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on him a host of persecutions from without, , ciples to this great apostle of the devil. This and which he bears with the patience of an was his condition when he first came to me, old and tried Christian, saying everything satiated, as he said, with sin, and tormented that is kind in return to his enemies.
with fears at what might be the consequences. He also related to me a portion of his his- Now, he says, whenever he meets with any of tory, which will show whence his bitterest the inmates of the convent, they reproach revilings proceed. He told me that very him with what they call his many changes of early in life he became anxiously concerned religion, and tauntingly ask him when he inabout religion, and tried many things, and tends to become a Turk; but he tells them inquired into many systems, without at all with mildness, that the reproach and shame satisfying himself that he was right on the sub- is to them, that, when he was ignorant of the ject. At length, he said, he was struck with the truth, and ruining both his soul and body in the austerity and apparently self-denial of a service of Satan, they reproved him not, but monkish life, and believing the truth must rather gave him countenance; now when he be with them, he entered one of their con- was endeavouring to serve the Lord according vents, in which there was a school, in which to his revealed will, they manifested their he learnt the French and Italian languages hatred, showing themselves to be the enemies perfectly, and also received the rudiments of of the Lord, and if they called the master a good education; but on the subject that now himself Beelzebub, his servant, certainly, had more particularly weighed down his spirits no right to expect better treatment. I am he could obtain no satisfaction, but was an- thankful to say, that the school is prospering, swered, whenever he sought information, with a small addition to the last number men. evasively, or was told that it was sinful and tioned, but I am unable to spend much of my blasphemous to entertain scruples respecting time in it, in consequence of the pilgrims arthe teaching of the church. Thus he con- riving at this season more than commonly, tinued for the space of two years, when he The Austrian steamers come every other was led to make another change, which was Saturday, bringing large numbers both of to enter the college of the Jesuits, and he be- Jews and Christians, and, by way of assistance came a candidate for their order. This was and that no opportunity may be lost of supdone, he said, in consequence of their great plying them all with the Scriptures, or a porreputation for learning, and which he fondly tion of them, I have engaged a poor man, a hoped and believed would certainly compre- native of Nazareth, who has renounced the hend the object of his search; but he was errors of Popery, and, until I assisted him, destined again to be deceived, and to learn was in very great distress; and even now, when that the wisdom of God is not always to be awaiting the taunting of the people, and visitfound with the wise of this world: in short, ing the khanns where they put up, he is often he said, that if he was disappointed before, he exposed to insult; and the other day, he said had much more cause to be so now. Many 'e met with a singular encounter with a of his former associates, though ignorant of Maronite bishop, who was attracted by the the “way of life," he believed to be sincere, contents of his basket, and went up and took but this, his new fraternity, he observed, except out an Arabic Bible; and read a little, he then when in public or in the presence of strangers, returned it, and fell down upon his knees and threw away every appearance of religion, and kissed the ground, and prayed, because, as the derided everything, and, as to his own concern man said, he had seen a Bible. But, I reabout his eternal state, that became an object plied, if he was so pleased, how was it he did of much derision. Here he saw, for the first not buy one? He said he was not pleased time, the works of Voltaire, which were put with the Bible, but the contrary, and his into his hands with a recommendation to read prayer was to be forgiven for having touched them, and which worked as was desired they one. This will give you some idea of the should, for they left him a complete infidel, gross hypocrisy practised upon the poor and or rather, an atheist, with every restraint re- deluded people of this country by their moved to the indulgence of a corrupt and de- spiritual heads; for this fanatical exhibition praved nature, and he lived as he listed, and was performed with the view of infusing & he even did worse, for he endeavoured, to the terror into the poor fellow's mind, at being uttermost of his power, to make other dis- employed in selling the Word of God.
MISSIONARY ITINERANCY IN BENGAL. In an article contained in our last number, on the “Results of Missionary Labour in India," we took occasion to remark on the gratifying fact of the harmony of co-operation existing among the agents of the various Protestant societies labouring in that country, and of the advan. tage derived to the cause of truth from the practical exhibition of sentiments so honourable to their common Christianity.
We have now the pleasure to present the journal of a highly interesting tour, undertaken in the course of last year, by our esteemed brother, the Rev. A. F. Lacroix, of the Calcutta Mission, in company with an old and valued friend, the Rev. J. Weitbrecht, of the Church Missionary Society, to the towns and villages scattered over the districts of Hooghly and Burdwan.
The incidents of the tour will serve forcibly to illustrate a fact that has been the frequent subject of observation in relation to the natives of India—that great intellectual acuteness and discernment may, and actually do co-exist with the maintenance of the most absurd dogmas and superstitions by which the human mind was ever enslaved ; a mournful proof that the error is to be traced to one only legitimate source-the utter alienation of the heart from God—and which can only be removed by the application of that great remedy which is provided in the gospel.
The journal further affords conclusive and encouraging evidence that, in the northern provinces, as well as in the south of India, the natives are found to evince a spirit of inquiry on the subject of Christianity, to listen to the preaching of the Missionaries, and to receive their tracts and Scriptures, to an extent altogether without a precedent at any former period :
During the course of 1850,” observes commenced our tour on the 6th. Two n&Mr. Lacroix, “I agreed with my excellent tive assistants accompanied us. We had four friend, the Rev. J. Weitbrecht, Missionary bullock-carts to convey our tent, books, of the Church Missionary Society at Burd tracts, luggage, cooking utensils, and prowan, that we would itinerate together during visions. We travelled partly on foot, and the following month of January, and preach partly in palankeens, the latter serving us the gospel in the numerous native towns also as beds for the night. We were absent and villages in the districts of Hooghly about a month, during which we visited, beand Burdwan, which lie along the old Midna sides villages, seventeen large towns, preachpore and Juggernath road, and which, with ing several times in each of them to crowded one or two exceptions, had never been visited audiences. About fifty English and Bengali by Missionaries before."
New Testaments, fifteen hundred Gospels, and four thousand Tracts, were distributed
by ourselves and native assistants. I look “With a view to fulfil this engagement, I back on this trip with deep gratitude to the left Calcutta on Friday morning, the 3rd of Lord, who gave me such numerous and January, 1851, and after a stay of two days favourable opportunities to make known the at Burdwan, Mr. Weitbrecht and myself glad tidings of salvation. May his blessing
DEPARTURE OF THE TRAVELLERS.
THE FALSE REFUGES OF THE HEATHEN
rest on the seed sown, and may the great day One of them said :—What you have stated reveal that some of it fell on good ground, regarding Siva, Krishno and Kali, is true, producing one hundred, sixty, and thirty-fold the imperfections and wicked passions to fruit, unto eternal life! And if immediate which these deities were subject show, inconversions are not the result of this excur deed, that we are wrong in calling them God; sion, I have, at least, the pleasing conscious but pray, what have you to say against ness of having, to a certain degree, acted the Soorjo-Deb (the Sun, or Hindoo Apollo) ?part of John the Baptist, in preparing the Surely, no fault can be found with him, and inhabitants of the districts I visited for the therefore we are safe in acknowledging him, eventual reception of the gospel of Jesus." at least, as God.' Alas! replied I; ‘if
you look at what the Shastras relate of Soorjo-Deb, you will be convinced that he is not
more worthy to be called God than any of January 8th.—Left our tent in a small the other gods and goddesses of your panvillage, near the main road, and walked across theon.' On which, I quoted the well-known the fields to a populous native town, three story of Soorjo-Deb, where that god is repremiles distant, called Gopalpore. On arriving sented as having lost all his teeth by a knock there, we separated and proceeded in different he received from the incensed Siva, at the directions, with a view to bring the sound of festival of Dokkyo, and his being held by the the gospel within the reach of the greatest Hindoos to be toothless to this day; for which number of hearers. After walking on for reason they present him at his worship only some time, I reached a large open place, in soft rice, cooked with milk, which requires the middle of which was the trunk of an old no mastication. On hearing this, the objector tree. On this I sat down, and was soon sur was silenced; and the people among themrounded by a goodly number of persons, of selves said :- This European seems to know respectable appearance, many of whom were everything about our religion, and therefore Brabmins, who inquired what my object was it is of no use to dispute with him. This in visiting their town. I replied that I was a occurrence showed me, for the hundredth preacher of Christianity-the religion which time, the great importance of a Missionary God has given to men—and had come on making himself as thoroughly acquainted as purpose to make them acquainted with it, if he can with the heathen mythology. The they would give me a hearing. Having ex want of such knowledge deprives him of half pressed their willingness to hear what I had the weapons he requires in the arduous warto state, I thought it advisable, before address fare in which he is engaged against ignorance ing them, to ask them whom they wor and superstition. slipped, and on whom they relied for salva " The gospels and tracts I had brought tion. Some said, We worship Siva, others with me were received with great eagerness. Krishno, others, again, Doorga and the fe A young man residing close by, who had had male deities, and from them we expect eman one given to him, slily ran home, changed cipation from sin. These answers led me to his dress, and applied for a second book, address them from the text, John iv. 24: imagining I would not recognize him ; but he "God is a Spirit : and they that worship him was mistaken. Though I was pleased with must worship him in spirit and in truth.' his evident anxiety to obtain our publicaFrom this passage, I showed them the vanity tions, I gave him a sound reproof, before all the and sinfulness of idolatry, and pointed to people, for his duplicity, and told him I could them the one true God, as the only object not reward with the gift of another book one worthy of our adoration, and Jesus Christ as who had acted so contrary to the rules of the the only divinely appointed Saviour from sin religion he had just heard proclaimed, and and hell.
which condemns deceit of all kinds. I per* The attention displayed was most gratify ceived that this practical lesson had a very ing. After I had concluded, several of the good effect on the bystanders, who saw that auditors put questions indicative of their Christianity is not a system of notions merely, having well understood what they had heard. but requires corresponding actions."
POPULAR SUPERSTITIONS RESPECTING not a professed Christian, is evidently favourWHITE MEN.
ably impressed towards the gospel, and did “ Mr. Weitbrecht, who told me that he also not scruple to acknowledge, in the presence had had an excellent congregation in the of his countrymen, that he had lost all regard part of the town to which he had repaired, for idolatry. It was a great gratification to now rejoined me, and it being late in the me to find a proof, at such a distance from evening, we retraced ur steps to our tent. Calcutta, that our labours in the educational As a specimen of the extreme superstition of line in that city are not in vain." the people of this district, I may just men THE SEED OF THE KINGDOM SCATTERED tion that, on passing a respectable man's
ABROAD. house, two aged women rushed out, and stood
“ 10th.-We arrived about noon at a large looking most intensely at us. We inquired market-town, on the eastern bank of the why they did so. They replied, 'You are Dalkissen River, called Ek-Lokky. Finding the first Europeans we ever saw, and we are the market-place excessively crowded, we renow looking at you, in the hope that such paired to the outskirts, and selected two suitgaze on men belonging to the caste of the able stations, where we could address the rulers of this country will procure us some
people without being interrupted by the hum religious merit! We endeavoured to make and noise of the thousand voices in the bathese poor ignorant females understand that, zaar. Mr. Weitbreclit occupied one, and I the to look at mortal, sinful beings like ourselves, other. A congregation was soon collected. could not be productive of the benefit they Taking occasion of an ambulatory merchant were seeking; and pointed out to them, as the offering drugs and medicine for sale, I chose true source of spiritual blessings, the great as the subject of my address, - Jesus the great God and Saviour whose name had been pro Physician of the soul. In imitation of our claimed in their town thut afternoon.
great Lord and Master, I find it most de“ In many places in the interior, numbers sirable, whenever practicable, to introduce of people, even at the present time, have not religious addresses by an allusion to some only never seen Missionaries, but even Eu passing event, or some object in sight of the ropeans; and they form sometimes strange hearers. This renders the discourse more ideas respecting them. I was much amused, natural, and the interest taken in it deeper. some years ago, by a pundit relating to me The attention was very pleasing, and the how an inhabitant of a remote village of the books distributed were received with great jungle district of Lishenpore, who had just eagerness. returned from the Civil Station of Bancoorah, “ After returning to our encampment, described Europeans to his inquisitive fellow several persons who had not received books villagers :— Europeans,' he said, "are just the town, came to the tent with the earnlike men !' It would seem that these simple est request to be supplied, which was done. people had before been doubtful whether Among these applicants was a respectable Europeans belonged to the human species, or merchant, who knew something of Cliriswere a superior kind of monkeys, or a race tianity. He told us he was in the habit of of demons, as the Chinese hold them to be." occasionally visiting Calcutta on business, A HOPEFUL STUDENT.
and that while there, he had heard the gospel “9th.-In a town named Kytee, I was proclaimed more than once. What this mer most agreeably surprised, after preaching, on chant thus stated of himself is of repeated finding among my hearers a young man who occurrence, and accounts for the fact, that spoke English fluently, and who told me he although no Missionary has ever been in had received his education at the London these parts, there is scarcely a village or Missionary Society's Institution at Bhowani hamlet where some individual or other, acpore. He alluded to his former teacher, Mr. quainted with the name of Christ and a few Mullens, in terms of great gratitude, and of the leading truths of the gospel, is not to spoke with unfeigned respect of the New be found. This fact also shows the vast Testament, which he said he continued to importance of Calcutta as a central Mission. peruse frequently. This young man, although ary Station, and its great influence on the