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with such men as Leslie, Chalon, G. S. Newton, Webster, and others of that ilk. P. A. L.
PATRONS OF SCOTCH PARISHES (4th S. i. 172, 328.)-if your correspondent will turn to Dr. Scott's Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ (part i. p. 134), he will find that in 1737 the Earl of Ruglen was patron of Cramond. The Synod of Perth and Stirling is not yet published, so that I cannot give the name of the patron of Kincardine-inMenteith. T. G.
RHYMING LATIN INSCRIPTIONS (4th S. ii. 276.)— In a rather large collection of rubbings of brasses and stones, I have several curious jingling inscriptions, both in Latin and English; but none that would assist in supplying the words wanting in the Bodmin legend. I think, however, that it was intended to be read thus:
"Hic qui tumulatur
Thomas Le Moyle sic vocabatur Migrans a seculo
Petivit a celo
Ut hic vermibus spectatus Sit celo levatus."
F. C. H. SQUEEZING WATCH (4th S. ii. 276.)-I have no doubt that, by a "squeezing watch," was meant a repeater; and that it was so called from the action of pushing, or squeezing in, the side of the watch in order to make it strike. For the first repeaters, which were made towards the end of the reign of James II., were made to strike by pushing in a piece on one or both sides, which might well have been termed squeezing. F. C. H.
The "squeezing watch," concerning which your correspondent makes inquiry, would seem to be no other than the repeater, i. e. the kind of watch which may be made to strike whenever required by the compression of a spring. By "squeezing watch" understand a watch made to be squeezed or compressed. Pope, near the beginning of the Rape of the Lock, though not in his first edition,
has "Thrice rung the bell, the slipper knock'd the ground, And the press'd watch return'd a silver sound." SCHIN.
PEERS' CHRISTIAN NAMES (4th S. ii. 252.) The late Lord Bayning and the late Lord Rivers always signed their franks with their Christian names prefixed, as "Wm. Powlett Bayning," "G. Pitt Rivers." E. WALFORD.
TINDER BOXES (4th S. ii. 226.)—The earliest mention of the tinder-box is probably where Shakespeare says
"Strike on the tinder, ho!
but it was certainly used long before this. The
word tind is, of course, derived from the Saxon tyndan, to kindle-employed by Wycliff, Milton, and Dryden. Sanderson in his sermons, 1689, says: "As one candle tindeth a thousand." Southey, in his Common-Place Book (third series, p. 49), has:
'Featley, Clavis Mystica, 1636, p. 143.-Lights hanging in churches and noblemen's halls, let down to be tinded, i. e. lighted: a pure Saxon word, still used by the common people in the midland and northern counties, and not obsolete, as implied by some lexicographers."
Tine is used in Somerset and Wiltshire; tin, tine, tend, or tind, in Cheshire; teen in Devonshire; tind in Derbyshire; and in the latter county tindle is the term used for a fire made by the children on All Souls' night.
I should advise your correspondent A. K. G. to read a paper (illustrated) by Mr. Holland in The Reliquary, Oct. 1866 (vii. 65).
JOHN PIGGOT, JUN., F.S.A. "THE FARMER AND THE KING" (4th S. ii. 152, 206.)—The study of our old English ballad lore is not a very difficult pursuit, nor one requiring any great amount of acumen, and yet I am often surprised at the mistakes made by writers who venture on the subject. Take an instance of this in the notes gravely furnished by your correspondents as illustrating "Bishop Percy's Manuscript"! Now the song of "The Farmer and the King" is utterly worthless in this point of view, the old ballad) by Tom Hudson, the comic-song as it was written (avowedly upon the subject of writer of fifty years back; the tune being adapted to it by John Blewitt, the well-known composer of scores of such things. It was a great favourite with little Knight, the comedian, who frequently sung it on the stage in character. Becoming very popular, it was multiplied in penny song-books and halfpenny broadsides, and sung by strolling actors all over the country. Hence it is easy to account for its wide-spread fame and local popularity. I remember, when a boy, visiting old Tom Hudson, who (about 1825) kept a little shop for the sale of his songs in the neighbourhood of Bloomsbury market; and from him I received a copy, with many others, of "There was an old chap in the west countrie." It is amusing to find your correspondents giving "various readings" of this modern antique, as if it were a veritable relic of the olden time! EDWARD F. RIMBAULT.
NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC.
The Percy Anecdotes. Collected and edited by Reuben and Sholto Percy. With a Preface by John Timbs, F.S.A. Chandos Library Edition. Vol. I. (Warne.) When the editors of these very popular series of anecdotes undertook their compilation, they resolved "to combine instruction with amusement with a scrupulous regard to truth, to probability, and to morals"; and the
result showed they had acted wisely in so doing, for few works of the kind have attained greater or better deserved popularity. Mr. Warne has determined that a new edition of them shall form a portion of his Chandos Library, and the first volume (the second we are informed will be ready in about a fortnight) is now before us, and contains, in a neatly printed form, the first twenty Parts of the original edition.
The County Families of the United Kingdom; or, Royal Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of Great Britain and Ireland, containing a Brief Notice of the Descent, Birth, Marriage, Education, and Appointment of each Person; his Heir, Apparent or Presumptive; as also a Record of the Offices which he has hitherto held, together with his Town Address and Country Residence. By Edward Walford, M.A. Fourth Edition, greatly enlarged. (Hardwicke.)
There are two obvious reasons why our notice of this bulky and useful volume should be what to many may appear disproportionately brief. The first is, that its object and the manner in which that object is endeavoured to be carried out is fully described in the title-page. The second is the gratifying fact, both to editor and publisher, that the work has given such general satisfaction, and met with such success, as to have exhausted three editions, and call for the publication of the present-the fourth. The work is now corrected down to June last; and not only is it corrected, but it is very greatly enlarged by the addition of new names and new facts. That every statement to be found in it is scrupulously accurate we will not venture to affirm, for what books containing, as this does, from ten to twelve thousand noticeseach notice including from five to fifty facts inclusive of dates could lay claim to so high a character ?-but having tested the book by references to many accounts to be found in it, we are in a position to give Mr. Walford credit for the great care, pains, and judgment which he has shown in the preparation of a work, which calls in an especial degree for the exercise of those qualities on the part of the editor. We ought to add that arrangements have been made for keeping the type of the County Families always standing, so as to admit of its being published annually.
A Century of Birmingham Life: or, a Chronicle of Local
KILMARNOCK EDITION OF BURNS.-Mr. James M'Kie, the bookseller of Kilmarnock, the publisher of the facsimile of the original Kilmarnock edition of the Poems of Robert Burns, has issued proposals for printing the whole of Burns's Poetical Works and Songs uniform with the Facsimile in paper, type, and binding. They will form three volumes (price one guinea), and will be arranged as nearly as possible as follows:-One volume to consist of all the Poems which appeared in the early Edinburgh editions (excluding those Poems contained in the original Kilmarnock edition, excepting additions and alterations made by the author himself), with the list of subscribers to the first Edinburgh edition, and a reproduction of Beugo's celebrated engraving of the poet, similar to that which appeared as a frontispiece to the book. Another
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THE HOLBEIN SOCIETY.-Under this title a society has been formed at Manchester for the purpose of reproducing by means of the photolithographic process a series of facsimile reprints of rare books, in the production of which art and literature are combined. The first part of the series will consist of Holbein's celebrated Dance of Death and Figures for the Old Testament. The second series of Quatuor Alciati Fontium, Four of the Fountains of Alciat, of whose celebrated Emblems sixty editions at least appeared before 1600. These will be followed by other works of a similar character. The council have arranged with Mr. Alfred Brothers, who executed the facsimile reprint of Whitney's Choice of Emblemes in 1866, to superintend the production of the volumes, and as literary editor the Rev. Henry Green, M.A., who edited that work, and who has in the press an extensive work on Shakspeare and the Emblem Writers. The subscription is one guinea a-year, and the Honorary Secretary, Mr. James Croston, the Grove, Cheetham Hall, near Manchester.
Notices to Correspondents.
UNIVERSAL CATALOGUE OF BOOKS ON ART.-All Additions and Corrections should be addressed to the Editor, South Kensington Museum, London, W.
Among other articles of interest which are in type, but unavoidably postponed, we have
German Reformation Dramas, by Mr. Collier.
Chaucer's Chronology, by Mr. Brae.
Caesar's Invasion of Britain: Poem by Cicero, by Mr. Mac Cabe.
Poem of Three Languages in One, by Mr. Bates.
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FILIUS ECCLESI'. Most biographical dictionaries contain an account of Mark Antony de Dominis. Archbishop of Spalatro. See " N. & Q." 1st S. iv. 257; v. 80; 2nd S. viii. 19, 20, 33; 3rd S. xii. 48.
GENEALOGICAL QUERIES, except when they relate to points of historical and general interest, must have the names and addresses of the Querists We appended to them, so that the answers may be sent to them direct. cannot afford space to matters of purely personal interest. We have received many such queries lately, but cannot insert them because they are not accompanied by the name and address of the inquirers.
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