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have not yet been elucidated in these pages. Four Minds. With the undoubted Causes of God's Wrath, and years ago (2nd S. viii. 451), a correspondent asked, of the present National Calamities. By a Person neither “what was a fly-boat of the reign of Elizabeth ? "

Unreasonably Cameronian nor Excessively Laodicean, but this cognate query has not yet been replied

and Idolizer of Moderation; but, entre deux, avoiding to; though I may say, that Bailey's definition of Presbyterian, a Throwpac'd, True-blue Loyallist ; for God,

extreams on either hand: that is, a Good, Honest, Sound a fly-boat, a large vessel with a broad bow, used King, and Countrey: And why not for C-t too? Printed in the coasting trade," does not apply to the in a Land where Self's Cry'd up, and Zeal's Cry'd down; modern “fly-boats " used on canals. Hone's Table

And therefore, In a time of Spiritual Plagues and TemBook, ii. 560, gives a description and illustration of poral Judgements. Anno Dom. 1699. a boat on wheels, driven like a stage coach, and

“ Unto all Courts, Spiritual and Temporal; the called “the Malton, Driffield, and Hull Aly-boat."

Humble and Serious Advice of the Author. The subject appears to possess sufficient interest

“ Jack Presbyter, if you would thrive, to warrant me in transcribing for your pages the

Then take my Counsel while it's time; following passage from the History of Brighthelm

All Achans you must quite out-drive,

Least others' sins become our Crime. stone, the twelfth and concluding part of which was published at Brighton, in December, 1862, its

“ Old Perjuries, which still doth haunt pains-taking and talented author, Mr. John Ac

Us like a Ghost, where e'er we go,

For Breach of Solemn Covenant, kerson Erridge, having dropped dead on Nov. 5,

Though now forgot by high and low. aged 52, “whilst talking cheerfully to the publisher.” But his History of Brighton was com

“ All Jesuit Priests, and Papist Pesters,

Which still infest this Ruin'd Nation, pleted, and is a valuable and entertaining work, to With Anti-Covenanting Testers, which, however, an Index might usefully be added.

Heart Enemies to Reformation. “During the erection of the royal stables, in Church “ All Atheists, Deists, Debauchees, Street, in 1809, a carpenter who lived in Jew Street,

The Brood of Hell, spew'd from the Pit, named John Butcher, uncle to Mr. Butcher of the present And Trembling Quakers' Blasphemies, firm, Messrs. Cheesman and Butcher, chinamen, North

All which, old Nick has you BStreet, accidentally fell and injured himself. Upon his recovery, not being able to resume the heavy work of his “ All Aw-less, Law-less, God-less Catives, trade, he constructed a machine of a similar make to the

The Plague and Scandal of our Land, sedan chair, and placed it upon four wheels. It was

Deserving not the name of Natives, drawn by hand, in the same manner as Bath chairs, while

Whose Souls the D. keeps in Pand. an assistant, when the person being conveyed was heavy, pushed behind. Its introduction was quite a favourite

“ All who contemn Church Disciplin, feature amongst the nobility, and a second fly in conse

Such bold and impudent Pretenders, quence was soon constructed. These two vehicles were

Go punish by your Laws Divine extensively patronised by the Prince of Wales and his

As highly Obstinat Offenders. noble companions; and, from being employed by them on “ And hiss out from all place of Trust, special occasions of a midnight •lark,' they received the

Who, Jehu-like, drives Cursed Self: name of “fly-by-nights, and soon entirely superseded For all their Oaths they'll break and burst! sedan chairs, except for invalids on their conveyance to

If once you offer Bribe or Pelf. and from the baths. Butcher, from the great success which attended his project, being desirous that his flys “When you have sweep'd this Rubbish out should have a more elegant appearance than his ability in

From Church and State, there yet remains the ornamental could effect, sent one of them, for the pur

Much to be done, bevond all doubt, pose of being repainted and varnished, to Mr. Blaker,

By Great and Small, well worth your pains. coachmaker, Regent Street, and he, having an eye to “ All what's Committed to your Care, business, purloined the design, and improved upon it by

In Matters purely Ecclesiastick, making two or three to be drawn by horses.”— P. 192.

See for your souls, you Quit on Hair A note on a college club called “The Fly-by

Or hoose, to such as are Erastick. nights," appeared in “ N. & Q.," 2nd S. xii. 289.

“ With zeal and Courage then go on; CUTHBERT BEDE.

Stand

up

for Truth and its professors, Advancing what you have begun,

Like to your Noble Predecessors.

“ Brave Publick Sp'rits (a thing so rare JACK PRESBYTER.

In this degenerat sordid Age), I think the following spirited verses, which form

See that you Cherish everywbere,

Before that you drop off the Stage. a sort of prelude to a curious tract in my possession, worthy of reprinting in “N. & Q: The

“Ah! do not stop a Work Divine,

The great Work of your Generation, title of the tract is eminently characteristic of the

Till you arrive at Fortie Nine; (Query, 1649), time, and as I am not aware that it has been

And then, 0 then! thrice Happy Nation, edited, I subjoin it verbatim et literatim :

" Then Scotland's Mourners, Young and Old, “A Proper Project for Scotland. To Startle Fools and

Shall shout and Sing forth Zion's Sonnet, Frighten Knaves, but to make Wise Men Happy. Being When they with Joyful Hearts behold a Safe and Easy Remedy to Cure our Fears and Ease our

A Glorious Cape-Stone put upon it.

“ So shall your poor Posteritie,

than these assemblages, or more gratifying to the genius When you are Crumbled into Dust,

of the translator; they also did credit to the taste of the Proclaim your Fame, both far and

nigh,

town, and indicated that the author would be liberally As Faithful Men, True to your Trust."

requited for a labour which has occupied the intervals of The mention in this tract of " drowning" as

a long life.”—Monthly Mag., xxxi. 558. one of the cruelties practised against the Cove- Lord Byron, in October, 1811, satirised Dr. nanters, and “

young girls of fifteen," as victims Busby and his son in a “Parenthetical Address of the “King's Party" in the late unbappy reigns, by. Dr, Plagiary, to be spoken in an inarticulate goes to swell the evidence in favour of the Bled voice by Master P. at the opening of the next noch Martyr story; but it is not required. new theatre.” Moreover, in the introduction to The anonymous writer -

“The Waltz,” his Lordship, makes Horace Hor

nem refer to assistance received from Dr. Busby, “ recommends to the serious perusal" of luke-warm Presbyterians, with the alternative of sharing the fate of whose recitations he says he had attended, being “ Belshazzar and Magor Missabib" (Pashur, Jerem. xx. 3) monstrous fond of Master Busby's manner of “two small books in octavo, next to the Bible, and its delivering his father's late successful “Drury most fit and proper” [Companion, or Commentary?] Lane Address.” “ for such desperat hardned Sinners; the one called Sighs

George Frederic Busby has a poetical serenade from Hell, or the Groans of a Damned Soul; the other is that excellent and useful piece, Allein's 'Alarm to the in the Monthly Magazine for June, 1812 (xxxiii. Unconrerted."

450); and in that Magazine for June, 1813, is an J. D. CAMPBELL. article thus entitled : “ Proem to Dr. Busby's

Translation of Lucretius, written by George Fre

deric Busby, Esq., and recited by him at the THE SONS OF THOMAS BUSBY, MUS. D. Public Readings in Queen Anne Street" (xxxv. More than half a century since, the wits were

392). merry at the expence of Dr. Busby and one of the Doctor refers to three annual series of recita

In the Preface to his Translation of Lucretius, bis sons. Every reader of Rejected Addresses tions in Queen Ann Street, and to the very famust recollect " Architectural Atoms,” by Dr. Busby, to be recited by the translator's son; and vourable manner in which the efforts of the reciter the more recent editions contain a note, relating Frederic Busby's introduction to the Duke of

were received ; mentions his own and George how the son once took possession of the stage at Sussex; and thus concludes :Drury Lane, and began to recite his father's famous address, which is said to have thus com

“ Impressed, not only with the sensations of a father, menced :

but with those of one individual benefited by the exertions

of another, I cannot conclude my catalogue of obligations “ When energising objects men pursue,

without mentioning the extensive aid this version of What are the prodigies they cannot do?

Lucretius has derived from the repeated readings by Mr. A magic edifice you here survey,

G. F. Busby; whose style of conveying the sense of the Shot from the ruins of the other day."

author afforded every advantage to the language of the An article on Rejected Addresses in the Quar- my friends, on account of the service he has rendered me,

translator. If any farther credit be wanting to him with terly, thus concludes:

it will not be withheld when I acquaint them that, to “ In one single point the parodist has failed. There is promote my great object, he has from time to time voluna certain Doctor Busby, whose supposed address is a

tarily withdrawn his attention from a work on wbich be translation called 'Architectural Atoms, intended to be

is himself sedulously engaged: An Entire Translation of recited by the Translator's Son. Unluckily, however,

the Thebais of Statius." for the wag who had prepared this fun, the genuine seri- In the Monthly Magazine for Dec. 1814, is this ous absurdity of Doctor Busby and his son, has cast all

announcement:his humour into the shade. The Doctor from the boxes, and the son from the stage, have actually endeavoured,

“ Mr. George Frederic Busby is preparing a lecture, to it seems to recite addresses, which they call

monologues the present month, founded on a work by Dr. Busby,

be delivered by him at Wilia's Rooms in the course of and unalogues,--and which, for extravagant folly, tumid meanners, and vulgar affectation, set all the powers of which will speedily appear under the title of "Junius parody at utter defiance."- Quarterly Review, viii. 181.

Discovered.'"- Monthly Mag , xxxviii. 452. The Monthly Magazine for July, 1811, contains

We have not found any subsequent notice of the following puff:

George Frederic Busby.

A Memoir of Dr. Busby (evidently autobio“ Dr. Busby (Mus. D.) has issued proposals for pub- graphical), in Public Characters of 1802-3, gives lishing bis new Translation of Lucretius, in rhyme, by the following information as to his family: subscription, in two elegant volumes in quarto: the price to subscribers four guineas, to be paid on the delivery of “ Dr. Busby has had seven children: five of whom, the work. We formerly announced that Dr. Busby had three sons and two daughters, are still living. They invited the literati of the metropolis to his house in have been all educated at home; and to their instruction Queen Ann's Street, West, on successire Saturday even- Mrs. Busby has, by her talents and accomplishments, ings, to hear this Translation recited by his son, Dr. considerably contributed—the Doctor and herself having Julian Busby. Nothing could have been more brilliant been their only preceptors.

“ The Doctor's third son is intended for the musical INKSTAND, — There is a sort of inkstand, of profession; and though little more than eleven years of which there are some in England, introduced age, already evinces powers of the maturity of which the from abroad; but the sort is not generally known: highest expectations may be justly formed.

He now takes the organ at the Cecilian Society's concerts held at

and if they can be procured, I should like to know Painters' Hall. His execution as an organ or pianoforte where; if not, I think that public notice would performer is truly astonishing."

cause them to be made. This inkstand has two Charles Augustine Busby, architect, a son of points of superiority over most others. First, the Dr. Busby, died at Brighton, Sept. 18, 1834. He cup which protrudes from the side of the cylinder, was the inventor of the hydraulic orrery, for and from which the pen is filled, is not level with which he had the gold medal of the Society of the bottom of the cylinder, but a little higher up: Arts ; and took out two patents (one of which, the consequence is that the pen does not come in by-the-bye, is omitted in the Alphabetical Index the way of the sediment; this of course sinks to published by authority).

the bottom, below the cup. Secondly, the cup is Dr. Busby died at Pentonville, May 28, 1838, filled or emptied, according as the implement is in the eighty-third year of his age. He, in 1801, or is not in use, by a contrivance which cannot took the degree of Mus. D. at Magdalen College get out of order. The cylinder has a lid, which in this University ; and in the Combination Room need not be air-tight, through which works a of that college is a fine portrait of him by Lons- screw: the screw ends in an internal cylinder, dale, which was presented by his daughter. which is raised or depressed with the screw itself.

We are desirous of information on the follow- The depression of the internal cylinder raises the ing points :

ink into the cup; and, as the internal cylinder 1. Had Dr. Busby a son named Julian? need not fit very closely, into the interval between

2. What was the name of his third son referred the two cylinders. This apparatus is perfectly to as intended for the musical profession, and who simple and permanent: and it would be very easy was little more than eleven in 1802 or 1803 ? to bring a linen strainer between the cup and the

3. What more is known of George Frederic body of the inkstand, so that every drop of ink Busby, or of bis projected translation of Statius? should be strained before it is used. In the ink

C. H. & THOMPSON Cooper. stands I have seen, the whole cylinder stands in it Cambridge.

saucer, which has pen-receivers, and a roll of sponge encircling the cylinder. This saucer of

course is to be kept full of water. Mlinar Notes.

A. DE MORGAN. SQUARE NUMBERS. - Some doubt has been ex

Peter WALTER.-- This great usurer, who left pressed by scientific bibliographers of the existence 300,0001., they say, at a time when one cipher less of the following work, which I find bound up in made a good city fortune, is fixed in the mind by a volume of MS.: A Table of Ten Thousand

two lines of Pope :Square Numbers, small folio, London, 1672. At the end :

“ What's property, dear Swift, you see it alter,

From you to me, from me to Peter Walter." “ Having the two, three, or four last figures of any Square Number to exhibit, as many of the last figures

He is said to have died in 1746. If so, the of its side is a New Question : To which the just an- following satire was published during his life: swers are manifold, and not obvious. A particular ac

"Some papers proper to be read before the R-1 Society, count of them is ready for the press when it shall be

concerning the terrestrial Chrysippus, Golden-foot, or desired. By John Pell.

Guinea; an insect, or vegetable, resembling the Polypus, WM. Davis.

which hath this surprising property, that being cut into Oscott.

several pieces, each piece becomes a perfect animal, or ALEXANDER SELKIRK's Cup And Chest. — The vegetable, as complete as that of which it was originally following cutting I have taken from the Hull and only a part. Collected by Petrus Gualterus, but not pub

lished till after his death. London: Printed for J. Roberts, Eastern Counties Herald newspaper of this date.

near the Oxford-Arms, in Warwick Lane. [Price SixPerhaps you may think it worth a place in pence.] 1743.” 8vo, pp. 31. “ N. & Q."

Mynheer Gualterus is represented as a Dutch“ The cup and chest of Alexander Selkirk, the worldfained Robinson Crusoe of Defoc, has now become the man, and the paper is supposed to be written by property of Mr. James Hutchinson, a person residing in

him in French. The satire seems to be divided London. These interesting, relics have up to this time between Walter and the writer on the polypus remained in possession of Selkirk's descendants, in Largo; in the Philosophical Transactions : large extracts Fife, where he was born. The cup was put upon a stalk

are made which seem to have no relation to the and mounted with silver by Sir Walter Scott. It is made out of a cocoanut, and rudely carved. The chest is guinea, and have little meaning, unless it be invery heavy, and is very curiously dovetailed.”

sinuated that the polypus is little better than such

B. a fiction as might be made out of the guinea. I Hull, Oct. 8, 1863.

suspect that the main object of the satire is the

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polypus, to which Walter, though intended for penter under her direction, which are still in exsarcasm, is secondary. This seems to be con- istence to testify to the fact. How much further firmed by the large number of passages in italics back can it be traced ? and in capitals, which cannot be twisted into “N. & Q." having afforded essential service to allusion to the guinea by any forcing process photography by helping to bring it to maturity, whatever.

might perform the same good office here. Its The whole is by Fielding, and the tract is a pages would form a very suitable reprint from the second edition of the first volume game at croquet, where the balls might be knocked of his Miscellanies, also published in 1743. It is about with much advantage. There is a great a true reprint, differing in type from the volume. difference of opinion as to the terms and rules;

A. De Morgan. and where is the author, philosopher, or archæoloMERCHANT TAYLORS. In Dr. Hessey's letter gist who would not be interested in the discussion ?

ROVER. upon my dear friend, the Rev. T. H. Campbell, he says that he was captain of Merchant Taylors. MARSUPITES MILLERI. — In July of this year

I This is a mistake. I don't know whether, among found at Ramsgate, in the new railway cutting, a other innovations, this term and office have crept specimen of the Marsupites Milleri, which is cominto Merchant Taylors' School during Dr. Hes

mon in Sussex, but has only been found, I believe, scy's bead mastership, or no. My dear friend was

in a fragmentary state in Kent previously. I should head monitor, President of the Honourable Table, like to know whether I am right in this surmise. as it was then called — “Primus inter æquales,

J. C. J. having a casting vote in all disputes, but no more. I much regret the abolition of old school terms

Dossity: CLARE's Poems.—I was talking this and customs. In our day we had no wish that the morning with a Huntingdonshire cottager, who school should copy others; we thought it and its was liberating her soul by giving me a long catacustoms the best we knew. Many then as now logue of her ailments. She told me that she had wished to alter its citizen character, and oligar- fainted more than once : had been very weak, and chical government; but certainly they were not unable to do her work. “I feel,” she said, its most loyal and affectionate members. X. though I had no dossity in me.”

The parish, in which I heard this word used, Peal of Bells of East WOODHAY CHURCH; borders upon Northamptonshire; and I find that Hants. - We have a very pretty peal of bells Mr. Sternberg, in his Northamptonshire Glossary here, and an old inhabitant informed me the other has given the word, with its meanings, thus :day that "the lady who stands in the chancel,

“ Dossity, s. Life, or spirit:when the bells were being cast, took to the founder a lapfull of old silver which she had saved up, to

• She sat herself down soon as got in the house,

No dossity in her to stir.' improve their tone.” The “lady” referred to

Clare's Vill. Min., p. 156. was a Mrs. Goddlard, whose effigy, with that of Among Batchelor's Distortions, we find it written 'dositi, her husband, habited in the costume of the days and rendered sharpness.' In Leicestershire, according of Queen Anne, stands on either side of a monu- to Dr. Evans, it signifies 'ailing, infirm.” mental urn in the chancel of the church. The

What is the derivation of the word ?

Has tomb is a very fine and valuable specimen of carv- dorsum-dossuarius anything to do with it? We ing in alabaster, and both figures are doubtless talk of a person "wanting back-bone.” It will portraits. My old informant also told me that the be seen that my Huntingdonshire woman used * Jady” resided at a place called “ Stargroves," and the word as Clare did. I am tempted to add was, at the time the bells were cast, the only resident another Query: When shall we have Clare's of note in the parish. I have since been informed Poems published in their collected form, and in a that Oliver Cromwell slept at this house the night satisfactory manner? I have been told that the before the battle of Newbury. The house has, Messrs. Routledge wish to give a practical anhowever, been pulled down, the only part remain

swer to this Query ; but that Clare's friends bave ing being a portion of the stables to the present placed insuperable obstacles in the way. If so, building. This note may be of use to the future it is a thousand pities : for Clare's Poems are historian of Hampshire.

N. H. R.

thoroughly English, and are filled with the freshCROQUET.— The history of this popular game is est and healthiest descriptions of rural life; while well worthy of investigation. A notice of the his versification is generally correct and pleasing "new game of croquet” meeting the eye of a to the ear, and always to the mind. The ChristLeicestershire nobleman, he entered the shop to mas-book illustrators, who have already used up assure the toyman that it was no novelty, for it so many major and minor poets both living and had been played in his family more than thirty dead, would find abundant inspiration for their years ago. A friend having seen it in Germany, pencils in the compositions of Clare ; who still balls and mallets were made by the village car- lives, at seventy years of age, a harmless lunatic in the Northampton Asylum, wherein the last method of producing variations of patterns withtwenty years of his life have been passed.

out end. Èven if what Porta says on the subject

CUTHBERT BEDE. suggested the kaleidoscope, there was no more of EARTHQUAKES. – I know of no better reference teen inventions out of twenty. Nothing should

suggestion than has been the precursor of ninefor a list of remarkable earthquakes, than to that contained in a book which every one who can have readers than these statements about the forestal

be looked at with more caution by unlearned it should possess, I mean Haydn's Dictionary of ment of discoveries.

A. DE MORGAN. Dates. Though given with the utmost brevity, it occupies there nearly a page and a half of small

STOLEN MSS. — The following should be in octavo print, and I do not think that I am beyond “N. & Q.," if it were only for facility of reference my calculation in saying, what will probably startle at any future time : some readers, viz., that it would account for at “ The Ambrosian Library, at Milan, has just suffered a least a million of lives lost by these terrific visit- heavy loss. An entire case, containing the autograph ations. At the same time we have to be thankful correspondence of the Medici with the Dukes of Milan

from 1496 to 1510, has disappeared from the very study that there is no record of any life lost in these of Dr. Gatti, the conservator. As it is possible they realms thereby, and the recent shock was attended may be conveyed to France or England for sale, I reby the same immunity. “Hæc loca," &c. (Virg., quest you to give, through your intelligent publication, Georg., ii. 140.)

notice, &c. M. Panizzi, of London, will be on the watch The most violent earthquake noticed in Scrip- incident by one of your constant readers, the Marquis

on his side. I have just been apprised of this deplorable ture was that in the time of Uzziah, between 800 d'Adda of Milan, one of the greatest amateurs in Europe, and 900 years before Christ. There is no abso- whose library, certainly one of the most remarkable, and lutely historic account of it, which I am aware of, of the richest in scarce and valuable books, I had the but it is specially alluded to by Amos the prophet, pleasure of visiting last year.

“F. FEUILLET DE CONCHES." who gives it as a known epoch:-“Two years be

Oscott. fore the earthquake,” i. 1. He wrote B.c. 787.

WM, Davis. The record of the same event is filled up by the THE TERMINATION “STER.” – A query appears prophet Zechariah, B.c. 518, when describing the on this point in the Birmingham library, where a second coming of Christ, and its tremendous ac- book is provided for the reception of Queries and companiments on the Land of Judæa (xiv. 4,5), Replies; one of the local imitations of “ N. & Q."

The termination er in English means the actor or “And ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earth- doer of something, and is of constant occurrence, quake, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah; and the there being 1500 to 2000 instances. The ter Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.”

mination ster is only a variation of this form, ocWhile on the subject, as a matter of physical curring in about eighty instances, as gamester interest, and in the remembrance that mariners at quasi gamist-er, songster quasi songist-er, youngsea have described their vessels as affected by the ster quasi youngest-er, drugster quasi druggist-er

, recent shock, I venture to put forth the query, deemster quasi deemist-er, spinster quasi spinist-er, whether any water-mark, higher than usual, has punster quasi punist-er, tapster quasi tapist-er

, been traced on our coasts. I have not seen the whipster quasi whipist-er, maltster quasi maltsubject noticed in any of the large correspondence ist-er; like sophist-er, palmist-er, chorist-er, baron the subject.

FRANCIS TRENCH. rist-er, jest-er, forest-er, twist-er, and a few similar Islip, near Oxford.

words which serve to show that the terminal er in Since writing the above I have seen the same

ster is distinct from the st, which belongs to the question as that with which this note concludes, root of the word.

T. J. BUCKTON. asked by Mr. Lowe, in The Times. THE KALEIDOSCOPE. D’Israeli states it as a

Queries. known fact that the kaleidoscope is to be found in the Natural Magic of Baptista Porta. This I find ALBION MAGAZINE,"

," " MONTHLY RECORDER." to be altogether a mistake. In book XVII. ch. 3, I am very desirous of possessing, at all events of he explains, as known to the ancients, that mir- seeing, the first number of the Albion Magazine, rors, presented to each other, will give multiplica- published in 1835, probably at Ludlow, as the tion of images; as in an octagon room, for instance, editor, Mr. J. B. Revis, was then residing at Gorwalled with reflecting glass. A model of such a don House, in that town. Can any correspon. room, with one side open for the spectator's eye, dent of “N. & Q." favour me with the loanof it was made to give pleasing effects; and Porta for a few days, or tell me where I can see a copy describes modifications which have some ingenuity. I should also feel obliged by being informed But there is nothing which at all resembles the where I can consult a copy of the Monthly Re. circle of images produced by two mirrors placed corder for June 1792 ? WILLIAM J. THOMS. at an aliquot part of four right angles, or the 40, St. George's Square, Belgrave Road, S.W.

he says, –

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