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authorities of the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament.

7. I have produced Theophilus of Antioch above (p. 122.) as an evidence for the authenticity of the Gospels of St Matthew and St. John, of the Epistle to the Romans, and also of the first Epistle to Timothy.—Did the work which he wrote against Hermogenes, w/soy rnv aipi<rm Eplt*oytuouf, still exist, we might likewise prove from him the antiquity of the Revelation of St. John1.

8. Pantænus, whom Eusebius"1, apparently by mistake, mentions as president of the catechetical school at Alexandria, was, as this author informs us, such a faithful and learned

1 See Eusebius, Hist. Eccles. Lib. IV. cap. xxiv. p. 287,—who says, that Theophilus in the abovementioned book had taken some of his proofs from the Revelation of St. John, it a cx Tti; airoxahv^tui luavtov p.s^pnrai papTvpal$.

■» Hist. Eccles. Lib. V. cap. x. p. 222, 223.—See Lardner's Credibility, vol. ii. p. 203.

supporter supporter of Christianity, that he would have instructed posterity as usefully by his writings, as he did his contemporaries by his sermons.—He preached the Gospel in India", and is said to have found there the Gospel of St. Matthew in the Hebrew language °. Whether this information, which Eusebius gives in a doubtful manner, be true or not, nevertheless it proves thus

n The old ecclesiastical historians mean frequently by this name Arabia Felix; fee Michaelis Intr. to the N. T. vol. iii. p. 124. of the learned Mr. MarstVs Travis. ; but here it is India properly so called, India on the Ganges. Chriitianity was preached there in the first century by the Apostle St. Thomas. This is asserted—1. By the ancient writers consulted by Eusebjus, Hist, ecclef. iii. 1. v. 10.—a. By the most learned historians of the East, Asseman bibl. orient, torn. III. par. i. p. 611, and par. ii. p. 25. And 3. By those Christian sects, which have existed from the most early antiquity in India, particularly on the coasts of Malabar, who have an ancient tradition to the fame purpose, and therefore call themselves St. Thomas's Christians.—La Cro2e, 38.

• Eusebius 1. cit. it6a Xoyof SwgEit avToi — T""ri utT* MaT9aiei evayythuit it. T. X.

much, touch, that the Gospel of St. Matthew was already known in the earlieji ages. —According to Jerom's relationp, he composed also certain commentaries on the Bible.

. The work of Clement of Alex* andria, in which he principally considered the Holy Scriptures of the Christians, his Hypotuposes, is also lost, except a few fragments. It contained explications of many books both of the Old and New Testament, especially of the Epistles of St. Paul, and of the Catholic Epistles,.—Eusebius has preserved the following information from itr—That the Epistle to the Hebrews was written by St. Paul in the Hebrew language, and translated into Greek by

St Luke his companion; that the Gos

p Hujus multi-*- — in sanctam scripturara extant Coramentarii. De vir. illustr. cap. xxxvi.

1 Eusebius. Hist. Ecclef. Lib. VI. cap. xlv. p. 273. et Photius, Biblioth. Codice cix. p. 187. edit. Andr. Jchotti. Rothomagi, 1653. folio.

r Loc. cit.

-x pels pels which contain the Genealogies (viz. of St Matthew and St Luke) were composed before the others; that St Mark wrote his Gospel at the request of St Peter's disciples at Rome, and that St Peter was so far from rejecting it, that, at the instigation of the Holy Ghost, he imparted a divine consequence to it"; and that St John


• Loc. cit. Comp. Lib. II. cap. xv. pag. 64. Ttorr* h 10 wtax^it (vi2. that St. Mark had composed in writing the speeches of St. Peter, at the request of the Romans) p*o-i Toi AnofoMv (St. Peter) avoxa.hv^a.nos avrf Toy Vluvpurof ioQntat rut mnftn Vf*vt>fua, nvftttmt Ti m yt*$*> (the Gospel of St. Mark) «; imt>{in rat; ixOwirtais.—The sentence airoxaXvt]/arro( avra rov Ilriv/xaTof has been always referred by translators to the preceding words; but if it be construed with those which follow, every difficulty will vanish.—" Peter, having discovered what had been done, and being instigated by the Holy Ghost, granted the desire of those men, (the Romans) and gave his sanction to the Gospel of St. Mark, that it Ihould be read in the Christian communities." Lardner torments himself with the difficulty of this passage; Credibility, vol. ii. p. n 5. But amidst all his observations he has not reflected that the structure of the



had written -BvivpaTixov fuayssXiov, a Gospel which treated especially of the divine nature of Christ, the others being principally employed on his human. Ton ^ . * Iaasuw trxtolov <ruwiWa> eri ret eu/tentka ti Toi? fuayssAioi? SiSv^urai, ,trpojfairtVTOi Vtto rav yvtoft[AU> zrveopctTt 9,{o^ofn9E>T« #i/svn*aTi>w woiinrai EuaysiXiov.

Eusebius and Jerom would have per* formed still greater service to posterity, had they made longer and more com* plete extracts from those writings of considerable teachers which existed in their times. Both of them notice various teachers of the second century who had written commentaries on the scriptural books. But as they are silent on their contents, we can neither determine what information these

words in Eusebius does not by any means necessitate the connection of assoxaXtJ/. x- T. 7\. with yvandt— AnoroKiv: as if the Holy Ghost had revealed to St. Ptter, that the Romans had petitioned St. Mark to compose his Gospel, arid that he had granted their request.

L 2 writers

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