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But once before I spoke to the purpose: When?
Nay, let me have't; I long.

Why, that was when Three crabbed months had four'd themselves to

death, Ere I could make thee open thy white hand, And clap thyself my love;' then didst thou utter, I am yours for ever. Her.

It is Grace, indeed. Why, lo you now, I have spoke to the purpose

twice : The one for ever earn’d a royal husband; The other, for some while a friend.

[Giving her hand to Polixenes.

And clap thyself my love ;] She open'd her hand, to clap the palm of it into his, as people do when they confirm a bargain. Hence the phrase—10 clap up a bargain, i. e. make one with no other ceremony than the junction of hands. So, in Ram-alley, or Merry Tricks, 1611:

- Speak, widow, is't a match?

“ Shall we clap it up?". Again, in a Trick to catch the old One, 1618:

“ Come, clap hands, a match." Again, in K. Henry V :

and so clap hands, and a bargain.” STEEVENS. This was a regular part of the ceremony of troth-plighting, to which Shakspeare often alludes. So, in Measure for Measure :

“ This is the hand, which with a vow'd contract

" Was fast belock'd in thine.” Again, in King John: " Phil

. It likes us well. Young princes, close your hands. Auff. And

your lips too, for I am well assurd, “ That I did so, when I was firft assur’d." So also, in No Wit like a Woman's, a Com. by Middleton, 1657: « There these


lovers shall clap hands together.” I should not have given so many instances of this custom, but that I know Mr. Pope's reading—" And clepe thyself my love,” has many favourers. The old copy hasm-A clap, &c. The cor. section was made by the editor of the second folio. MALONE.

: It is Grace, indeed!] Referring to what she had just said_"), would her name were Grace !'' MALONE. Vol. VIL.



Too hot, too hot: [ Aside. To mingle friendship far, is mingling bloods. I have tremor cordis on me :—my heart dances; But not for joy,—not joy. This entertainment May a free face put on; derive a liberty From heartiness, from bounty, fertile bosom,' And well become the agent: it may, I grant : But to be paddling palms, and pinching fingers, As now they are; and making practis'd smiles, As in a looking-glass ;-and then to figh, as 'twere The mort o'the deer;? O, that is entertainment My bosom likes not, nor my brows.-Mamillius, Art thou my boy? MAM.

Ay, my good lord. LEON.

l'fecks? Why, that's my bawcock. What, haft smutch'd

thy nose?


- from bounty, fertile bosom,] I suppose that a letter dropped out at the press, and would read—from bounty's fertile bosom.

MALONE. By fertile bofom, I fuppofe, is meant a bofom like that of the carth, which yields a spontaneous produce, In the same strain is the address of Timon of Athens :

“ Thou common mother, thou,
" Whose - infinite breaft

" Teems and feeds all !" STEEVÍNS. · The mort o'the deer;] A lesson upon the horr at the death of the deer. 'THEOBALD.

So, in Greene's Card of Fancy, 1608: “ He that bloweth the mort before the death of the buck, may very well miss of his fees.” Again, in the oldest copy of Chevy Chase:

“ The blewe a mort uppone the bent." STEERINS. 3 I'fecks?] A fupposed corruption of-in faith. Our present valgar pronounce it--fegs. STEEVENS.

* Why, that's my baw cock.] Perhaps from bean and cog. It is still faid in vulgar language that such a one is a jolly cock, a cock

game. The word has already occurred in Twelfth Night, and is one of the titles by which Pistol speaks of K. Henry the Fifth.


of the

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They say, it's a copy out of mine. Come, captain,
We must be neat;s not neat, but cleanly, captain:
And yet the steer, the heifer, and the calf,
Are all call'd, neat.-Still virginalling

[Observing POLIxenes and HermIONE.
Upon his palm?-How now, you wanton calf?
Art thou my calf?

Yes, if you will, my lord.
Leon. Thou want'st a rough pash, and the shoots

that I have,

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We must be neat;] Leontes, seeing his fon's nose smutch'a, cries, we must be neat; then recollecting that neat is the ancient term for horned cattle, he says, not neat, but cleanly. JOHNSON. So, in Drayton's Polyolbion, song 3 : His large provision there of Aesh, of fowl, of neat.

STEEVENS. 6 Still virginalling-) Still playing with her fingers, as a girl playing on the virginals. Johnson.

A virginal, as I am informed, is a very small kind of spinnet. Queen Elizabeth's virginal-book is yet in being, and many of the lessons in it have proved so difficult, as to bafile our most expert players on the harpsichord.

So, in Decker's Satiro-maflix, or the Untrufling of the Humorow Poet, 1602 :

• When we have husbands, we play upon them like virginal jacks, they must rise and fall to our humours, or else they'll never get any good strains of musick out of one of us.” Again, in Ram-alley, or Merry Tricks, 1611:

“ Where be these rascals that skip and down

“ Like virginal jacks?STIEVENS. A virginal was strung like a spinnet, and shaped like a piano forte,

MALONE. 7 Thou wantf a rough pash, and the thcots that I have,] Palh (fays Sir T. Hanmer) is kiss. Paz. Spanish, i. e. thou wantja mouth made rough by a beard, to kiss with. Shosts are branches, i.e. borns. Leontes is alluding to the ensigns of cuckoldom. A madbrain'd boy is, however, call’d a mad pogh in Cheshire.

STEEVENS. Thou want't a rough pash, and the posts that I have, in connection with the context, fignifies to make thee a calf thou mult

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To be full like me: _yet, they say, we are
Almost as like as eggs; women say so,
That will say any thing: But were they false
As o'er-died blacks, as wind, as waters; false

have the tuft on thy forchead and the young horns that shoot up in it, as I have. Leontes alks the Prince :

How now, you wanton calf!
Art thou my calf?
Mam. Yes, if you will, my lord.
Leon. Thou want'ít a rough pash, and the fhosts that I have,

To be full like me. To pah fignifies to push or dos agains, and frequently occurs in old writers. Thus Drayton :

“ They either poles their heads together pahl.Again, in How to choose a good Wife from a bad, 1602. 4to:

learn pash and knock, and beat and mall, “ Cleave pates and caputs.” When in Cheshire a pash is used for a mod-brained bov, it is designed to characterize him from the wantonness of a calf that blunders on, and runs his head against any thing. HENLEY. In Troilus and Cressida, the verb pash also occurs:

-waving his beam
“ Upon the pajhed corses of the kings

Epistrophus and Cedius."
And again (as Mr. Henley on another occasion observes) in the
Virgin Martyr:

when the battering ram
“ Were fetching his career backward, to prth

“ Me with his horns to pieces.” STEEVENS. I have lately learned that pash in Scotland signifies a leal. The old reading therefore may stand. Many words, that are now used only in that country, were perhaps once common to the whole island of Great Britain, or at least to the northern part of England. The meaning therefore of the present pasage, I suppose, is this. You tell me (says Leontes to his fon) that you are like me; that

JON are my calf. I am the horned bull: thou wandeft the rough head and the horns of that animal, completely to resemble your father.

MALONE. 8 To be full lile me :) Full is here as in other places, used by our author, adverbially ;-to be entirely like me. Malone.

9 As o'er-died blacks,] Sir T. Hanmer understands blacks died too much, and therefore rotten. JOHNSON.

As dice are to be wish'd, by one that fixes
No bourn ? 'twixt his and mine ; yet were it true
To say, this boy were like me.-Come, fir page,
Look on me with your welkin-eye:3 Sweet villain!
Most dear'st! my collop!--Can thy dam?-may't

Affection! thy intention stabs the center ::

It is common with tradesmen to die their faded or damaged ftuffs, black. O'er died blacks may mean those which have receive cd a die over their former colour.

There is a passage in The old Law of Massenger, which might lead us to offer another interpretation :

Blacks are often such dissembling mourners,
" There is no credit given to't, it has loft
All reputation by false sons and widows:

“ I would not hear of blacks."
It seeins that blacks was the common term for mourning.

So, in A Mad World my Masters, 1608 :

in so many blacks " I'll have the church hung round”. Black, however, will receive no other hue without discovering it. felf through it. Lanarum nigræ nullum colorem bibunt."

Plin. Nat. Hift. Lib. VIII. STEVENS. The following passage in a book which our author had certainly read, inclines me to believe that the last is the true interpretation. " Truly (quoth Camillo) my wool was blacke, and therefore it could take no other colour.Lyly's Euphues and his England, 4to. 1580.

MALONE. 2 No bourn -] Bourn is boundary. So, in Hamlet;

- from whose bourn. • No traveller returns

STEEVENS, welkin-eye :] Blue-eye; an eye of the same colour with she welkin, or sky. Johnson.

my collop!) So, in The Firft Part of K. Henry VI: " God knows, thou art a collop of my

Aleth.” STEEVENS. Affection! thy intention flabs the center:) Instead of this line, which I find in the folio, the modern editors have introduced another of no authority :

Imagination! thou dost fab to the center. Mr. Rowe first made the exchange. I am not sure that I un.



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