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thence result to religion, I think it extremely rights already absolutely acquired by the existprobable that he did mean " to hold out his ing institution—nor partake of the residuary bequest as an invitation for the two Conventions bequest in Mr. Sherred's will. to run a race" in doing that good to religion,
THOMAS ADDIS EMMET. "and to enter into a contest for the priority New-York, July 31st, 1821. of being eminently serviceable to the Church a priority which, when once ascertained as a I have fully considered the case on which the fact, would prevent all further controversies foregoing opinion is given, and I entirely concur on the subject, or at least render them unavail. with it, and with the reasons of Mr. Emmet, ing
I can only add, that if the General Convention It seems to me by no means a well founded have the prior right to establish the theological observation, “ that the testator was in no hurry seminary, for which the bounty of the testator to establish a seminary, since he speaks not only was intended, they necessarily have the power of an accumulation of interest, while the pro. to postpone the completion of the object of perty continues in the hands of the executors; the testator: There is no period of time prebut also of an accumulation in the rate of com- scribed during which they must make their pound interest, which implies its continuance election; and if the right to establish one is in their hands at least two years after it is primarily given to and vested in them by the. vested in the manner required by the testa- will of Mr. Sherred, I do not perceive why tor.” If any inference can be fairly drawn from they may not postpone the exercise of this the clause of the will there alluded in, it is this
power, so as, in a great measure, to defeat the When the will was made and dated, there was religious views and intentions of the testator. no institution in existence that was the object if the testator had intended a preference to of his bounty-therefore, the theological the General Convention, or, in other words, school, towards the establishment of which the that they were first to elect, I think he would General Convention had taken measures, was have expressed himself differently. He would not the object of his bounty, and he knowingly have manifested such preference by fixing a put it aside, without any mark or indication of certain time, within which the General Convenpreference; probably because its removal tion should decide; and, on failure so to do, from this State was contemplated and spoken then would have provided for a seminary to be of His hurry to establish such a seminary is established by the State Convention. But, as sufficiently evident from his giving the prefer. the will is, nothing, in my judgment, can be ence to that which should be first established; more evident, than that the testator intended but as the time of its establishment was in no no preference. As soon as a theological semirespect under his controul-as that was to be
nary is established by either Convention in the the act of others to whom he could not dictate, State of New-York, the bequest instantly ata he gave directions for taking care of and im- taches, and its benefits-instantly become vested proving the fund, while they should remain in rights in such seminary. active.
JOSIAH OGDEN HOFFMAN, The observations I have already made will October 8th, 1821. enable me to be very brief in reply to the proposed questions. I am of opinion, from the facts Mr. Ogden's Opinion on Mr. Sherred: Will. of the case, that the theological institution now I have perused and fully considered the anestablished in the State of New York, under nexed case, and the questions arising under it. the aathority of the State Convention, fully As there was, at the date of Mr. Sherred's answers the description of the cestui que will, a theological school in the city of Newtrusts contained in Mr. Sherred's will. He was York, established under the authority of the undoubtedly aware that the institution to which General Convention of the Protestant Episcohe destined so large a property could not be pal Churoh, if the testator had intended his perfect before it would become entitled to the bequest to be to that seminary, he undoubtedly bequest. His object was, by giving it those ad- would have made the bequest to it, and not have ditional funds, to contribute materially to its given and bequeathed the same in trust, to acimprovement. ! perceive no deficieney in the cumulate upon interest "until there shall be institution but the want of distinct professors established, within the State of New-York, unfor each department, and that cannot be such a der the direction or by the authority of the defect in its establishment or organization, as General Convention of the Protestant Episco. might prevent the vesting of the legacy. No pal Church in the United States of America, detect, therefore, presents itself to my mind as or of the Convention of the Protestant Episcocapable of affecting this question, that could be pal Church in the State of New-York, a colcured by any further proceedings of the Suate lege, academy," &c. Convention, the Trustees, or Managers. The bequest is not for an institution already
If I am right in the opinions already ex- established, but for one hereafter to be estapressed, the legacy has fully and entirely vested blished. in that seminary, and cannot be taken from it, The testator, no doubt, foresaw what has at least so long as it continues faithfully to per- since happened, that the seminary or sehool form its functions, and is located in this State. then established by the authority of the GeneThat legacy, under the terms of the will, is to ral Convention was only temporarily established be appropriated only to an institution to be esta- in the State of New-York, and might thereafter blished by one of those Conventionsmit would be removed from it. The object of his bounty not be conformable to the will to divide it was an institution permanently to be established among two institutions, one to be established by in this State, and which could not be removed each Convention and I therefore think that if from it. He, therefore, in effect, provides by the General Convention should hereaiter esta. his will, that if the school established by the blish another seminary within this State for the authority of the General Convention should be same purposes, it caonot divest or defeat the removed from the State, and one should here. after be established by the authority of the ture would be desirable, and ought to be car. Convention of the State, it should be entitied ried into effect, if it can be done upon fair and to the benefit of his bequest.
correct principles, so as to preserve all the es. Upon the first question, I think the theologi- sential provisions and regulations of our dior dal institution now established in the State of
cesan seminary, and to secure a just influence New-York does answer the description of the in the government and controul of the generat cestui que trusts contained in Mr. Sherred's institution to each diocess within which contri. will.
butions may be obtained towards its funds. It is an institution established under the di- If it were practicable to foresee, it would rection and by the authority of the Convention be unnecessary now to discuss all the details of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State connected with an arrangement for the objects of New-York-it is permanently established contemplated ; but the Committee are of opi. within the State of New-York, and for the nion, that the Convention, under this general education of young men designed for holy orders expression of its views, may, with perfect sein the Protestant Episcopal Church in the curity, authorize the Bishop of the diocess, and United States.
their clerical and lay deputies to the General It therefore answers to every part of the de- Convention, to settle those details; it being, scription of the cestui que trusts contained io however, clearly understood, that any plan of Mr. Sherred's will.
consolidation which may be concluded on, shall 2. I ain not aware that there is any defect in be subject to the approbation of the Trustees of its organization, which requires any further act the Protestant Episcopal Theological Educaof the Convention of the State to remedy it. tion Society.
3. As the institution established in the State In conformity with these views the Commit. of New-York, by the authority of its Conven- tee submit, for the adoption of the Convention, tion, is the cestui que trust described in Mr. the annexed resolutions, Sherred's will, the right to the bequest is All which is respectfully submitted. vested in them; and being once vested, no act
On behalf of the Committee, of the General Convention can divest it.
T. L. OGDEN. If the right to the benefit of this bequest be 18th October, 1821. Vested at all in the institution in this State, it is because it is established here by the proper au. Resolded, That the annual report of the thority; and to suffer it to be taken away by Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Theoloany act which the General Convention can do, gical Education Society in the State of New. would not only be giving them a power of tak- York, made yesterday to this Convention, in ing away what the testator had given, and thus pursuance of the ninth article of the Constituviolating his manifest intention ; but it would be tion of the said society, be accepted. an extraordinary power which would enable Resolved, That the proceedings of the said them to destroy vested rights.
society, in the establishment, under the authow If the right is vested in the institution of this rity of the Convention of the Protestant Epist State for a moment, it is permanently so vested. copal Church in this State, of the seminary for
DAVID B. OGDEN. theological education in this diocess, and in the New-York, August 18t, 1821.
organization of two schools for this purpose,
one in the city of New-York, and the other at All which is respectfully submitted to the Geneva, as detailed in the said report, be, and Convention by the Board of Trustees.
they are hereby approved and confirmed by New York, October 15th, 1821.
Resolved, That this Convention will.concur The above report of the Trustees of the in any proper plan for consolidating the said Education Society, and so much of the Bishop's seminary with any seminary, for the like puraddress as related to the same subject, were re- pose, which the General Convention may, in its ferred to a Committee, who made the following wisdom, see fit to establish, and permanently report:
fix, within this diocess, all the essential proviThe Committee to whom was referred the sions and regulations of the seminary now esta annual report of the Trustees of the Protestant blished, under the authority of the Convention Episcopal Theological Education Society, toge- of this State, being preserved, and a just inther with that part of the Bisliop's address fluence in the management and controul of the which relates to a theological seminary in this general institution being secured to each diodiocers, report to the Convention, that having cess within which contributions may be obtainconsidered the important subjects referred to ed, or donations made towards its funds. Prothem, they are of opinion, and respectfully re- - vided that the terms of such consolidation be commend, in reference to the report of the approved by the Bishop of this diocess, and the Trustees of the "Society, that it be accepted, clerical and lay deputies from the Convention and that their proceedings in the establishment of the Church in this State, to the approachof a seminary in this diocess for theological ing special General Convention of the Protesta education, and in the location and organization ant Episcopal Church in the United States; of two schools for this purpose, as detailed in and that those terms be submitted to, and also the said report, be approved and confirmed. approved by the Trustees of the Protestant
On the subjeet of any arrangement for a Episcopal Theological Eckucation Society in the consolidation of the seminary thus established State of New York, or the Board of Managers under the authority of the Convention of this acting under their authority. State, with one to be permanently established Whereupon, on motion, resolved, that the in this diocess, under the authority of the Ge- report of the Committee be accepted, and that neral Convention, in case that body should deem the resolutions therein recommended, be chis measure to be expedient, the Committee adopted by the Convention. are of opinion, that an arrangement of this na
( To be continuedl.)
For the Christian Journal.
3. The nature of the Christian An Introductory Lecture to a Course
Church in general, of Religious Instruction for young
4. And the institutions of our own Persons, and those of mature Years: Church. Delivered in St. Paul's Chapel, on
A full course of religious instruction Saturday, the 20th of April, 1822. for young persons and others must emBy John Henry Hobart, D. D. Bi- braceshop of the Protestant Episcopal
1. A succinct view of the evidences Church in the State of New York, of Christianity. and Rector of Trinity Church, in
Happily, this system bears in itself the City of New York.
evidences of its divine origin in the The course of religious instruction exhibition which it affords of the chafor young persons and others of the racter of the divine Being so perfectly congregations, has been laid before agreeable to all the dictates of reason you. 'It is my design, in the present all its truths and precepts to the cir
and particularly in the adaptation of introductory lecture, still further to explain and enforce it, in the hope that cumstances of man's condition, and to when it is thoroughly understood, and
the principles and feelings of his naits advantages exhibited, it will meet ture; developing the means by which with general attention. We should
his guilty conscience may be appeased, never forget that amidst the multiplied his corrupt passions subdued, bis underobjects which in this world occupy the standing, his will, and his affections enpowers of our minds and solicit our
lightened, rectified, and purified; and passions—there is one object para- his whole soul elevated with the hopes mount to the highest--the care of the of the glories of that immortal existsoul. And in reference to the care of ence, where all his powers are to be the soul, the cultivation of divine
know. perfected, and all his joys for ever conledge is a duty of the first magnitude.
summated. What, my brethren, will profit us, all
Still, did Christianity rest its claims the wisdom, the wealth, the honours, or
to a divine origin solely on the excel. the pleasures of the world, if we lose lence of the truths which it contains, our souls ?
it might be questioned whether some of It is my design, in the present lee. these truths were not the production of ture, with brevity and with plainness,
uninspired reason : and with regard to I. To point out what are the con
others, transcending the powers of the stituents of a full course of reli. human mind so far as to baffle all her gious instruction.
powers to comprehend them, her II. To consider whether the course
doubts and difficulties can only be which is proposed does not em
removed by the most unequivocal evibrace them.
dence, that they have for their author III. To obviate the objections which that divine Being who, as the Creator may occur to it. And,
and the Lawgiver of his intelligent IV. Lastly. To urge your atten- creatures, claims their unreserved subtion to it.
mission and obedience. It is reason 1. Our first inquiry is, What are the able, therefore, to expect evidence of constituents of a full course of religious the divine origin of Christianity disinstruction ?
tinct from the excellence of the system They are embraced in the following itself. And this evidence is afforded in particulars.
the miraculous works which, arresting 1. The evidences of the truth of and changing the course of nature, Christianity.
prove that the teachers of Christianity 2. An explanation of the contents
were commissioned by the Almighty of the sacred volume, and a sys
Author of nature; and in the prophetematic digest of its doctrines and cies connected with this system, the duties.
fulfilment of which in distant events es
tablishes beyond doubt, that these pre* See Christian Journal for March, page 91.
dictions must have proceeded froin VOL. VI.
that infinité mind before which are laid wisdom which makes wise unto eternal open the past,
the present, and the fu- life. ture. Not merely then with the excel- You observe that I have connecte lence of the Christian system affording ed an explanation of the passages to the honest and unprejudiced mind of Scripture with a systematic digest high and presumptive evidence of its of its truths. And the connexion is divine origin, but with the nature of att important. It has pleased our AL that evidence of miracles and prophecy mighty Creator and Sovereign' to leave which, bearing irresistible marks of the much in grace as in nature, to human exertion of supernatural power, de- industry and attention. The Bible is monstrate that God hath spoken, must not the production of one individual, we be acquainted, in order to give a delivering a well-arranged system. Its reason for the hope that is in us, and inspired authors, through the long thus to silence the cavils of scepticism tract of ages, indited its hallowed with which we may be assailed; and pages; and this circumstance, with the that our faith may stand not in the wis- total disregard to systematic arrange. dom of man, but in the power of God. ment which distinguishes the sacred The nature, then, of the evidences of volume, proves that the lucid, consistChristianity, it must be obvious, ought ent, and harmonious code of doctrine to be one of the particulars embraced and morals which may be deduced in a course of religious instruction. from its distinct and various parts,
2. As this divine system is contained cannot be the work of human imposin the Bible--this sacred volume, the ture, but must be traced to that divine divine origin of which is thus establish- mind which planned, in its eternal ed, with a systematic digest of its counsels, the scheme of man's salvacontents, should be an object of at- tion. It is the business of human dili. tention.
gevee to collect and arrange the code All those passages of Scripture of divine truth from the dispersed pas should be explained and enforced, sages of the sacred volume; and prewhich exhibit the miracles that were senting it as a whole, to command for wrought, and the prophecies that were it the admiring assent of the mind, to fulfilled in attestation of the truth of render its truths and duties easy of apo Christianity; and which set forth its prehension, and powerfully to impress doctrines that are to be believed, and them on the understanding and the heart, its duties that are to be practised. And The most useful study of the Bible, then, this explanation of the sacred writings in reference to religious instruction, is should have particularly in view a sys- that which is connected with a systetematic digest of the truths and duties matic digest of its contents. which they ineulcate--a connected ex- 3. But there is a characteristic of hibition of the incarnation, the life, the the plan of salvation worthy, in a course death, the resurrection, and ascension of religious instruction, of distinct atof Jesus Christ-of his divine charac- tention-I mean the conveyance of its ter and mediatorial offices--of the na- blessings through the ordinances of a ture of the salvation which he pro- divinely constituted society,the Church claimed, and of the conditions by which of Christ. The nature of this Church, we become interested in it. These in- then, should be a subject of particular deed were, in some degree, among the consideration. first objects of catechetical learning. Even in his state of innocence there But in that full course of religious in- was to man a visible mean and symbol struction which is designed for those of of the divine favour-the tree of life riper years--these inspired events and in the midst of the garden. And after truths, with the passages of sacred writ his fall sacrifices were instituted to be that set them forth, should be exhibited the mean and pledge of pardon; and, in detail, and explained and enforced. this rite, added to others of spiritual imFor in no other way can we be tho. port, were made to convey and confirm roughly furnished in divine knowledge, to Israel the covenant favour of the and arrive at full maturity in the Lord their God; until, in the fulness of time, both believing Jews and Gentiles of the sacraments, and of worship. became one in Christ, the hope of Is. The claims, then, of our own Church rael, and the desire of all nations; to membership with the universal and were united in one fold, his mysti- Church, and the nature and propriety cal body, the Church, which we are of all its usages and institutions, should told he purchased with his blood.” be subjects of serious attention. When In this Church, as its Head, he applies acquainted with these particulars, our and conveys to its faithful members, attachment to it will be an enlightened through its ministrations and ordi- and firm attachment-we shall be quapances, the merits of his blood, and lified to be its defenders and its advethe efficacy of his Holy Spirit. " He cates--and above all, we shall be exloved the Church, and gave himself for cited and prepared to apply its apostoit.” And the emphatic declarations lic and primitive institụtions to our ad“Christ is the Head of the Church- vancement in holiness, and to the final the Saviour of the body"-" The Lord salvation of our
souls. added to the Church such as should be II. We are now led to the second saved”-establish the important truth, inquiry proposed, viz. Whether the that the Church is the channel of God's plan on which we are now to enter, covenanted mercies to a fallen world. embraces the constituents which have The Almighty, but just and merciful been stated of a full course of religious Sovereign, who has thus connected sal- instruction. vation with the mystical body of his This plan embraces the system of blessed Son, may, and we trust, will lecturing, and of examination. And dispense with his requisitions in all the subject of both is the Companion cases where honest and pious sincerity for the Festivals and Fasts of the has fallen into involuntary error. But Church. The lectures will be every to rely on this gracious indulgence as week on a seleet portion of this book, an excuse for indolence, or as a plea for or on the texts of Scripture quoted in the wilful neglect of any divine institu- it. And in the subsequent week, the tion, would be a criminal presumption, classes of young persons and others which would incur, as it would merit, will be examined on this portion. the awful displeasure of the Sovereign Questions, with which they have been of the universe. The inquiry, then, previously furnished in print, will be into the nature of that visible society, asked them by one of the Clergy-the which is the ordinary mean and pledge answers to which they are to read from of the blessings of salvation to be the book. The lecturing will, it is lievers, is at all times important. But thought, convey useful religious inforit is peculiarly necessary under the cir- mation, but this information will be cumstances of the present day, when po- more particularly impressed on the pular language and popular institutions mind by that careful perusal and study tend to sanction the lax notion, that of the Companion, &c. which will be the method, which God himself has necessary in order to enable them prescribed for our salvation, of union readily to find the answers to the queswith his Church, is nat among the fun- tions which may be asked. damental and essential doctrines of his But does the book itself comprise all word.
the constituents of a full course of reliA course of religious instruction, ous instruction which have been pointed to be complete, must advance one step out? further.
It is necessary to premise, that the 4. This Catholic or universal Church Companion for the Festivals and Fasts of Christ, subsisting in distinct na- is principally the work of a Layman of tions and places, is necessarily divided the Church of England, Robert Nelinto particular branches--and the evi- son. It was the object of the Ameridence that each branch is a sound can Editor, to condense the style and member of the universal Church, must matter of the original work, without, be found in its possessing all the es- however, omitting anything that could sentials of doctrine, of the ministry, be deemed immediately useful or inn