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. Hence.. Common. spoken of...
Hence.. Third Person.. denotes but one.
.Hence.. Singular Number. Object of the action expressed by lend..
Hence.. Objective Case. Rule—“The Object of an action or relation must be in the Objective Case." is used for a name....
Hence..a Pronoun. its form denotes its person
..Hence.. Personal. spoken 10.....
Hence.. Second Person. denotes more than one.... Hence.. Plural Number. Subject of “lend”.
. Hence.. Nominative Case. RULE—“The Subject of a Sentence must be in the
Nominative Case.” Nightingales.. is a name
.Hence..a Noun. name of a class ....
.Hence.. Common. spoken to....
Hence.. Second Person. denotes more than one.... Hence..
..Plural Number. not dependent on any other word (but used incidentally to explain who are meant by “ye”).
Hence.. Independent Case, RULE—“A Noun or Pronoun used to explain a preceding Noun or pronoun, is in the Independent Case."
Subject, Intransitive Sentence, Principal Parts..
Adjunct of “ Fathers.”
.Logical Adjunct of "they."
. . Adjunct of“ are.” Our ..... is an Adjective-Specifying-Possessive--Specifies “Fathers.” Fathers.. is a Noun--Common--Masculine-Third Person--Plural
Number—Independent Case-a logical Adjunct of “they.”
of remark, is in the Independent Case.” Where... Modifies “ are”-hence, an Adverb-ot place-Interrogative.
Are......asserts veing-hence, a Verh Intransitive-Indicative Made
Present Tense--Third Person-Plural Number-corresponds
and Number." They .... is used for a name; hence, a Pronoun-Personal—Third Per
son-Plural Number-Nominative Case to“ are."
They tell me of the Egyptian asp,
The bite of which is death
His hot and hurried breath."
Embellished with He said, and so said I.”—Cowper. s He evinced the elder brother's title to the estate, from the contradictory evidence of the witnesses, and the false reasoning of the pleaders; un. raveled all the sophistry to the very bottom, and gained a complete via tory in favor of truth and justice.”—Anon.
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW.
When must a Noun or Pronoun be in the Nominative Case ?
When may a Nominative Phrase follow its Predicate ?
The logical Subjects of Infinitive Verbs and Participles may be in what Cases ?
When must a Noun or Pronoun be in the Objective Case ?
When is a Noun or Pronoun in the Independent Case?
PRONOUN. Rule 8. A Pronoun must agree with its Antecedent in Gender, Person, and Number.
Obs. 1.-The Antecedent of a Pronoun may be a Word, Phrase, or Sentence.
EXAMPLES. 1. A Word...." James has injured HIMSELF; he has studied too much." 2. A Phrase...." William's abandoning a good situation in hopes of a
better, was never approved by me. It has been the prime cause of all his troubles.”
“It is good to be zealously affected in a good thing." 3. A Sentence.."I am glad that Charles has secured a liberal education
it is what few poor boys have the perseverance to accomplish."
OBS. 2.- A Pronoun may consist of a Word, Phrase, or Sen. tence.
1. A Word .... I have treated him respectfully.
"Much learning shows
a (1.) When it represents one Singular Antecedent, EXAMPLE-Henry was quite well when I last saw him.
(2.) When it represents two or more Singular Antecedents taken separately.
EXAMPLE_" The oil of peppermint, or any other volatile oil, dropped on paper will soon evaporate; no trace of it will be left."
NOTE II. A Pronoun should have a Plural forn,
(1.) When it has one Antecedent indicating Plurality: EXAMPLE–Few men are as wise as They might be.
(2.) When it has two or more Antecedents taken collectively.
EXAMPLE—Homer and Henry always accomplish what they undertake.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS. NOTE III. The form of a Personal Pronoun, should indicate its Person and Number.
Obs. 1.--The Pronouns I and we denote the person or persons speaking or writing—“I” Singular—"we" Plural. But,
OBs. 2.-"We" is used in the Singular by Editors and Emperors. EXAMPLES—“We, Nicholas I., Emperor of all the Russias.”
"We shall present ourself as candidate at the next election." OBs. 3.--Thou is used in Solemn Style, to denote a person addressed. EXAMPLE" Thou didst weave this verdant roof." OBS. 4. -- You was formerly limited to the Second Person
Plural; but is now used in the Second Person Singular and
You have accomplished your object.
Dod's Mas. “When you was here comforting me.- Pope.
“Why was you glad.”—Boswell's Life of Johnson. Obs. 6.—The Pronoun "it" often has an Indefinite or undetermined Antecedent; and may then represent any Gender, Person, or Number. EXAMPLES—" It snows." " It rains.”
“It was my father.
was Dr. Chalmers."--B. B. Edwards. NOTE IV. Pronouns of different Persons used in the same connection, should have their appropriate position.
Obs. 1.-The Second Person is used first—the Third next, and the First last.
EXAMPLEYou and James and I have been invited.
Obs. 2.—But when a fault is confessed, this order is sometimes reversed. EXAMPLE_"I and my people have sinned.”
NOTE V. The Pronoun “them" should not be used Adjectively.
Incorrect. ..Bring me them books.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS. Obs. 1.-A Relative Pronoun always performs a double office, and is used,
1. Substantively. ExamPLE-He who studies, will improve.
“Who” relates to "he," and is the Subject of studies-hence, a Substantive.