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Picara like'd mans flesh as wel as those of Pozo ; for, when the Spaniards were there the first time, above 4000 of the natives follow'd them, “and so order'd it, that they kil'd and ate at least 300

Indians.”

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* C. 22, p. 58. Some of the Indians, after eating the flesh, would stuf the skin with ashes, and make a wax face to the scul, so as to give it the appearance of a liveing man: very often, when the people within were all asleep, at night, the devil enter'd into those bodys, which were full of ashes, and frighted the natives with such dreadful apparitions, that some of thenı died for fear." (C. 28, p. 74.) These devils were, probablely, Spaniards, the only dæmons, it is believed, which ever visited that country.

CHAP. VII.

ANIMAL FOOD PERNICIOUS.

These flesh-eatings,” says Plutarch, are not onely preternatural to mens bodys, but, also, by cloging and cloying them, render their very minds and intellects grofs likewise : for, it is wel known to most, that wine and much flesh-eating make'the body, indeed, strong and lusty, but the mind weak and feeble.”*

According to Festus, a contagious distemper spred itsself in Rome, among women with child, in the reign of Tarquin the proud, which was ascribed to their eating the flesh of sacrifice'd buls, the overplus of which the sacrificeërs fold; and, on this occasion, the Taurian, or Taurilian games were instituteëd, to appease the anger of the infernal gods.

* Of eating of Alb, tract i. .

The Arabians, though not without animal food, feldom eat of it ; it being thought very unwholesome in such hot countrys.*

The indulgeing of flesh-meats and strong-liquors, according to doctor Cheyne, inflames the passions, and shortens life. +

“No people in the world,” says doctor Buchan,

eat such quantitys of animal food as the Engleish, which is one reason why they are so generally tainted with the scurvy and its numerous train of consequenceës, indigestion, low-spirits, hypochondriasm, &c.”

It appears, by the general bil of all the christenings and burials, for the city and suburbs of London, from December 9, 1800, to December 15, 1801, that, of 17,814 children, males and females, christen'd in that or the four preceding years, not less than 5,395 dye'd under the age of two years, nor less than 2,063, between two and five: a destruction, apparently, oweing to, and occafion'd by, the untimely and unnatural use of animal food. No other nation in the world, it is believe'd, much less that of the Hindoos, or any other people, who abstain from this diet, incuring such an untimely lofs.

* Niebuhrs Travels, II, 231. + Essay on bealth, p. 94. I Domestick medicine, p. 73.

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CHAP. VIII.

HEALTH, SPIRITS, AND QUICKNESS OF PERCEP

TION PROMOTED BY A VEGETABLE DIIT,

It is surpriseing, fays Goldsmith, to what a great age the primitive christians of the cast, .. who retire'd from persecution in the desarts of

Arabia, continue'd to live in all the bloom of health, and yet all the rigours of abstemious discipline. Their common allowance, as we are

told, for four-and-twenty hours, was twelve ounceës of bread, and nothing but water. On { this simple beverage St. Anthony is say'd to have live'd a hundred and five years; James the hermit, a hundred and four ; Arsenius, tutor to the emperor Arcadius, a hundred and twenty ; St. Epiphanius, a hundred and fifteen ; Simeon, a hundred and twelve ; and Rombald, a hundred and twenty. In this manner, he ads, did these holy temperate men live to an extreme old age,

kept cheerful by strong hopes, and healthful by moderate labour. *

That the orientals live to a great age is chiefly oweing to their abstinence from animal food and strong liquors.t

Josephus observes that the Essencs, a fort of Jewish monks, live'd commonly to a hundred years, by reason of the simplicity of their diet, and regular life. I

The Priscillianists, or followers of Priscillian, the heretical bishop of Avila in Spain, who suffer'd under Maximus, anno 385, enjoin'd, or recommended, a total abstinence from all animal food.

"I marvell,” says Stubbes, speaking of the variety of meats in his time,“ how our fore. fathers lived, who eat little els but colde meates, grofsc, and hard of disgesture? yea, the most of them fead upon graine, corne, rootes, pulse, hearbes, weedes, and such other baggage, and yet lived longer then wee, were healthfuller then we, of better complection then we, and much stronger then we in every respect : wherfore i

* History of the eartb, II, 132 f Niebuhrs Travels, II, 375. $ Josephus, Wars of the Jews, & Gibbon, III, 27.

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