« FöregåendeFortsätt »
LONDON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1863. tions of Col. W. at Portage Lake were confined chiefly to
the Isle Royale, Quincy and Pewabic locations, the dense CONTENTS.- No. 93.
underbrush preventing his knowledge of the more extenNOTES :-“Ancient Mining on the Shores of Lakes Supe. sive workings since found on the Ripley, Pontiac, and rior," 281 --- Essay on the Historical Allusions of Spenser, in
other more recent enterprises. : the Poem of the “ Faery Queen," 283 - Letter from Horace “The fact of the existence of these ancient workings
Walpole, 284 - Counterfeit Ballads, Ib.-- Sir Philip Hony- was first publicly announced in 1848, the discovery being wood, 285.
made on the Minnesota mine location. The attention of MINOR NOTES :- Anti-Jacobin Songs of the last Century mining explorers having thus been called to the matter,
Curious Contraction -- Innocente Coate - A Hint to Ex. other discoveries were soon made until the fact has been tractors - Stooky-Sabbath Mutilation of Sepulchral established that traces of these ancient workings have Monuments --Greek Proverb – Edward Harley, 2nd Earl
been discovered along the whole copper belt from Copper of Oxford, 285.
Harbor to the Minnesota, and even down in the iron reQUERIES: -- Buff - Sir Walter Chute - Contracts: a per gion on the Carp river. The three principal groups or centage deducted De Wett Arms – John Fellows Friday Street - Joseph Fowke God save the King" in
centres of operation appear to be near the forks of the Church - Greyn Court, &c. - Long Grass Monarchs | Ontonagon River, in the Portage Lake basin, and on the Seals — Lord Nelson Nottinghain Probate Court -- waters of Eagle River. These three places are also the Painting -- Political Economy – Quotations Wanted local points of modern mining. Riddle — Major Rudyerd - Seth, the Patriarch - St. An- “Col. Whittlesey, in speaking of these remains, says:thony of Padua preaching to the Fishes - Sir Richard Steele - - The Rev. Peter Thompson, &c., 287.
“ • They are, for the most part, merely irregular de
pressions in the soil, trenches, pits, and cavities; someQUERIES WITH ANSWERS :-Edward Darcy, Esq.-Thraues times not exceeding one foot in depth, and a few feet in Dragetum Intended Murder of James II. Robert - Simnel Sunday: Curfews - Ford Queries
diameter. Thousands of persons had seen the depresDavenport " Philomathic Journal" - Ozone - James Burnet -" The
sions prior to 1848, who never suspected that they had Loves of an Apothecary,” 290.
connection with the arts of man; the hollows, REPLIES :- Incorrect Quotations, 292 — St. Patrick and made by large trees overturned by the wind, being fre
the Shamrock, 293 - Family of De Scurth, or De Scur. 294 quently as well marked as the ancient excavations. - Church of the Holy Ghost, Heidelberg – Cold in June Besides this there are natural depressions in the rocks on
Laws of Lauriston Blackguard -- John Donne - Lau. the outcrop of veins, formed by the decomposition of the rence Halsted -- Titles borne by Clergymen - Sketching minerals, that resemble the troughs of the ancient miners, Club or Society --- Charity – Wives of English Princes Franchise in Greenock – Peals of Twelve – Toison d'Or
as they appear after the lapse of centuries. There is not St. Anthony's Temptation - Huish Numismatic always a mound or ridge along the side of the pits, for Queries - Madame de Genlis, &c., 295.
most of the broken rock was thrown behind, nearly filling up the trenches. A mound of earth is as nearly imperishable as any structure we can form. Some of the
tumuli of the West retain their form, and even the perNotes.
fection of their edges at this day. But mere pits in the
earth are rapidly filled up by natural processes. Some of “ANCIENT MINING ON THE SHORES OF LAKE
those which have been re-opened, and found to have been SUPERIOR."
originally ten feet deep, are now scarcely visible. Others Will you rescue the following very interesting that have a rim of earth around the borders, or a slight and instructive paper, written by your correspon
mound at the side, and were at first very shallow, are
more conspicuous at present than deep ones without a dent, and my esteemed friend, J. H. A. Bone, border. Esq., of Cleveland, Ohio, U. S. from the perishable “ • There are, however, pits of such size as could not columns of the Cleveland (U. S.) Herald, en fail to surprise one at first view, were not the effect depassant, one of the best newspapers on the western stroyed by the close timber and underwood with which continent :
they are surrounded. A basin-shaped cavity 15 feet deep
and 120 feet in diameter, would immediately attract the “ About a year ago we spent some days examining, eye of the explorer were it properly exposed. But it is with considerable interest, the extensive evidences of not unusual to find ten and twelve feet of decayed leaves ancient copper mining in the vicinity of Portage Lake, and stick filling a trench, and no broken rock or gravel. similar evidences also existing at various points along In such cases a fine red clay has formed towards the the entire mineral range on the south shore of Lake bottom, a deposite from water, which indicates the long Superior. It was impossible not to feel interested in period of time since the excavation was made.' these remains of an ancient people who had diligently “ The implements with which the mining operations explored the earth for metal, and whose explorations were carried on were extremely simple. In nearly every have been valuable guides to the miners of the present instance abundant proof has been found that most of the day. The old pits and trenches on the locations of the work was performed with stone mauls of the rudest deQuincy, Pewabic, Pontiac, Isle Royale, and other mines, scription. They are natural boulders, or large waterwere the guide marks which pointed to the existence of washed pebbles, oblong-shaped, and weighing from five the lodes now extensively worked.
to fifteen pounds. In some instances, as at the Cop“ The personal observations made at that time added per Falls and Minnesota mines, a groove has been cut materially to the interest felt in the perusal of a work re- around these boulders, in which was fixed a handle cently issued by the Smithsonian Institution on Ancient of twisted withes or roots. Wherever grooved hammers Mining on the shores of Lake Superior, by Col. Charles Whit- are found, those without grooves are entirely wanting. tlesey. The work was written some six or seven years From the fractures at the end of the mauls, it appears since, and has lain in the archives of the Institution until that the grooved hammers were used at either end, whilst the present year, when it was brought out and published the ungrooved were held in both hands, and the blows without giving the author an opportunity for adding to given with one end only. At the Pontiac mine we saw it the results of the more extensive explorations during a heap of several hundreds of those ungrooved stone the last four or five years. For instance, the investiga- hammers, every one of them being fractured at one end.
The nearest point at which those stones could have been Romanes ignorant of this trade, as may appeare by a procured was at the Entry, some fifteen or sixteen miles brasse Coyne of Domitian's, found in one of these workes, distant.
and fallen into my hands : and perhaps vnder one of “The marks of a pick are nowhere visible in the an- those Flauians, the lewish workmen made here their first cient workings. The ground was broken up, and fire arriuall.' used for the purpose of disintegrating the rock. Char- “ By whom were those ancient mines on Lake Superior coal and ashes are found in all the pits, and at the Pon- wrought? Col. Whittlesey says certainly not by the tiac we found a considerable deposit of charcoal beneath present Indian race. They have no traditions relating the debris of centuries of decay, which was the evident to them. They have no idea of digging for copper. They traces of a fire unsuccessfully used for the purpose of dis- have proved themselves utterly incapable of fashioning, integrating a large mass of copper-bearing rock, which from their own resources, copper implements in any way still remained where the ancients found it.
resembling the perfectness of the ancient specimens. “ The small masses of copper
for no other kind was Nor have the Indians of Lake Superior any tradition resought for by the ancient miners — when found, were specting the Ancient Miners of that country, just as what pounded into the desired shape by the stone hammers. we called the aborigines of this lower country had no The art of melting copper was evidently unknown to traditions respecting the Mound Builders of Ohio. From them, for all the copper implements and weapons found the growth of the trees in the old pits, and other indicabore marks of having been beaten into shape without tions, Col. Whittlesey is inclined to put the cbandonhaving first been heated. The remains discovered con- ment of the mines at a distance of at least 500 or 600 sist of copper chisels, gads, and spearheads, generally years ago. wrought with a certain amount of skill.
“ Who were the Ancient Miners? Col. Whittlesey is “ Mass copper of considerable size evidently baffled disposed to consider it not improbable that they were cotheir skill, and caused them much embarrassment. At the temporary, if not identical, with the Mound Builders of *Central' mine, Col. Whittlesey says, that a mass of Ohio. Their mine works were evidently carried on in copper, nine feet long, had been worked round, and bat- summer only, being mere open cuts, impossible to be tered at the top until a projecting rim had been formed, worked in the rigour of a Lake Superior winter. It is when the task was abandoned. A large number of probable that they had better means of transportation broken mauls attested the severity of the struggle, and than the bark canoes of their less civilised successors. the reluctance of the old miners to abandon it. On the They might have come in the spring from the country of Minnesota location a mass of copper, weighing six tons, the Mound Builders in Ohio in vessels carrying supplies, was found in an ancient pit.
and returning in the autumn with the proceeds of their “« The mass copper had been raised several feet along labour, and the bodies of those who died; for no graves the foot wall of the lode, on timbers, by means of wedges. or funeral mounds of a date coeval with the mine workings Its upper surface and edges were beaten and pounded have been found. Col. W. says: smooth, all irregularities taken off, and around the out- « • The Mound Builders consumed large quantities of side a rim or lip was formed, bending downwards. This copper. Axes, adzes, chisels, and ornamental rings are work had apparently been done after the miners bad con- so common among the relics in Ohio as to leave no doubt cluded to abandon the mass. Such copper as could be on this subject. We know of no copper-bearing veins so separated by their tools was thus broken off. The beaten accessible as those of Lake Superior to a people residing surface was smooth and polished, not rough. Near it were on the waters of the Ohio. Neither are there any others found, as the excavation advanced, other masses, im- now known that produce native metal in quantities to bedded in the vein. After several years, this vein has serve as an article of commerce. Specimens of pure copbeen found by the modern miners uncommonly rich and per are found in other mines of North America, but not valuable for the size and number of its masses of cop- as a predominant part of the lode. The implements and per.'
ornaments found in the mounds are made of metal that “White cedar shovels for excavating the broken soil, has not been melted. They have been brought into wooden bowls for moving large pieces of rock, and a rude shape cold wrought, or at least without heat enough to ladder, formed of an oak tree, trimmed so as to leave the liquefy the metal, and were therefore produced from nastumps of the branches standing as steps, have also been tive copper. In the Lake Superior veins, spots of native found.
silver are frequently seen studding the surface of the cop“ It is a little curious to note in this connection, that per, united or welded to it, but not alloyed with it. This the ancient tin mines of Cornwall, wrought before and is not known of any other mines, and seems to mark a during the occupation of Britain by the Romans, eighteen Lake Superior specimen wherever it is found. It also or nineteen centuries ago, average about the same depth proves conclusively that such pieces have not undergone with the old copper workings of Lake Superior, and the fusion, for then the pure white spots would disappear, materials of many of their tools were not dissimilar. forming a weak alloy. Copper with blotches of native
“Carew, in his Survey of Cornwall (A.D. 1602), says, silver has been taken from the mounds. Dr. John Locke, speaking of the tin ‘moor works:
of Cincinnati, possessed a flattened piece of copper weigh* • They maintaine these workes to haue beene verie aun- ing several pounds, which was found in the earthworks cient, and first wrought by the lewes with pickaxes of at Colerain, Hamilton County, Ohio, having a spot of Holme, Boxe, and Harts horne: they prooue this by the silver as large as a pea forming a part of the mass.' name of those places yet enduring, to wit, Attall Sarazin, “But throwing aside all conjectural speculations, and in English, the Iewes offcast, and by those toules daily considering only known facts, Col. Whittlesey says, the found amongst the rubble of such workes. And it may following conclusions may be drawn with reasonable cerwell be, that as Akornes made good bread, before Ceres tainty : taught the vse of Corne, and sharpe Stones serued the “ • The ancient people extracted copper from the veins Indians for Kniues, vntil the Spaniards brought them of Lake Superior, of whom history gives ro account. Iron: so in the infancie of knowledge, these poore instru- “ • They did it in a rude way by means of fire, and the. ments for want of better did supplie a turne. There are use of copper wedges or gads, and by stone mauls. also taken vp in such works, certaine little tooles heads “ • They had only the simplest mechanical contrivances, of Brasse, which some terme Thunder-axes, but they and consequently penetrated the earth but a short dismake small shew of any profitable use. Neither were the tance.
“They do not appear to have acquired any skill in the allusions to the ritual of the Roman Catholics. art of metallurgy, or of cutting masses of copper. The Belgic Lion 'is destroyed by the Sarazin “ . For cutting tools they had chisels, and probably
Sansloy :adzes or axes of copper. These tools are of pure copper, and hardened only by condensation or beating when cold.
“Proud Sansfoy, “They sought chiefly for small masses and lumps, and
The eldest of three brethren; all three bred not for large masses.
Of one bad sire, whose youngest is Sansjoy, “No sepulchral mounds, defences, domicils, roads, or
And twixt them both was born the bloody bold Sansloy :" canals are known to have been made by them. No evidences have been discovered of the cultivation of the
an allusion to the oppression of the Netherlands soil.
by Spain, whose Moorish connection is figured “. They had weapons of defence or of the chase, such under the designation of “Sarazin ;” the chaas darts, spears, and daggers of copper.
racter of the Spanish people in the description “They must have been numerous, industrious, and and names of the brothers, proud, melancholy, and persevering, and have occupied the country a long bloodthirsty: and a triple character, also alluded time.'”
D. M. STEVENS.
to in the triple body of Gerioneo, the oppressor Guildford.
of Belgè, in the fifth book, which has reference to the three countries united into one empire,
under Charles V. and Philip his son — Spain, ESSAY ON THE HISTORICAL ALLUSIONS OF Germany, and America.
SPENSER, IN THE POEM OF THE “ FAERY Una is first protected from Sansloy by the QUEEN." *
Satyrs, which may probably be an allusion to the As the character of Prince Arthur is enriched reformed faith being held up by what Spenser with the achievements of the British power as a
elsewhere calls the “ brutish multitude;' and state, so the reign of Gloriana is enriched with subsequently by Satyrane. events which took place prior to the accession of "A Satyr's son yborn in forest wild, Elizabeth ; and in the first book, the legend of
By strange adventure as it did betide, Holiness, is given an allegorical history of the
And there begotten of a lady mild, Reformation. Una is the one thing needful,
Fayre Thyamis, the daughter of Labryde:” truth or true religion, and she comes to the court alluding to Sir John Perrot, who was supposed of Gloriana, to seek assistance, as the reformers
to be a natural son of Henry VIII., and who, sought the assistance of Elizabeth ; there is also while deputy of Ireland, appears to have proprobably in this an allusion to the early rise of tected the Protestants there. the Reformation in England. St. George is de
In calling Archimago the Pope, it is not inscribed as
tended to imply that any particular pope is al“Sprung from ancient race,
luded to, but the Popedom, which perhaps may Of Saxon kings.
be enlarged to the Spirit of Evil, which by the From thence a Faëry thee unweeting reft,
Protestants of that time was considered synonyThere as thou slepst in tender swaddling band, mous with the Papacy. Archimago first raises And her base elfin brood there for thee left:'
the dream to the Red Cross Knight, which leads alluding, though with a slight perversion of the him to lose faith in Una. This, I have suggested, fact, to the early introduction of Christianity into may allude to the Pelagian Heresy, or, as he England, and the change which occurred under raises a false Una in Duessa, may allude to the the Saxon kings, when Augustine introduced the mission of Augustine, which introduced the RoRoman Catholic doctrines. His adventures in man Catholic doctrine to supersede the action of Error's den appear to be an allusion to the rise of the monks of Bangor, who kept up a continual the Pelagian heresy in the fourth century. Ar. service to Christ. We find him endeavouring to chimago is the Pope, who, with Duessa, the Ro. excite a dispute between the Red Cross Knight man Catholic doctrine, separate him from true
and Sir Guyon at the commencement of the next religion, and betray him into the hands of Or- book. He takes charge of and renews the glory goglio, figurative of the persecution under Mary, in canto vu. of the first book. He steals the sword
of Duessa, who had been stripped and shamed from which he is delivered by Prince Arthur, in reality by the power of England on the accession of Prince Arthur for Pyrocles, which probably of Elizabeth.
refers to the Roman Catholics of England, who Una, when separated from St. George, the re
endeavoured to support Mary Queen of Scots, the presentative of England
- an allusion to the re- symbol of Papacy, and saves Pyrocles from drownstoration of Popery by Mary – is protected by ing, which may allude to the non-destruction of the Lion, the emblem of the Netherlands, who Spain on the defeat of the Armada; but we must “ mars blind devotion's mart” in the destruction not commence the second book at present. of Kirkrapine, the support of Abessa and Corceca, be observed in the description of St. George.
A curious lapsus pennæ, or Homeric nod, may * 3rd S. iv, 21, 236.
The poem professes to be in glory of Faerie land,
which is declared to be England ; yet St. George
to consummate is described as of the race of Saxon kings, and
The pomp of horror, with tremendous coolness." stolen by a Faëry :
Much of the poetry is little more than very flatu“ And her base elfin brood there forthie left." lent declamation; yet it would be unjust to deny The solution of this poetical contradiction I
there are many lines above average merit. He may leave to others, as well as the question of could condescend to clap-trap, and has conveyed identity of
into his poetry the art he learnt in politics
how to go to the country with a cry, “Fayre Thyamis, the daughter of Labryde.” That there is some meaning or allusion in it can scarcely be denied. FRANK HOWARD.
I lately read a very interesting article on LETTER FROM HORACE WALPOLE. Scottish Ballads, in the Edinburgh Essays, 1856, I enclose a copy of a letter from Horace Wal. 8vo. The author remarks: pole, addressed to William Parsons, Esq., present
“ The most profitless work on this planet is the simuing to him a copy of the Mysterious Mother :
lation of ancient ballads; to hold water in a sieve is the
merest joke to it. A man may as well try to recal yes“Mr. Walpole is afraid of thanking Mr. Parsons as he terday as to manufacture tradition or antiquity with the ought for his kind compliments lest he should seem to moss of ages on them. It has been attempted by men of accept them as due, when he is conscious of deserving the highest genius, but in no case with encouraging sucmore blame than praise; and tho' he obeys Mr. Parsons's
There is no modern attempt which could by command in sending him his tragedy, and begs his any chance or possibility be mistaken for an original. don for his mistake, and the trouble it has occasioned, he You read the date upon it as legibly as upon the letter is unwilling to part with a copy without protesting you received yesterday. However dextrous the workagainst his own want of judgment in selecting so disgust- man, he is discovered-a word blabs, the turn of a phrase ing a subject, the absurdity of which he believes makes betrays him." many faults of which he is sensible in the execution overlooked.”
Walter Scott was completely taken in by the Horace Walpole's criticism upon his own work, Featherstonbaugh ballad which Robert Surtees the child of his own fancy, may probably be a palmed upon him. And the very writer of the reproach to his judgment (if’his modesty, of which above quotes a verse of this forgery as genuine, assuredly he had but little), be considered as its
that is, without a word about the imposition; as
follows: cause. But Walpole must have known that otherwise the subject is not one unsuited for the “ Death, too, is always walking about on the Borders ; drama. It is the object of the stage to hold the
even the little children have seen him, and know his face. mirror up to nature,—to reflect passion, and to day like a common acquaintance; and some of the more
The older troopers, when they meet him, give him good delineate its results. Sympathy is excited, pity familiar, stay for a moment to bandy a grim jest or two awakened when crime is the result of unconscious with him : error; and, whilst the mind recoils from the crime, • Ane got a twist o'the craig, the spectator feels an involuntary interest in the Ane got a punch o' the wame, criminal. Such a theme, therefore, does possess dramatic
Thou gets a new gudeman afore it be night.' interest, and upon the poet's power alone depends
“ A fit place, truly, to jest about a new husband; the the judgment to be passed. "No doubt incest is
old one lying so still there, face downward, on the tram
pled grass." an unpleasant subject; so also is murder; so is adultery, and profligate gallantry. But these The date of this production was not legible to themes have been adopted by the greatest poets the writer of the essay. The ballad of “ Bartram's of modern Europe, and are recognised as the life Dirge” is also a simulation by Surtees. of those great works of art, which are destined to
Mr. Burton, in his Book-hunter, has the folremain the delight of successive generations. In- lowing: deed, if the reader will refer to Walpole's preface “Of the way in which ancient ballads have come into to this play, he will find the subject selected de
existence, there was one example within my own know. fended upon similar reasons.
ledge. Some mad young wags, wishing to test the criti
cal powers of an experienced collector, sent him a newThe disgust to which Walpole alludes arises
made ballad, which they had been enabled to secure only from the criminal intention, and although this is in a fragmentary form. To the surprise of its fabricator, held in abeyance by the constructive art of the it was duly printed; but what naturally raised his surauthor, horror and not pity is excited by the con
prise to astonishment, and revealed to him a secret, was, clusion. For the rest, the play is of no great the collector, in the course of bis industrious inquiries
that it was no longer a fragment, but a complete ballad.merit. Walpole, who reprebends Lee, too often recalls him. He has a tendency, to quote bis own
among the peasantry, having been so fortunate as to re
cover the missing fragments! It was a case where neither lines
could say anything to the other, though Cato might
wonder-quod non rideret haruspex, haruspicem cum vi- Sir Robert Honywood (who died in 1686), and disset. This ballad has been printed in more than one
had an only daughter Frances, who married collection, and admired as an instance of the inimitable simplicity of the genuine old versions ! ”
George Sayer, Esq.
It should be mentioned that, contemporary with There was once a lady who told her husband, him, was a Colonel Honywood, who lost his life on her deathbed, that one of her children was not by an accident in January, 1662-3. It would his. He asked which, and she answered : “
seem, from Pepys's Diary, that he was a brother of you shall never know," and quietly expired, leav. Sir Peter Honywood and Dr. Michael Honywood, ing the poor man with all his children doubtful, Dean of Lincoln. Lord Braybrooke states the I hope Mr. Burton will read this, and feel pricked three brothers mentioned by Pepys to have been in conscience.
A. DE MORGAN.
the sons of Robert Honywood, who married the celebrated Mary Waters, or Attwaters. This is
a mistake. They were his grandsons, being the SIR PHILIP HONYWOOD.
sons of his son Robert Honywood, the antiquary, Philip, the fifteenth of the twenty children of who died in 1627. (See Topographer and GeneSir Robert Honywood of Pett, in Charing, in the alogist, i. 398, 399.) Another Sir Philip Honycounty of Kent, by Alice, daughter of Sir Martin wood, who was K.B. and Governor of Portsmouth, Barnham, was born at Charing, Dec. 26, 1616. died in 1752. He was, we imagine, descended
It is probable that he served in the wars in the from Sir Thomas Honywood of Essex, one of Low Countries; and that he is the Captain Hony- Cromwell's Lords, who died in 1660. wood mentioned in an order of the House of We shall be glad to be informed, when the first Commons of Dec. 9, 1641, authorising forty re- named Sir Philip Honywood died, and whom he cruits to be sent abroad for supply of his com- married.
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. pany.
Cambridge. In 1645, when he had the rank of Major, he was in command of a small garrison of the King's near Newark. It is designated, in contemporary
Minor Notes. accounts, as Wirton, Whatton, Wareton, and
ANTI-JACOBIN SONGS OF THE LAST CENTURY. Worton House. We believe Wyverton, a house belonging to Lord Chaworth, is intended by these The Revolutionary party in France had not all various appellations. Thither, at the close of the chansons” on their side, notwithstanding so October in the same year, came the Princes Ru- much of their work has been done by these means. pert and Maurice, and other cavalier officers who Those who are interested on such matters may had laid down their commissions and left Newark like a reference to a curious little satirical ode of in discontent, having previously presented a
M. de Lille, printed in the year 1778, from which
I extract two or three stanzas :memorable petition or remonstrance to the King, whereto the name of Philip Honywood is found
“ Vive tous nos beaux esprits,
Du bonheur Français épris, He obtained from the Parliament, on Dec. 13
Grands économistes; following, at which period he is termed Colonel, a
Par leurs soins au temps d'Adam pass to go beyond seas.
Nous reviendrons, c'est leur plan,
Momus les assiste, Immediately after the Restoration, he pre
Au gué, sented a petition to Charles II., praying for some
Momus les assiste. mark of the royal favour. In this petition he
“ Du même pas marcheront stated, that he had served the king and his father
Noblesse et roture; for twenty-five years at sea, and in both the
Les Français retourneront northern expeditions; and had had a company at
Au droit de nature; Portsmouth, but was obliged to leave it for his
Adieu Parlements et lois,
Adieu Ducs, Princes et Rois; loyalty.
La bonne aventure! In Nov. 1661, he had a pass, with servants and
Au gué, three horses, to the Prince of Orange; and in
La bonne aventure! April, 1662, was appointed Commander-in-Chief
“ Puis, devenus vertueux of the forces in the garrison at Portsmouth, under
Par philosophie, Sir Charles Berkeley, the Lieut.-Governor. He
Les Français auront des Dieux was shortly afterwards knighted, and appears to
A leur fantaisie," &c. &c. have been ultimately Governor of Portsmouth, The similarity between these lines and the songs where he built a mast dock. In 1667, he had the of the Anti-Jacobin will at once occur. superintendence of the fortifications at that place. Turgot and his system, according to the Me
We infer, from a somewhat obscure passage in moirs of the Abbé Georgel, were caricatured in Hasted's Kent, that he survived his elder brother the same style: