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Freedom of the Press. The liberty of the 476. Are

press—is the true measure of the liberty of the peoclosely allied

ple. The one cannot be attacked, without injury to sorrow and

to the other. Our thoughts ought to be perfectly remorse ; or a painful re

free; to bridle them, or stifle them in their sanctumembrance of

ary, is the crime of perverted humanity. What criminal ac

can I call my own, if my thoughts are not mine. tions and pursuits ; casts

Anecdote. Prize of Immortality. On down the

its being remarked to Zeuxis, a celebrated countenance, clouds it with

painter, that he was very long in finishing anxiety; hangs

his works, he replied, “ I am, indeed, a long down the

time in finishing my works; but what I head, shakes it with regret,

paint—is for ETERNITY." just raises the

Varieties. 1 Many projects, which, at eyes as if to

the first, appear plausible and inviting, in look up, and suddenly casts

the end-prove to be very injurious. 2. Scithem down again with sighs; the right hand ence, philosophy and religion, are our food in sometimes beats the heart or head, and the whole youth, and our delight in more advanced body writhes as if in self-aversion. The voice life; they are ornaments to prosperity, and has a harshness, as in hatred, and inclines to a low and reproachful tone: weeps, stamps, hur- a comfort and refuge, in adversity ; armor at ries to and fro, runs distracted, or faints away. home, and abroad, they pass their days and When it is violent, grovels on the ground; tears nights with us, accompany us in our travels, the clothes, hair or flesh ; screams; sometimes it produces torpid sullen silence, resembling to

and in rural retirements. 3. Which is more tal apathy.

to be dreaded, a false friend or an open ene477. REMORSE FOR DRUNKENNESS. I my? 4. Guard against being led into imprue remember a mass of things, but nothing dis- dence, by yielding to an impetuous temper. tinctly; a quarrel, nothing wherefore. O that 5. There is no virtuous person, who has not men should put an enemy in their mouths to some weakness or vice ; nor is there a visteal away their brains; that we should with cinus one, who cannot be said to possess joy, pleasure, revel, applause, transform our- some virtue. 6. What a difficult thing it is, selves into beasts: I will ask him for my not to betray guilt in the countenance, when place again; he shall tell me I am a drunk- it exists in the mind! 7. The strength of ard: had I as many mouths as Hydra, such one vital faculty is sometimes the occasion of an answer would stop them all. To be now a weakness in another ; but, that it may not a sensible man, by and by a fool-and pres- exist, exercise no faculty or principle beyond ently—a beast! O strange! every inordi- its strength or bounds. 8. Science-relates to nate cup is unbless'd, and the ingredient is whatevever addresses us thro' the five senses ; a devil.

which are the ultimates-upon which the GRIEF DEPLORING LOSS OF HAPPINESS.

interiors of the mind, and the inmost of the I had been happy, if the general camp,

soul-rest. Pioneers and all, had wrong'd my love,

Wherefore rejoice? What conquest brings he home! So had I nothing known : O now, forever,

What tributaries follow him to Rome, Farewell the tranquil mind; farewell, content;

To grace, in captive bonds, his chariot-wheels ? Farewell the plumed troop and the big war

You blocks, you stones, you worse than senseless That make ambition--virtue! O farewell :

O, you hard hearts, you cruel men of Rome, [things! Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill trump, Knew ye not Pompey ? Many a time and oft The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife,

Have you climb'd up to walls and battlements, The royal banner, and all quality,

To towers and windows, yea, to chimney-tops, Pride, pomp, and circumstances of glorious war!

Your infants in your arms, and there have sat Farewell ! Othello's occupation's gone.

The live-long day, with patient expectation,
Oh, when the last account 'twixt heaven and earth To see great Pompey pass the streets of Rome :
Is to be made, then, shall this hand and seal And when you saw his chariot but appear,
Witness against us to damnation !

Have you not made an universal shout,
How oft the sight of means to do ill deeds That Tyber trembled underneath his banks,
Makes ill deeds done! Hadst not thou been by, To hear the replication of your sounds,
A fellow by the hand of Nature marked,

Made in his concave shores?
Quoted and signed, to do a deed of shame, And do you now put on your best attire?
This murder had not come into my mind;

And do you now cull out a holiday?
But, taking note of thy abhorred aspect,

And do you now strew flowers in his way, Finding thee fit for bloody villany,

That comes in triumph over Pompey's blood ?
Apt, liable to be employed in danger,

I faintly broke with thee of Arthur's death ; Run to your houses ; fall upon your knees,
And thou, to be endeared to a king,

Pray to the gods to intermit the plague,
Madest it no conscience to destroy a prince. That needs must light on this ingratitude.


Virtue and Vice. Every man has actually 477. As a

within him, the seeds of every virtue and every condemned criminal, or

157 vice; and the proportion, in which they thrive and one who has

ripen, depends, in general, upon the situations in lost all hope of

which he has been, and is placed, and his life. salvation,

Anecdote. Filial Piety. Valerius Max. bends the eyebrows down

imus relates, that a woman of distinction, ward, clouds

having been condemned to be strangled, was the forehead,

carried to prison, in order to be put to death; rolls the eyes around fretful

but the jailor was so struck with compuncly, eyeballs red

tion, that, resolving not to kill her, he chose und inflamed

to let her die with hunger ; meanwhile, he uike a rabid

permitted her daughter to visit her in prison, dog; opens the mouth horizon

taking care that she brought nothing to eat. tally, bites the

Many days passing by, and the prisoner still lips, widens the nostrils, and gnashes the teeth; the head is press

living, the jailor at length,suspecting someed down upon the breast; heart too hard to permit thing, watched the daughter, and discovered tears to flow; arms are sometimes bent at the el- that she nourished her mother with her own bows; the fists clench'd hard; the veins and mus- milk. He informed the authorities, and they cles swollen; the skin livid; the whole body strained and violently agitated'; while groans of the people; when the criminal was pardoned, inward torture are more frequently uttered than and the mother and daughter maintained at words. If any words are spoken, they are few, the public expense; while a temple was erectand expressed with a sullen eager bitterness; the tones of the voice often loud and furious, and ed-SACRED TO FILIAL PIETY. sometimes in the same pitch for a considerable Varieties. 1. The mind should shine time. This state of human nature is too terrible, through the casket, that contains it; its elotoo frightful to look, or dwell upon, and almost improper for representation : for it death cannot quence must speak in the cheek; and so disbe counterfeited without too much shocking our tinctly should it be wrought in the whole humanity, despair, which exhibits a state ten countenance, that one might say, the body thousand times more terrible than death, ought to thinks, as well as feels ; such oratory will be viewed with a kind of reverence to the great Author of Nature, who seems sometimes to permit never cloy; it is always enchanting, never the this agony of mind, as a warning to avoid that same. 2. A gentleman, lecturing before a wickedness, which produces it: it can hardly be lyceum, remarked : a lady, when she married,

lost her personal identity-her distinctive Bring me to my trial when you will.

character—and was like a dew-drop, swallowDied he not in his bed? where should he die? Can I make men live, whether they will or no?

ed by a sunbeam. 3. Let ignorance talk, Oh! torture me no more, I will confess.

learning hath its value. 4. Where mystery Alive again? then shovy me where he is,

is practiced, there is generally something bad I'll give a thousand pounds to look upon him.- to conceal, or something incompatible with He hath no eyes, the dust hath blinded them, candor, or ingenuousness, which form the Comb down his hair; look! look! it stands upright, chief characteristic of genuine innocence. 5. Like lime-twigs, set to catch my winged soul! The worst man is often he, who thinks himGive me some drink, and bid the apothecary self the best. 6. A benefit is a good office, done Bring the strong poison that I bought of him. with intention and judgment. 7. He, who Ay, but to die, and go we know not where;

punishes an enemy, has a momentary deTo lie in cold obstruction, and to rot;

light; but he who forgives him, has an abidThis sensible warm motion to become ing satisfaction. A kneaded clod; and the delighted spirit

Despair shall round their souls be twind, To bathe in fiery floods, or to reside

And drink the vigor of their mind: In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice;

As round the oak rank ivy cleaves, To be imprison'd in the viewless winds,

Steals its sap, and blasts its leaves. And blown with restless violence about

Like yonder blasted boughs, by lightning riven, The pendant world; or to be worse than worst

Perfection, beauty, life, they never know, Of those, that lawless and uncertain thoughts

But frown on all, that pass, a monument of woe. Imagine howling!—'tis too horrible! The weariest and most loathed worldly life,

'I saw, on the top of a mountain high That age, ache, penury, and imprisonment

A gem, that shone like fire by night; Can lay on nature, is a paradise

It seem'd a star, that had left the sky, To what we fear of death.

And dropp'd to sleep on the lonely height. Critics are like a kind of flies, that breed

I clomb the peak, and found it soon In wild fig-trees, and, when they're grown up, feed

A lump of ice, in the clear cold moonUpon the raw fruit of the nobler kind,

Can you its hidden sense impart? And by their nibbling on the outward rind,

'Twas a cheerful look, and a broken heari. Open the pores, and make way for the sun Favors—to none, to all, she smiles extends, To ripen it sooner than he would have done. Oft she rejects, but never once--offends.



Love of Justice. A sense of justice should 478. In sor

be the foundation of all our social qualities. In ROW, when

our most early intercourse with the world, and moderate, the

even in our most youthful amusements, no uncountenance

fairness should be found. That sacred rule, of is dejected,

doing all things to others, according as we wish the eyes are cast down,the

they would do unto us, should be engraved on arms hang

our minds. For this end, we should impress ourlax, some

selves with a deep sense of the original and times a little raised, sud

natural equality of man. denly to fall

Anecdote. When king Agrippa was in a again; the hands open,

private station, he was accused, by one of his the fingers

servants, of speaking ill of Tiberius, and was spread, the

condemned by the emperor to be exposed in voice plaintive, and fre

chains before the palace gate. The weather quently inter

being hot, he was thirsty, and called to Carupted with sighs. But when immoderate, it ligula's servant, Thaumastus, who was passdistorts the countenance, as if in agonies of pain; ing with a pitcher of water, to give him some raises the voice to the loudest complainings, and sometimes even to cries and shrieks; wrings drink; assuring him, if he got out of his the hands, beats the head and breast, tears the captivity, he would pay him well. Tiberius hair, and throws itself on the ground; like some dying, Caligula succeeded him, and set Agripother passions in excess, it borders on phrenzy.

pa at liberty, making him king of Judea; in Say that again; the shadow of my sorrow! which situation, he remembered the glass of Ha ! let's see :

water, sent for Thaumastus, and made him 'Tis very true, my grief lies all within ;

controller of his household. And these external manners of lament, Are merely shadows to the unseen grief,

Varieties. 1. The following is the title of a That swells, with silence, in my tortured soul; book, published in England, in Cromwell's There-lies the substance ;

time : “Curious custards, carefully conserved And I thank thee, king,

for the chickens of the covenant, and sparFor the great bounty, that not only giv'st

rows of the spirit, and the sweet swallows of Me cause to wail, but teaches ine the way,

salvation.” 2. Superabundant prosperity, How to lament the cause. I'll beg one boon,

tends to involve the human mind in darkAnd then be gone, and trouble you no more. ness: it takes away the greatest stimulus to Pelayo-stood confused : he had not seen exertion, represses activity, renders us idle, Count Julian's dau’ter, since in Roderick's court, and inclines us to vice. 3. Venture not on Glittering in beauty and in innocence,

the precipice of temptation; the ground may A radiant vision, in her joy, she moved :

be firm as a rock under your feet, but a false More like a poet's dream, in form divine, step, or a sudden blast, may be your destrucHeaven's prototype of perfect womanhood, tion. 4. Discretion has been termed the betSo lovely was the presence,-than a thing

ter part of valor ; and diffidence, the better Of earth and perishable elements.

part of knowledge. 5. To combine profunNow, had be seen her in her winding-sheet,

dity with perspicuity, wit with judgment, Less painful would that spectacle have proved;

sobriety with vivacity, truth with novelty, For peace is with the dead, and piety

and all of them with liberality, are six very Bringeth a patient hope to those, who mourn

difficult things. 6. Disguise it as we will, tyrO'er the departed; but this alter'd face, Bearing its deadly sorrow character'd,

anny is a bitter thing. 7. What accident Came like a ghost, which in the grave,

gains, accident may take away. Could find no rest. He, taking her cold hand,

Seems, madam! nay, it is: I know not seems. Rais'd her, and would have spok'n; but his tung, 'Tis not alone my inky cloak, good mother, Fail'd in its office ; and could only speak

Nor customary suits of solemn black,
In under-tone, compassionate, her name. Nor windy suspiration of forced breath;

The voice of pity-s0oth’d, and melted her, No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
And, when the prince bade her be comforted, Nor the dejected 'havior of the visage,
Proffering his zealous aid in whatsoe'er Together with all forms, modes, shows of grief, .
Might please her to appoint, a feeble smile That can denote me truly: these, indeed seem,
Past slowly over her pale countenance,

For they are actions that a man might play; Like moonlight-on a marble statue.

But I have that-within, which passeth show, For forms of government, let fools contest;

These-but the trappings and the suits of wo.
Whate'er is best administered-is best:

Sorrow preys upon
For modes of faith-let graceless zealots fight;

Its solitude, and nothing more diverts it
His—can't be wrong, whose life—is in the right.

From its sad visions of the other world,
Those hearts, that start at once into a blaze,
And open all their rage, like summer storms,

Than calling it, at moments, back to this.
At once discharged, grow cool again, and calm.

The busy-have no time for tears.



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Maxims. 1. We shall never be free from 497. AT

debt, till we learn not to be ashamed of industry TENTION-10

and economny. 2. All should be taught how to esteemed

earn, save and enjoy money. 3. Teach children to or superior

save everything; not for their own use exclusively, character, has nearly the

for this would make them selfish; teach them to same aspect

share everything with their associates, and never as INQUIRY,

to destroy anything. 4. True economy can be as and requires silence: the

comfortable with a little, as extravagance can with

much. 5. Never lessen good actions, nor aggraeyes are often cast upon the

vate evil ones. 6. Good works are a rock; ill ones ground, some

a sandy foundation. 7. Some receive praise, who times fixed upon the speak

do not deserve it. 8. It is safer to learn, than to er; but not too

teach. 9. He, who conceals his opinion, has nothing pertly, or fami

to answer for. 10. Reason, like the sun, is comliarly; when

mon to all. looking at objects at a distance, and listening to sounds, its

Anecdote. The late king of England, manifestations

are different. INQUIRY into some being very fond of Mr. Whiston, celebrated difficult subject fixes the body in nearly one posi- for his various strictures on religion, happention, the head somewhat stooping, the eyes poring, ed to be walking with him one day, in Hampand the eye-brows contracted. Pray you, once more

ton Court gardens, during the heat of his perIs not your father grown incapable

secution. As they were talking upon this Of reasạnable affairs ? is he not stupid [hear, subject, his majesty observed, “That however With age, and altering rheums? Can he speak, right he might be in his opinions, it would be Know man from man, dispute his own estate ? better, if he kept them to himself.“Is your Lies he not bed-rid, and again does nothing, majesty really serious in your advice ?" anBut what he did being childish.

swered the old man. “I really am," replied the

Angelo- king. “Why, then," says Whiston,“ had Mar. There is a kind of character in thy life

tin Luther been of this way of thinking, where That, to the observer, doth thy history

would your majesty have been at this time? Fully unfold: thyself and thy belongings,

Varieties. 1. What are the three learned Are not thine own so proper as to waste

professions ? 2. Great minds can attend to Thyself upon thy virtue, then on thee.

little things; but little minds cannot attend Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,

to great things. 3. To marry a rake, in Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues

hopes of reforming him, and to hire a highDid not go forth of us, 'twere all as if We had them not: spirits are not finely touch'd wayman, in hopes of reclaiming him, are But to fine issues; nature never lends

two very dangerous experiments. 4. A clear The smallest scruple of her excellence;

idea, produces a stronger effect on the mind, But like a thrifty goddess, she determines

than one that is obscure and indistinct. 5. Herself the glory of a creditor,

Those that are teaching the people to read, Both thanks and praise.

are doing all they can to increase the power, While Chaos, hush’d, stands listening to the noise, and extend the influence of those that write: And wonders at confusion not his own.

for the childwill read to please his teachers, I look'd, I listen'd, dreadful sounds I hear,

but the man-to please himself. 6. A faith. And the dire form of hostile gods appear.

ful friend, that reproveth of errors, is preferYet hear what an unskillful friend may say:

able to a deceitful parasite. 7. He that follows As if a blind man should direct your way:

nature, is never out of the way. 8. Time, So I myself, tho' wanting to be taught,

patience, and industry, are the three grand May yet impart a hint, that's worth your thought. masters of the world. What can the fondest mother wish for more,

If music be the food of love, play on; Ev'n for her darling sons, than solid sense,

Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting, Perceptions clear, and flowing eloquence?

The appetite may sicken, and so die.

That strain again;-it had a dying fall; Mourners. Men are often ingenious, in

0, it came o'er my ear, like the sweet south, making themselves miserable, by aggravat

That breathes upon a bank of violets, ing, beyond bounds, the evils, which they are

Stealing and giving odor. Enough, no more; compelled to endure. “I will restore thy 'Tis not so sweet now as it was before. daughter again to life,” said an eastern sage O spirit of love, how quick and fresh art thou! to a prince, who grieved immoderately for the That, notwithstanding thy capacity loss of a beloved child; "provided, thou art Receiveth as the sea, nought enters there, able to engrave on her tomb, the names of Of what validity and pitch soever, three persons, who have never mourned.But falls into abatement and low price, The prince made inquiry after such persons; Even in a minute! so full of shapes is fancy, but found the inquiry vain, and was silent. That it alone is high fantastical.

eyes and

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SURPRISE, WONDER, AMAZEMENT. destruction, of suffering and resisting, of 480, An un

sensibility and insensibility! common object

Importance of Early Principles. If produces wonder; if it appears

men's actions are an effect of their principles, that suddenly, it be

is, of their notions, their belief, their persuasions, it gets surprise,

must be admitted, that principles-early sown in the which continued,

mind, are the seeds, which produce fruit and harvest produces amaze

in the ripe state of manhood. How lightly soever ment, and if the object of wonder

some men may speak of notions, yet, so long as comes gently to

the soul governs the body, men's notions must inthe mind, and a

fluence their actions, more or less, as they are verts the attention by its beauty

stronger or weaker : and to good or evil, as they

are better or worse. and grandeur, it excites admira

Anecdote. Cyrus, the great king of Pertion, which is a mixture of ap

sia, when a boy, being at the court of his probation and

grandfather As-ty-a-ges, engaged to perform wonder ; 80 sure is the observation of the poet; the office of cup-bearer at table. The duty Late time shall wonder, that my joys shall raise ; of this office required him to taste the liquor, For wonder is involuntary praise. WONDER OR AMAZEMENT-opens the

before presenting it to the king; but withmakes them appear very prominent : sometimes out performing this duty, Cyrus delivered it raises them to the skies; but more frequently the cup to his grandfather; who observed the fixes them upon the object, if it be present, with omission, which he imputed to forgetfulness. a fearful look : the mouth is open and the hands held up nearly in the attitude of fear; and if they

“No,” said Cyrus, “I purposely avoided it: hold anything, they drop it immediately, and un- because I feared it contained poison : for consciously; the voice is at first low, but so em- lately, at an entertainment, I observed that phatical that every word is pronounced slowly and with energy, though the first access of this the lords of your court, after drinking it, bepassion often stops all utterance; when, by the came noisy, quarrelsome and frantic.discovery of something excellent in the object of wonder, the emotion may be called admiration,

Varieties. 1. In every departure from the eyes are raised, the hands are lifted up, and truth, it is the deceit and hypocricy we exert, clapp'd together, and the voice elevated with ex- to compass our purpose, that does the evil, pressions of rapture.

more than the base falsehood, of which we Thou art, O God : the life and light

are guilty. 2. It is a strong proof of the Of all this wondrous world we see;

want of proper attention to our duty, and of Its glow by day, its smile by night,

a deficiency of energy and good sense, to let Are but reflections caught from thee.

an opportunity pass, of doing or getting Where'er we turn, thy glories shine, And all things fair and bright are Thine!

good, without improving it. 3. Of all the

passions, jealousy is that which exacts the When Day, with farewell beam, delays

hardest service, and pays the bitterest wages; Among the opening clouds of even,

its service is to watch the success of a rival ; And we can almost think we gaze

its wages—to be sure of it. 4. Base envy Through golden vistas into Heaven, Those hues, that make the sun's decline

withers at another's joy, and hates that excel

lence it cannot reach. 5. How does the menSo soft, so radiant, Lord! are Thine.

tal and bodily statures of the ancients, comWhen Night, with wings of starry gloom, O'ershadows all the earth and skies,

pare with those of the moderns ? 6. It Like some dark, beauteous bird, whose plume

seems like a law of order, that no one shall Is sparkling with unnumber'd eyes,

be long remembered with affection, by a race That sacred gloom, those fires divine,

whom he has never benefitted. 7. The charSo grand, so countless, Lord ! are Thine. ity, that relieves distressed minds, is far suWhen youthful Spring around us breathes,

perior to that, which relieves distressed bodies. Thy spirit warms her fragrant sigh ;

8. Think'st thou—it is honorable--for a noAnd every flower the Summer wreathes, ble man still to remember wrong? 9. This Is born beneath that kindling eye.

is the monstrosity of love, that the will-is Where'er we turn, thy glories shine,

infinite, and the execution-confined; that And all things fair and bright are Thine! the desire is boundless, and the act-a slave

How inexpressibly various are the charac- to limit. teristics impressed by the Creator on all hu- What's in a name; that which we call a rose, man beings! How has he stamped on each By any other name--would smell as sweet. its legible and peculiar properties ! How Glory—is like a circle in the water, especially visible in this the lowest class of an- Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself, imal life! The world of insects, is a world Till, by broad spreading, it disperses to nought. of itself: how great the distance between it God's benison go with you ; and with those, and man! Through all their forms, and That would make good of bad, and friends-of foes. gradations, how visible are their powers of The things we must believe-are few, and plain.

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