Sidor som bilder


Historians. We find but few historians of 490. WEEP

all ages, who have been dilgent enough in their ING-is the ex

search for truth ; it is their common method, to pression, or mani

take on trust, what they distribute to the public; festation, of sor

by which means, a falsehood, once received from row, grief, an

famed writer, becomes traditional to posterity. guish or joy, by out-cry, or by

Anecdote. Washington and his Mother. shedding tears;

Young George was about to go to sea, as a a lamentation, be

midshipman ; every thing was arranged, the wailing, bemoaning: we may weep

vessel lay out opposite his father's house, the each other's woe,

little boat had come on shore to take him off, or weep tears of

and his whole heart was bent on going. Af joy; so may the rich groves weep

ter his trunk had been carried down to the odorous gum and

boat, he went to bid his mother farewell, and balm; there is

he saw the tear bursting from her eye. Howweeping amber, and weeping grounds : crying—is an audible ex. ever, she said nothing to him; but he saw that pression, accompanied, or not, with tears; but his mother would be distressed if he went, weeping always indicates the shedding of tears; and perhaps never be happy again. He just and, when called by the sorrows of others, turned round to the servant and said, “GO especially, it is an infirmity of which no man and tell them to fetch my trunk back; I will would be destitute.

491. Whither shall I return? Wretch not go away, to break my mother's heart.what I am! to what place shall I betake my.

His mother was struck with his decision, and self? Shall I go to the capital? Alas! it is she said to him, “George, God has promised overflow'd with my brother's blood! or, shall to bless the children, that honor their parents, I return to my house? yet there, I behold my

and I believe he will bless you. mother-plunged in misery, weeping and de

Varieties. 1. Timotheus - an ancient spairing. 2. I am robbed! I am ruined ! teacher of oratory, always demanded a double

taught O my money! my guineas ! my support : fee from those pupils

, who had been my all is gone! Oh! who has robbed me? by others ; for, in this case, he had not only who has got my money? where is the thief? to plant, but to root out. 2. He, that shortA thousand guineas of gold ! hoo, hoo, hoo, ens the road to knowledge, lengthens life. 3. hoo! 3. I cannot speak—and I could wish Never buy, or read bad books ; for they are you would not oblige me,—it is the only ser- the worst of thieves; because they rob you vice I ever refused you: and tho' I cannot of your money, your time, and your princigive a reason why I could not speak, yet I ples. 4. Theocracyis a government by God hope you will excuse me without reason.

himself ; as, the government of the Jews; Had it pleased heaven

democracyis a government of the people. To try me with affliction; had it rained

5. Without the intenseness and passion of All kinds of sores and shames on my bare head; study, nothing great ever was, or ever will Steeped me in poverty to the very lips ;

be accomplished. 6. Who can tell where Given to captivity, me and my utmost hopes;

each of the natural families begins, or where I should have found in some part of my soul

it ends? 7. To overcome a bad habit, one A drop of patience; but, alas ! to make me must be conscious of it; as well as know how A fixed figure, for the hand of scorn

to accomplish the object. 8. The best defen. To point his slow unmoving finger at ders of liberty do not generally vociferate Oh

loudly in its praise. 9. Domestic feuds can I am not prone to weeping, as our sex

be appeased only by mutual kindness and Commonly are; the want of which vain dew,


10. Volumes of arguments Perchance shall dry your pities ; but I have

avail nothing against resolute determination; That honorable grief lodged here, which burns

for convince a man against his will, and he is Worse than tears drown.

of the same opinion still. Why tell you me of moderation ? The grief is fine, full, perfect, that I taste,

When William wrote his lady, to declare, And violenteth in a sense as strong

That he was wedded to a fairer fair,

[it? As that which causeth it: How can I moderate

Poor Lucy shrieked, " to life, to all adieu ;" If I could temporize with my affection,

She tore the letter,-and her raven hair, Or brew it to a weak and colder palate,

She beat her bosom, and the post-boy too; The like allayment could I give my grief;

Then wildly-to the window flew,

And threw herself-into a chair.
My love admits no qualifying dross :
No inore my grief, in such a precious loss.

All is silent-'twas my fancy !
When our souls shall leave this dwelling,

Still as the breathless interval between

The flash and thunder.
The glory of one fair and virtuous action
Is above all the scutcheons on our tomb,

Who never fasts, no banquet e'er enjoys. Or silken banners over us.

Who never toils or watches, hever sleeps.


Proverbs. 1. The true economy of every492. PAIN

thing is—10 gather up the fragments of time, as may be either bo

well as of materials. 2. The earlier children are dily, or mental;

taught to be useful, the better; not only for themsimple, or acute. Bodily pain, is

selves, but for all others. 3. Consider that day as an uneasy sensa

lost, in which something has not been done for the tion in the body,

benefit of others, as well as for yourself. 4. False of any degree

pride, or foolish ambition, should never induce us from that which is slight, to ex

to live beyond our income. 5. To associate with treme torture ; it

influential and genteel people, with an appearance may proceed

of equality, has its advantages ; especially, where from pressure,

there are sons or daughters just entering on the tension, separation of parts by

stage of action; but, like all other external advanviolence, or de

tages, they have their proper price, and may rangement of the

be bought too dearly ; “never pay too much for functions: men

the whistle.” 6. Never let the cheapness of an artal pain-is uneasiness of mind; disquietude; anxiety; solici-ticle tempt you to purchase it, if you do not really tude for the future ; grief or sorrow for the past: need it; for nothing is cheap, that we do not want. thus we suffer pain, when we fear, or expect evil; 7. Vanity and pride must yield to the dictates of and we feel pain at the loss of friends, or proper- honesty and prudence. ty. Pain, and the like affections, indicate a pressure or straining.

Miscellaneous. Great Britain-has dotThe play of pain ted over the surface of the globe, with her Shoots o'er his features, as the sudden gust possessions and military posts; and her mornCrisps the reluctant lake, that lay so calm ing drum-beat, following the sun, and keepBeneath the mountain shadow; or the blast

ing company with the hours, circle the earth Ruffles the autumn leaves, that, drooping, cling

daily, with one unbroken strain of the marFaintly, and motionless to their lov'd boughs.

tial airs of England. The steam-engine is on What avails [pain, the rivers, and the boatman may rest upon Valor or strength, though matchless, quelled with his oars ; it is in the highways, and begins Which all subdues, and makes remiss the hands

to exert itself along the courses of land-conOf mightiest? Sense of pleasure we may well Spare out of life, perhaps, and not repine;

veyances; it is at the bottom of mines, a

thousand feet below the surface of the earth; But live content, which is the calmest life;

it is in the mill and in the workshop of the But pain is perfect misery, the worst Of evils! and, excessive, overturns

traders; it rows, it pumps, it excavates, it All patience.

ploughs, it carries, it draws, it lifts, it ham

mers, it spins, it weaves, it prints, and seems And not a virtue in the bosom lives That gives such ready pay as patience gives;

to say to artisans, Leave your manual labor, That pure submission to the ruling mind,

give over your bodily toil, use your skill and Fixed, but not forced; obedient, but not blind;

reason to direct my power, and I will bear The will of heaven to make her own she tries,

toil, with no muscle to grow weary, no nerve Or makes her own to heaven a sacrifice.

to relax, no breast to feel faintness. The dream of the injured patient mind, That smiles at the wrongs of men,

Cease, mourners; cease complaint and weep no Is found in the bruised and wounded rind

Your friends are not dead, but gone before; (more; Of the cinnamon, sweetest then!

Advanced a stage or two-upon the road, Anecdote. The Philosopher Outdone. A Which you must travel in the steps they trode. learned philosopher, being in his study, a lit- True valor, friends, on virtue founded strong, tle girl came for some fire. Says the doctor, Meets all events alike. “But you have nothing to take it in;" and as Preach patience to the sea, when jarring winds, he was going to fetch something, the girl, Throw up the swelling billow to the sky; taking some cold ashes in one hand, put the And if your reason mitigate her fury, live coals on with the other. The astonished. My soul will be as calm. sage threw down his books, saying, “With Contention, like a horse, all my learning, I should never have found Full of high feeding, madly hath broken loose,

And bears down all before him. out that expedient.” Soon shall thy arm, unconquered steam! afar

The day shall come, that great arenging day, Drag the slow barge, or drive the rapid car ;

When Troy's proud glories in the dust shall lay Or, on wide-waving wings expanded, bear

Send thy arrows forth, The flying chariot-through the fields of air.

Strike! strike the tyrants, and avenge my tears. The brave-do never shun the light;

Slander, that worst of poisons, ever finds Just are their thoughts, and open are their tempers; An easy entrance to ignoble minds. Truly, without disquiet, they love, or hate;

Other sins-only speak,-murder-shrieks out. Still are they found-in the fair face of day; The element of water-moistens the earth; And heaven and men-are judges of their actions. But blood-flies upward, and bedews the heavens






return from the public schools ; and when 493. Bodily, or

they had entered their mother's apartment, mental, signifies a

she, pointing to them, said to the lady, high degree of pain, which may appro

"These are my jewels; the only ornaments priately be called

I admire." AGONY, or ANGUISH; the agony is a se

Laconics. 1. If we complained less, and vere and perma

tried to encourage and help each other more, we nent pain; the an

should find all our duties more easily performed. guish an whelming pain: a

2. Happiness-consists in the delight of perform pang-is a sharp

ing uses for the sake of uses: that is, doing good pain, and generally

for the sake of good, instead of the love of reward, of short contin

which is a selfish feeling: all selfish feelings pro uance: the pangs

duce unhappiness in the degree they are enterof conscience frequently trouble the

tained. 3. If we would be happy, we must put person who is not

away, as far as we can, those thoughts and feelhardened in guilt;

ings, that have reference to self alone, and cultiand the pangs o disappointed love are among vate the higher ones, that have reference to the the severest to be borne: What pangs the tengood of others, as well as ourselves. 4. To do der breast of Dido tear!" when one is under violent pain,) distorts the fea- good, for the sake of delight in doing good, is a tures, almost closes the eyes ; sometimes raises selfish motive; but to do good to others, for the them wistfully; opens the mouth, gnashes the sake of making them happy, and, in doing it, for

5. If we head upon the breast, and contracts the whole get ourselves, is a heavenly motive. body: the arms are violently bent at the elbows, would act from right motives, we must endeavor and the fists clenched, the voice is uttered in to put away every feeling, that is purely selfish ; in groans, lamentations, and sometimes in violent doing which, every effort will give us strength, screams : extreme torture producing fainting and like the repeated efforts of a child, in learning to death.

walk. 6. Parents should keep their children from Oh, rid me of this torture, quickly there,

every association that may tend to their injury, My madam, with thy everlasting voice.

either in precept or practice. 7. Love is omnipoThe bells, in time of pestilence, ne'er made Like noise, or were in that perpetual motion. All my house,

[breath :

Varieties. 1. That profusion of lan. But now, streamed like a bath, with her thick guage, and poverty of thought, which is callA lawyer could not have been heard, nor scarce,

ed being spontaneous, and original, Another woman, such hail of words she let fall.

proof of simplicity of heart, or freedom of 2. What! the rogue who robb'd me? do understanding; there is more paper than

carehang him, drown him, burn him, flay him gold, more words than ideas, in this “ alive. 3. Hold your tongue, we don't want less wealth.2. Combined with goodness to hear your nonsense about eating ; hold and truth, oratory is one of the most gloyour tongue, and answer the questions, which rious distinctions of man; it is a power, that the justice is going put to you, about the mo- influences all : it elevates the affections and ney I lost, and which I suppose you have thoughts to enthusiasm; and animates us taken.

in joy, and soothes us in sorrow; instructs,

guides, and persuades us. 3. To resolve a Hide not thy tears: weep boldly—and be proud To give the flowing virtue manly way.

proposition into its simplest elements, we Tis nature's mark, to know an honest heart by.

must reason a posteriori; by observing the Shame on those breasts of stone, that cannot melt

, relation of sequences, we are enabled to supIn soft adoption of another's sorrow!

ply antecedents, involving the same relation; O, who can hold a fire in his hand,

thus, amounting to the simplest state of a By thinking on the frosty Caucasus? proposition. Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite,

What nothing earthly gives, or, can destroy, By a bare imagination of a feast?

The soul's calm sunshine, and the hearfelt joy, Or wallow naked in December snow,

IS VIRTUE's prize. By thinking on fantastic summer's heat The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, O, no! the apprehension of the good,

Grapple them to thy soul, with hooks of steel. Gives but the greater feeling to the worse :

Mind,--can raise, Fell sorrow's tooth doth never rankle more,

From its unseen conceptions, where they lie, Than when it bites, but lanceth not the sore.

Bright in their mine, forms, hues, that look Eternity. Anecdote. A rich Campanian lady, fond

Is it the language of some other state, of pomp and show, being on a visit to Corne

Born of its memory? For what-can wake lia, the illustrious mother of the Gracchii, The soul's strong instinct-of another world, displayed her jewels and diamonds ostenta Like music? tiously, and requested that Cornelia should Without good company,

all dainties show her jewels. Cornelia turned the conver- Lose their true relish, and like painted grapes, sation to another subject, till her sons should | Are only seen, not tasted.


it ;


How this grace 494. A mix

Speaks his own standing ! what a mental power ed passion, con

This eye shoots forth ! how big imagination sisting of wonder, mingled

Moves in this lip! to the dumbness of the gesture with pleasing

One might interpret. emotions; as

Old men and beldames, in the streets, veneration,love,

Do prophecy upon it dangerously ; esteem, ta kes away the famil

Young Arthur's death is common in their mouths; iar gesture and

And when they talk of him they shake their he'ds, expression of

And whisper one another in the ear; simple love: it is a compound

And he that speaks doth gripe the hearer's wrist; passion, excited

Whilst he that hears, makes fearful action, by some thing

With wrinkl'd brows,with nods,with rolling eyes novel, rare,

I saw a smith stand with his hammer thus, great, or excel

The whilst his iron did on the anvil cool, lent, either of persons or their

With open mouth, swallowing a tailor's news; works : thus we

Who, with his shears and measure in his hand, view the solar system with admiration. It Standing on slippers, (which his nimble haste keeps the respectful look and attitude; the eyes Had safely thrust upon contrary feet,) are wide open, and now and then raised towards heaven; the mouth is open ; the hands Told of a many thousand warlike French, lifted up; the tone of voice rapturous; speaks That were embattled and rank'd in Kent : copiously and in hyperboles. Admiration Another lean unwash'd artificer is looking at any thing attentively with appre- cuts off his tale, and talks of Arthur's death. ciation; the admirer suspends his thoughts, not from the vacancy, but from the fullness of his

Anecdote. It was so natural for Dr. mind : he is riveted to an object, which tem- Watts to speak in rhyme, that even at the porarily absorbs his faculties: nothing but what very time he wished to avoid it, he could not. is good and great, excites admiration; and none but cultivated minds are very susceptible of

His father was displcased at this propensity, an ignorant person cannot admire : because he and threatened to whip him, if he did not does not appreciate the value of the thing: the leave off making verses. One day, when he form and use must be seen at any rate.

was about to put his threat in execution, the How beautiful the world is! The green child burst into tears, and on his knees, said: earth, covered with flowers—the trees, laden

Pray father, do, some pity take, with rich blossoms the blue sky and the

And I will no more verses make. bright water, and the golden sunshine. The world is, indeed, beautiful; and He, who against calumny, and reproach, than a good

Varieties. 1. What is a better security made it, must be beautiful.

conscience? 2. What we commence-from It is a happy world. Hark! how the mer. the impulse of virtue, we too often continue ry birds sing—and the young lambs-see! from the spur of ambition ; avarice, herself, how they gambol on the hill-side. Even the is the offspring of independence and virtue. trees wave, and the brooks ripple, in gloilo 3. Wealth, suddenly acquired, will rarely ness. Yon eagle!-ah! how joyously he soars up to the glorious heavens—the bird of abide; nothing but quiet, consistent industry,

can render any people prosperous and happy. America. “ His throne-is on the mountain-top;

4. Did you ever think seriously of the design, His fieldsthe boundless air ;

and uses of the thumb? 5. Music, in pracAnd hoary peaks, that proudly prop

tice, may be called the gymnastics of the afThe skies-his dwellings are.

fections. 6. The difference between honor, He rises, like a thing of light,

and honesty--seems to be principally in the Amid the noontide blaze :

motive; as the honest man does that from The midway sun-is clear and bright; love and duty, which the man of honor does, It cannot dim his gaze."

for the sake of character. 7. If there be any It is happy—I see it, and hear it all about thing, which makes one ridiculous, to beings me-nay, I feel it here, in the glow, the elo- of superior faculties, it must be pride. 8. quent glow of my own heart. He who As is the mother, so is the daughter ; think made it, must be happy.

of this 0 ye mothers, and improve. It is a great world! Look off to the mighty

The rich are wise : ocean, when the storm is upon it; to the He that upon his back rich garments wears, huge mountain, when the thunder and the Is wise, though on his head grow Midas' ears: lightnings play over it; to the vast forest, Gold is the strength, the sinews of the world ; the interminable waste; the sun, the moon, The health, the soul, the beauty most divine ; and the myriads of fair stars, countless as the A mask of gold hides all deformities ; sands upon the sea-shore. It is a great, a Gold is heav'n's physic, life's restorative. magnificent world,—and He, who made it,

O credulity, oh! He is the perfection of all loveliness, all Thou hast as many ears, as fame-has tongues, goodness, all greatness, all glory.

Opened-to every sound of truth, as falsehood. R2


ADMIRATION AND ASTONISHMENT, Maxims. 1. Never consider the opinions o. 495. Implies

others in a matter that does not concern them. confusion, arising

2. It is of but little use to argue a point with one, from surprise, &c.

whose mind is made up on the subject. 3. Beware at an extraordinary, or unexpected

of objections, founded on wrong ideas. 4. A 20event: astonish

man's conclusions are generally proof against ment signifies to

the most eloquent reasonings. 5. Look within, strike with the

instead of without, for the true criterion of acoverpowering voice of thunder ;

tion, and be manly and independent. 6. Let the we are surprised

square and rule of life be-Is it right? 7. Be if that does, or

cautious in yielding your better judgment to the does not happen,

wishes of others. 8. We generally err, in underwhich we did, or did not expect ;

taking-what we do not understand. 9. They astonishment may

will surely be wise, who profit by experience. 10. be awakened by

A clear head-makes sure work. similar events, which are

Temperance. Happy are they that have unexpected, and

made their escape from the drinking custom of more unaccountabie : thus, we are astonished the world, and enrolled their names amongst the to find a friend at our house, when we suppos- friends of Temperance; for, by so doing, they ed he was hundreds of miles distant; or to hear have most probably escaped from an early death. that a person has traveled a road, or crossed a

Death, not only of the body, but of the soul, for stream, that we thought impassable.

the habit of intoxication is calculated to destroy

both. These are thy glorious works, Parent of good, Almighty! thine this universal frame, [then!

Varieties. 1. When once you profess Thus wondrous fair! Thyself, how wondrous, yourself a friend, be always such. 2. Blame Unspeakable ! who sitt’st above these heavens, not, before you have examined : understand, To us-invisible, or dimly seen

then rebuke. 3. Some people will never In these thy lowest works: yet these declare learn anything; for this reason, they underThy goodness, beyond thought, and power divine. stand everything too soon. 4. Who can calSee, what a grace was seated on this brow! culate the importance of learning to say, No. Hyperion curls ; the front of Jove himself: 5. By following the order of Providence, and An eye like Mars, to threaten and command; obeying the laws of life and being, we shall A station, like the herald Mercury,

not become fatigued. 6. Abstraction, is the New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill.

power, which the understanding has, of A combination, and a form indeed,

separating the combinations, which are preWhere every god did seem to set his seal, sented to it; it is also called the power of conTo give the world assurance of a man.

sidering qualities, or attributes of one object, What find I here ?

apart from the rest. 7. There is a ProviFair Portia's counterfeit? What demi-god dence in the least of man's thoughts and acHath come so near creation ? Move their

eyes ?

tions; yea, in all his common and trifling Or, whether riding on the ball of mine,

concerns. Seem they are in motion ? Here are sever'd lips, Parted with sugar breath : so sweet a bar [hairs, Words are like leaves ; and where they most aShould sunder such sweet friends: Here, in her Much fruit of sense beneath,is rarely found.lbound The painter plays the spider, and hath woven

False eloquence-like the prismatic glass, A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men,

Its gaudy colors spreads on every place : Faster than gnats in cobwebs.-But her eyes !

The face of Nature—we no more survey, How could he see to do them ! having made one, All glares alike, without distinction gay: Methinks it should have power to steal both his, But true expression, whate'er it shines upon, And leave itself unfinished.

It gilds all objects, but it alters-none. Anecdote. While Thucidydes was yet a Expression is the dress of thought, and still boy, he heard Herodotus recite his histories, Appears more decent—as more suitable. at the olympic games, and is said to have A just man cannot fear; wept exceedingly. The Father of Histori- Not, though the malice of traducing tongues ans,” observing how much the boy was mov- The open vastness of a tyrant's ear, cd, congratulated his father, on having a child The senseless rigor of the wrested laws, of such promise, and advised him to spare no

Or the red eyes of strain'd authority, pains in his education. Thucidydes became should, in a point, meet all to take his life : one of the best historians of Greece.

His innocence is armor 'gainst all these. Wise legislators never yet could draw

Music so softens and disarms the mind, A fox within the reach of common law ;

That not an arrow does resistance find; For posture, dress, grimace, and affectation, Thus the fair tyrant celebrates the prize, Though foes to sense, are harmless to the nation; | And acts herself the triumph of her eyes; Our last redress is dint of verse to try,

So Nero once, with harp in hand, survey'd And satire is our Court of Chancery.

His flaming Rome, and as it burn'd, he play'd.

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