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Bishop Kennett, in his Glossarial Collections (Lansd. MS. SIMNEL SUNDAY: CURFEWS. — In the Daily 1033), mentions • dredge mault,' malt made of oats mixed Telegraph, Sept. 23, before the Bury magistrates, with barley malt, of which they make an excellent fresh,
a witness is represented as speaking of meeting a quick sort of drink used in Staffordshire.”
We have frequently seen peas, oats, and beans growing person on Simnel Sunday. 'Whence is this detogether in France. The words Drage, Dragetum, is of con
rived ? stant occurrence in early accounts.]
At Halnaker House, Boxgrove, Sussex, there INTENDED MURDER OF JAMES II. - In Letters are said to be two curfews as old as the Conquest from the Bodleian, vol. ii. p. 134, Mr. T. Carte, (vide Allen's Surrey and Sussex, ii
. 519, ed. 1830).
I. M. N. OWEN. the historian, writing to Mr. G. Ballard, May 4, Are they still extant ? 1754, says:
[Simnel Sunday is better known as Midlent, or Mo“I had a letter in the beginning of this week from Mr.
thering Sunday, and was so called because large cakes, Monkhouse, and inclosed in it a relation of the design of called Simnels, were made on this day. (Baines's Lanmurdering K. James II. at Warminster. It agrees with
cashire, ii. 677.) Bailey, in his Dictionary (fol. 1764, by one which I had from the late learned Mr. G. Harbin, Scott), says Simnel is probably derived from the Latin who had it from Dr. Sheridan, Bp. of Kilmore, who as
simila, fine flour, and means a sort of cake or bun made of sisted Sir G. Hewet at his death, when he expressed his
fine flour, spice, &c. Herrick, who died in 1674, has the repentance of having been engaged in that design."
following in his Hesperides :In what work are any particulars to be found
“ A Ceremonie in Glocester. of this intended assassination of James II. ? J.
« Ile to thee a Simnell bring,
'Gainst thou go'st a mothering, [Some particulars of this intended assassination are
So that, when she blesseth thee, printed from Carte's Memorandum Books in Macpher
Half that blessing thou'lt give me.” son's Original Papers, i. 280-283, edit. 1776, 4to. Consult also Sir John Reresby's Memoirs, p. 167, edit. 1734. The two copper curfews, riveted together, are now in After the desertion of Churchill and Grafton at Salisbury, the hall of the seat of the Duke of Richmond, Goodwood “a new light,” says Lord, Macaulay, “flashed on the House, to which Halnaker is attached.] mind of the unhappy King. He thought that he underderstood why he had been pressed (by Churchill], a few
FORD QUERIES.-1. John de Ford, Abbot of Ford, days before, to visit Warminster. There he would have Devonshire, was confessor to King John. Is any. found himself helpless, at the mercy of the conspirators, thing known respecting the history of this worthy's and in the vicinity of the hostile outposts. Those who family? might have attempted to defend him would have been easily overpowered. He would have been carried a pri: 1619) was, by his mother's family, the Worths
2. Simon Ford, an elegant Latin poet (born haps some still blacker treason might have been committed; descended from the founder of Wadham College, for men who have once engaged in a wicked and perilous Oxford. In what way were the Worths connected enterprise are no longer their own masters, and are often with the founder of the college? impelled, by a fatality which is part of their just panishment, to crimes such as they would at first have shud
3. Are the Devonshire, Sussex, and Warwickdered to contemplate.” Hist. of England, ii. 512, ed. 1856.
shire families of Ford in any way related to each We learn from Nichols's Anecdotes of William Bowyer, other? 4to, 1782, p. 203, that Thomas Carte's manuscripts, con- 4. In whose county history can I find a pedisulted by Macpherson, are now in the Bodleian library.]
gree of Ford of South Brent, Devonshire ? ROBERT DAVENPORT. - I desire to be informed
CARILFORD. where I can gain the most complete account of
Cape Town. this old poet, including his pedigree, family, &c. [1. Nothing is known respecting the family of the He was the author of The City Night Cap, pub- Abbot of Ford. Vide Oliver's Monasticon Diocesis Exlished in 1661.
D, DALE. oniensis, p. 339; More's History of Devon (Biography),
p. 25; and Prince's Worthies of Devon, p. 295. [No particulars are known of Robert Davenport, the
2. Simon Ford's mother was descended from Nicholas author of The City Night Cap, which was licensed in the
Wadham, uncle to the founder. vear 1624.
It appears that he wrote in the time of James I., as two of his more serious poems were published of Devon, and Tuckett's Devonshire Pedigrees, p. 156.]
4. Consult Pole's History of Devon ; Westcote's History in 1625. These were written at sea, and were dedicated to Richard Robinson and Michael Bowyer, who were both
“PAILOMATHIC JOURNAL."—About 1824, a serial players. He was living in 1655 when King John and Matilda bearing the foregoing title was commenced. Who play not published, called The Pirate, of which there can be were its projectors, conductors, and contribulittle or no doubt, for in S. Sheppard's Epigrams, Theolo- tors ? It seems to have been ably supported. Is gical, Philosophical, and Romantic
, 1651, is one “To Mr. it to be had readily? How long was it kept up ? Davenport on his play called The Pirate.” Davenport seems
SAMUEL NEIL. to have written a good deal of poetry which has never been printed. In Thorpe's Catalogue of Manuscripts, 1807, and received the patronage of the Duke
[The Philomathic Institution was founded in the year 1836, No. 1450, is a volume of his poems, dedicated to William, Earl of Newcastle, Viscount Mansfield, Lord Its objects were to cultivate the intellectual powers, and Boulsover, and Ogle, an original autograph manuscript, promote the advancement of science and letters. Its 4to. Also, in the Cambridge University Library, Dd. x. Journal, published quarterly, commenced in 1824, and 30, there is a poem by him, entitled “A Survey of the
closed its brief career in 1826, making four vols., 8vo. Sciences.”]
The names of the contributors were not given, because
many of them had an aversion to publicity. In an Ad- tionary of Architecture, issued by the Architecdress at the end of the fourth volume it was proposed to
tural Publication Society, it has been the custom substitute for the Quarterly numbers an annual volume, from the commencement of that work to verify which however nerer appeared.]
every quotation, where practicable. I put this OZONE. - What is ozone ? In the pronuncia- saving clause because occasionally an author gives tion is the last letter accented ? IGNORAMUS.
a reference so vague that much research has failed [O’zone (ofw, to smell), is a new elementary substance, to discover the passage. Sometimes, indeed, the to which Prof. Schönbein, of Basle, ascribes the peculiar Committee is accused of not citing a well-worked smell evolved in electrical operations, at the anode or posi- reference, some revisor having found its incortive surface. He supposes it to be a constituent of an elec- rectness. But probably most of your studenttrolyte, small quantities of which exist in both air and readers are but too well acquainted with “ loose
Vide Hoblyn's Dictionary of Medical Terms, edit. 1858, p. 416 ; and Ogilvie's Imperial Dictionary, Supple- quotations, and with the little value the general
Both these authors accent the first syllable. We public set upon the labour of obtaining correct learn from the papers lately, that Mr. W. C. Barder has, after eight years' study, discovered something of the A little jeu-d'esprit was handed about a short whereabouts of ozone. Wind which has recently come time since illustrative of the practice of the reviover the sea, he tells us, is almost invariably charged with ozone; while land breezes bring but little of it on
sion above-named, and of the good-humoured their breath.]
feeling that prevails among the active members
engaged on that work. JAMES BURNET. - I have a copy of Burns's It was written for one of the working evenings Works in two large octavo volumes, published at
of the Architectural Publication Society, when Edinburgh in 1811, containing many illustrations, certain of the editors, contributors, &c. meet to mostly from drawings by Burnet, some of which are
compare notes, and despatch business.
The engraved by him. They are well done, and full of phrases “ Biogs,” “Geogs," " Poliogs," are abbrecharacter. "Can you inform me where the original | viations in use among the editors, and signify the drawings are, and where a life of Burnet may be
" biographies" of the various architects, the "geoseen?
po[ Biographical notices of James Burnet, landscape pain- liography” or account of the cities remarkable for ter, may be found in Allan Cunningham's Lives of fine architecture. British Painters, vi. 313; and Chamber's Biog. Dict. of “Nomenclature,” &c. allude to the leading heads
The phrases “Materials," Eminent Scotsmen, v. 57. It appears that some of Burnet's paintings are in the possession of his relatives, and under which the various articles fall. The lines others among the costly picture galleries of our nobi- run thus, and are entitled lity.]
“ THE A. P. S. ALPHABET." “The LoVES OF AN APOTHECARY." - A very A is an Architect, driving his pen : curious and original book with this title was pub- B our · Biogs,' some of rather small men: lished in 1854. Of any English work I have read,
C are the Critics, who look rather shy : it reminds me most of Jean Paul. Could any of
D is the Dictionary-never say die!
E is the Editor, surly and grim : your readers inform me who wrote it, and if the
F is the Fun, which we oft poke at him: same author has written any other book?
G are the. Gengs,' long, tedious, and dull:
J. W. H Half-and-Half, how I long for a pull! [Mr. Frederick Greenwood is the author of the Loves of
I Illustrations, they're famous no doubt: an Apothecary. The Path of Roses is another story by the
K the Kind Keepers,* who forage them out:
M are 'Materials,' those we don't mind :
P are the Poliogs,' oh! what a lot:
Q is a Letter the shortest we've got:
R are Revises, they're always dull work:
S is our Secretry, out-and-out Turk!
Earnest remonstrances being made as to the seEvery scholar must be deeply obliged to your verity of the expression, the author burst out with correspondent Jannoc for his observations on this this parenthetical and indignant justification of subject. Although but a humble student in his verse --Classic and Mediæval Antiquity, I have often
“ Yes; I call him a Turk, suffered the greatest annoyance from the careless
For he drives us to work, way in wbich authorities are cited. It is incre- And blows up like bricks if we venture to shirk: dible how the same blunder has been perpetuated
He bores for ‘MS.,'
For Proofs' and for Press, by one author copying from another again and
And scolds for · Revise,' till we're quite in distress : again, without referring to the original. To obtain correctness in the contributions to the Dic- * The Keepers of the drawings and engravings.
And what's worse than all, he (conceive our vexation!) to by the writer of the article in the last number Compels us to verify ev'ry quotation !
of the Quarterly Review. (See the Abbé MacHerodotus, Cato, Vitruvius or Plato,
Geoghegan's History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 112, ed. He'll have ev'ry word, and he won't be said nay to:
The plant always worn in Ireland, on St. PaTertullian, Augustine, or Bingham, or Barrow,
trick's Day, March 17, is the Trifolium repens. He makes you transcribe him, line, chapter, and verse, The Oxalis acetosa, or wood sorrel, though not a Writes you to say, 'Your citation's too cursory.'
rare plant, does not grow in great profusion. It And should a poor scribbler but venture to nab as his is also too delicate a plant, as it is one of the most Own, a snug bit from the Clouds' or Anabasis;' beautiful of the wild flowers. It would fade and Or make any blunder in metre or grammar,
droop in an hour after it was plucked. It is, I By Jove! Sir, he's on you, as down as a hammer; Nor spares you one morsel , nor bit--no! nor half a bit ;- beautiful beech woods of Brückenau, in Fran
believe, very rare in parts of England. In the So now I'll go on with my A. P. S. Alphabet.” T are the Tables, our columns that swell:
conia, it grows in the greatest profusion. ConV are the Volumes, they're certain to sell:
nected with the fire-worship which prevailed in W the Writers, who think their works fine:
Ireland, there is one curious and interesting cirX the ’Xpenses, a farthing a line:
cumstance in the tradition : the white clover, the Y is Yourself * we're delighted to tease : Z is Zo-o-phorus, alias a frieze:
blanche fleur of the old Troubadours, was the But here come the oysters, and here comes the beer
most sacred herb after the misseltoe in the my• Success to the A. P. S. number.' Hear! hear!
thology of the Druids. Suppose St. Patrick, Three rattling huzzas, and a finishing cheer!”
when asked to explain the mystery of the Trinity, The above appeared in print in The Builder, took a leaf of this plant—one of the holiest in the vol. xviii . p. 474. It is hardly necessary to say that
old mythology-and used it to explain his meanthe “Turk” of a secretary is Mr. Wyatt Papworth. ing, it requires no great stretch of imagination to The writer of the lines is understood to be Mr.
feel what the effect would be on his hearers. Arthur Ashpitel, F.S.A., a constant contributor
Would not this be a fine subject for some of our to your pages.
FRANCIS ROBERT DAVIES.
ST. PATRICK AND THE SHAMROCK.
Without wishing to interfere with the argu(3rd S. iv. 187, 233.)
ments on this point, I may be permitted to say Thanks to your obliging correspondent F.C. H.
that there exists a mistake somewhere as to the for his remarks on the tradition respecting the identity of the grass called the shamrock. The use made by St. Patrick of the shamrock, to real Irish trefoil (shamrock) is not clover, nor illustrate the doctrine of the Blessed Trinity.
wild sorrel, but a grass peculiarly indigenous to It is somewhat remarkable, that in none of the
some parts of Ireland only. This may seem a histories of St. Patrick, nor in the histories of strange assertion, yet it is perfectly correct; and Ireland, with which I am acquainted, mention
as a proof, there is not a peasant in Ireland who seems to be made of St. Patrick having made use
cannot point out the difference between clover of the shamrock, &c. And yet, though no his and the genuine trefoil : the latter being much torical evidence can be cited, it does not seem
smaller, and less silky in leaf and stem, than any "unreasonable” to inquire about the origin of other species of trefoil grass, exotic or native the tradition: for many other traditions, not (and there are several specimens of both), found
S. REDMOND. written, can be traced to a probable origin. I in the country. should wish, therefore, for some additional in- Liverpool. formation on the subject.
F. C. H. is respectfully informed, that Colgan— who was Professor I have always considered that the wood-sorrel of Theology in the Franciscan convent of St.
was the genuine shamrock — the “ Herb Trinity," Anthony of Padua, at Louvain-published a folio said to have been “made use of by St. Patrick.” volume in 1645, entitled Acta Sanctorum Veteris But on what authority can the Quarterly apply the et Majoris Scotia (Louvain). A second volume name of shamrock to the pimpernel and the speedwas published at Louvain, in 1647, under the well ?
C. A. B. title of Triadis Thaumaturge, &c. It contains the Lives of St. Patrick, St. Columb, and St. Bridget. This appears to be the work referred Whether in his own Latinity, or in that of
Father Thomas Messingham, who incorporated * The Secretary
Jocelyn's Life und Acts of Saint Patrick into his
Florilegium Insulæ Sanctorum (1624),* the Cister- FAMILY OF DE SCURTH, OR DE SCUR.
(3rd S. iv. 89, 170, 317.) imitations excepted, are generally as trivial as In the west mainland of the Orkney Islands apocryphal. His narrative is simply this: - At there are several valleys or glens named Scarth, sixteen the saint was carried off by pirates into or Skarth; generally with the addition of disIreland, and there sold as a slave; after six years' tinctive appellative, the meaning of which is now swine-herding, he (miraculously, of course) es- lost, such as Settis-scarth, Danis-scarth, Hundcaped; was again taken, and sold for a kettle, scarth, and Binzie, or Bina-scarth. which declined its daily function of boiling water, At the date of the impignorating of the islands and incontinently turned the blazing turf-sods by Christian I. of Denmark to James III. of Scotinto ice; whereupon the disappointed purchaser land, for the dowry of his daughter Margaret, was but too glad to let him return home unran- Sept. 8, 1468, these valleys seem to have been somed. He then studied Theology eighteen years wholly occupied by Norse“ Udallers” or “ Rothunder Bishop Germanus, afterwards under Bishop men;" of the name, as it was then spelt, Skarth. Martin of Tours, and at last in a monastery. In a Scotch translation of a decree of the Law“The staff of Jesus” (2na S. v. 375, 427 ; 3rd S. man of Orkney and Shetland, given out" at Kirkiv. 82, 132) having been (miraculously, again) wall in the Lawting in the moneth of Junii, the Zeir consigned to his hand, he used it in driving out of of God ane thousand fyve hundreth and fourtein Ireland the threefold plague of serpents, of de- Zeirs," there is a list of the Lawman's Council, mons, and of magicians; conipelling them to the “ being Rothmen and Rothmenis sons ;” and one top of a high mountain, whence they threw them- of them is “ Andro Skarth, in Bina Scarth." selves head foremost into the sea; meaning, so far After the Scotch had been two centuries in the as the natural nuisance was concerned, the Ophio. full exercise of their tyrannic power over the latreia (ibid.); as my learned friend and far-off lives and fortunes of the Norse Udallers, there kinsman, the Rev. John Bathurst Deane, has was still to be found, on the Scotch Valuation shown in his Tractate on Serpent- Worship, 1833. Roll of 1652-53, a James Scarth in Scarth, and a Thirty-five years' episcopate, and thirty-three of Nicol Skarth in Settis-Skarth. James had many monachism in Armagh, rounded the hundred and sons; and in 1680 we have one of them, William twenty-three years of St. Patrick's life; his death in Caldell; and Robert Skarth's widow, in Caldell, and obsequies being foreshown and attended by is that year entered in the Cast Book, or Cess troops of angels, and by a yet higher and holier Roll, for the Scotch land-tax on account of SettisWitness. It is singular that Jocelin says nothing skarth. From this family the Scarths of Leith of the shamrock, the triune symbol, whereby other are descended. It is curious that the scopulus, or hagiographers record the tutelar saint of “the clam shell of their quartering, as well as the Island of Saints” to have confuted and converted oyster, is to be found in abundance on the sea the Unitarian Bard, Ossian.
shores near these valleys. Of the sons of James, In 1809 the full credence, not credulity, and in Settis-scarth, three at least went to sea: two biblical style of Jocelin, bad won me to read eventually settling down at Sunderland, and one through his Legend, and to render it into English, at Whitby, as ship owners. The Scarths of Leeds preserving as diligently as I could, its peculiar are descended from the one at Whitby; and as, characteristics. Historically, it is valueless; poeti- like all Scandinavians, the Scarths were sea-going, cally, or scripturally, its readers could not have more of them may have found their way to the pronounced a more adverse sentence than now, shores of Northumberland, and other parts of the when fifty-four consequent years have sobered his English coast, from Orkney. The name may be judgment, does its translator.
descriptive, as all the valleys bearing it have a EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE.
resemblance; but it has been borne very far back, as a standing stone in Holstein marks the
place where fell “Skartha, the friend and com* This is, probably, the book referred to by F.C. H. panion of Swein." (3rd S. iv. 233) as published, together with the Biographies of ss. Bridget and Columba, in 1636; and, it may lised, and the Rothman has no longer an exist
The lands in Orkney are now almost all feudabe, a second edition of Messingham, whose volume has three cartes de visite of St. Patrick and of these holy per
“Rothmen,” or “Udallers," meant self sonages. The engraving is marked “T. Messingham holders; or men holding in their own right their fecit. 1624 By-the-bye, St. Patrick is there repre ente
udal lands, by way of distin to feudatories, with a swarm of serpents crawling away from under his robes, and with a double-crossed crosier (2nd S. v, 378.) The heritage of the Rothman, his “terra alodia,"
who hold derivatively, or by dependence on others. ES.
was so entirely his own, “ut eo nomine nulla peque gratia, neque merces, neque opera debeantur.”
After having been evicted from the possession of the marriage register, under the signature of of people of the name since 1715, or thereabout, the Rector of St. Andrew's, Plymouth, in which one of the valleys leading to the famous lake of the name “Margaret Hay McClellan"twice ocStennis, named Bin- or Bina-scarth, is now the I did not make the statements respecting property of Robert Scarth, Esq., of Binscarth- the pedigree which are questioned without good a descendant of James of 1653—by whom several grounds for them. If I have been misled, I shall properties have been added to it, and the whole be willing to acknowledge my error when I see district otherwise greatly improved.
sufficient reason for doing so. ALFRED T. LEE. After centuries of Scotch insolence and extortion, and of the grossest neglect and robbery, the
BLACKGUARD. In “N. & Q.," 2nd S. ix. 373, Orkney Islands are at last under the equal laws
an explanation of the word blackguard is extracted of Great Britain ; and are now making extraor- from an old French dictionary." The name of dinary progress, by the exercise of the truly the dictionary is not given. The extract is folNorse vigour and energy of their inhabitants.
lowed by an editorial query, "Whose, and of P.
what date?” The name of the dictionary is The Royal Dictionary, by Abel Boyer. Unfortunately
the copy I possess wants the title, and I am thereCHURCH OF THE HOLY Ghost, HEIDELBERG fore unable to supply the date. The quotation is (3rd S. iv. 99.)— With respect to this church, the not fully given; I subjoin it, with spelling, capitals, following extract may be acceptable :
punctuation, italics, &c. : “ Up to the year 1545, this church (of the Holy Ghost) “ The Black-Gard, On appelle ainsi de jeunes Gueux was exclusively in the possession of the Roman Catholics. qui servent dans un Corps de Garde, les Goujals.” In later times it was in turns occupied by the reformed and Roman Catholics, according as the Electors were
The definite article "the" seem's to refer to a Catholic or Protestant. In 1705 it was divided into two particular body of men who were known by the parts: the choir (where formerly the University Library name of The Black-guard. Under the word was kept) was assigned to the Catholics, the rest to the “Goujat " I find Reformed. When Charles Philip, successor to John William, came to the Palatinate, and took up his resi
“GOUJAT, S. M. (Valet de Cavalier ou de Fantassin) dence at Heidelberg, he asked the reformed congregation
a Soldier's Boy, a Black-guard.” to resign their claim to their portion of the church, offer
HENRY JONES, JR. ing in return for this concession to build for them another place of worship. This, however, the Protestants refused. John DONNE, LL.D. (3rd S. iv. 149.)--I have Whereupon the Prince caused the partition wall to be a copy of the Dean of St. Paul's BIAOANATOE pulled down (Sept. 4, 1719), and took forcible possession (4to, 1649, though undated on title-page), which of the church. The townspeople appealed to the Diet, and the decision went against the Elector. For some
is a presentation copy from his son to “Si Contime he refused to give way, but at last was obliged to
stantine Huygens, Knight;" to whom he has do 80 (April 19, 1720); whereupon he left the town in written a singularly interesting letter on one of disgust, and went to live at Mannheim.
the fly-leaves. This letter is dated “ Couent Gar“ The church of the Holy Ghost was founded by Ru- den, London, Julie 29, 1649.” I presume this pert III., in 1398. Louis 'the Bearded continued the Huygens is the brother of the great astronomer. work. The tower was not completed until after the death
A. B. G. of Frederic I.” - Guide Book to Heidelberg and its Neigh- 1st Manse, Kinross. bourhood, by K. C. Von Leonhard, p. 60.
H. DOWNING. LAURENCE Halsted (3rd S. iv. 187.)—Laurence, Heidelberg.
son of John Halsted, of Rowley, Gent., was bapCOLD IN JUNE (3rd S. iv. 19.) – Frequent re
tised at Burnley, July 1, 1638; married and bad ference has been made of late in “ N. & Q.” to issue, an only surviving son, Charles Halsted. the occurrence of great cold in the month of June. In his will
, dated May 1, 1690, he describes himI send the following note from a register kept by self as “Laurence Halsted, of Rowley Hall, in the me at Bradford, Yorkshire, in June, 1833 : parish of Burnley, co. Lanc., Gent. ;" and settles “ 13th. Fires all day. Frequent and heavy thunder, shire, upon his said son and his issue. Failing
his lands at Woking, in Surrey, and in Lancawith heavy rain. “ 14th. Very cold. Fire all day.
issue, to Alice (Barcroft), wife of the testator, for “ 15th. I am informed that there was a sharp frost her life; and at her death, to descend to Mr. early this morning, and ice was found. The remainder Henry Halsted, Clerk, Rector of Grace Church, of the month was very cold, and fires were lighted nearly London, and his heirs in fee. He bequeaths every day."
N. S. HEINEKEN.
legacies to bis uncle Laurence Halsted, of Ja
maica (who was probably the individual named Laws or LAURISTON (3rd S. iii. 486 ; iv. 31, by Whitlocke and Whitaker); and to his brother 76, 132, 214.)— E. M. C. is certainly incorrect in Matthias Halsted, also to Charles Halsted, of the stating that the wife of Capt. Lee, R.N., was parish of Clerkenwell, watchmaker; to Robert, Margaret McClennan. I have the certified copy son of Robert Halsted, at the Crown in Fleet