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omen of good or bad, and know whether the sacrifice were acceptable: they then burnt the entrails, and ate the flesh “ with great joy and festivity," though it were that of their own child, or other relation.*

In the provinces of Paucura and Arma they sacrifice'd two men to the devil every Tuesday.f These bloody rites of worship appear to be prevalent throughout all the wide extensive ilands of the pacifick ocean.*

* De la Vega, Royal com. of Peru, p.7. See allfo Ciezas Travels, pp. 131, 147. “ When any of the lords of these valleys dye'd," says the latter," they were lamented for many days, their wives cut off their hair, the best beloy'd

among them kild themselves, and they made a vast grave or tomb... Within it was a vault in which they lay'd the dead body, and with it gold, and the arms he had; then makeing his moft beautiful wives, and some boys that serve'd him, drunk, they put them alive into the vault, where they left them, that their lord might go to the devil with company.” (p. 34.) This practice, from other parts of Ciezas book (a curious and interesting performance), appears to have been general. (See pp. 113, 118, 131, 137, 159.) It stil prevails in Guinea. (See Duquesnes Voyage to the E. Indies, p. 122 ; Smith's Voyage, p. 226; Norrises Memoirs of Bossa Abadee, king of Dabomy, p. 130.) „At the funeral of a Yakout prince, his favourite horse, and another, the best of his stud, have their throats cut over the corpfe. This bloody libation, says our author, is the homage pay'd to his attachment to these animals, who are suppose’d to follow him into the other world, where it is imagine'd he wil again be able to enjoy them. (Lesseps, Travels in Kamtsćbatka, II, 311.) There can be little doubt that his wives and favourite slaves once bore them company,

Ciezas Travels, p. 53.

" We were inform’d,” says captain Cooke, speaking of the inhabitants of Tongataboo, one of the Friendlyiles, “ that, in about three months, there would be perform’d, on the same account [i. e. the kings son being permited to eat with his father), a far more important and grander solemnity; on which occafion, not onely the tribute of Tongataboo, but that of Hapaee, Vavaoo, and of all the other ilands would be brought to the chief, and confirm’d more awfully, by sacrificeing ten human victims from amongst the inferior fort of people. A horrid solemnity indeed!” exclaims this great man, “and which is a most significant instance of the influence of gloomy and ignorant fuperftition, over the minds of one of the most benevolent and humane nations upon earth. On inquireing," he tels us, “ into the reason of fo barbarous a practice, they onely say'd, that it was a necessary part of the Natche ; and that, if they omited it, the deity would certainly destroy their king.”+ We have an account, from the same authority, of a human facrifice in Attahooroo, one of the Society-iles, where the natives, next day, sacrifice'd a pig: It is pretty much the fame. A few days after they had another human facrifice.

* Voyage into the pacifick ocean, II. + Ibi. I, 351.

66 This second instance, within the course of a few days, was too melancholy a proof, how numerous the victims of this bloody superstition are amongst this (otherwise] humane people.”* He “counted no less than fortynine skuls of former victims, lyeing before the morai, where 'he' saw one more aded to the number:” and, from the sculs haveing suffer'd little change from the weather, infers “ that no great length of time had elapsed, since, at least, this considerable number of unhapy wretches had been offer'd upon this altar of blood.”ali In short, every appearance led our people to believe that this barbarous practice was very generali; and we find it to obtain universally amongst the inhabitants of the Sandwich ilands. S

Tantum Religio potuit suadere malorum !"'

* Ibi, II, 53, 57 + Ibi, II, 41. # Ibi, II, 203. § Ibi, III, 132, 161. See more on this subject in Porphyrys Treatise of abstinence, B. 2; Cyril against Julian, B. 4; Lactantius, B. 1, c. 21; Eusebius, De præ. evan. B. 4, c.7; and in Voltaires Dictionnaire pbilosophique, article Anthropopbages.

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Who first taught souls enslave'd, and realms undone,
Th' enormous faith of many made for one ;
That proud exception to all Natures laws,
T" invert the world, and counter-work its cause?
Foree first made conquest, and that conqueft, law;
'Til superstition taught the tyrant awe,
Then share'd the tyranny, then lent it aid,
And gods of conqu’rors, flaves of subjects made.
She 'midit the light’nings blaze and thunders found,
When rock'd the mountains, and when groan'd the ground,
She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray,
To pow'r unseen, and mightyer far than they :
She, from the rending earth, and bursting skys,
Saw gods descend, and fiends infernal rise:
Here fix'd the dreadful, there the bless’d abodes;
Fear made her devils, and weak hope her gods;
Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjust,
Whose attributes were rage, revenge or lust;
Such as the fouls of cowards might conceive,
And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe.
Zeal then, not charity, became the guide,
And hel was built on spite, and heaven on pride.
Then sacred seem'd th' aetherial vault no more

;
Altars grew marble then, and reek’d with gore :
Then first the flamen tasteëd liveing food;
Next his grim idol smear'd with human blood;
With heavens own thunders shook the world below,
And play'd the god an engine on his foc. *

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Popes Essay on man, ver. 241, &C.

CHAP, VI.

HUMAN FLESH THE CONSEQUENCE OF ANIMAL

FOOD.

As human facrificeës were a natural effect of that superstitious cruelty which first produced the Naughter of animals, fo is it equally natural that those accustom'd to eat the brute, should not long abstain from the man: more especially as, when toasted or broild on the altar, the appearance, favour, and taste of both would be nearly, if not entirely, the fame. But, from whatever cause it may be deduce'd, nothing can be more certain than that the eating of human flesh has been a practice, in many parts of the world, from a very remote period, and is so, in some, at this day. That it is a consequence of the use of animal food there can be no doubt, as it would be impossible to find an instance of it among people who were accustom'd solely to a vegetable diet. The progress of cruelty is rapid. Habit renders it familiar, and hence it is deem'd natural.

The man who, accustom’d to live on roots and vegetables, first devour'd the flesh of the smallest

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