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(a) APPRECIATION FOR THE RESPONSE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THAILAND.—The Congress recognizes and expresses appreciation for the extraordinary willingness of the Government of Thailand to respond in a humanitarian way to the influx of refugees fleeing Vi. etnamese communist oppression. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of the Congress that

(1) Cambodians, Laotians, and Vietnamese seeking asylum and refuge in Thailand should not be involuntarily repatriated or otherwise put at risk; and

(2) every effort should be made to provide increased security for refugees in camps in Thailand which should include an in

creased presence by international humanitarian organizations. (c) REVIEW OF CERTAIN CAMBODIAN REFUGEES.(1) The Secretary of State should

(A) work with the Government of Thailand and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to conduct a review of the status of Cambodians who have not been permitted to register at refugee camps in Thailand; and

(B) implement a humanitarian solution to their plight. (2) The Secretary of State, with the assistance of appropriate agencies, should conduct a review of those Cambodians who have been rejected for admission to the United States to ensure such decisions are consistent with the letter and spirit of United States refugee and immigration law.

(3) The Secretary of State, with the assistance of appropriate agencies, should institute as expeditiously as possible a family reunification program for those refugees in Thailand, including those at the border who have family members in the United States.

(4) The Secretary of State should provide for a program of educational assistance for Cambodians in the border camps

and for improved literacy training in all camps. SEC. 810. POLICY REGARDING FOREIGN EXCHANGE INTERVENTION. (a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds and declares that,

(1) the trade deficit looms larger than any other threat to the ability of the United States to generate jobs and create economic well-being;

(2) the trade deficit continues to deteriorate even from the 1984 level of $123,000,000,000;

(3) the trade deficit will continue to deteriorate until the value of the dollar declines on foreign exchange markets;

(4) the dollar's rise may slow down but is unlikely to fall sufficiently as a result of Congress' contemplated budget deficit reduction measures;

(5) the value of the dollar would probably fall under a number of tax reform proposals but industries losing market share due to the exchange rate may not be able to wait for a complete tax package;

(6) the only remaining timely option for lowering the value of the dollar is intervention in foreign exchange markets by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Federal Reserve Board;

(7) any such intervention must be strong enough to achieve the intent of the Congress of lowering the dollar's value but sufficiently moderate to prevent a sudden drop in its value;

(8) any such intervention in order to assure a gradual decline and protect against too large a drop in the value of the dollar, will require coordinated action by the central banks of Europe and Japan as well as the United States; and

(9) such coordination is especially important to strengthen economic and political ties with the allies of the United States and to promote consistent macroeconomic policies to the mu

tual benefit of all. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—Therefore, it is the sense of the Congress that,

(1) the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, in concert with United States allies and coordinated with the central banks of the Group of Five or other major central banks, should take such steps as are necessary to lower gradually the value of the dollar;

(2) such steps should not exclude intervention in the foreign exchange markets;

(3) the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board should work to ensure that the domestic macroeconomic policies of the United States and its allies

are forged to reinforce rather than oppose one another. SEC. 811. COMMENDING MAYOR TEDDY KOLLEK OF JERUSALEM. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,

(1) Mayor Teddy Kollek has worked to promote harmony among all the people of Jerusalem; and

(2) he has promoted freedom of access to religious shrines for Muslims, Christians, and Jews; and

(3) through his efforts the aesthetic character of the city has been enhanced. (b) COMMENDATION.—Therefore, the Congress commends Mayor Kollek for his efforts over the years. SEC. 812.66 JAPAN UNITED STATES SECURITY RELATIONSHIP AND EF.


SIBILITIES. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress hereby finds

(1) the Japan-United States security relationship is the foundation of the peace and security of Japan and the Far East, as well as a major contributor to the protection of the United States and of the democratic freedoms and economic prosperity enjoyed by both the United States and Japan;

(2) the threats to our two democracies have increased significantly since 1976, principally through the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the expansion of Soviet armed forces in the Far East, the invasion of Cambodia by Vietnam, and the instability in the Persian Gulf region as signified by the continuing IranIraq conflict;

06 22 U.S.C. 1928 note. Soc. 139(14) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 398), repealed subsec. (c) of this section, which had required that the President report annually on Japan's progress toward fulfilling its common defense commitment

(3) in recognition of these and other threats, the United States has greasy screased its annual defense spending through sustained real ow averaging 8.8 percent yearly be tween fiscal 1981 and 1985, and cumuiative real growth of 50 percent in that period:

(4) the United States Government appreciates the May 1981 commitment by the Price Minister of Japan that, pursuant to the Treaty of Mutual Cocperation and Secunty of 1900 be tween Japan and the United States, Japan, se on its own initiative, would seek to make even greater efforts for improving its defense capabilities, and pursuant to Japan's own Constitution, it was national policy for his country to acquire and maintain the self-defense forces adequate for the defense of its land area and surrounding airspace and sealanes, out to a distance of 1,000 miles;

(5) the United States Government applauds the policy of Japan to obtain the capabilities to defend its sea and air lanes out to 1,000 miles, expects that these capabilities shou'd be acquired by the end of the decade, and recognizes that achieving those capabilities would significantly improve the national security of both Japan and the United States;

(6) the United States Government appreciates the contribution already made by Japan through the Host Nation Support Program and its recent efforts to increase its defense spending: and

(7) Japan, however, in recent years consistently has not provided sufficient funding and resources to meet its self-defense needs and to meet common L'nited States-Japan defense objec

tives and alliance responsibilities. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS. It is the sense of the Congress that Japan, to fulfill its self-defense responsibilities pursuant to the 1960 Mutual Cooperation and Security Treaty with the United States, and in accordance with the national policy declaration made by its Prime Minister in May 1981, to develop a 1,000-mile airspace and sealanes defense capability, should implement a 1986-1990 Mid-Term Defense Plan containing sufficient funding, program acquisition, and force development resources to obtain the agreedupon 1,000 mile self-defense capabilities by the end of the decade, including the allocation of sufficient budgetary resources annually to reduce substantially the ammunition, logistics, and sustainability shortfalls of its self-defense forces. SEC. 813.57 • • • (Repealed-1993) SEC. 814.68 UNITED STATES SENATE CAUCUS ON INTERNATIONAL

NARCOTICS CONTROL. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established the United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control (hereafter in this section referred to as the “Caucus”).59

6611 UST 1632.

57 Sec. 501(e) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199, 107 Sual 2326) repealed sec. 813, relating to U.S.-Soviet diplomatic equivalence and reciprocity. 68 22°U.S.C. 2291 nole.

Continued 60 Sec. 306 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1986 (Public Law 99 151; 99 Stat. 808), redesignated the United States International Narcotics Control Commission as the United States Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control

(b) DUTIES.—The Caucus 59 is authorized and directed

(1) to monitor and promote international compliance with narcotics control treaties, including eradication and other relevant issues; and

(2) to monitor and encourage United States Government and private programs seeking to expand international cooperation

against drug abuse and narcotics trafficking. (c) MEMBERSHIP.-(1) The Caucus 59 shall be composed of 12 members as follows:

(A) 7 Members of the Senate appointed by the President of the Senate, 4 of whom (including the member designated as Chairman) shall be selected from the majority party of the Senate, after consultation with the majority leader, and 3 of whom (including the member designated as Cochairman) shall be selected from the minority party of the Senate, after consultation with the minority leader.

(B) 5 members of the public to be appointed by the President after consultation with the members of the appropriate con

gressional committees (2) There shall be a Chairman and a Cochairman of the Cau

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(d) POWERS.-In carrying out this section, the Caucus 59 may require, by subpoena or otherwise, the attendance and testimony of such witnesses and the production of such books, records, correspondence, memorandums, papers, and documents as it deems necessary. Subpoenas may be issued over the signature of the Chairman of the Caucus 59 or any member designated by him, and may be served by any person designated by the Chairman or such member. The Chairman of the Caucus,59 or any member designated by him, may administer oaths to any witness.

(e) REPORT BY PRESIDENT TO CAUCUS.-In order to assist the Caucus 59 in carrying out its duties, the President shall submit to the Caucus 59 a copy of the report required by section 489 60 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2991(e)).

(f) ŘEPORT TO SENATE.—The Caucus 59 is authorized and directed to report to the Senate with respect to the matters covered by this section on a periodic basis and to provide information to Members of the Senate as requested. For each fiscal year for which an appropriation is made the Caucus 59 shall submit to the Congress a report on its expenditures under such appropriation.

(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Caucus 59 $325,000 for each fiscal year, to remain available until expended, to assist in meeting the expenses of the Caucus 59 for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section.

(2) For purposes of section 502(b) of the Mutual Security Act of 1954 (22 U.S.C. 1754(b)), the Caucus 59 shall be deemed to be a

80 Formerly read “481(e)". Sec. 6(a) of the International Narcotics Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–583; 106 Stat. 4932) provided that any reference in any provision of law enacted before November 2, 1992, to section 481(c) shall be deemed to be a reference to section 489.

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015 U.S.C. 5101 et seq., 5331.

Sec. 323 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 102-392; 106 Sunt 1726) struck "September 30, 1988" and inserted in lieu thereof "September 30, 1997". Pre viously, 1988 was substituted in lieu of 1987 by sec. 5 of title I of the legislative Branch Appro priations Act, 1988 (sec. 101(i) of the Continuing Appropriations for 1968; Public Law 100 202, 101 Stat 1329).

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