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His family, which, including domestics, || object. The dazzle' of a temporary was numerous, were taught the wor-approbation of the people, except as ship of God, and the truths and duties connected with their real and permaof the religion of his Son. Mr. Win- nent interests, was never the object of throp was distinguished for meekness his pursuit. His patriotism, instead of and prayer. The humility and conde- elevating liis own country on the ruin scension of his demeanor, in all the or injury of others, sought the estabchanges of his life, were singularly lishment of a civil community, on the conspicuous, and courstituted one of principles of justice and philanthropy, the first qualifications for the arduous alike happy in itself and beneficial to services which devolved upon him the world. Though possessed of a This characteristic was eminently good constitution, his indefatigable la
, maintained by frequent and fervent bors and incessant cares wore out his prayer. God was ever in his view, he life before he had completed the ordiever rejoiced in his perfections, in du- nary course. What more justly than ty he emplored his aid, in perplexity he this, could be called dying for bis relied on him for guidance, in afflic-| country. Like Moses, like Aristides, tions he aclored his righteous wisdom. like Washington, Winthrop had his
As a patriot, Gov. Winthrop will enemies; who suggested insinuations bear any comparison that may he ad- of misconduct in his public administraduced. It has already been mention- tion. The view of extraordinary vired that the inost of his great estate was tue and uncommon public estimation spent in the service of the colony.- the cankered heart of malice can nevInconsideration of the great diminutioner, endure. It always resorts to the of his property in the public service, same subject of complaint. 'Ye take he received, at different times consid- too much upon you ; such influence witte erable presents. In a speech at the the hand of an individual must be dam opening of the General Court he spoke i gerous. Mr. Winthrop desired an inof these in the following manner.- vestigation of his official confuct and “That he had received gratuities from was acquitted with great honor. On divers towns, which he accepted with that occasion he remarked, “It repentmuch comfort and content; and he had, eth me not of my cost or labor bestowed likewise received civilities from par- in the service of this commonwealth, ticular persons, which he could not but do heartily bless the Lord our God, refuse without incivility in himself.- that he hath pleased to honor me so Nevertheless, he took them with a far as to call for any thing he hath betrembling heart, in regard of God's stowed upon me, for the service of word, and the conscience of his own | his church and the people here, the infirmities; and therefore le desired prosperity whereof and his gracious hem that ey would ?) here af ter acceptance shall be an abundant rec. take it ill, if he refused such presents ompence to me."* for the time to come.
He took a In the beginning of the year 1649, most comprehensive view of the true having for some time previous been interests of New England for the pre-afilicted with various infirmities which sent and future times, and to the pro-he viewed as indicatioas of his apmotion of these, his utmost efforts proaching dissolution, Governor Winwere steadily directed. There is no throp fell sick with a fever. The appearance of any attempts to pro-church held a fast on the occasion, mote the interest of his own colony to humbly pleading with God, that their the exclusion of the others. He view-illustrious pillar might still be spared. ed the whole as one connected com- But God was about to teach them to munity, united by a common interest, make himself alone their refuge and engaged in the pursuit of a common guide. In hiš sickness, after some Magnalia
* Hutchinson. VOL. 2. T
short conflicts, he enjoyed the anima-|| preserved. It forms an octavo vołuine ting light of the divine countenance, of 360 pages, and is the most valuable cheerfully conversing with his Chris-document of the early history of Neva tian friends on the hope set before us. England that is extant. With great affection and fervor he com
To be continued mended to the faithfulness of God, of which he had enjoyed great experi- CONNECTICUT MORAL SOCIETY, ence, the infant churches and colonies
Concluded from page 131. of New England. To his children, The Branch Sociсty in North Costanding around bim, he gave his part-ventry reported also as their opining counsel and dying blessing. Heion, that the institution had produced then committed his soul to God, and effects highly and extensively benefifell asleep, March, 26, 1649. He had cial to the community there, that, by nearly completed the sixty-second its influence, the tide of popular feelyear of his age.
ings and sentiment had begun to flow Mr. Winthrop had very severe do- in favor of wholesome morals; that mestic trials, in the loss of wives and the hands of the magistrate were greatchildren. To these afflictions he sub-ly strengthened ; that the notorious mitted with the magnanimity of a vices specified in the constitution were Christian. A beloved son of great more and more abandoned; that trakhopes, was drowned soon after he elling on the Sabbath, of which early eame to this country. The character in the year, there had been alınost a of the father is strikingly marked in continual strean, was nearly suppresthe manner in which he mentiona this sed; that po needless fabor was obaffictive event in his journal. "Friday served on the Lord's day; that tiplers July 2, (1630) my son Henry Win-had in a great measure forsaken those throp, was drowned at Salem." This places to which a few months before is not stoical, but the language of a sub- they had been in the daily habit of Inissive Christian, who views the holy resorting; that, though the reformation hand of Jehovah in every event. of confirmed drunkards was bardly to
Ar. Winthrop left four sons, all of be expected, yet the use of distilled liwhom arrived to good estates, and to quors was generally discontinued by an honorable eminence in usefulness persons in the enjoyment of health ; and character. His eldest son, John and that idlers and drones were, in the Winthrop, was the distinguished gov-||public view, contemptible. ernor of Connecticut, who procured They were, likewise, sensible that the Charter of the State. A son of perseverance is indispensable to perthis last Gov. Winthrop was also gov-manent sucess in this patriotic and ernor of Connecticut. Professor Win- good work, and that they must go forthrop of Cainbridge, who died in 1779, ward under the impulse of feelings like was one of the most learned men New- those of brothers united in a common England has produced. Of the fami-cause. The education of children in ly of Gov. Winthrop, Dr. Elliot ob- the strictest habits; a vigilant attenserves, “ Several of his posterity havetion to the moral qualifications of exhibited the image of their illustrious school-masters; exciting the people, ancestor, and his family have been as far as possible, to a universal attenmore eminent for their talents, learn- dance on public worship; alfording 'ing and honors, than any other in New every necded encouragement to in England."* Gov. Winthrop's picture forming officers and magistrates, thai is preserved in the council chamber in they may continue to be vigilant, faithBoston. A Journal, kept by him, from ful, and fearless, in doing what they the time of his embarkation for Ame- have bound themselves by the oath of rica to the close of the year 1644, is the living God to do-were articles of
* Biographical Dictionary of New England duty in contemplation by tbe Society
when their report was communicated. || of the last years. Intemperance, and the
be Such is the proposed abstract of re- profanation of the Lord's day, may ports from the Branches to the gener
sumed as the principal sources of this al Society at their last meeting. Ma- growing toleration.
The experience of more than a centuny of thein, at the time of their reports
ry has proved the excellence of our stathad been quite recently formed. Noth- utes, Executed with promptitude and ing further could, of course have been energy, they have uniformly secured libdone, than merely to form their sys-erty and safety in well-doing. This is all tems, and commence their operations. that could be reasonably asked. It is
Froin a number of Branches, not the end of their establishment. But the named in this abstract, no reports were whole of this good is lost, when they received. Those that reported, gen. religious, is our boast. But liberty, with
cease to take effect. Liberty, civil and erally, though not all
, gave the num-out morals, is a sword in the hands of a ber and the names of their members. || mad man--an instrument of perdition to It has been deemed proper and useful himself and those within his reach. that these articies be transmitted to the On this very copious and very plain General Society, and be kept on their subject, a single thought deserves to be files; but unnecessary to repeat them seriously considered. The devices of in the abstract for publication. Tho' the profiignate, in their struggle for toleragreat numbers engaged in favor of|tion, are many and subtil.
however, do they succeed more triumgood morals are very desirable, yol phantly, than in attaching odiousness to the success of a worthy cause, is not the character of an informer. The misalways found proportional to the mul-chiefs practised by the robber and thief titudes who lend it their names.--are, indeed, seen and felt at once. There The discretion, fidelity, zeal, and per-is, conséquently, no attempt to fix rèseverance of a few have been fre- || proach upon the character of an informer quently seen to aocomplish the work against them. But the mischicfs diffused of many. The number associated in through the community by the conduct the State of Connecticut, for the pro- profane swearer and the vicious of every
of the sabbath breaker, the drunkard, the motion of good morale, is not precise- || character, are less perceptible, in the sinly ascertained. It probably exceeds gle instance, and at the moment of perpé. iwo thousand. Even in this early petration. Besides, depraved appetite and riod of the combination, such a num-passion are, every where, on the side of ber is sufficient to afford much encoui- these practices so destructive in the result, agement and hope-and, especially, poral and everlasting interests of'manhind
to the body and to the soul--to the teinwhen the effects already produced are brought into view, It is wished and bring the cry of meanness and cdiousness
It has been found easy therefore, to expected that Branches will yet be upon the head of the individual who conformed in those parishes, where they scientiously informs against the dealers have been hitherto neglected. The in these pestilent vices. Nor have the friends of morality in such places are imoral ceased to avail themselves of affectionately invited to consider the this fact. They have rendered the ordigood they may do by a cordial co-op- pary operation of the laws ineffectual for eration with their brethren already
restraint.. The tithing-man, the constacombined. Such combinations in ev- in mar.y instances entirely alone, is over.
ble, the grand-jary-man, standing almost, ery part of the State must have it in whelmed. In several parishes, it has altheir power to accomplish purposes ready ai rived, as appears by the foregoextensively advantageous. To mening reports, that he will sooner suffer the who are hoth well disposed and intelli-l pei.aliy of the law for refusing to take the gent, and have rising families, no consid- quahfying oath, thai bind himself by its cration need to be suggested, but that ra- sacred ovligations. In others, as is well pidity with which the toleration of an o-known, the informing officers; conscious pen disrespect to religion, righteousness, of their oai's, feci theinselves constrainand decency, has increased, during a fewed to hide their faces and shut their eyes;
BAPTIST MISSION IN INDIL
from seeing evil. In others, again, where the sight of profligacy cannot be shunned litey are driven to miserable evasions The 25th Number of the Periodical and equivocations to justify their neglect. Accounts of the Baptist Missionary Verily, ye that profess friendship to the Society, which brings down the histocil being of man, these ought not so to
The case of the officer is hard-it is!ry of the Mission to the close of the o'zlorable--and the prospects of every
year 1812, is published. It is prefaommunity so conditioned are gloomy.— ced by some observations of the ComHere, then, is seen a reason invincible for mittee, which serve to give a comprecombinations in support of wholesome hensive view of its progress since the laws, and of those who are appointed to close of the year 1809. At that perienforce them for the common good.-od there were six stations, containing The odiousness of bearing an efficacious 391 members. At the close of 1812, testimony against vice will not, where there were twelve stations, and about these Societies exist, and do their duty,
500 members. oppress the informer. The associated
The main part of will take this burden from his shoulders, what has been done in Calcutta, has and their collected strength will bear it been done in these three years. By not only without pain to themselves, but circulating the Scriptures in the native with triumph to the cause of virtue. languages, by preaching, and by the es
The great body of the people in this tablishinent of a large school, on LanState are far from being notoriously vi- Caster's model, a strong impression cious. The fact is matter of devout con- has been made on t'at city. During gratulation. It is ample ground of hope. this period, not less than 160 persons The growing toleration of the comparatively few licentious is the cause of alarm. I have been baptised in Calcutta and The well-disposed, the moral, the repu- Serampore ;-a mission had been table, are sufficiently numerous, in eve- || planted in Orissa, the seat of Juggerry parish, to render the profligate citi-naut, where not only bave the Scripzen disreputable-to cover with shame tures, in the language of the country, the rising individuals that have begun been liberally distributed, even within to feel as if they might be vicious the precincts of the temple, but the with impunity-and to uphold our statute book as a watchful guardian of our
gospel has been diligently preached social and civil enjoyments. By the and a church formed of between thirprogress then, of immorality within a ty and forty members:~the church few years in our land; by the insufficien- in Jessore has increased from thirty to cy of law in its ordinary operations to eighty members :-the Gospel bas check that progress; by the success of been preached, and churches formed the recent and present efforts, as far as at Bheerboom, Agra, Digah, Patna, made, to curb the openly profligate : by and Daca :-the word of God has the ample competency of the reputable been introduced into the Mahratta in every vi
to restrain the immoral among themselves; by that un
country, where many were reading it measured affection which the generation with apparent effect:-and three new now risen and active feel for the well-|| staticus have been occupied, viz. CoTveing of those that shall follow; and by lumbo, Chittagong and Bombay. the duty which all owe to God and their The state of the translalions at the country-let the friends of good morals end of 1812, was as follows;_1. In in each parocbial district be induced to Bengalee, the New Testament had unite their counsels and persevere in their labor to secure the invaluable object gone through three editions, and was of this institution—and the wide-wasting ready for a fourth;-the second edienormities of vice will be speedily and el- tion of the Old-Testainent was printed fectually arrested.
to the fourth chapter of Leviticus. ENOCH PERKINS,
2. In Sungskrit, New Testament printJOHN TAYLOR,
Committee. ed ;-Old-Testament printed to 20
Samuel, and translated to 2d Chroni
cles. 3. In Orissa, New Testament admonition," while solicitous for the printed, and tried and approved by success of Christ's kingdom in other Orissa purdits;-Old-Testament, the lands, let us not forget our native Hagiographia and the Prophets, and country, and while the souls of our felthe Historical Books to Ist Kings, low-cinners are dear to us, let us not printed.'. 4. In Telinga, New-Testa- be unmindful of our own. It is too ment translated, Matthew in the press. possible that a zeal may be kindled 5. In Kurnata, New-Testament traus- for a public object while at the same Jated, Matthew revised. f. In Mah-time things of a personal nature are ratta, New-Testament printed, and in neglected. Surely it would be a grievcirculation ;-Old-Testament printed ous thing, if while busy here and to Numbers. 7. In Hindoost'hanee, there about converting the heathen, New Testament, second edition in the we lose our own souls !" press ;-Old-'i'estament printed to Exodus. 8. Shikh, New-Testainent, Accounts themselves.
Some extracts from the Periodical translated and printed to Luke vii. 9. In Burman, types cast, a volume of “Serampore and Calcutta.--Fifiy: Scripture Extracts printed, and the nine have been added to this church, translation prepared to Luke xviii.- the greater part of wbom are natives of 10. In Chinese, New-Testament trans- India of various religions.” "The lated; 0. Testament to 1st Sam. v. and Scriptures and scripture tracts in variGospel of St. John printing. 11. In ous languages have been largely disCashmire, New Testament translated tributed by the members of the church to Rom. ii. 12 Assam, New-Testament, among their neighbors, their servants, translated to John vi. Besides which and the strangers from various parts the translation of the Scriptures into of India.”
"Several of the younger the Pushtoo or Affghun, the Nepala, members of the church have applied the Brij Basha, the Bilochee, and the to the study of the Bengalee, Nagree, Maldivian were commencing ; impor-||
and Persian characters, to enable them tant improvements had been made in to read the New Testament to their sercasting types and manufacturing pa- vants and neighbors.” “ The Benevoper, and the younger branches of the lent Institution for the instruction of family were so educated, as to be able poor children, has been this year elto carry on the translations.
tended to girls, who with the boys in a “The feelings excited by the disas- distinct apartment, amount to upwards ter at Serampore, not only produced a of 300.” “A building, during this prompt and very liberal contribution year has been erected near the chapel, for the reparation of the loss, but proba- which will contain 800 children." bly increased the interest which the The impression made on the neighChristian part of the nation felt in the borhood by the conduct of the Misquestion, Shall Christianity have free sionaries, and the quiet manner in course in India? That interest cer- which they are heard by the natives, tainly was great, and of great import- will appear by the following account ance. The temperate but decided of one of their excursions :-"On 23, way in which the sense of the country in the evening, the brethren Marshman was expressed, as well as the respect- and Ward went to Ishra. The peoful manner in which it was treated by ple in the bazer kindly accommodathe Government and the Legislature, ted them with seats ; and nearly fifty call for our grateful acknowledge- sat down around them, to whom they ments both to them, and to Him who read and expounded the Ten Comdisposes the hearts of all for the ac- mandments, asking the people which complishment of his purposes.”-“Fi- of them they thought evil or unjust. nally,” the Committee observe, and They answered, “None"; they were we are anxious to second their pious all good.' The tree then, said they,