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Enjoys his exile, and, condemn'd in vain,
Leaves thee, prevailing province 5, to complain?

Such yillanies rous'd Horace 6 into wrath :
And 'tis more noble to pursue his path,
Than an old tale of Diomede repeat,
Or lab'ring after Hercules to sweat,
Or wand'ring in the winding maze of Crete ;
Or with the winged smith aloft to fly,
Or flutt'ring perish with his foolish boy.

With what impatience must the Muse behold
The wife, by her procuring husband fold?
For tho' the law makes null th' adulterer's deed
Of lands to her, the cuckold may succeed;
Who his taught eyes up to the cieling throws,
And sleeps all over but his wakeful nose.
When he dares hope a colonel's command,
Whose coursers kept, ran out his father's land ;
Who yet a stripling, Nero's chariot drove,
Whirl'd o'er the streets, while his vain master strove
With boasted art to please his eunuch love 7.

Would it not make a modest author dare
To draw his table-book within the square,
And fill with notes, when lolling at his ease,
Mecenas-like 8, the happy rogue he sees
Borne by fix weary'd flaves in open view,
Who cancell'd an old will, and forg'd a new :


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Ś Prevailing province, &c. Here the poet complains, that the governors of provinces being accus'd for their unjust exactions, though they were condemned at their tryals, yet got off by bribery.

6 Horace, who wrote satires : 'tis more noble, says our author, to imitate him in that way, than to write the labours of Hercules, the sufferings of Diomedes and his followers, or the light of Dedalus who made the labyrinth, and the death of his son Icarus. ; 7 His eunucb-love. Nero married Sporus an Eunuch ; though it may be the poet meant Nero's mistress in man's apparel.

8 Mecenas-like. Mecenas is often tax'd by Seneca and others, for his effeminacy. 4



Made wealthy at the small expence of figning
With a wet seal, and a fresh interlining?
The lady, next, requires a lashing line,
Who squeez'd a toad into her husband's wine :
So well the fashionable med'cine thrives,
That now 'tis practis'd ev'n by country wives :
Pois’ning, without regard of fame or fear :
And spotted corps are frequent on the bier.
Woulaft thou to honours and preferments climb?
Be bold in mischief, dare some mighty crime,
Which dungeons, death, or banishinent deserves :
For virtue is but drily prais'd, and starves.
Great men, to great crimes, owe their plate emboft,
Fair palaces, and furniture of coft ;
And high commands : a fneaking sin is loft.
Who can behold that rank old lecher keep
His son's corrupted wife, and hope to sleep 9 ?
Or that male-harlot, or that unfledg'd boy,
Eager to fin, before he can enjoy ?
If nature could not, anger would indite
Such woful stuff as I or Shadwel write.

Count from the time, since old Deucalion's boat,
Rais'd by the flood, did on Parnaffus float;
And scarcely mooring on the cliff, implor'd
An oracle how man might be resor'd;
When soften'd stones and vital breath ensu'd,
And virgins naked were by lovers view'd ;
What ever since that golden age was done,
What human kind desires, and what they shun,
Rage, passions, pleasures, impotence of will,
Shall this fatirical collection fill.

9 And hope to sleep? The meaning is, that the very

consideration of such a crime will hinder a virtuous man from taking his repose.

i Deucalion and Pyrrha, when the world was drown’d, escaped to the top of mount Parnassus; and were commanded to restore mankind by throwing stones over their heads : the stones he threw bea came men, and those the threw became women, P2



What age fo large a crop of viceş bore,
Or when was avarice extended more?
When were the dice with more profusion thrown?
The well-fillid fob not empty'd now alone,
But gamefters for whole patrimonies play;
The steward brings the deeds which must convey
The loft estate : what more than madness reigns,
When one short fitting many hundreds drains,
And not enough is left him to supply
Board-wages, or a footman's livery?


many summer-seats did see?
Or which of our forefathers far'd so well,
As on seven dishes, at a private meal ?
Clients of old were feafted; now a poor
Divided dole is dealt at th' outward door ;
Which by the hungry rout is soon dispatch'd :
The paltry largess, too, severely watch'd,
Ere given ; and ev'ry face observ'd with care,
That no intruding guests ufurp a share.
Known, you receive; the cryer calls aloud
Our old nobility of Trojan blood,
Who gape among the crowd for their precarious food.
The prætors, and the tribunes voice is heard ;
The freedman juftles and will be preferr'd ;
First come, first serv’d, he cries; and I, in spight
Of your great lordships, will maintain my right.
Tho' born a llave, tho' my torn ears are bor’da,
'Tis not the birth, 'tis money makes the lord.
The rent of five fair houses I receive;
What greater honours can the purple give ?
The poor patrician 3 is reduced to keep,
In melancholy walks, a grazier's fheep:


2 Though my torn ears are bor’d: The ears of all slaves were bored as a mark of their servitude; which custom is still usual in the East. Indies, and in other parts, even for whole nations; who bore prodigious holes in their ears, and wear vast weights at them. 3 The poor Patrician; the poor nobleman.

Not Not Pallus nor Licinius 4 had


treasure ; Then let the sacred tribunes wait my leisure. Once a poor rogue, 'tis true, I trod the street, And trudg'd to Rome upon my naked feet: Goid is the greatest God; though yet we see No temples rais’d to money's majesty, No altars fuming to her pow'r divine, Such as to valour, peace, and virtue shine, And faith, and concord; where the stork on high 5 Seems to salute her infant progeny : Presaging pious love with her auspicious cry. But since our knights and senators account, To what their sordid begging vails amount, Judge what a wretched share the poor attends, Whose whole subsistence on those alms depends ! Their houshold fire, their raiment, and their food, Prevented by those harpies 6; when a wood Of litters thick besiege the donor's gate, And begging lords and teeming ladies wait The promis'd dole : nay, some have learn'd the trick To beg for absent persons ; feign them fick, Close mew'd in their sedans, for fear of air : And for their wives produce an empty chair. This is my spouse : dispatch her with her share. 'Tis 7 Galla: let her ladyship but peep: No, Sir, 'tis pity to disturb her sleep.

Such 4 Pallus, or Licinius. Pallus, a flave freed by Claudius Cæfar, and raised by his favour to great riches. Licinius was another wealthy freedman, belonging to Augustus.

5 Wbere the stork on bigh, &c. Perhaps the forks were used to build on the top of the temple dedicated to Concord.

6 Prevented by those Harpies: He calls the Roman knights, &c. Harpies, or devourers: in those days the rich made doles intended for the poor : but the great were either so covetous, or so needy, that they came in their litters to demand their shares of the largess; and thereby prevented, and consequently starved the poor.

7 'Tis Galla, &c. The meaning is, that noblemen would cause empty litters to be carried to the giver's door, pretending their wives


P 3



Such fine employments our whole days divide:
The salutations of the morning tide
Call up the fun ; those ended, to the hall
We wait the patron, hear the lawyers baul ;
Then 8 to the statues; where amidst the race
Of conq’ring Rome, some Arab shews his face,
Inscrib’d with titles, and profanes the place;
Fit to be piss'd against, and somewhat more.
The great man, home conducted, Muts his door ;
Old clients, weary'd out with frui:less care,
Dismiss their hopes of eating, and despair.
Tho' much against the grain forc'd to retire,
Buy roots for supper, and provide a fire.

Mean time his lord ship lolls. within at ease, Pamp'ring his paunch with foreign rarities; Both sea and land are ransack'd for the feaft'; And his own gut the sole invited guest. Such plate, such tables, dishes drest so well, That whole estates are swallowed at a meal. Ev'n parasites are banish'd from his board : (At once a sordid and luxurious lord :) Prodigious throat, for' which whole boars are dreft ; (A creature form’d to furnish out a fealt.) But present punishment pursues his maw, When surfeited and swell’d, the peacock raw were within them : 'tis Galla, that is, my wife: the next words, Let her ladyship but peep, are of the servant who diftributes the dole; let me see her, that I may be fure she is within the litter. The husband answers, she is alleep, and to open the litter would disturb her rest.

8 Then to the statues, &c. The poet here tells you how the idle passed their time ; in going first to the levees of the great, then to the hall, that is to the temple of Apollo, to hear the lawyers plead; then to the market-place of Augustus, where the statues of the famous Romans were set in ranks on pedestals : amongst which ftatues were seen those of foreigners, such as Arabs, &c. who, for no desert, but only on the account of their wealth, or favour, were placed amongst the nobleft,


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