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Speech at Annual Meeting (Miscell.)
Poetry and Imagination (Letters and Soc. Aims)
253 VIII. 7
III. 5 III. 189 VI. 53
X. 207 VIII. 195
II. 207 VIII. 167 VIII. 131
X. 355 X. 247 XI. 371 II. 45
IV. 179 VIII. 77 VII. 7
Emory, Major William H.—[Mexican Boundary.] REPORT on
under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior.
Maps being referred to, but“ not bound with the Report”), 95 Engravings on steel, 3 on copper, 13 on stone, and 45 woodcuts. The Illustrations are well executed and many of them are coloured.
Vol. II. comprises Part III., on the botanical features of the Country, by Dr. John Torrey and others, and Part IV., on the natural history of the Country, by Spencer F. Baird.
This Commission was organized originally just before the gold fever of 1849. Necessarily much delay occurred. It had to be organized and reorganized, but much useful work was accomplished and valuable information collected. Enfield, Viscountess.-HENRY GREVILLE'S DIARY. See Greville,
Henry William. Engel, Carl.—MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. See South Kensington
Englishman, An.-ESCAPE of the Young Chevalier. See Biblio
theca Curiosa (Vol. XI.).(c) English Men of Letters.-ENGLISH MEN OF LETTERS. By va(574) rious Authors: Edited by John Morley. London: Mac
millan & Co. 1879, etc. 8vo. Half morocco, top edges
gilt. [In course of publication.] .:: There are at present (March, 1888) 38 volumes of this Series published. They are printed and bound in a uniform style. Their one lack is an Index to each Volume. They comprise :Subject.
by Courthope, W.J.
Church, Dean R. W.
Jebb, Dr. R. C.
Froude, James Anthony.
Ward, Adolphus William.
Traill, H. D.
Ward, Adolphus William.
Morison, Rev. James Cotter.
Gosse, Edmund W.
James, Henry, Junior.
Trollope, Anthony. “ Myers, F. W. H.
1. Addison, JOSEPH (1672–1719). By W. J. Courthope. 1884.
:• The charge of Addison's “ insidious enmity to Pope" is fully discussed. For this (if it ever existed, except in Pope's imagination) Pope took his revenge in the description he wrote of the “ character of Mr. Addison,” in the lines “ Peace to all such, etc. “... Who would not weep if Atticus [Addison) were he ?" first printed in Pope's Miscellanies, and afterwards inserted in the Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot, which now forms the Prologue to the Satires. The first published Edition (see p. 143), with Addison's name and the revise in the Prologue (sce British Poets, Pope, Vol. III. p. 9), are worth comparing to see how deep-seated and permanent was the anger of the Twickenham poet.
The “classic English” of Addison receives one curious illustration in his Cato, where he writes :
“So the pure limpid stream, when foul with stains,
“Of rushing torrents and descending rains,” etc. 2. Bacon, FRANCIS, VISCOUNT St. Alban's, commonly called
LORD (1561-1626). By Dean R. W. Church. 1884. .:: The Life of the “ Father of Experimental Philosophy" is, as Dean Church remarks, one that it is a pain to write or to read." He entered into conflict with Sir Edward Coke in legal Courts, in politics, and also in matrimony. Coke was removed from his Judgeship, driven thence by Bacon “ for his bad law,” but he married the rich widow, Lady Hatton, to whom Bacon was paying Court, and in 1621 Coke reaped a full revenge on Bacon, who in four months after celebrating his 60th birthday in great state was dismissed from the Chancellorship—fined £40,000-sentenced to be imprisoned during the King's pleasure—and forbidden to reside in London. Although, as a matter of fact, he went to the Tower only for two days—his fine was practically remitted
and later he was recalled to Parliament-yet he was in every sense a ruined man. The three instances of the Falls of the Chancellors Wolsey, Bacon, and Westbury are remarkable historical studies.
3. BENTLEY, RICHARD (1662-1742). By Rev. R. C. Jebb. 1882.
.:: Bunsen says that Bentley" was the founder of historical philology," and was a great critic alike in Latin and in Greek. His Dissertation on the Letters of Phalaris is the best known of his writings. The Letters are 148 in number,“ many of them only “ a few lines long, written in . Attic' Greek of that artificial kind which begins to appear “about the time of Augustus.” Bentley declared them spurious. Charles Boyle (afterwards Earl of Orrery), having edited the Letters, whilst he had not himself “ asserted “their genuineness" but shown some reasons for doubting them, resented this denial of their authenticity as an insult, and alleged in reply that if the Letters were not genuine Bentley had not proved them spurious. The reply was “a tissue of superficial learn“ing, ingenious sophistry, dexterous malice, and happy raillery,” which invited Bentley's rejoinder in " that immortal dissertation” to which Boyle (who was only about eighteen or nineteen years of age at the time) prudently attempted no answer.
Pope attacked Bentley in the Dunciad (Book IV. line 201), ridiculing his preference for Port to Claret and his portentous big hat. When Bentley was questioned why Pope disliked him, he answered : “ I talked against his Homer and the portentous cub never “ forgives.” The reference to the hat is said to have been made because, when overplagued by a botanist, after dinner, with classical questions, Bentley, after trying in vain to turn the tide of talk to some general subjects, cried to his constant friend in college, “ Walker—my hat,” and left the Hall.
He tried to improve Milton's Paradise Lost, and published an Edition with 800 emendations. 4. BUNYAN, JOHN (1628–1688). Eleventh Thousand. By James
Anthony Froude. 1885. .:: Mr. Froude says that Bunyan was “ born to be the Poet-apostle of the English “middle classes,” and perhaps everybody (with the Author) regrets that no letters or diaries have been preserved or found to tell us more of this extraordinary man. Macaulay goes so far as to conclude his “ Essay on Southey's Edition of Pilgrim's “ Progress” (Collected Essays, Vol. I. p. 367) with the remark: “We are not afraid to “say that though there were many clever men in England during the latter half of the “ seventeenth century there were only two great creative minds. One of those minds “produced the Paradise Lost, the other the Pilgrim's Progress.” All would have liked some authentic accounts of Bunyan's youthful “ half-madness," when he tried to work miracles to show he had faith—tried to prove himself a Jew because he believed all Israelites would be saved—and was harassed to know whether the Turks had not as "good a Scripture to prove their Mahomet the Saviour as we to prove our Jesus is?”— and tortured himself with illusions till he was pursued by a desire to commit “ the “unpardonable sin." 5. BURKE, EDMUND (1729 (?) -1797). Twelfth Thousand. By
John Morley. 1882.
“ Burke's is one of the most abiding names in English history." His impeachment of Warren Hastings, his love of liberty and support of the American refusal to