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If black man, as white, is the work of thy If your itch be past reclaiming, hand

So receive your due delight; (And who could create him but Thee?) As old bullies, broke by gaining, Oh give thy command

Still take pleasure in the fight. Let it spread thro' each land, That Afric's sad fons ihall be free! If, erf when the man-stealer's treacherous TRANSLATION OF A LATIK POEM, WRIT

guile Entrap'd me, all thoughtless of wrong,

By Mr. RING. Froin my Niciou's dear love, from the infan. tile smile

A SURGEON-DENTIST newly starts,

Who caufes great surprize,
Of my Aboo, to drag me along ;-
If then, the wild anguish that pierced thro? By setting his unrival'd arts
my heart,

Before our wondering eyes.
Was feen in its horrors by thee,

He fcales the teeth, and can at will O cafe my long smart,

From their own sockets draw; And thy fan&tion impart,

Transplanting them with equal skill
That Afric, at last, may be free!

Into another's jaw.
If while in the lave-fhip, with many a groan, The grandam, toothless long hefore,
I wept o'er my sufferings in vain;

Perceives the springing tooth; While hundreds around me reply'd to my And feems to be revivid once more. moan,

In all the charms of youth. And the clanking of many a chain :

then thou lut duign'dit, with a pitying eye, The grandfire now can talk or eat -Thy poor shackled creature to Ice,

Without his usual pother; Oh thy mercy apply,

And one man takes, to chew his meat, Afrie's forrows to dry,

The grinders of another. And bid the poor Negro be free!

A num'rous, poor, and hungry packs kere, as I faint in the vertical fun,

The furgeon's door attend; And the scourge goads me on to my toil,

Here itands a collier dy'd in black, No hope faintly foothing, when lahour is done,

And there his footy friend. of one joy my loen heart to beguile; The duftmen take an active part I thou view'A me, Great Spirit! as one thou In this renown'd election; baf mide,

Some that with athes load the cast,
And my fate as dependent on thee,

Some of an ath complexion.
O impart thou thy aid,
That the scourge may be stay'a, How oft in such a form uncuuth,
And the Black Man, at laft, may be free. Like gems in derkelt mines,

The thickfet, polish'd, iv'ry tooth,
VERSES WRITTEN BY WILLIAM CON. In all its lustre chines!

The teeth molt perfect, and mot kiss
(22vnt 1LZORI PUBLISHED.] The subtle dentist buys;
FADED Delia moves compaflion, a

And justiy to the brightet ware lut no longer an subdue ; e

Aligns the brightest prize Now her face is out of fashion,

They fell their teeth, and freely fall
Slie mus make her turn and fue, in

The foundeít agd the best ;
All ber air, fo long affe&ed, at No wonder, when they gain fo well
Might in blooming youth be borne ;

Provision for the relt.
But in agt, it not corrected,

O Dostur, by that fingle art, ! . More car pity, or our fcorn.

You render mutual good; Wealth nor cities can support ye,

For while to food you tertb impart,
Wretchat Delia, in decay :

To reerd you furnish food
Thallowed to nymphs paft forty
To look on but not to play.

Nicu Preet, Hanover Jeware..



SOCIETY OF ARTS, COMMERCE, these we shall not atteinpt to follow


THIS society, long distinguished for The third thing proposed by Mr. Cure

its liberal and patriotic exertions, wen, is an improved Drill Horje-Hoe, have voted to J.C.CUEWEX, Esq. M. P. or Weed-Harrow, in which the carriagethe gold medal, tir various Improvements wheels are to be half the width of the in the Business of Agriculture, which we butts, or fiitches; so that once going up, Mall briefly notice in the order in which and once returning, will be sutticieat to they were taken up by the fociety. The clear each butt from weeds. The boe first object was to recommend the use of or harrow is attached by chains to the carrots as a fubliitute for oats; he fays, carriage, and may be raised higlier or he had been accultomed to allow each funk lower, or placed more on one úde working horfe eight pounds of oats per or another as occalion may require, by day; that be cauled one half to be taken altering the position of the chain. There away, and supplied by an equal weight are fix double rows of teetb or kvives, of carrots, which he continued so long which are to placed in the frame that each as the carrots lasted, and it was generally double row may pass up the interval be admitted that the horses improved in tween the rows of corn, and cut or pull their condition upon this food." In a first up the weeds that grow in such intervals trial, an acre of carrots was found equal without injuring the corn. Thefe knives to twenty-three of oats, allowing uxty are Itrong, and have a sharp edge in Winchesier bushels of oats per acre, and front. There are two bandles, by which three tione the bushel. Nr. Curwen's the person who holds them may direct method is, on taking up the carrots, to the knives or teeth of the barrow to pass cut a small piece from the top of each, in straight lines up the intervals. Owing to prevent it from vegetating; these ne to the simplicity and case with which imincdiately used. The remainder were this inachine is worked, a man and boy, piled in rows, two feet thick, and five with one horse, are able to clean more feet high, leaving room for the circula than seven acres a day, tion of the air. Mr. C. adınits that the Ten guineas have been granted to expence of cultivating carrots is confider- Mr. Charles Wilson, for a method of able, viz. 15l. per acre; yet, wben they Сuring Damp Walls, by the application are used in part instead of oats, he con- of the following compolition : " Boil two tends that they will most abundantly re- quarts of tar, with two ounces of kitpay the expences.

chen grease, for a quarter of an hour in Mr. Curwen's second object has been an iron pot. Add foine of this tar to a to devise a Method of feeding Cows dur- mixture of naked lime and powdered ing the Winter Season, with a view to glass, which have pafied through a flour provide poor perfuns and children with lieve, and been completely dried over milk at that tine. The introductory ob- the fire in an iron pot, in the proportion servations and general hints thrown out of two parts of lime and one of glals, by this gentleman do honour to his till the mixture becomes of the confiftheart, whether his plan be or be not ence of thin plaster. The cement must good. The food which lie makes use of be used immediately after being inixed, is cabbages, common and Swedish tur- and therefore it is proper not to mix nips, kholrabi, and cole-seed; chaff, more of it than will coat one square foot boiled, and mixed with refuse grain and of wall, since it quickly becomes too oil-cake. He uses liraw, instead of hay, hard for use; and care must be taken to for their fodder at night. Mr. Curwen prevent any moisture froin mixing with fays, the greatest ditticulty le had to the cement." For a wall merely damp, contend with was to preveut any decayed a coating one-eighth of an inch thick leaves being given, and to see that the will be fufficient; but if the wall is wet, ball of the turnip was the only part made there must be a second coat, Platter ule of. These precautions being atteud- made of lime, hair, and plafter of Paris, ud to, the milk and butter were excel inay afterwards be laid on as a cement. lent. Mr. C. bas given in calculations The cement above described will unite to prove huw protitable the method re the parts of Portland (one or warble, cominended is to the proprietor, and so as to make them as durable as they how beneficial to tbe public; but in were prior to che fracture.


Among the several communications on till the cloth is finished. 16, The hedthe fubject of manufactures, Mr. Jonn dles, reed, and bruthes, will wear longer Austin, of Glalyow, has been deemed than usual, and inore than half the workworthy of the gold medal, for a loom to manship is faved. be worked by iteam or water. The ad Mr. William CHEETHAM, of Mellorvantages which this loom is faid to pof- Moor, Derbythire, was presented with fels are as follow : 1, That from 300 to the filver medal, for cultivating Waite 400 of thele loums may be worked by Land. After detailing pretty much at eue water-wheel or steam-engine, all of large the method by which Mr.C. brought which will weave cloth fuperior to what the land in queltion into use, he fays, is done in the coinmon way. 2, They “ I greatly prefer the method of paring, will go at the rate of 60 thoots in a mi burning, and limeing, as well as plougrimute, and keep regular time in working. ing in the autumn, to any other. Paring 3, They will keep conitantly working, deitroys the heath, and prepares the land, except at the time of Drifting the shuttles. so that a team may coine upon it in dry 4, In general no knots need be tied, weather." He made experiments upon and never more than one, in place of finail plots, of liineing and inanureing twű, which are requifite in the cominon with black dung upon the heath, and way wlien a thread breaks. 5, In cafe found that it required from seven to ten the fluttle itops in the thed, the lay will years to destroy the heath. Whereas by not come forward, and the loom will fowing oats and hay feeds, a good crop stop. 6, They will weave flower or was produced the first year, and on the quicker, according to the breadth and following a better patture was made than quality of the web, which may be the after the term of ten years by the other bruadelt now made, and they may be inode. “Upon the whole,” fays Mr. C. nwunted with a barnels to weave any “ I prefer, ja peaty land, ploughing four pattern. 7, There is but one close thed, year's successively." the same in both breadths; and the The gold medal of the fame fociety has bore and temples always keep the fame been adjudged to J. G. CalTHROP, eiq. distance. 8, There is no tiine loft in of Golberton, Lincoluthire, for the CulLautning, or cutting out the cloth, which tivation of Spring Wheat, which was town is done while the loom is working, after on eighty-two acres, fourteen poles of the brt time. 9, The weft is well land, between the 25th of March, and ftretched, and even to the fabric re the 6th of April, and reaped between the quired; and every piece of cloth is mea- 1st and 14th of September. The wheat fured to a ftraw's breadth, and inarked fown was the horned, or rough eared where to be cat, at any given length. spring wheat; the expence was 2621. 10, The loom will work backwards in 15s. and the produce 1068l. 2s.6d. cale of accidents, and every thread is. The gold medal was alfo given to Mr. as regular on the yarn-beam as in the JOHN SHUCKFORD WADE, of Benhall, cloth. 11, If a thread appear too coarse Saffolk, for planting fifteen acres of land, or fine in the web, it can be changed, with upwards of twelve thousand fets of or any tiripe altered at pleasure. 12, Oliers per acre, which it was certitied by Tluey will scave the fineit yarn, more respectable authority are now in a thriving tenderly aud regularly than any weaver, state, and fit for basket-making. can do with hands and feet.13, When To CHARLES LAYTON, esq. ,was ad

thread breaks, the loom will instantly judged the Glver medal for his coinparative ftop, without topping any other loom, Culture of Turnips, by which it appears and will give warning by the ringing of a that a very deciled preference should be bell 14, A loom of this kind occupies given to the drilled bufbandry: the dite the fame pace is a common loom, and "ference in fornetling less than two tons the expence of it will be about half more, of Turnips, was four cwt. and four stone which is compensated by the various ad- in favour of the drill. inom machinery.

15, The recling, Mr. ROBERT SALMON, obtained the beaning, looming, combing, filver medal for his Remarks on Pruning

&c. &c. which is nearly one Fir Trees. He reconumends the praning hink of the weaver's work, together with to commence when the trees are fix years the general walte {about 61 per cent.) old, or when there is difcernible five tier of the walne at the yum, do not occur of boughs, and the lhoot; the three lower the lace, which by its Angle motion tiers are then to be taken off. After this enes operation after spinning the trees are to be let alone for four or

Kk 2


five years, then, and at every succeeding top of the bench and fence, fcrew-bolts four or five years, the pruning to be re- faitened by thumb-nuts, by means of peated, till the stem of the tree be clear which, and a parallel motion, the fence is forty feet; after which, as to pruning, it regulated, and contequently the conductor may be left to nature. The rule for the of the wood, and admits it to be fawed height of pruning, after the first time, to through. The fence, conductor, and be half the extreme height of the tree, fuw, must all be curved alike; but to faw till it attain twenty years growth; and in finaller circles, with the same faw, and

ter that time, half the height of the tree, at the same time fquare with the face of and as many tect more as it is inches in the bench, a steel lider, regulated by two diameter, at four feet from the ground. Screws, made to press, as occasion inay The proper time for pruning, is between require, on the convex fide of the faw, and September and April, and the tool to be raile the vertical line of it to a right angle uled the faw.

with the bench, otherwise the top of the Fitteen guineas have been voted by the bench ittelf must receive the same incliSociety to Mr. William Neven, for nation to the vertical line of the fixed weaving Cloth of an extremely fine qua- saw. lity; by which improvement, cotton, Fifteen guineas have been given to Mr. linen, &c. can be made much fooner and James Hardie, of Glasgow, for a Bookfiner, than by any method yet discovered. binders' Cutting-press,which, the inventor Mr. N. says, he has made a small piece morleltly observes, claims no other merit of plain ilk clothi, from hard thrown-filk than that of having simplified the comin the game that contains 65,536 melles inou press, rendered it more powerful, in a square incl. “It is impoflible,” he and adapted to save the time of the adels, "for any reed-maker to make a reed workinan. This press effects the business lalt fo tine, as to weave fich cloth upon by one iron screw, intiead of two wooden the present principles of wearing; and oncs, formerly used. The screw works in even if that could be done, no weaver a mut let into, and Screwed to a top piece, could make use or it: but by my method, its lower end working in a collar, screwed I weave as fine cloth in a twelve hundred to a moving piece, tliding in grooves reco, as by the prelent method in one of witbin the two fides of the frame. twenty-four hundred, and with rather lets, Twenty guineas have been voted to than inore trouble,"

Mr. BENJAMIN STOTT, for his invention The Society have again voted a pecu- of a Machine for Splitting Sheer-lins. niary rewaril of ten guineas, for a Ma. The cominon niode of drelling skins, is to cline to cnable Shoemakers to make Nave one side of, making glue of the Shoes and Boots, without fuffering any parings ; but by Mr. S's. method, the pretlure upon the siomach, This premiuin ihavings are taken off in one piece, foiis awarded to Mr. A. Stass, of Newport ming a good tkin of leather. Market. The machine is described by the inventor as fimple in itself, and to constructed that a man may stand to his


R. HERSCHEL bas laid before the ture, and without baving contiantly his Royal Society, which occupied the work preiling againit bis breatt or for attention of that learned body three erenzach.' This, we believe, is the third or inys, ir paper on the Coloured Concentric fourth premiurn given by the Society for linys seen through their Plates or Lenfes, machines having the lanic object in view, The Doctor detailed a great variety of yet we have heard of none of them being experiments, made with lenses of one likely to be brought into general use. hundred and tnenty feet focus, down to

Joux TROTIER, etq. of Soho Square, those of this most common glafles. These has obtained the gold medal for luis in- experiments, which we hall bereafter vention of the Curvilmear Saw. It coli- give at larye, feem to establish the fact, bits of a pindle moving on two criters, that light could not have, as the grcąt ving at one end a pullev, and at the Newton lippoted, fits of eały rantaillon other a concave law, (with a correspon- and refleciion, and therefore, that this dny convexity to the curve required to phcumenon of concentric rings met be be lawed.) focured on the convex fidely atcribed to another caute, which he irr

rollar, and on the concave file by a tends to investigate at another rime. loaie colinr, nud fcrew-nut. There are Dr. EvilAnD ilour, has made fomeOti. vo groured plates, adinitting through the Gervations on thic Stounchs of (ccareuns

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Animals. The late Mr. Hunter observed, that the first inhabitants of Britain were that this genus, had diomachs composed neither Celts, Scandinavians, nor Gauls, of four cavities, or bags, through which but Cantabrians, originally, and directly dhe food pailed before it was prepared to descended from aboriginal Spaniarus. toria chyle. Mr. Home has examined lle traced the manners of the people of feveral of these animals, and lately has Cornwall, and those on the oppolite coast ducted a bottled-noted porpoise, which of Brittany, and also the difirict in Enghiud fix of tbete bags comtituting its lo- land, in which he conceived the Cantamach; he has fucceeded only in afcer- trians had originaliy fettled, whence they laining the relative dimensions of these migrated to Ireland. Ireland, it appears, parts, without being able to allign any was never vitited by the Romans, and, of Latisfactory cause for such an important course, its manners and language were difference of organical liructure,

unknown to them. The fimilarity beMr. KNIGHT, whose discoveries in the tween the Irish and modern Spaniards of principles of vegetation have obtained Biscay, the descendants of the fierce Canfor doin to high a reputation, has laid he- tabri, tends to confirm this hypothefis. ture the Royal Society an interesting A large fione ring, taken from the paper on the Bark of Trees,

finger of Tippoo Saib, was exhibited be

fore the Society, containing an Arabic ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.

inscription, which in Englith is, “Domi

nion to God, he the only, the victoNI . mous."

Antiquarian Society a paper on the Mr. CARLISLE is chosen Secretary to Ongin of the earlielc Race of Britons: in the Society, in the place of Mr, BRAND, wich, from a number of facis, he inters


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MR. WILLIAN BELL'S (DERBY), for an His improvements in irons for planes

improved Method of making Smoothing and other edged tools, are by making the trons, Plane Irons, und vurious Edge plane irun of any suitable materials, and Tools.

leaving a vacaocy which is intended to TE articles denominated smoothing be filled up by a thin piece of steel made

trons, iad irons, and flat irons, and exactly to fit it. Thele pieces are to be bich are conununly made use of for foldered together, with soft folder: the ironing washed linens, mullins, &c. have reason alligned for the preference of foft been frequently complained of as defec. folder is, that it requires the finallest heat Live in their construction. The patentce to bring it into tulion, and caules the least proteife's to obriate thefe defects. Firti, injury to the temper of the iteel. The iu htating the faid irons they become feel may, however, be foldered to the dirty, and require confiderable trouble iron or metal back in a left state, and in cleanhng before they can be uled; afterwards hardened. Mr. Bell obferves, and fecondly, they are frequently over that "the usual method of connecting beated, to as to endanger and sometimes iteel and iron, by means of welding, l'eto damage the articles on which they are quires fo fevere a beat that it injures the uted. To prevent there inconveniences, quality of the steel, which by my imAlt. Bell bus inscried a thin case of tieel provement will be preserved in its best or iron, tiuted with a pring cr other tal- pollible tiate. By the fine method of tenings, which fecure it to the iron with connecting my liecl to iron or other mewhucis it is uitended to be wed. The tals tör plan- iroas, fo du I ixtend mafaiul cisfe being this compleied, the iron nufacturing chillols and various other properly beatod is incroduced, which he edge tools." ing made of thin inttal becuines almost inue wately fulcienlly beated for its ARCHIBALD EARL OP DONDONALD's, for intended purpoic. llie handles of the Improvements in Spinning Machinery. frons made by Mr. Bell are moveable, " The improvements," says Lord Donboy prevent them from being over-located. donald, “ for which patents have been


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