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A.D. 33.

MATT. XX. 4-7.

A. D. 33.

such were some of you : but ye are hath given assurance unto all men, in washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye that he bath raised him from the dead, are justified in the name of the Lord xvii. 30, 31. How then shall they Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God, call on him in whom they have not 1 Cor. vi. 11. And I thank Christ believed? and how shall they believe Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, in him of whom they have not beard? for that he counted me faithful, put- and how shall they hear without ting me into the ministry; Who was a preacher? And how shall they before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, preach, except they be sent? As it is and injurious : but I obtained mercy, written, how beautiful are the feet of because I did it ignorantly in unbe- them that preach the Gospel of peace, lief, 1 Tim. i. 12, 13. That he no and bring glad tidings of good things! longer should live the rest of his time But they have not all obeyed the gos. in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to pel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath the will of God. For the time past of believed our report? So then faith our life may suffice us to have wrought cometh by hearing, and hearing by the the will of the Gentiles, when we word of God, Rom. X. 14-17. Now walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess to him that is of power to stablish of wine, revellings, banquetings, and you according to my Gospel, and the abominable idolatries, 1 Pet. iv. 2, 3. preaching of Jesus Christ, according b See on chap. xvi. ver. 27. clause 3. to the revelation of the mystery, VER. 5.

which was kept secret since the world

Wherefore rememΟι δε απήλθον. Πάλιν έξελθών σερί | began, xvi. 25. έκτης και εννάτην ώραν, εποίησεν ωσαύτως. | ber, that ye being in time past Gentiles

Again he went out about the sixth and in the flesh, who are called Uncirninth hour, and did likewise.

cumcision by that which is called the

Circumcision in the flesh made by VER. 6.

hands ; That at that time ye were Tegi de to évčexátny äpar içenlar, without Christ, being aliens from the εύρεν άλλους εστώτας αργούς, και λέγει | commonwealth of Israel, and strangαυτοίς· Τί ώδε εστήκατε όλην την ημέραν | ers from the covenants of promise, ágyo;

having no hope, and without God in And about a the eleventh hour he the world, Eph. ii. 11, 12. Which in went out, and found others standing other ages was not made known unto idle, and saith unto them, Why stand the sons of men, as it is now revealye here all the day idle ? a Whatsoever thy hand findeth to phets by the Spirit; That the Gen

ed unto the holy apostles and prodo, do it with thy might; for there is tiles should be fellowheirs, and of the no work, nor device, nor knowledge, same body, and partakers of his pronor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou mise in Christ by the Gospel, üii. 5, 6. goest, Eccles. ix. 10.

Even the mystery which hath been VER. 7.

hid from ages and from generations, Λέγουσιν αυτώ οτι ουδείς ήμάς έμισ- | but now is made manifest to his θώσατο. Λέγει αυτούς: “Υπάγετε και η saints, Col. i. 26. υμείς εις τον αμπελώνα, και ο εαν ή δί- » Go ye therefore into the highκαιον, λήψεσθε.

ways, and as many as ye shall find, They say unto him, a Because no man bid to the marriage. So those serhath hired us. • He suith unto them, vants went out into the highways, Go ye also into the vineyard; Cand and gathered together all as many as whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive. they found, both bad and good : and

a Who in times past suffered all the wedding was furnished with nations to walk in their own ways, guests, xxii. 9, 10. So that servant Acts xiv. 16. And the times of this came, and shewed his lord these ignorance God winked at; but now things. Then the master of the house commandeth all men every where to being angry, said to his servant, Go repent: Because he hath appointed out quickly into the streets and lanes a day, in the which he will judge the of the city, and bring in hither the world in righteousness by thai man poor, and the maimed, and the halt, whom he hath ordained; whereof her and the blind. And the servant said,

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A.D. 33.

MATT. XX. 7-11.

A. D. 33.


Lord, it is done as thou hast com- any man should boast. For we are manded, and yet there is room. And his workmanship, created in Christ the lord said unto the servant, Go Jesus unto good works, which God out into the highways and hedges, hath before ordained that we should and compel them to come in, that my walk in them, Eph. ii. 8—10. And house may be filled, Luke xiv. 21 — the grace of our Lord was exceeding 23.

abundant with faith and love which c See on chap. xvi. ver. 27. clause 3. is in Christ Jesus. This is a faithful

saying, and worthy of all acceptation, VER. 8.

that Christ Jesus came into the world 'οψίας δε γενομένης, λέγει ο κύριος του

to save sinners; of whom I am chief. αμπελώνος το επιτρόπω αυτού: Κάλεσον | Howbeit for this cause I obtained τους εργάτας, και απόδος αυτούς τον μισ- mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ θόν, αρξάμενος από των εσχάτων, έως τών | night shew forth all Iongsuffering, πρώτων. .

for a pattern to thein which should So a when even was come, the lord of hereafter believe on him to life everthe vineyard saith unto his steward, lasting, 1 Tim. i. 14–16. Call the labourers, and give them their

VER. 10. hire, beginning from the last unto the

'Ελθόντες δε οι πρώτοι, ενόμισαν ότι first.

πλείονα λήψονται και έλαβον και αυτοί a The enemy that sowed them is the åvà dnvápsov.

the harvest is the end of the But when the first came, they supworld; and the reapers are the an. posed that they should have received gels. As therefore the tares are ga more; und they likewise received every thered and burned in the fire; so shall man a penny. it be in the end of this world, Matt.

VER. 11. xiii. 39, 40. After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and Λαβόντες δε εγόγγυζον κατά του οικοδεσreckoneth with them, xxv. 19. When Tótov, the Son of man shall come in his

And when they had received it, a they glory, and all the holy angels with murmured against the goodman of the him, then shall he sit upon the throne house, of his glory, 31. See also on chap.

a But their Scribes and Pharisees xvi. ver. 27. clause 3.

murmured against his disciples, say. VER. 9.

ing, Why do ye eat and drink with Kai labvTeçoi megi mhy ivdená thy ápar, Publicans and sinners, Lake v. 30. έλαβον ανά δηνάριον.

And the Pharisees and Scribes mur.

mured, saying, This man receiveth a And when they came that were hired sinners, and eateth with them, wv. 2. about the eleventh hour, they received And he was angry, and would not go every man a penny. .

in: therefore came his father out, and a And when he had agreed with entreated him, 28. And when they the labourers for a penny a day, he saw it, they all murmured, saying, sent them into his vineyard, ver. 2. That he was gone to be guest with And about the eleventh hour he went a man that is a sinner, xix. 7. And out, and found others standing idle, when Peter was come up to Jerusaand saith unto them, Why stand ye lem, they that were of the circumcihere all the day idle? They say unto sion contended with him, Saying, him, Because no man hath hired us. Thou wentest in to men uncircumHe saith unto them, Go ye also into cised, and didst eat with them, Acts the vineyard; and whatsoever is xi. 2, 3. But when the Jews saw right, that shall ye receive, 6, 7, the multitudes, they were filled with And Jesus said unto him, Verily I envy, and spake against those things say unto thee, To day shalt thou be which were spoken by Paul, contrawith me in paradise, Luke xxiii. 43. dicting and blaspheming, xiii. 45. For by grace are ye saved through And be said unto me, Depart: for I faith; and that not of yourselves : it will send thee far hence unto the is the gift of God: not of works, lest | Gentiles. And they gave him audiA. D. 33.

MATT. xx. 11-13.

A. D. 33.

ence unto this word, and then lifted merry with my friends : But as soon up their voices, and said, Away with as this thy son was come, which hath such a fellow from the earth : for it is devoured thy living with harlots, thou not fit that he should live, xxii. 21, hast killed for him the fatted calf, 22. Forbidding us to speak to the Luke xv. 29, 30. The Pharisee stood Gentiles that they might be saved, to and prayed thus with himself, God, fill up their sind alway: for the I thank thee, that I am not as other wrath is come upon them to the utter- men are, extortioners, unjust, adulmost, 1 Thess. ii. 16. These are mur- terers, or even as this Publican. I murers, complainers, walking after fast twice in the week, I give tithes their own lusts ; and their mouth of all that I possess, xviii. 11, 12. speaketh great swelling words, having Where is boasting then? It is exmen's persons in admiration because cluded. By what law? of works? of advantage, Jude 16.

Nay: but by the law of faith, Rom. VER. 12.

iii. 27. What shall we say then? Λέγοντες· ότι ούτοι οι έσχατοι μίαν after righteousness, have attained to

That the Gentiles, which followed not ώραν εποίησαν, και ίσους ημίν αυτούς έποίηcas, tos Bactácari tò sápos tans inpuépas, which is of faith. But Israel

, which

righteousness, even the righteousness και τον καύσωνα.

followed after the law of righteousSaying, a These last have wrought but ness, hath not attained to the law of one hour, and thou hast made them righteousness. Wherefore? Because equal unto us, b which have borne the they sought it not by faith, but as it burden and heat of the day.

were by the works of the law. For a But when thou art bidden, go and they stumbled at that stumblingstone, sit down in the lowest room ; that ix. 30-32. when he that bade thee cometh, he

VER. 13. may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher : then shalt thou have wor

ο δε αποκριθείς, είπεν εν αυτών: “Εταιship in the presence of them that sit se, ovx ådsxã ot bixi Invapiou suvepám. at meat with thee. For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and

But he answered one of them, and he that humbleth himself shall be er. said, a Friend, bI do thee no wrong: alted, Luke xiv. 10, 11. Even the didst not thou agree with me for a righteousness of God which is by faith penny? of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all a And he saith unto him, Friend, them that believe : for there is no how camest thou in hither, not havdifference : For all have sinned, and ing a wedding garment? And he was come short of the glory of God; Be- speechless, Matt. xxii. 12. And Jesus ing justified freely by his grace said unto him, Friend, wherefore art through the redemption that is in thou come? Then came they, and Christ Jesus, Rom. ii. 22—24. See- laid hands on Jesus, and took him, ing it is one God, which shall justify xxvi. 50. the circumcision by faith, and uncir- b That be far from thee to do after cumcision through faith, 30. That this manner, to slay the righteous the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, with the wicked ; and that the righand of the same body, and partakers teous should be as the wicked: that of his promise in Christ by the Gospel, be far from thee: Shall not the judge Eph. iii. 6.

of all the earth do right? Gen. xviii. b Ye have said, It is vain to serve 25. Which goeth in company with God: and what profit is it that we the workers of iniquity, and walketh have kept his ordinance, and that with wicked men. For he hath said, we have walked mournfully before It profiteth a man nothing that he the Lord of hosts? Mal. ii. 14. And should delight himself with God. he answering said to his father, Lo, Therefore hearken unto me, ye men these many years do I serve thee, of understanding : far be it from God, neither transgressed I at any time thy that he should do wickedness; and commandment: and yet thou never from the Almighty, that he should comgavest me a kid, that I might make mit iniquity. For the work of a man

σάς μου και ;

A, D. 33.

MATT. XX, 13-15.

A. D, 33.

shall he render unto him, and cause because the LORD loved you, and beevery man to find according to his cause he would keep the oath which ways. Yea, surely God will not do he bad sworn unto your fathers, hath wickedly, neither will the Almighty the LORD brought you out with a pervert judgment, Job xxxiv. 8–12. mighty hand, and redeemed you out Shall even he that hateth right go of the house of bondmen, from the vern ? and wilt thou condemn him hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, Deut. that is most just? Is it fit to say to vii. 6-8. Howbeit the LORD God of a king, Thou art wicked ? and to Israel chose me before all the house princes, Ye are ungodly? 17, 18. of my father to be king over Israel Wilt thou also disannul my judgment? for ever : for he hath chosen Judah wilt thou condemn me, that thou to be the ruler; and of the house of mayest be righteous ? xl. 8. What Judah, the house of my father; and shall we say then? Is there unrigh- among the sons of my father he liked teousness with God? God forbid. me to make me king over all Israel: For he saith to Moses, I will have And of all my sons (for the LORD mercy on whom I will have mercy, bath given me many sons), he hath and I will have compassion on whom chosen Solomon my son to sit upon I will have compassion, Rom. ix. 14, the throne of the kingdom of the 15. Nay but, О man, who art thou LORD Over Israel, 1 Chron. xxviii. 4,5. that repliest against God? shall the I have made the earth, the man and thing formed say to him that formed the beast that are upon the ground, it, Why hast thou made me thus ? 20. by my great power and by my outVER. 14.

stretched arm, and have given it to ?Apov Tò còv, xal ito ayť Símw dè touto whom it seemed meet unto me. And τώ εσχάτω δούναι ως καί σοι.

now have I given all these lands into

the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king Take that thine is, and go thy way: I of Babylon, my servant; and the will give unto this last, even as unto beasts of the field have I given him thee.

also to serve him. And all nations VER. 15.

shall serve him, and his son, and his ^H củx iteorí Mos gañar o Sénes iv son's son, until the very time of his Toís éproīs; o ópbanquáę sou werngós and great kings shall serve them

land come: and then many nations έστιν, ότι εγώ αγαθός είμι ;

selves of him, Jer. xxvii. 5–7. As Isa it not lawful for me to do what I thou hast given him power over all will with mine own b Is thine eye evil, flesh, that he should give eternal life e because I am good ?

to as many as thou hast given him, a At that time Jesus answered and John xvii. 2. For he saith to Moses, said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of I will have mercy on whom I will heaven and earth, because thou hast have mercy, and I will have compashid these things from the wise and sion on whom I will have compassion. prudent, and bast revealed them unto So then it is not of him that willeth, babes, Matt. xi. 25. And he said, I nor of him that runneth, but of God will make all my goodness pass be that sheweth mercy, Rom. ix. 15, 16. fore thee, and I will proclaim the Even so then at this present time also name of the LORD before thee ; and there is a remnant according to the will be gracious to whom I will be election of grace. And if by grace, gracious, and will shew mercy on then is il no more of works : otherwise whom I will shew mercy, Exod. xxxiii. grace is no more grace. But if it be 19. For thou art an holy people un- of works, then is it no more grace : to the Lord thy God : the Lond thy otherwise work is no more work, xi. God hath chosen thee to be a special 5,6. For who maketh thee to differ people unto himself, above all people from another ? and what hast thou that that are upon the face of the earth. thou didst not receive? now if thou The Lord did not set his love upon didst receive it, why dost thou glory, you, nor choose you, because ye were as if thou hadst not received it? 1 Cor. more in number than any people; for iv. 7. In whom also we have obye were the fewest of all people : But tained an inheritance, being predesti

A.D. 33.

MATT. xx. 15–17.

d. D. 33.


the year

nated according to the purpose of him

VER. 16. who worketh all things after the

Ούτως έσονται οι έσχατοι, πρώτοι, και counsel of his own wil, Εph. 1. 11. οι πρώτοι, έσχατοι πολλοί γάρ εισι κληAnd you hath he quickened, who were rol, ríxos de xaexto. dead in trespasses and sins, ii. 1.

So a the last shall be first, and the first Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with last: 6 for many be called, but few choChrist (by grace are ye saved), 5. Of his own will begat he us with a See on chap. xix. ver. 30. the word of truth, that we should be b Enter ye in at the strait gate: for a kind of first fruits of his creatures, wide is the gate, and broad is the way, Jam. i. 18.

that leadeth to destruction, and many • Beware that there be not a there be which go in thereat, Matt. thought in thy wicked heart, saying, vii. 13. For many are called, but few The seventh

year, of release, are chosen, xxii. 14. For I say unto is at hand; and thine eye be evil you, That none of those men which against thy poor brother, and thou were bidden shall taste of my supper, givest him nought; and he cry unto Luke xiv. 24. Moreover whom he the Lord against thee, and it be sin did predestinate, them he also called : unto theė, Deut. xv. 9. So that the and whom he called, then he also man that is tender among you, and justified: and whom he justified, them very delicate, his eye shall be evil he also glorified, Rom. viii. 30. But toward his brother, and toward the we are bound to give thanks alway to wife of his bosom, and toward the God for you, brethren beloved of the remnant of his children which he Lord, because God hath from the shall leave, xviii. 54. Eat thou beginning chosen you to salvation not the bread of him that hath an evil through sanctification of the Spirit eye, neither desire thou his dainty and belief of the truth : Whereunto he meats, Prov. xxiji. 6. He that hast-called you by our Gospel, to the obeth to be rich hath an evil eye, and taining of the glory of our Lord Jesus considereth not that poverty shall Christ, 2 Thess. ii. 13, 14. come upon him, xxvii. 22. Thefts,

VER. 17. covetousness, wickedness, deceit, las

Και αναβαίνων ο Ιησούς εις Ιεροσόλυμα, civiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, Tagéraße Tous dadena uabntas sat' idar pride, foolishness, Mark vii. 22.

εν τη οδώ, και είπεν αυτοίς: Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned : behold,

And a Jesus going up to Jerusalem the judge standeth before the door,

b took the twelve disciples apart in the Jam. v. 9.

way, and said unto them, € But it displeased Jonah exceed- a And they were in the way going ingly, and he was very angry. And up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went be he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I fore them: and they were amazed; pray thee, O Lord, was not this my and, as they followed, they were saying, when I was yet in my country afraid. And he took again the twelve, Therefore I fled before unto Tarshish : and began to tell them what things for I knew that thou art a gracious should happen unto him, saying, BeGod, and merciful, slow to anger, hold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the and of great kindness, and repentest Son of man shall be delivered unto the thee of the evil. Therefore now, 0 Chief Priests, and unto the Scribes; Lond, take, I beseech thee, my life and they sball condemn him to death, from me ; for it is better for me to die and shall deliver him to the Gentiles : than to live. Then said the LORD, And they shall mock him, and shall Doest thou well to be angry? Jon. iv. scourge. him, and shall spit upon 1-4. But when the Jews saw the him, and shall kill him: and the multitudes, they were filled with envy, third day he shall rise again, Mark and spake against those things which x. 32–34. Then he took unto him were spoken by Paul, contradicting the twelve, and said unto them, Beand blaspheming, Acts xiii. 45. hold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all

things that are written by the pro

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