. Dr. Campbell may choose which alternative he pleases.
But the society has proved a failure, a total, absolute, failure, and that, too, notwithstanding the skill and energy with which its affairs are admitted to have been conducted. Such, at least, is the present averment of its accuser, though his statement, if admitted, would reflect rather on others than on the society. We thank him for his admissions, which nothing but overwhelming evidence could have extorted, and confidently leave our readers to judge of the reliance to be placed on other parts of his statements.
• After a period of six years, · Have the writers of this address then, what is now the position of the Address of the Wesleyan Consociety in relation to the Noncon- ference) to learn that no small porformist body? Has it materially tion of the most successful ministers advanced, either in London, or in of Great Britain are most zealous the provinces ? We do not hesitate Anti-state-churchmen? Have they to avow, that it has not in either. still to be informed, that the whole In the metropolis, where are its body of Scottish Dissenting minisacquisitions ? The mass of the ters, of every communion, are zealministers are still opposed to it, ous Anti-state-churchmen?-comand no chapel, so far as we know, prising a Wardlaw and a Russell, has been opened for its service, a Young and a Brown, a King and that was not opened at the first; an Alexander, * and a multitude of and even some of those are closed.
others every way worthy of this Nor is there the slightest prospect high fellowship.'— Banner, Sept. of advance, but much the contrary. 27, 1848. Matters stand precisely the same • The Association comprises not
There is no room for quibbling here, the ministers named being not only Anti-state-churchmen, but members of the Anti-state-church Association.
as to the provinces; with a very a few of the best, wisest, ablest, slight exception only, there has most thoroughly Christian and been no conquest of influential patriotic men of the times.'—Ban
All the great towns and ner, April, 3, 1850. cities are still indifferent, or hostile * The value of this Association to the movement.
is not to be estimated by either its * The organization, after all, is, publications or its lectures. It is and was from the first, very much the visible embodiment of a portion an affair of a name. The of the true Nonconforming spirit organization comprises but a few, of the empire. The Triennial a very few elements—a few hun- Conferences are a representative dred pounds and a few individuals; concentration of that spirit. these pounds and those individuals Did the society exist simply for the withdrawn, there would be an end calling of conferences, without either of the concern. . . . The wonder publications or lectures, the instituis, all things considered, not that tion would be of incalculable imso little, but that so much, has portance ; while its publications been realized. Nothing but energy, and lectures, of course, greatly skill, and perseverance, such as are enhance its value.' Christian seldom brought to any enterprise, Witness, June, 1847. could have accomplished so much. * The history of the first three The organization, however, we years * of this society does honour repeat, is much more a name than to those able and devoted men who a thing Deducting the zealous have taken the lead in its affairs, itinerant labours of Mr. Kingsley, The result has exceeded all reasonand a few deputation movements, able expectation, and is unlike everywhat remains of the labours of thing of the kind hitherto known a year? Absolutely nothing.'- among us. . Prejudice is rapidly Banner, April 17.
passing away, and confidence extending. The accessions have been
The delegation from Manchester was powerful; the ministers of Leeds have come forward in a body. ... The Congregational Union of Scotland are most hearty in the cause, and sent as delegates three of their best
The Rev. J. H. Hinton, Secretary of the Baptist Union, at first strongly adverse, has now come boldly and cordially forward; and to this valuable acquisition is to be added that of some of the most eminent men of the New Connexion and the Association Methodists.' -Christian Witness, June, 1847.
Like all other associations which seek to act on the legislature through the medium of an enlightened public judgment, the resources of the society have been largely expended on meetings, held in various parts of the kingdom. These, as we have seen, have been numerous, and largely attended, and Dr.Campbell formerly regarded them as important and hopeful. Let us now see how he contrives to eat his own words.
As in other cases, he here supplies the best answer to himself. His memory is
It is well known that since the first Triennial Conference, the operations of the society have been doubled.
evidently as defective as his judgment is unsound, and his temper irritable :
* Public meetings are no test what- • The Report next speaks to the ever upon such a point. The an- subject of lectures and public nouncement of two or three noted meetings, on which, we think, the names, will always command an society ought to expend its main audience anywhere upon any sub- strength, as the importance of these ject. The theme, moreover, is can scarcely be overestimated.'captivating on other grounds than Christian Witness, June, 1847. those of religion. . It makes provision, in the hands of a certain class of advocates, for the rich gratification of some of the worst passions of the human heart. The roasting of a bishop, too, amid the blazing fires of a fervid rhetoric, is 4 rare pastime to the populace.'Banner, April 17, 1850.
It was not to be expected that the character of the meetings of the Association should escape censure. They are, of course, vilified in a style of wholesale defamation, at which we should smile if graver and more painful feelings were not excited. Let our readers compare the statements we subjoin-looking rather at the general complexion and tone of that of 1848, than at particular expressions—and let them then say what they think of the morale of the man who could pen the sentences quoted from the ‘Banner' of April last :
It has ever appeared to us that Our readers will find, in another its meetings, in this metropolis, column, a special report of the bore a peculiarly earthly com- Anti-state-church meeting, held plexion, which can be explained in the Queen's Concert-rooms, only by a reference to the spirit of Hanover-square. . , . That such those who mainly compose them. a hall should be obtained for the They have ever appeared to us to purpose of arguing the great quesbe deplorably wanting in the tion of Church and State,adversely, spirit of piety. We never saw reflects no small credit on those an Anti-state-church assembly in with whom it lies to arrange such which the spirit of the mere natural matters. ...It was worth going man did not seem wholly to prevail some : way to see the excellent oyer the spirit of the Christian member for Westminster, himself man. The aspect of such asşem- an Episcopalian, and a man of blies has ever seemed to us to be high Christian character, standing essentially that of the world, their forth, &c. . .. Never before did ruling element appeared that of he make such a demonstration, the earth rather than that of in the midst of the aristocracy and heaven-with which neither the in the face of the world. .
As gospel of Christ nor the spirit of to Mr. Gardner, we need say