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SENATE.

Proceedings.

FEBRUARY, 1812.

The bill, entitled “An act for the benefit of Christopher Miller,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. BRADLEY, Pope, and SM1th, of New York, were appointed the committee. Mr. SMITH, of New York, presented the petition of Nathaniel G. Ingraham, and others, of NewYork, merchants, and citizens of the United States, stating that they are copartners in trade, in which they have heretofore been very successful; but that, owing to the present unfavorable state of the relations between this country and the commercial nations of Europe, they have lost the whole of their private estates, and become corporately and individually insolvent; and that they owe to the United States a considerable balance on custom-house bonds, for which they and their surety are now imprisoned; and praying relief, for reasons stated therein at large; and the petition was read, and referred to the Secretary of the Treasury, to consider and report thereon. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of Government for the year 1812,” together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee; and having agreed in part to the amendments, the President reported the bill to the House amended accordingly. On the question, Shall this bill be read a third time as amended ? it was determined in the affirmative. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act for the relief of the Board of Commissioners west of Pearl river.” And on motion, by Mr. CRAwford, it was referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. CRAwford, GREgg, and WorthingtoN, were appointed the committee.

Monday, February 17.

Mr. REED, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act supplementary to ‘An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force, passed on the 12th day of April, 1808,” reported it without amendment. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of the Navy of the United States for the year 1812;” and it was ordered to the third reading. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of the Military Establishment of the United States for the year 1812;” and it was ordered to the third reading. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act for the relief of Captain Selah Benton;” and it was ordered to the third reading. - The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An:

act to establish a land district in the Illinois Ter

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The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill entitled “An act supplementary to ‘An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional force, passed on the 12th day of April, 1808,” and it was ordered to the third reading.

The bill, entitled “An act for the relief of Captain Selah Benton,” was read the third time and passed. * , ** ... The bill, entitled “An act making appropria: tions for the support of the Navy of the United States for the year 1812,” was read the third time, and passed.

The bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of the Military Establishment of the United §. for the year 1812,” was read the third time. A

The bill entitled “An act to establish a land district in the Illinois Territory, east of the district of Kaskaskia, and to attach certain public lands to the district of Jeffersonville,” was read the third time, and passed. The Senate resumed the third reading of the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of Government for the year 1812.” On motion, by Mr. ANDERson, to amend the bill, by unanimous consent, by striking out the following words, lines 129 and 130 of the printed bill, “eight thousand six hundred and eighty-five,” for the purpose of inserting, in lieu thereof, “nine thousand four-hundred and twenty:” it was objected to as against the rule. On motion, by Mr. ANDERson, the bill was recommitted to a select committee, further to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. Andersox, GoodRich, and Tait, were appointed the commuttee. Mr. ANDERson, from the committee last mentioned, reported the bill amended. Mr. Lloyd asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill to alter the times of holding the circuit courts of the first circuit, and the bill was read; and, by unanimous consent the second time; and referred to a select committee, to consider and report

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Fannuary, 1812,

Proceedings.

SENATE.

- T thereon; and Messrs. Lloyd, Cutts, and HunTER, were appointed the committee.

Wednesday, February 19.

The bill, entitled “An act supplementary to ‘An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional mili: tary force, passed on the 12th day of April, 1808,” was read the third time, and passed. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of Goyernment for the year 1812,” together with the amendment reported thereto by the select.com: mittee, and the amendment was agreed to, and further amendments were proposed. Whereupon, on motion, by Mr. TAIT, the further consideration of the bill was postponed until to-morrow, A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have passed a bill, entitled, “An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President of the United States, to purchase of Winslow Lewis his patent right to the new and inproved method of lighting light-houses, and for other purposes;” in which they request the concurrence of the Senate. - The bill last mentioned was read, and passed to the second reading. Mr. WoRTHINGTON, from the committee appointed to inquire if any, and what, further pro

visions or alterations are necessary in the laws of

the United States for the sale of public lands, reported a bill making further provision for the sale of public lands; and the bill was read, together with a report made by Mr. Worthington on behalf of the committee, on the subject-matter of the said bill. The bill was ordered to the second reading. Mr. Reed, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act to authorize a detachment from the militia of the United States,” reported it amended.

Thursday, February 20, .

The bill, entitled “An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President of the United States, to purchase of Winslow Lewis his patent right to the new and improved method of lighting light-houses, and for other purposes,” was read Îhe second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. Lloyd, Andeason, and Howell, were appointed the committee.

Mr. Pope presented the petition of Lewis Gex O'Cousier and others, praying the interposition of Government for their encouragement in the cultivation of the vine, as is stated at large in the petition; which was read, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. Pope, Tait, and Ghegg, were appointed the committee.

Mr. Lloyd presented the J. of Mary Nicholson, widow of the late Commodore Samuel Nicholson, stating that, by the death of her husband, she, together with her two daughters,

are left to penury and want, and praying that in consideration of Revolutionary services of her late husband, Congress will grant her relief; and the petition was read, and referred to a sclect committee, to consider and report thereon by bill or otherwise; and Messrs. Lloyd, BRADLEY, and CRAwford, were appointed the committee. A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have passed a bill, entitled “An act to alter the time of holding the circuit courts of the United States at Knoxville, in the district of East Tennessee, in the State of Tennessee,” in which they request the concurrence of the Senate. The bill last brought up for concurrence was read, and passed to the second reading. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of Government for the year 1812;” and the President reported the bill to the House amended. On the question, Shall this bill be read a third time as amended ? it was determined in the affirmative., Mr. Lloyd, from the committee to whom was referred the bill in addition to the Military Establishment of 'the United States, reported it amended. On motion, by Mr. BRApley, it was agreed that the bill, entitled “An act to authorize a detachment from the militia of the United States,”

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FRIDAY, February 21. The PREsident communicated a report from the Secretary for the Department of War, in obedience to the fifth section of an act, entitled “An act to provide for the erecting and repairing of arsen: als and magazines, and for other purposes;” and the report was, read. The bill making further provision for the sale of public lands was read the second time. The bill, entitled “An act to alter the time of holding the circuit courts of the United States at Knoxville, in the district of East Tennessee, in the State of Tennessee,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. CAMPBELL of Tennessee, Bibb, and WorthingtoN, were appointed the committee. Mr. GilmAN, from the committee, reported the amendments to the bill, entitled “An act making appropriations for the support of Government for the year 1812,” correctly engrossed; and the bill was read the third time as amended, and passed. * Mr. Giles, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act concerning the Naval Establishment,” reported it with amendments, together with sundry documents explana

|tory of the amendments; and, on motion, the

further consideration thereof was postponed to,

and made the order of the day for, Wednesday

next. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the

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A . from the House of Representatives

informed the Senate that the House have passed a bill, entitled “An act concerning the levy court of the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia;” a bill, entitled “An act giving further time for registering claims to land in the western district of the Territory of Orleans;” also, a bill, entitled “An act supplementary to “An act making provision for arming and equipping the whole body of the militia of the United States;” in which bills they request the concurrence of the Senate. They also concur, in the bill, entitled “An act for the relief of Thomas O’Bannon.” -

The three bills last brought up for concurrence:

were read, and passed to the second reading. The Senate resumed, as in ‘...."; the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act to authorize a detachment from the militia of the United States.” together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee. On motion, by Mr. BRApley, to strike out the first section of the bill, it was agreed that the further consideration of the bill be postponed to, and be made the order of the day for, Monday next. On motion, by Mr. Lloyd, the report of the Secretary of the Navy of the 3d instant, containing the name, rank, pay, and rations, of each commissioned officer and midshipman belonging to the Navy of the United States, respectively, be referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon. : Messrs. Lloyd, CRAwford, and Bradley, were appointed the committee. -

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unanimous consent, and passed. On motion, by Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, the title thereof was amended as follows: “An act

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ingtoN, BRAdley, and GREgg, were appointed the committee. Mr. BRApley, from the committee to whom was referred the petition of the President and Directors of the Washington Canal Company, reorted a bill to carry into 'effect an act of the egislature of the State of Maryland; and the bill was read, and passed to the second reading. . Mr. Lloyd, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direc

tion of the President of the United States, to pur

chase of Winslow Lewis his patent right to the new and improved method of lighting light-hous

•es, and for other purposes,” reported it amended.

Mr. BAYARD, from the committee to whom was referred the bill establishing a land office, reported it amended.

A message from the House of Represensatives insormed the Senate that the House have passed a bill, entitled, “An act to incorporate the Trustees of the Georgetown Lancaster School Society;” a bill, entitled “An act for the relief of the

officers and soldiers who served in the late cam

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ping the whole body of the militia of the United States,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consist of five members, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. Pope, BAY ARD, GREgg, Lloyd, and BRAdley, were appointed the committee. '" The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act to authorize a detachment from the militia of the United States,” together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee, and the motion to strike

out the first section., And, after debate, the Sen

ate adjourned. Tuesday, February 25. The bill, entitled “An act to incorporate the

| Trustees of the Georgetown Lancaster School Proceedings.

Society,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. HoRsey, BAYARD, and Hunter, were appointed the committee. The bill, entitled “An act supplementary to ‘An act providing for the accommodation of the General Post Office and Patent Office, and for other purposes,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. BRApley, GREgg, and Howell, were appointed the committee. The bill, entitled “An act for the relief of the officers and soldiers who served in the late campaign on the Wabash,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to con

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FEBRUARY, 1812.

SENATE.

sider and report thereon; and Messrs. Pope, ANDeason, and Bibb, were appointed the committee. The bill to carry into effect an act of the Legislature of the State of Maryland, was read the second time, and the further consideration thereof postponed to, and made the order of the day for, Friday next. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act to authorize a detachment from the militia of the United States,” together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee; and, after debate, on motion, by Mr. BRAdley, the bill was recommitted to a select committee, to consist of five members, further to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. BRADLEY, Pope, CRAwford, Reed, and WARNUM, were appointed the committee. A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have passed a bill, entitled “An act authorizing a loan for a sum not exceeding eleven millions of dollars.” They have also passed a joint resolution respecting the arts and manufactures of the United States; in which bill and resolution they request the concurrence of the Senate. The bill and resolution were read, and passed to the second reading.

WEdNEs DAY, February 26. "

The joint resolution respecting the arts and manufactures of the United States was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. GREGG, CRAwford, and Lloyd, were appointed the committee. The bill, entitled “An act authorizing a loan for a sum not exceeding eleven millions of dollars,” was read the second time, and referred to a select committee, to consider and report thereon; and Messrs. Lloyd, CRAwford, and TAIT, were appointed the committee. ' Mr. CAMPBell, of Ohio, presented the petition of Samuel Brown, formerly of Massachusetts, and now of Ohio, stating that, whilst in the service of the United States, in the Revolutionary war, he was taken prisoner by the British at Quebec; that he hath not received any pay or rations for the time he was so in captivity, and that his claim therefor is now barred by the statute of limitation; and praying relief. And the petition was read. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill establishing a land office, together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee; and, having agreed to the amendments, the President reported the bill to the House accordingly. ... On the question, Shall this bill be engrossed and read a third time as amended? it was determined in the affirmative. The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the bill, entitled “An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of

the President of the United States, to purchase ||

12th Con. 1st SEss.-5

of Winslow Lewis his patent right to the new and improved method of lighting light-houses, and for other purposes,” together with the amend. ments reported thereto, by the select committee; and, having agreed to the amendments, the President reported the bill to the House accordingly. On the question, Shall this bill be read a third time as amended ?– it was determined in the af. firmative. ” On motion, by Mr. WoRTHINgron, the consideration of the bill, making further provision for the sale of public lands, was made the order of the day for Monday next. Mr. Bibb, from the committee appointed on the subject, reported a bill for the relief of Thomas and William Streshly; and the bill was read, and passed to the second reading.

Thursday, February 27.

Mr. BRADLEY, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act supplementary to ‘An act providing for the accommodation of the General Post Office and Patent Office, and for other purposes,” reported it without amendment, and the bill was ordered to the third reading.

Mr. Pope, from the committee to whom was referred the bill, entitled “An act for the benefit of Christopher Miller,” reported it without amendment; ..". further consideration thereof was postponed until to-morrow. *

The bill for the relief of Thomas and William Streshly was read the second time, and the further consideration thereof postponed to, and made the order of the day for, Monday next. A message from the House of Representatives informed the Senate that the House have passed a joint resolution authorizing the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives, for the time being, to grant the use of the books of the library of Congress to the Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States; in which they request the concurrence of the

Senate.

On motion, by Mr. Lloyd, the joint resolution last mentioned was read three times by unanimous-consent; and was then concurred in. Mr. Pope, from the committee to whom the subject was referred, reported a bill for the relief of the representatives of Samuel Lapsley, deceased; and the bill was read, and passed to the second reading. Mr. GilmAN, from the committee, reported the amendments to the bill, entitled “An act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury, under the direction of the President of the United States, to purchase of Winslow Lewis his patent right to the new and improved method of lighting light-houses, and for other purposes,” correctly engrossed; and the bill was read the third time as amended, and passed. Mr. GilmAN, from the committee, also reported the bill establishing a land office correctly engrossed; and the bill was read the third time. Resolved, That this bill pass, and that the title

Senate.

thereof be “An act for the establishment of a General Land Office in the Department of the Treasury.”

INCREASE of THE NAvy.

The Senate resumed, as in Committee of the Whole, the consideration of the bill, entitled “An act concerning the Naval Establishment,” together with the amendments reported thereto by the select committee.

Mr. Lloyd.—Mr. President, the amendments

p. by the committee to whom this bill has

een referred, having been gone through with, I now beg leave to offer a new one, by an additional section, to the following effect: “Be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be, and he hereby is, authorized to cause to be built as speedily as may be, on the most approved model, frigates, not exceeding thirty-six guns each; and that a sum not exceeding — dollars be, and the same is hereby appropriated for building the said frigates, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.” * - - It is my intention, sir, to move for twenty new frigates; but the number I have left blank, in order, should the Senate be, favorably disposed to an increase of the Navy, and disagree with me as to the degree of that increase, they might regulate the number at their pleasure. Sir, I have been induced to offer this amendment from an impulse of duty towards my more immediate constituents, and also from a sense of the obligation imposed upon me, however feebly I may be able to respond to it, in the honorable station in which I am placed, to endeavor to the extent of my ability to support the dignity, protect the rights, and advance the best interests of the United States. Sir, I trust the amendment under consideration, if adopted, would have a relation, and a favorable relation, to all these objects. If it be not the determination of the Government to engage in an open, actual, efficient war; to place, the nation in such a complete state of preparation as may avert war, from our state of readiness to meet it; then the measures of the Koi. session, those of filling up the existing ilitary Establishment, and o, adding to it between six and seven thousand men, that of enlisting a standing army of twenty-five thousand men to serve for five years, unless sooner discharged-of providing for the employment of fifty thousand volunteers, and of holding in read: iness one hundred thousand of the militia, would be not only inexcusable, but nearly treasonable; as they would in such case, without any adequate object, impose severe and heavy burdens upon the people of the United States, from which years of the highest degree of prosperity would not relieve them. . But, sir, I am bound to believe, that, unless redress be obtained, it is the determination of the Government of the United States to enter into an actual, vigorous, real war, or at any rate to put the nation into a perfect state of readiness to commence it, should it be necessary; and in either of these cases, an efficient naval

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force is as indispensable, nay much more indispensable, than a land force.

A few days sincethere was exhibited to the Senate an account of sales of three hundred and eighty hogsheads of tobacco and a parcel of cotton, recently disposed of in the dominions of his Majesty the Emperor of France, who professes so much affection for the United Šiates from which it appeared, that the tobacco, which cost with the charges near $20,000, was not only totally sunk to the adventurers, but involved them in an additional loss for the payment of the expenses of near one thousand dollars more—of the cotton, fifteen-sixteenth

arts were also sunk. Nor did this arise from a ad state of markets, the hazard of which mer

chants must always take, for the markets were unprecedently high. The tobacco, which could have been bought in the United States from 24 to 5 dollars per cwt. sold at twenty dollars—and the cotton, which could have been purchased at ten cents, sold at fifty cents the pound. The loss arose solely from the perfidy and rapacity of the French Government, in seizing upon the greater part of both the adventures, under a pretence for the payment of duties, which it shifts ad libitum as suits either its avarice or caprice, or promulgates or withholds as best answers its purposes.

Sir, you will remark that these accounts of sale bear date July 15, only eight days antecedent to the information communicated to the American Government by Mr. Serrurier, in his letter to Mr. Monroe of July 23, 1811, in which he states, that “the introduction of tobacco is not prohibited in * France—it forms the first object of culture of ‘some of the States of the Union, and His Majesty, ‘having an equal interest in the prosperity of all, ‘ desires that the relations of commerce should be common to all parts of the Federal territory.” Yes, sir, this is indisputably the sort of interest which His Majesty is pleased to take in the commerce of the United States, and this the sort of benefit, which he, without doubt, would delight to render common to all parts of the Federal territory. .

Hii. information was given in too authentic a shape to admit of its being questioned; it came from one of the most respectable mercantile houses in the country, composed of Federalists,” and was made known to you by an honorable member of the Senate from Maryland, (Mr. SMITH,) of opposite politics, and who has ióng in some sort been considered or respected as the commercial organ of this House, if not of the Government. When these facts were stated, the colleague of the gentleman, (Mr. REED,) with the manly frankness of a soldier, of a man who, in the times which tried men's souls, devoted himself both soul and body to the service of his country—who entered your Army at the commencement, and continued in it to the termination of the Revolutionary war, with great usefulness to the public and reputation to himselfwith that integrity which characterizes him, after giving vent to the honest indignation of his heart,

*Messrs. Robert Gilmore & sons, of Baltimore.

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