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This, I think, is plain from the Case of this Paralitical Man. He was born in Original Sin; · under the common Infirmities, and Guilts of
human Nature ; under the Apprehensions and Fears that his Disease was the Effect and Punishment of his Sin. For that was then a prevailing Opinion in the World, as is plain from that Question of the Disciples. Master, zebo did Sin, this Man, or bis Parents, that be was born blind?
Finding nothing but Uneasiness and Terror in that State ; being very desirous to be deliver'd from those Apprehensions and Fears ; hearing of a more merciful Revelation from God, he readily receives and embraces it. Our evermerciful Redeemer, for the Encouragement of all fincere Penitents, to the End of the World, graciously accepts and heals him. Upon his immediate Conversion, upon his first Application and Address, he gives him this comfortable Affurance of Favour and Pardon. Son, be of good cheer, thy Sins be forgiven thee.
: So that, I think, the Confideration of this particular Cafe will naturally enough direct us to these Three more general Observations and Heads of Discourse.
1. The Uncomfortable State of Mankind,
under the several Infirmities and Guilts ir is subject unto, without the Knowledge of fome Means of Attonement and Pardon.
II. In Conséquence of this; the absolute
Necessity of a Mediator between God and
him, together with the good Assurance í we have of it.
III. The great Security and the 'unspeak
able Comfort of living under the Belief, that our Sins are forgiven us.
I begin with the First of these, viz.
I. The Uncomfortable State of Mankind, under the several Infirmities and Guilts it is subject unto, without the Knowledge of some Means of -1 Atonement and Pardon.
Now for the clearing our Way, and that we may the better understand the Misery of Mankind under Sin, and the Greatness of the Divine Mercy in our Redemption from it ; it will be necessary to take a short View of the Original State and Covenant which God made with Adam, and in him with all Mankind. The Proceeding stands thus.
God Almighty out of the infinite Bounty and Goodness of his Nature, Created Man upon the Earth ; breathed into him the Breaib of Life ; and Man became a living (i. e. an inmortal, Soul. He gave him moreover a sufficient Measure of Knowledge to dire& his
Faith, and of Strength to govern his Practice, He farther covenanted to continue that Knowledge, and increase that Strength, and to reward his Constancy by an easie Translation to Heaven, -if he made good his part of the Covenant ; and threatened him with eternal Extermination and Banishment from his Presence if he broke it. Man being thus left in the Hands of his own Councel, to act according to the Dictates of that Understanding and Will, wherewith (as a reasonable Creature) he was endu'd; by his own voluntary Disobedience, through the crafty Insinuations of Satan, transgresses the Law given him by his Maker, and thereby plunges himself and his Posterity into an irrecoverable State of Sin and Misery. So the Apostle to the Romans, By one Ch. 5. 12. Man Sin entered into the World, and fo. Death palled upon all, for that all have sinned.
And now was Man in a most wretched and forlorn Condition. His Disobedience to his Maker had clothed him with Guilt, and, which is Consequent upon it, with Shame and Fear. He and his Offspring thereby became thie most timerous, and yet the most helpless Creatures. The Divine Justice called for Satisfaction, and no created Being, in Heaven above, or in the Earth beneath, neither Angel nor Saint were able to pay down such a Price. He looked, but there was none that would know him; and be wondered that there opas no Interceffor: No Man may deliver bis
him. Thus were all the Sons of Adam feperated from God; hence was the whole human Race tainted with the general Corruption. And the Infection was the more fatal, in as much as it spread it self, not only over all the Members of their bodies, but the Faculties of their Minds too. In short, it brought them under the Dominion
1. Of Naturel.
2. Of Moral Evils.
1. It brought them under the Dominion of Natural Evils, fuch are outward Calamities Poverty, Disgrace, Afflictions, Persecution such are Bodily Weaknesses; an unhealthful Constitution, Pain, Şickness, Death. ''Tis true, these have no inherent Turpitude and Obliquity in them; they do not contract a Guilt upon the Conscience of him that bears them: Yet they are the Wages of Sin; the unhappy Devolution and Punishment of our First PaTent's Disobedience. Had they kept their Original Station, we had been freed from thefe Inconveniencies and Miferies. Then our Lot had been to have fpent our Years in Health and Pleasure, and at length to have been translated to Heaven in a sprightly and vigorous Old Age.
But though thefe Natural Evils be not Sins in themfelves, though it be no real Disgrace or Shame, to fuffer what God in his Righte
ous Providence inflicts upon us : Yet we are all sensible how grievous they are when they are made our Portion : And the Appeals and Expoftulations of the best Men in Scripture abundantly Thew in what need human Nature then stands of Pity and Relief. But these are but half, Ycarce half of the Miferies of Mankind. And therefore
2dly, They are now also brought under the Dominion of Maral, Evils, i.fe. They are very strongly inclined to abett and perpetuate that firft Rebellion of Adan: Being under all the Impotencies and Defilements of fallen and corrupted Nature; under many Ignorances and Mistakes of their Duty ; the imfiluence of an uncertain and promiscuous Converfation ; frequent Avocations to neglect, and violent Temptations to resist the Grace and Spirit of God. And tho that good Spirit is never wanting in its Assistances to those who constantly and earnestly implore them; tho we may many times feel our felves fécretly moved by a Powerful Grace, and are under very good Desires and Endeavours ; yet alass! when we would do Good, Evil is present with us. Our own Corruptione; the Allurements
of the World ; the Treachery of Satan too " often betray us into Sin. Thus, I fear, it fometimes is with the very beft of us all.
Now what shall a Man do in this Cafe? Where shall a poor Sinner seek for Comfort under all this Confusion and Distress of his